CSO Malaysia presentation


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  • A series of focus group discussion was held.
  • CSO Malaysia presentation

    1. 1. SCHOOL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES TOWARDS NATIONAL/REGIONAL POLICY PLATFORMS TO MANAGE ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE - ENGAGING CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS FOR SOCIAL MOBILIZATION, HEALTH EDUCATION AND COMMUNICATION Mr. Muhammad Sharrieffuddin Mohd. Jaki, BSc Coordinator for ReAct Malaysia Community Project, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia Assoc. Prof Dr. Mohamed Azmi Hassali, PhD Principal Investigator ReAcT Malaysia Community Project Deputy Dean (Student Affairs and Networking) School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia Dr. Fahad Saleem, PhD ReAct Malaysia Community Project Liaison Officer School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia
    2. 2. Presentation Outline SCHOOL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES – – – – Community Empowerment Working Structure Objectives Phase 1 – Baseline Survey – Educational Materials Development – Phase 2 – – – – Project Launching Training-of-the-Trainers Workshops Collaborations Focus Group Discussions
    3. 3. Community Empowerment SCHOOL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES • Public health education and awareness programs on the issue of rational use of antibiotics & ABR – Towards national/ regional policy platforms to manage antibiotic resistanceengaging civil society organizations for social mobilization, health education and communication (ReAct-USM-Yayasan Bina Ilmu) – Project Partners: • Action on Antibiotic Resistance (ReAct), Uppsala University, Sweden • Discipline of Social & Administrative Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia • Yayasan Bina Ilmu (P. Pinang) Ltd. • 1Malaysia Community
    4. 4. Working Structure SCHOOL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES ReAct Discipline of Social & Administrative Pharmacy, USM Dr. Fahad Saleem • Assoc. Prof. Dr. Mohamed Azmi • Muhammad Sharrieffuddin • Chua Gin Nie Yayasan Bina Ilmu P. Pinang Ltd. Dato’ Abdul Rashid Ismail Jalan Makloom 1Malaysia Community Haji Farook Sk. Mohamad Established by the Ministry of Communication and Multimedia
    5. 5. Objectives SCHOOL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES • To catalyse uptake of antibiotic resistance on the agenda of civil society organizations working in the areas of child health, education, consumers rights, environment and women’s rights; • To offer support and materials to these organizations to undertake relevant work on antibiotic resistance in line with their focus areas; • To engage civil society organizations as stakeholders in national and regional policy platforms for antibiotic resistance; • To link results to global civil society organizations working with children’s and women’s health to address antibiotic resistance.
    6. 6. Phase 1 SCHOOL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES • Project Activities – Phase 1 1. Conduct Baseline Survey in each project site regarding knowledge, attitudes, skills and practices within the organization/ target groups 2. Adapt, translate and develop reading/ training materials based on 1.
    7. 7. Baseline Survey SCHOOL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES • A pilot survey (n= 64) to assess the baseline knowledge among community dwellers at Jelutong, Penang was carried out from 18 to 20 of June 2012. • Phase 1 Main findings: – Recent use of antibiotic (in the past 3 months): Yes = 42.2% – Sources of antibiotic: • Prescribed: Yes = 92% • Clinic without prescription: Yes = 2% • Retail pharmacy: Yes = 17% • Use someone else’s antibiotic: Yes = 2%
    8. 8. Baseline Survey SCHOOL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES • Main findings (cont’): – Knowledge of antibiotic • Role of antibiotic: – For bacterial infection: Yes = 84% – For viral infection: Yes = 21% • Able to Identify antibiotic: Yes = 45% • Dangers of antibiotic overuse: – Can cause ABR: Yes = 64% – Can cause allergic reaction: Yes = 61% – Does not cause side effects: Yes = 55%
    9. 9. Baseline Survey SCHOOL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES • Main Findings (Cont’) – Attitudes towards antibiotic usage: • Throw away antibiotic leftovers: Agree: 53% • Follow doctor/pharmacist/label instructions: Agree: 98% • Give antibiotic to other family members: Agree = 14% • Believe antibiotic will help in recovery: Agree = 58% • Stop taking when fully recovered: Agree = 55% • Expect antibiotic to be prescribed whenever they go to doctor: Agree = 77% – Misconception about the use of antibiotics
    10. 10. SCHOOL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES Educational Materials Development • Development of educational materials based on local understanding and needs • Developed in English and validated for its accuracy. The material was than translated as per protocols. Re-assessment in BM was again conducted. – Validation was done through independent assessors with no involvement in the project. The objective was to provide up-to-date, accurate and rational information to the trainers as well as community members.
    11. 11. Phase 2 SCHOOL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES Project Activities • Phase 2 (ongoing): – One-day launch workshop to plan and strategize outcomes, outputs and activities – Training-of-the-trainers to develop a team of communitybased trainers – Initiate activities to foster collaboration among civil society, local health service providers and local government agencies to address health issues. – Focus group discussion with community members
    12. 12. Project Launching SCHOOL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES The project was elaborated and explained to all stakeholders. The blue prints of the project was presented and approved thereby. All players were identified and activities were planned accordingly.
    13. 13. SCHOOL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES Training-of-the-Trainers Workshops Training started with a pre-assessment of current knowledge towards AB and ABR. The training continued up to 6 hours. All issues regarding AB use and ABR were thoroughly discussed. At the end of the training, a postassessment of the training was carried out. The session ended with post training evaluation.
    14. 14. Collaborations SCHOOL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES Initiate activities to foster collaboration among civil society, local health service providers and local government agencies to address health issues. – Objectives of the project and layout plan was described by the moderator. Development of the training material and TOT sessions were also discussed. The process of dissemination the information to the community members was also planned out. Audience were comprehensively informed about the progress of the project and the future directions.
    16. 16. Focus Group Discussion SCHOOL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES Focus Group Discussion with members of the community to discuss project progress, strategies for future direction, supervision of trainers, feedback from the community, re-strategize as per feedback received. For more info, visit: http://cso.reactgroup.org/
    17. 17. Thank You SCHOOL OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES Contact: Mohamed Azmi Hassali, PhD Universiti Sains Malaysia azmihassali@usm.my
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