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• What is whistle blowing?
• How do you whistle blow?
• When to whistle blow?
“ Our lives begin to end the day we become
silent about things that matter “
Whistle blowing in its most general form involves
calling(public)attention to wrong doing, typically in order
to avert harm.
Whistle blowing is an attempt by a member or former
member of an organization to disclose wrong doing in or
by the organization.
• To draw attention to unethical, inappropriate
conduct which has or may have detrimental
effects either for the institution or for those
affected by its functions.
• It extends to situations where an individual
believes that an activity is harmful while
others involved are not aware of it or reject
the perception that is involved
List of famous whistleblowers
• Sherron Watkins
• Wiki leaks
• David Graham
How to whistle blow?
• Do it anonymously
• Collect any hard evidence
• Work through internal channels
• Work through external channels
When to whistle blow?
Consult with independent observer
a) If matter is material and
b) Misleading to company in a harmful manner
Utilize formal appeals mechanisms-before consulting
a) If superior is involved, notify people in responsible
positions including the board of directors
If internal appeals fail,whats next?
a) Consult with independent outside
observers whether harmful consequence
can be prevented or stopped.
b) Public awareness
(if only way to stop the problem)
Laws protecting whistle-blower
Federal laws claims act
Began in 1863
Incentives for whistleblower
Changes in 1986
Protection against harm
A whistle blowing policy encourages staff to
speak out if they have legitimate concerns
about wrongdoings, as distinct from individual
grievances, and establishes an accessible
procedure for doing so.
When is Whistle-blowing ethical?
When the employee identifies a serious threat of harm,
he or she should report it and state his or her moral
The employee must have documented evidence that is
convincing to a reasonable, impartial observer that his
or her view of the situation is accurate, and evidence
that the firm’s practice, product or policy seriously
threatens and puts in danger the public or product
The employee must have valid reasons to believe that
revealing the wrongdoing to the public will result in
the changes necessary to remedy the situation.
When is Whistle-blowing unethical
Whistle-blowing must be questioned if:
• Motivation is the opportunity for financial
gain or media attention
• Employee is carrying out a vendetta against
• Key point – better be very sure of your facts
and your evidence better be irrefutable
before blowing the whistle
• Whistle blowing leads to good results.
• Severe damage to the environment has been
stopped by the actions.
• The actions of whistle blowers are potentially
beneficial to society.
Disadvantages of Whistle-blowing
Diminishes Trust in
Can Negatively Affect
Can Destroy the
Risk to Personal Safety
“ Too see wrong and not to expose it, is to become
a silent partner to its continuance”.
“ Dr. John Raymond “
whistle-blowing is a moral obligation and
the deeper interests of the professional,
whistle-blowing is the right decision
depends on its outcome.