Nebraska-Kansas act of 1845The two states decided whether they would be a salve-free state or not. After the act was passed, manypeople came to settle in Kansas.Two votes had to be taken, due to pro-slavery gettingcharged with fraud. In the second vote, pro-slaveryrefused to vote.Violence broke out and PresidentFranklin Pierce sent in troops to stop the violence.In 1861,Another vote was taken andpro-slavery won but was charged withfraud again. Kansas was admitted as afree state.
Fort ScottFort Scott, previously a military fort, had been reopened as ahotel for about 30 pro-slavery settlers, in 1856.It was believed that they were supported by theSouthernEmigrant Aid Society and were members of the DarkLantern Societies, who harassed Free-slave settlers anddrove them out of Kansas.In 1858, trouble had intensiﬁedand a very small battle broke out.Only one soldier was killed.
James MontgomeryA leader of Free-State forces, whocaused a lot of violent acts.In May of 1858, Montgomery and hismen drove around 11 free-statesettlers were pulled out of their homesand were taken to a ravine to be shot.In June 1858, him and his menrescued a free-state settler, BenjaminRice, from jail. Rice had been arrestedfor murder, Montgomery claimed thatRice had been arrested illegally andbroke him out.