Nebraska-Kansas act of 1845The two states decided whether they would be a salve-freestate or not. After the act was passed, many people came tosettle in Kansas.Two votes had to be taken, due to pro-slavery gettingcharged with fraud. In the second vote, pro-slavery refusedto vote.Violence broke out and President Franklin Piercesent in troops to stop the violence.Another vote was taken and pro-slavery won but wascharged with fraud again. Kansas was admitted as a freestate. 1861
Fort ScottFort Scott, previously a military fort, had been reopened as ahotel for about 30 pro-slavery settlers, in 1856.It was believed that they were supported by theSouthernEmigrant Aid Society and were members of the DarkLantern Societies, who harassed Free-slave settlers anddrove them out of Kansas.In 1858, trouble had intensiﬁed and a very small battle brokeout. Only one soldier was killed.
James MontgomeryA leader of Free-State forces, who caused a lot ofviolent acts.In May of 1858, Montgomery and his men drovearound 11 free-state settlers were pulled out oftheir homes and were taken to a ravine to be shot.In June 1858, him and his men rescued a free-statesettler, Benjamin Rice, from jail. Rice had beenarrested for murder, Montgomery claimed thatRice had been arrested illegally and broke him out.