Wikipedia was founded in 2001 by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger. It’s the most popular reference work on the Internet and has over 365 million readers. It is written collaboratively by volunteers around the world. Anyone can contribute and edit the content. 3.5 Million articles are in English, with the second Wikipedia being in German. Now you can even read Wikipedia articles in Navajo. Wikimedia formed to oversee Wikipedia and its related websites such as Wikitionary, WikiBooks, WikiSource and Commons. That’s Jimmy Wales as Mona Lisa.
Wikimedia Commons was formed in 2004 as a central repository for images, videos and sounds. The majority of this media was originally intended to be used on Wikimedia related websites, however, the majority are not. All uploads must be GNU (which is for text work, Wikipedia is GNU) , Creative Commons, or public domain. All media released onto Commons is available for the worlds use, preferably for educational proposes. That is the picture of the year from 2006, a public domain image by Senior Airman Joshua Strange of the northern lights.
Content Liberation seeks to have media items digitized, published online as high res, released under free-culture approved copyright license, and uploaded to Wikimedia Commons. This allows for the dissemination of cultural heritage that has previously been unavailable, therefore it’s often seen with old photographs, etc – to set it free. This image, by Paul Klee, was created prior to 1923, making it public domain in the States.
Many institutions fear that the images of their objects will be misused and that the “integrity” of their collection could be challenged. Institutions often claim that the sale of reproduced images help cover major costs. In 2007 the National Portrait Gallery in London made $614,409 from sales. In 2009 NPG field a lawsuit against a volunteer at Wikimedia Commons because he uploaded 3,000 high res images from their website to Commons – this caused concern in the Museum field. NPG claimed that it threatened their $1.6 mil digitization project and that it “breached English copyright laws”, however, the images, which were created over 70 years ago, are not protected by copyright in the US. The images remain on Commons. Other concerns include cultural rights (Indigenous peoples), attribution, commercial licenses, etc.
GLAM Wiki was formed to work closely with galleries, libraries, archives and museums to collaborate on content donations and the betterment of coverage related to their collections on Wikipedia and related websites. In 2009 the first “GLAM-WIKI: Finding the common ground” conference took place in Australia. 170 representatives from Australia and New Zealand came together to talk about what both groups requested relating to law, technology, education and business. Copyright being included in law. GLAM-WIKI:UK was held in November 2010 with Wikipedians and those in the culture sector coming together to discuss copyright and related issues and ideas. This actually included the talk “Wikipedia and the National Portrait Gallery – A bad first date?” by Tom Morgan, the head of rights and reproduction at the NPG. Wikimedia is a stickler for copyright, images will be removed if research shows that articles were wrongly uploaded. This is just a briefing on concerns and collaborations. My paper will detail this in further details! Feel free to talk to me if you’d like more information or to learn on ways to get involved.
Content Liberation<br />Wikimedia, Copyright & Concerns for Museums<br />13 April 2011Collections Management – The George Washington University<br />Sarah Stierch (@Sarah_Stierch)<br />
What is Wikimedia?<br />Wikipedia established in 2001.<br />10 years later - articles<br />3.5 million in English<br />Led to the creation of Wikimedia to oversee other projects:<br />Wikitionary, WikiBooks, WikiSource, Commons<br />Mona Jimbo<br />
What is Wikimedia Commons?(..give me all your images and no one will be harmed!)<br />Established in 2004<br />Central repository for images, videos and sound<br />All uploads must be GNU, Creative Commons, public domain<br />Images become free for the world to use, preferably for education<br />Picture of the Year 2006<br />By Senior Airman Joshua Strang<br />
What is Content Liberation?<br />Digitized<br />Published online <br />High res<br />Released (if still in-copyright) under free-culture approved stamp.<br />Uploaded to Wikimedia Commons<br />Senecio, Paul Klee, 1922<br />
What museums fear…the only thing to fear is….who’s going to use our object?<br />Misuse of object images<br />Excitement about further publishing, but..<br />Fear of improper use<br />Losing money<br />NPG in London made $600,000+ from sales<br />NPG threatens legal action<br />Other concerns<br />Anne Boleyn, Unknown, late 16th century<br />
GLAM-WIKI = #WIKILOVE<br />GLAM WIKI<br />Collaboration events<br />GLAM-WIKI:UK<br />“Wikimedia takes a stand, so you don’t have to.”<br />
If you love something, set it free.<br />Thanks Liam Wyatt (User:WittyLama) for the inspiration!<br />