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    Unesco Unesco Presentation Transcript

    • UFCD: Realizar uma exposição sobre as organizações Internacionais
    • Unesco DefinitionUnitedNationsEducationalScientificCulturalOrganization 2
    • Brief History of Unesco• As early as 1942, in wartime, the governments of the European countries, which were confronting Nazi Germany and its allies, met in the United Kingdom for the Conference of Allied Ministers of Education (CAME). The Second World War was far from over, yet those countries were looking for ways and means to reconstruct their systems of education once peace was restored. Very quickly, the project gained momentum and soon took on a universal note. New governments, including that of the United States, decided to join in. 3
    • Brief History of Unesco• Upon the proposal of CAME, a United Nations Conference for the establishment of an educational and cultural organization (ECO/CONF) was convened in London from 1 to 16 November 1945. Scarcely had the war ended when the conference opened. It gathered together the representatives of forty-four countries who decided to create an organization that would embody a genuine culture of peace. In their eyes, the new organization must establish the “intellectual and moral solidarity of mankind” and, in so doing, prevent the outbreak of another world war. 4
    • Objectives of Unesco• Attaining quality education for all and lifelong learning;• Mobilizing science knowledge and policy for sustainable development;• Addressing emerging social and ethical challenges• Fostering cultural diversity, intercultural dialogue and a culture of peace;• Building inclusive knowledge societies through information and communication. The Organization focuses, in particular, on two global priorities:• Africa• Gender equality 5
    • UNESCOs governing bodies• The General Conference• The Executive Board• Director-General• Secretariat 6
    • The General Conference• Consisting of all Member States and which ordinarily takes place once every biennium, is the highest body responsible for decisions regarding the activities of that organization, approving its Program and Budget. Each Member State represents a vote. 7
    • The Executive Board• Is composed of 58 Member States elected by the General Conference for a term of four years. Normally meets twice a year. Prepare the work of the General Conference and is responsible for monitoring implementation of the Programme of the Organization. 8
    • Director-General• Is the Head of the Organization, elected by the General Conference for a term of four years and may be reelected for another term. The current Director-General Irina Bokova is, since 2009, Bulgaria.• UNESCOs Priorities for the XXI Century by Irina Bokova. 9
    • Secretariat• The Secretariat consists of the Director-General and the Staff appointed by him or her. As of mid-2009, the Secretariat employed around 2,000 civil servants from some 170 countries. The staff is divided into Professional and General Service categories. More than 700 staff members work in UNESCOs 65 field offices around the world. 10
    • 195 Members of Unesco• Afghanistan • Azerbaijan • Bolivia• Albania • Bahamas • Bosnia and• Algeria • Bahrain Herzegovina• Andorra • Bangladesh • Botswana• Angola • Barbados • Brazil• Antigua and • Belarus • Brunei Barbuda • Belgium Darussalam• Argentina • Belize • Bulgaria• Armenia • Benin • Burkina Faso• Austria • Bhutan • Burundi • Cambodia 11
    • 195 Members of Unesco• Cameroon • Congo Republic Korea• Canada • Cook Islands • Democratic• Cape Verde • Costa Rica Republic of the• Central African • Côte d’Ivoire Congo Republic • Croatia • Denmark• Chad • Cuba • Djibouti• Chile • Cyprus • Dominica• China • Czech Republic • Dominican• Colombia Republic • Democratic• Comoros Peoples s • Ecuador 12
    • 195 Members of Unesco• Egypt • Georgia • Hungary• El Salvador • Germany • Iceland• Equatorial Guinea • Ghana • India• Eritrea • Greece • Indonesia• Estonia • Grenada • Iran• Ethiopia • Guatemala • Iraq• Fiji • Guinea • Ireland• Finland • Guinea-Bissau • Israel• France • Guyana • Italy• Gabon • Haiti • Jamaica• Gambia • Honduras • Japan 13
    • 195 Members of Unesco• Jordan • Lebanon • Mali• Kazakhstan • Lesotho • Malta• Kenya • Liberia • Marshall Islands• Kiribati • Libya • Mauritania• Kuwait • Lithuania • Mauritius• Kyrgystan • Luxembourg • Mexico• Lao People’s • Madagascar • Micronesia Democratic • Malawi • Monaco Republic • Malaysia • Mongolia• Latvia • Maldives • Montenegro 14
    • 195 Members of Unesco• Morocco • Niue • Philippines• Mozambique • Normay • Poland• Myanmar • Oman • Portugal• Namibia • Pakistan • Qtar• Nauru • Palau • Replubic Of Korea• Nepal • Palestine • Republic Of• Netherlands • Panama Moldova• New Zealand • Papua New • Romania• Nicaragua Guinea • Russian• Niger • Paraguay Federation• Nigeria • Peru • Rwanda 15
    • 195 Members of Unesco• Saint Kitts and • Serbia • Sri Lanka Nevis • Seychelles • Sudan• Saint Lucia • Sierra Leone • Suriname• Saint Vincent and • Singapore • Swaziland the Grenadines • Slovakia • Sweden• Samoa • Slovenia • Switzerland• San Marino • Solom Islands • Syrian Arab• São Tome and • Somalia Republic Principe • Tajikistan • South Africa• Saudi Arabia • Thailand • South Sudan• Senegal • Spain 16
    • 195 Members of Unesco• The former • Tuvalu • United States of Yugoslav Republic • Uganda America of Macedonia • Ukraine • Uruguay• Timor-Leste • United Arab • Uzbekistan• Togo Emirates • Vanuatu• Tonga • United Kingdom • Venezuela• Trinidad and of Great Britain • Viet Nam Tobago and Northern • Yemen• Tunisia Ireland • Zambia• Turkey • United Republic • Zimbabwe• Turkmenistan • of Tanzania 17
    • 18
    • 8 Associate Members of Unesco• Aruba• British Virgin Islands• Cayman Islads• Curaçao• Faroes• Macao, China• Sint Maarten• Tokelau 19
    • Natural Sciences“Race for Water: mobilising the public to preserve the planet’socean and freshwater” 20
    • Social and Human Sciences “Canadian cities act against racism and discrimination.”“Spiralling demand and climate change threatening fresh water supplies.” 21
    • Culture“Egyptian museums one year after “US$1.02 million project launched in Asia andthe revolution” the Pacific for Intangible Cultural Heritage” 22
    • Communication and Information 23