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"Hidden Vestiges: An approach to recognizing an 18th-century historic landscape within an urban environment" …

"Hidden Vestiges: An approach to recognizing an 18th-century historic landscape within an urban environment"
Larry B James
University of West Florida

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  • 1. Hidden Vestiges: An approach to recognizing an 18th-century historic landscape within an urban environment Society of Historical Archaeology, 2010 Conference Larry James, Graduate Student, University of West Florida
  • 2. 1763 Treaty of Paris British Pensacola Image courtesy of: The UWF Archaeology institute Map taken from unknown internet site
  • 3. Above image courtesy of : UWF John C Pace Library, Special Drawn By H. Charles McBarron for the U.S. Army Center for Military History Collections
  • 4. Landscape of Conflict American Revolutionary War 1779-1781 Fort George 1779-1781 Queen’s Redoubt 1779-1781 Prince of Wales War of 1812 / Seminole Wars 1781-1821? Fort San Miguel 1781-1821? Fort San Bernardo 1781-1821? Fort Sombrero American Civil War 1863-1864 Fort McClellan Images courtesy of: Pensacola Historical Society and The UWF Archaeology institute
  • 5. Antebellum Urban Development
  • 6. Herron Residence, Early 1900s
  • 7. Herron house, 1952
  • 8. 8ES46: Fort George Palafox Street N La Rua Street 1974 Map of the North Hill Preservation District, Pensacola Fl
  • 9. Image taken from: Pensacola News Journal May 3, 1981 8ES46: Fort George 1. Dry Moat / Palisade Wall 2. Powder Magazine Warehouse 3. Ind. Brick Structure with vaulted ceiling / compartments 18th and 19th century military and civilian artifacts Artifact Images courtesy of: The Florida Public Archaeology Network
  • 10. The Historical Record 1785 Fachin de Paramis Map “Plano del Castillo de San Miguel de la Avenzada en Panzacalo” 1780 Henry Heldring Map Images courtesy of: “Plan of Fort George” Pensacola Historical Society and The UWF Archaeology institute
  • 11. 8ES1367: Fort San Bernardo Barcelona Street Brainerd Street N 1974 Map of the North Hill Preservation District, Pensacola Fl
  • 12. Architectural Maps Advanced Redoubt 1779-1781 “Queen’s Redoubt” Spanish Fort 1781-1818? “Fort San Bernardo”
  • 13. 8ES1367: San Bernardo
  • 14. LOOKING EAST < BRAINERD STREET > < BARCELONA STREET >
  • 15. Contemporary Sites
  • 16. Residential Survey of North Hill Preliminary Results ♦ ♦  A record of cultural ♦♦ ♦ N awareness: ♦♦♦ ♦ ♦ 92 out of 125 ♦  A record of altered landscapes: ♦ ♦ 47 out of 125 ♦ ♦♦ ♦ ♦ ♦  A record of the ♦ presence artifacts: ♦ ♦♦ 36 out of 125 ♦ Recorded Site ♦ ♦ Military-Related Artifact Numbers represent positive results-to-# of homes surveyed where primary resident was interviewed
  • 17. Conclusions 1. Neighborhood Growth: affects historic districts zoning and preservation laws 2. Community Awareness: educates schools, social and political groups 3. Cultural Identity: Local and National heritage tourism
  • 18. Special Thanks to:  The University of West Florida Archaeology Institute faculty, staff and volunteers  Pensacola Historical Society staff and volunteers  North Hill Preservation Association  And to: Shawna Fulton for showing us her unusual artifact from her garden! Historic Maps and Images courtesy of: Pensacola Historical Society University of West Florida Archaeology Institute John C. Pace Library Special Collections Google Earth Florida Public Archaeology Network