Exclusive rights in copyrighted works (1) to reproduce (2) to prepare derivative (3) to distribute copies (4)perform the copyrighted work publicly (5) to display the copyrighted work publicly (6) perform the copyrighted work publicly by means of a digital audio transmission.
Requirement Fixation Original Idea Expression
Can Not Copyright Short words or Phrases E=mc^2 typeface Names
Contract Damages lost $
Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)
He who fights with monsters should look to it that he himself does not become a monster. And when you gaze long into an abyss the abyss also gazes into you. "Beyond Good and Evil" - Friedrich Nietzsche
Four Factor Test - Section 107
fair use of a copyrighted work… for purposes such as criticism , comment , news reporting , teaching , scholarship , or research , is not an infringement of copyright. In determining fair use the factors to be considered shall include—
the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes ;
the nature of the copyrighted work;
the amoun t and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.