Suicide Rates

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  • 1. GROUP MEMBERS: Misbah Hemani Mahrukh Saleem Mariyam Khan Rasheeda Sohail Sana JamalMonday, December 19, 2011
  • 2. ALJAZERA VIDEO
  • 3. DIFFERENCE BETWEEN ATTEMPTED SUICIDE AND SUICIDE Suicide Attempted suicide Act of intentionally causing  Failed suicide attempts ones own death  Some are regarded as not true Example: attempts at all, but rather par Euthanasia suicide. Murder–suicide  Usually attempted to affect Suicide attack another person by the behavior. Mass suicide Suicide pact
  • 4. STATEMENT OF PURPOSE To map out and analyze the pattern ofSUICIDE AND ATEMPTED SUICIDE IN PAKISTAN usingdata provided by Human Rights Commission Pakistan (HRCP) from 2004-2009 and link it to the secondary research material to better understand this complex social fact.
  • 5. RESEARCH QUESTIONS RQ1: What is the trend of Suicide Rate in Pakistan? RQ2: What are the most common reasons for committing suicide? RQ3: What are the most commonly used methods of suicide? RQ4: Which socio-demographic characteristics have the highest trend of suicide?  Minorities,  Age,  Gender  Marital  Status
  • 6. CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK Essentially Dr. Khan’s work -12 published Research Papers. Covers Socio Demographics, Causes, Methods, and Prevention. His studied timeline was 1997-1998. We apply similar conceptual framework to present study.
  • 7. METHODOLOGY Mixed methodology (Qualitative and Quantitative) RESEARCH METHODOLOGY Quantitative Qualitative • HRCP Data • Secondary Research
  • 8.  Sample and sampling• HRCP data from 2004-2009• In total 10,229 suicides and 6,656 attempted suicides Data Collection – Qualitative Studies 20 main studies from :• Wiley Interscience• Science Direct• Blackwell Synergy• Ebscohost
  • 9. Data Analysis• Microsoft Excel for trend analysis• A Secondary Research review of 20 qualitative studies for comparison
  • 10. SIGNIFICANCE• Cross verification of both Quantitative and Qualitative findings• First research on the studied timeline – 2004-2009• First to use HRCP’s statistics on suicide as Primary dataLIMITATIONS• Paucity of research from official sources• The source of HRCP statistics are newspaper clippings• Interviews with an NGO working for families of suicide victims was cancelled due to time constraint.
  • 11. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
  • 12. SUICIDE NARRATIVE Common Wisdom  Scholarly Wisdom Causes – Causes –  Unemployment  Domestic Problems  Poverty  Unemployment  Parental refusal to marry the person of choice  General trends- increasing  General trends- Also at an alarming rate (GEO TV) increasing but not on an alarming rate (MMK)
  • 13. GENERAL TREND- CLIPPINGS SUICIDE ATTEMPTED SUICIDE3000 2000 18002500 16002000 1400 12001500 Newspaper 1000 Newspaper Clippings Clippings 8001000 600 400 500 200 0 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
  • 14. ANALYSISNewspaper Clippings Suicide43% Attempted 57% Suicide
  • 15. CAUSES TREND SUICIDE1000 ATTEMPTED SUICIDE Illness 900900 Illness Admonished 800800 Admonished Domestic Problems 700700 Domestic Problems Examination 600600 Examination Financial Problem 500500 Financial Problem Marriage choice 400 Marriage choice400 Matrimonial Problem 300 Matrimonial300 Psychological Problem Problem 200 Psychological200 Unemployment Problem 100 Unemployment 100 Others Others 0 NA 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
  • 16. ANALYSIS SUICIDE Unemployme Illness nt 2%Psychological 4% Problem Others 3% 6% Admonished 10% Matrimonial Problem 10% Marriage choice 14% Domestic Problems 42% Financial Problem 8% Examination 1%
  • 17. ATTEMPTED SUICIDE Others Illness 3% 1% Psychologic al Problem 1%Marriage Unemploym choice ent Admonished 4% 8% 17% Matrimonial Problem 12% Domestic ProblemsExamination 51% 0%FinancialProblem 3%
  • 18. METHODS- TREND SUICIDE ATTEMPTED SUICIDE1200 1600 Ablazing Ablazing 14001000 Shooting Shooting 1200 Hanging Hanging800 1000 Poison Poison600 800 Drowned Drowned 600400 Electric Shock Electric Shock 400 Sleeping Pills Sleeping Pills200 200 Train Train 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
  • 19. ANALYSIS SUICIDE Ablazing Shooting1%0% 4% 4% 4% Hanging 4% 10% 11% Poison Drowned Electric Shock 62% Sleeping Pills
  • 20. ATTEMPTED SUICIDE Ablazing1%2% 2%1% 2% 1% Shooting 3% Hanging Poison Drowned Electric Shock 88% Sleeping Pills
  • 21. MINORITIES TREND SUICIDE ATTEMPTED SUICIDE45 1640 1435 1230 1025 Christians 8 Christians20 Hindus Hindus 615 410 5 20 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
  • 22. SUICIDE ANALYSIS 28% Christians Hindus72%
  • 23. ATTEMPTED SUICIDE 43% Christians Hindus57%
  • 24. AGE TREND SUICIDE ATTEMPTED SUICIDE1400 12001200 10001000 800800 Adult 600 Adult600 Minor Minor 400400 200200 0 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
  • 25. Suicide ANALYSIS 17% Adult Minor 83%Attempted Suicide 18% Adult Minor 82%
  • 26. GENDER TREND SUICIDE ATTEMPTED SUICIDE1800 12001600 100014001200 8001000 Male 600 Male800 Female Female600 400400 200200 0 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
  • 27. Suicide ANALYSIS28% Male Female 72% Attempted Suicide 22% Male Female 78%
  • 28. MARITAL STATUS TREND SUICIDE ATTEMPTED SUICIDE900 600800 500700600 400500 Married Married Unmarried 300 Unmarried400 Widow Widow Divorced Divorced300 200200 100100 0 0 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
  • 29. 2% 2% Suicide ANALYSIS 12% Married Unmarried Widow 84% Divorced Attempted Suicide1% 7% Married Unmarried Widow 92% Divorced
  • 30. CONLCUSION