DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ATTEMPTED SUICIDE AND SUICIDE Suicide Attempted suicide Act of intentionally causing Failed suicide attempts ones own death Some are regarded as not true Example: attempts at all, but rather par Euthanasia suicide. Murder–suicide Usually attempted to affect Suicide attack another person by the behavior. Mass suicide Suicide pact
STATEMENT OF PURPOSE To map out and analyze the pattern ofSUICIDE AND ATEMPTED SUICIDE IN PAKISTAN usingdata provided by Human Rights Commission Pakistan (HRCP) from 2004-2009 and link it to the secondary research material to better understand this complex social fact.
RESEARCH QUESTIONS RQ1: What is the trend of Suicide Rate in Pakistan? RQ2: What are the most common reasons for committing suicide? RQ3: What are the most commonly used methods of suicide? RQ4: Which socio-demographic characteristics have the highest trend of suicide? Minorities, Age, Gender Marital Status
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK Essentially Dr. Khan’s work -12 published Research Papers. Covers Socio Demographics, Causes, Methods, and Prevention. His studied timeline was 1997-1998. We apply similar conceptual framework to present study.
METHODOLOGY Mixed methodology (Qualitative and Quantitative) RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Quantitative Qualitative • HRCP Data • Secondary Research
Sample and sampling• HRCP data from 2004-2009• In total 10,229 suicides and 6,656 attempted suicides Data Collection – Qualitative Studies 20 main studies from :• Wiley Interscience• Science Direct• Blackwell Synergy• Ebscohost
Data Analysis• Microsoft Excel for trend analysis• A Secondary Research review of 20 qualitative studies for comparison
SIGNIFICANCE• Cross verification of both Quantitative and Qualitative findings• First research on the studied timeline – 2004-2009• First to use HRCP’s statistics on suicide as Primary dataLIMITATIONS• Paucity of research from official sources• The source of HRCP statistics are newspaper clippings• Interviews with an NGO working for families of suicide victims was cancelled due to time constraint.
SUICIDE NARRATIVE Common Wisdom Scholarly Wisdom Causes – Causes – Unemployment Domestic Problems Poverty Unemployment Parental refusal to marry the person of choice General trends- increasing General trends- Also at an alarming rate (GEO TV) increasing but not on an alarming rate (MMK)