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Powerpoint American History

Powerpoint American History

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  • 1. American History1492-1968
  • 2. Early settlers
    Christopher Columbus was dispatched to find a route to Asia through the Pacific.
    In 1493 he came to Puerto Rico
    The new continent was named 'America' after Amerigo Vespucci, another explorer with a claim to the discovery of North America
  • 3. The first settlers 1492-1600
    The Spanish explores after Columbus were the first to settle in the US.
    Mainly along the Californian coast or the Santa Fe River in New Mexico
  • 4. French Colonies
    New France (French colonization 1534 - 1712) extended from The Gulf of Mexico to Canada
    Divided into five colonies, Canada, Acadia, Hudson Bay, New Foundland and Louisiana
  • 5.
  • 6. First English colonies
    The East coast became occupied with British settlers during the 17th century
    First colony: James Town Virginia 1607
    New England colonies 1620s (today New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Delaware)
    The thirteen colonies (British America)were established in 1733
  • 7.
  • 8. Formation of the United States of America
    Boston Tea party 1773 a direct action to protest against British colonization
    1775 the 13 colonies began a rebellion against British rule
    1783 the acknowledgement of the United States as an independent nation
  • 9. Independence of America
    4th of July 1776, Declaration of Independence
    1789, first American president, George Washington
    1791 Bill of rights ratified to guarantee the individual rights such as freedom of speech and religious practice, as well as the first ten amendments of the constitution.
  • 10. The Civil War
    During the 1840s and 1850s 4.5 million immigrants came to America.
    The nation underwent several economic and cultural changes as industrialization and the transportation revolution changed the economics of the north and west
    1861-1865 the Civil War, dispute over long and bitter issues of slavery and states rights
    The North won and in 1865 slavery was abolished in all states
    the 13th Amendment , "neither slavery nor involuntary servitude... shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
  • 11. After the Civil War
    United States remained divided as reconstruction failed
    Southern whites despite the treaty denied the black population their civil rights -keeping them in economic, social, and political second class status.
  • 12. Industrial growth
    37 million people immigrated to America between 1840-1920
    Natives were forced onto reservations
    White farmers and ranchers took their lands
    By the late nineteenth century, the United States had become a leading global industrial power building on new technologies and transportation (telephone, telegraph, iron, steel, oil, rail work etc)
  • 13. Post World War I
    In 1920, the manufacture, sale, import and export of alcohol was prohibited.
    During most of the 1920s, the United States enjoyed a period of sustained prosperity.
    The Immigration Act of 1924 restricting the Southern and Eastern Europeans, especially Jews and Italians
  • 14. The Great Depression
    In 1929, The Wall street crash - the most devastating stock market crash in the history of the United States.
    Recovery was slow and the 1930s were poor years for the Americans
    1941, Attack on Pearl Harbor - the US entered the Second World War.
    Italy surrendered 1943, Japan and Germany in 1945.
    USA stood as winners and rescuer of Europe
  • 15. The Civil Rights
    Discrimination remained widespread in the South through the 1950s
    From 1955 to 1965, "direct action" was the strategy - primarily bus boycotts, sit-ins, freedom rides, and social movements.
    The modern civil rights movement was designed, led, organized, and manned by African Americans, who placed themselves and their families on the front lines in the struggle for freedom
  • 16. Martin Luther King
    Malcolm X advocated black power and black separatism while
    Martin Luther King, Jr, American activist andprominent leader in the African- American civil rights movement advocated non-violent methods.
    Delivered his” I have a Dream Speech” in 1963, raising consciousness of the civil rights movement and established himself as one of the greatest public speakers in U.S. history.
    King was killed in 1968