INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL AND
CULTURAL STUDIES (VCS 128)
TRADITIONAL CLOTHING IN
EN.NIK ABDULLAH NIK ZAWAWI
Prepared by :
SARAH SYAMIMI BINTI JAMALUDIN
AINUN NURSUHAIZA BINTI MOHAMED
NUR IZZATI SYAZWANA BINTI MOHD ALI
A million thanks to Allah for giving us the
strength and opportunity to finish up this assignment.
A special thanks too to our beloved lecturer for his
guidance and not forgetting the group members for
giving their cooperation.
TRADITIONAL ATIRE 3-5
BABA AND NYONYA 6-7
INDIA TRADITIONAL CLOTHING 8-10
SABAH TRADITIONAL CLOTHING 9-14
TRADITIONAL MALAY ATTIRE
Traditional malay attire is the “baju
melayu”,a loose tunic which is worn
over trousers and usually
accompanied with a “sampin”,which
is a sarong which is wrapped
around a man’s hips.It is also often
accompanied with a songkok or cap
on their head.Traditional clothing for
men in Malaysia consist of a silk or
cotton skirt and shirt with a scarf
like piece of cloth tied around his
waist.This scarf is sewn together at
the ends and is traditionally called a
sarong or kain.Most of the clothing
is made up of bright and bold
colors.The man also wears a
women wear the “baju kurung”,a
knee-length blouse worn over a
long skirt.Usually a scarf or shawl is
worn with this.Prior to the wide
embrace of Islam,Malay women
wore “kemban” which were sarongs
which were tied just above the
Baju Melayu – worn by Malay men, it does not
have any buttons but has a special kind of button
called a butang. The fabric used to make a baju
melayu is made from either nylon, satin, or silk.
Along with this is a songkok or kopiah, worn on
the head. Songkok are generally a dark natural
color, and the kopiah is a white color and
Baju Kurung – a baju kurung is
worn by women for occasions such
as school (as a uniform) or to a
wedding. It too is brightly colored
and can come in a variety of
different printed designs. It is a
knee length dress with a full length
Baju Kebarung – is a combination of the baju
kebaya and the baju kurung. It is loose and
almost reaches the ankles it is not one of the
traditional clothes of the Malay, but an
Baju Kurung Kedah – worn only by Malay
women as a daily dress for married women. it is
a shorter dress with three-quarter sleeves, so the
wearer can move around easily.
Baju Batik – worn by men and women
on a formal occasion. Usually colorful
cotton printed in the batik or wax resist
method of dyeing.
The Peranakan retained most of their ethnic and religious origins
(such as ancestor worship), but assimilated the language and culture
of the Malays. The Nyonya's clothing, Baju Panjang (Long Dress)
was adapted from the native Malay's Baju Kurung. It is worn with a
batik sarong (batik wrap-around skirt) and 3 kerosang (brooches).
Beaded slippers called Kasot Manek were a hand-made with much
skill and patience: strung, beaded and sewn onto canvas with tiny
faceted glass beads from Bohemia (present-day Czech Republic).
BABA AND NYONYA
In modern times, glass beads from Japan are preferred.
Traditional kasot manek design often have European floral subjects,
with colors influenced by Peranakan porcelain and batik sarongs.
They were made onto flats or bedroom slippers. But from the 1930s,
modern shapes became popular and heels were added.
Clothing in India varies from region to region depending on
the ethnicity, geography, climate and cultural traditions of the
people of that region. Historically, men and women's clothing
has evolved from simple Langotas and loincloths to cover the
body to elaborate costumes not only used in daily wear but
also on festive occasions as well as rituals and dance
performances. In urban areas, western clothing is common
and uniformly worn by people of all strata. India also has a
great diversity in terms of weaves, fibres, colours and material
of clothing. Colour codes are followed in clothing based on the
religion and ritual concerned. For instance, Hindu ladies wear
white clothes to indicate mourning, while Parsis and Christians
wear white to weddings.
