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Bio CNG FromWholesaleVegetableAndFruitMarkets:A Truly Sustanable and renewable Transport Fuel

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  • 1. Biogas From Wholesale Vegetable and Fruit Market Waste in the Indian Cities: A Truly Sustainable and Renewable Transport Fuel. Author: Sarita Mishra Green C smos Energy Solutions Pvt. Ltd. Golden Enclave A-1 Towers, 7th Floor Old Airport Road Bangalore 560017 India Phone: +91-80-41217037/38 Mob: 9886660733 Email: info@greencosmos.in URL: http://greencosmos.inTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 2. 4% 18% Transport(Petrol,Diesel, CNG, Aviation Fuel) Industry (Petrol, Diesel, Fuel Oil, Naphtha, Natural Gas) 51% Commercial & Others Domestic(LPG & Kerosene 13% Agriculture(Diesel) 14% Source:Petroleum Conservation Research AssociationTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 3. In 2010 Produced Consumed Import Bills ◦ 750 thousand Barrels /day 3.2 billion barrels / day $ 106 billionTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 4. Total No. of Registered Motor Annual Growth rate for Projected Vehicle Vehicles: Vehicle Ownership Ownership By 2030 7% 156 million ~ 100 million Transport Fuel Market : 98% Crude oil dependent Road Transport : responsible for 94.5% CO2 Emissions in IndiaTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 5. Source: MoUD, 2008/Census of India 2001 ; MoSRTH, 2007 Ref: Emissions from India’s transport sector: State wise synthesis T.V. Ramachandraa,b and ShwetmalaaTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 6. 5983 Markets wholesale markets Bigger urban markets produce >80 Source: Directory published by Ministry of Agriculture tons waste /day Total Waste ~ >50 million tons* / year Disposed in the landfills *Dr. Harender Raj Gautam (Scientist) & Dr. S.P.S Guleria (Senior Scientist) Department of Mycology and Plant Pathology, Dr. Y.S. Parmar University of Horticulture and Forest,Tuesday 8 May 2012
  • 7. Facts Figures Waste from Wholesale Vegetable & Fruit Markets 50 million tons Enriched Biogas (>97% Methane) from 50 million 1.7 million tons tons Diesel / Petrol Replaced ~ 1.7 million tons Total Estimated CO2 emissions Reduction 4.2 - 6.15 million tons on replacing petrol / diesel respectivelyTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 8. Tuesday 8 May 2012
  • 9. Methane H2S Water Scrubbing 45 -75% Traces Polyethylene Glycol Scrubbing Biogas Chemical Absorption CO2 Highly Corrosive 25-55% Pressure Swing Adsorption Reduces heating Increases compression & Transportation cost Bio-filters value Cryogenic Separation Limit Economic Feasibility of BiogasTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 10. Better Economics Fewer Emissions Reduce Import reduces Reduce Outflow of CO2 by 25%, foreign exchange CO by 90-97% NOX by 35 – 60%, Energy Security Hydrocarbon by 50-75% particulate matter: almost Offsets non-renewable none resources like oil, natural gas Decentralized: create jobs and benefit local economies throughout the countryTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 11. Property Methane Gasoline Diesel Flammability limit (Volume % in air) 5 -15 1.4 - 7.6 0.6 - 5.5 Auto-ignition Temperature (0F) 842 572 446 Minimum Ignition Energy in Air (10-6 0.27 0.23 0.23 BTU) Peak Flame Temperature (0F) 3423 3591 3729Tuesday 8 May 2012
  • 12. Source: International Association for Natural Gas, NGV GlobalTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 13. Source: Green car CongressTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 14. Challenges for Inclusion of Biogas as a Transport Fuel in IndiaTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 15. 1.08 million Natural Gas Vehicles 571 Refueling Stations PNRB Considering Authorizing Retail CNG/ Enriched GAIL Developing Infrastructure for Biogas City Gas Distribution System Gas PipelineTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 16. Air pollution reached alarming levels in cities Easier to switch fuel for public transport rather than private Shortage of landfill vehicles space and Expense in Why Urban transporting waste to Vegetable outskirts Wholesale Markets Every city has Central Bus depot with diesel City Markets are exhaust & soot particles Relatively large and centralized like Mumbai/ Chennai/Bangalore/DelhiTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 17. Success Strong Stakeholder Environmental Networks and Strategic Regulations to Alliances between RE enforce switch to industry, agriculture, Gas (like Delhi) Municipalies, Environmental Groups SST Business Value Well defined Greater Public Biogas Private Roadmap for Academia India PartnershipTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 18. Reduces Methane & CO2 Emissions by  Diverting waste from Landfills  Substituting gasoline / diesel as vehicle fuel An Affordable Urban Solution  Ensures a constant supply of renewable energy  Renewable energy is produced near where it is consumed  Incentives will help speed adoption, but, not a long term necessityTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 19.  50 Million Tons *  Potential For Generating 1.7 Million Tons MethaneTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 20.  50 Million Tons *  Potential For Generating 1.7 Million Tons Methane Changing Lead into Gold : an Alchemist’s dreamTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 21.  50 Million Tons *  Potential For Generating 1.7 Million Tons Methane Changing Lead into Gold : an Alchemist’s dream Changing waste into clean fuel : pursuit of an environmentalistTuesday 8 May 2012
  • 22. Thank You ir to A lean ! C ! ! ow eat he W r BTuesday 8 May 2012

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