INDIA TRADITIONAL CLOTHING
A saree or sari is a female garment in the
Indian subcontinent. A sari is a strip of
unstitched cloth, ranging from four to nine
meters in length, that is draped over the
body in various styles. There are various
traditional styles of saree: SambalpuriSaree
from East, Kanchipuram from South,
Paithani from West and Banarasi from North
among others.The most common style is for
the sari to be wrapped around the waist,
with one end then draped over the shoulder
baring the midriff.The sari is usually worn
over a petticoat. Blouse may be "backless"
or of a halter neck style. These are usually
more dressy with a lot of embellishments
such as mirrors or embroidery and may be
worn on special occasions. Women in the
armed forces, when wearing a sari uniform,
don a half-sleeve shirt tucked in at the
waist. Teenage girls wear half-sarees, a
three piece set consisting of a langa, a choli
and a stole wrapped over it like a saree.
Women usually wear full sarees.
Saris are usually known with different
names in different places. In Kerala, white
saris with golden border, are known as
kavanis and are worn on special occasions.
A simple white sari, worn as a daily wear, is
called a mundu. Saris are called pudavai in
Tamil Nadu. In Karnataka, saris are called
Panche or Lungi A Lungi, also known as sarong,
is a traditional garment of India. A
Mundu is a lungi except that, it is
always white.It is either tucked in,
over the waist, up to knee-length
or is allowed to lay over and reach
up to the ankle. It is usually tucked
in when the person is working, in
fields or workshops, and left open
usually as a mark of respect, in
worship places or when the
person is around dignitaries.
Lungis, generally, are of two types:
the open lungi and the stitched
lungi. The open lungi is a plain
sheet of cotton or silk, whereas,
the stitched one has both of its
open ends stitched together to
form a tube like structure.
Though mostly worn by men,
elderly women also prefer lungi to
other garments owing to its good
aeration. It is mostly popular in
south India, though people of
Bangladesh, Brunei, Indonesia,
Malaysia, Myanmar and Somalia
also can be seen in lungis,
because of the heat and humidity,
which create an unpleasant
climate for trousers, though
trousers have now become
common outside the house.
The people of Sabah comprises several ethnic groups. Among
them are the Kadazandusun, Bajau, Murut, Kedaya, Bisaya,
Irranun, Rungus, Kimarang, Kwijau, Lundayeh, Ubian, Binadan,
Orang Sungai, Tatana, Tagaas, Brunei, Suluk and others.
The most notable difference among the various ethnic groups are
their dialects, religions, customs, and way of life which includes
their traditional costumes.
The use of traditional costumes can be seen from two periods of
time, that is the classical and modern periods. In the classical
period, traditional costumes were worn during rituals, weddings as
well as daily wear. In modern times, traditional costumes are only
worn at special occasions like weddings and traditional functions.
SABAH TRADITIONAL CLOTHING
Most ethnic groups in Sabah use black as the dominant
colour of their traditional costumes. The use of black stems from
the belief that black is a godly colour and represents power that
will protect the user from the bad spirits. Other beliefs state that
the use of black is synonymous with the way of life and natural
conditions at that particular time.
In the past, red gemstones, coloured glass beads, cowry
shells, white buttons or disks made from shells and bronze were
used to adorn the men and women’s clothes. Today most of
these ornaments have been replaced with plastic beads and
other more modern materials like gold and silver threads,
sequins and coloured threads. As of old, these ornaments are
still worn with belts made from various materials like shells, silver
glass coins, bronze or other types of alloys. A waist cloth made of
coloured rattan is used to tighten up the robe, pants, or vest.
Necklace made from various materials are used as decoration
around the neck and chest. Bracelets are also used to adorn the
hands, wrists and feet.
Traditional attires for each of the races in Malaysia
are different and have their own speciality. We were
very excited for having the chance to conduct a study
about this traditional attires.