LDR 310:  Research Methods in Leadership Introduction to research and world views Week one
What is research? <ul><li>Merriam-Webster (2010):  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Careful or diligent search  </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
What is research? <ul><li>Secondary Research:  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Researching a topic at a library or online.  Looking ...
Why do research? <ul><li>Research is used to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce problem complexity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>D...
What Does Research Tell Us? <ul><li>Descriptive: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paint an accurate picture of what is happening in t...
What are the types/methods of Research? <ul><li>Qualitative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exploring of a concept of phenomenon </l...
Things to Consider: Worldview <ul><li>Worldview </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General orientation about the world- how you view th...
Things to Consider: Worldview <ul><li>Postpositivism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We may never be “positive” about our claims whe...
Things to Consider:  Worldview <ul><li>Advocacy/Participatory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research should be intertwined with po...
Things to Consider: Worldview <ul><li>Linking worldview to research methods </li></ul><ul><li>Quantitative </li></ul><ul><...
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LDR 310 Week One Lecture

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LDR 310 Week One Lecture

  1. 1. LDR 310: Research Methods in Leadership Introduction to research and world views Week one
  2. 2. What is research? <ul><li>Merriam-Webster (2010): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Careful or diligent search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Studious inquiry or examination; especially : investigation or experimentation aimed at the discovery and interpretation of facts, revision of accepted theories or laws in the light of new facts, or practical application of such new or revised theories or laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The collecting of information about a particular subject </li></ul></ul>Merriam-Webster (2010). Research definition. Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/research
  3. 3. What is research? <ul><li>Secondary Research: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Researching a topic at a library or online. Looking at sources that describes other’s research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Primary Research: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The original collection of data to produce new knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Primary data: Collecting new data to understand the world </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Secondary data: Reviewing data previously collected for new meaning </li></ul></ul></ul>Remler, D., & Van Ryczin, G. (2011). Research methods in practice: Strategies for description and causation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
  4. 4. Why do research? <ul><li>Research is used to: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce problem complexity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discover relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe phenomena </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Test Hypotheses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Observe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Measure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evaluate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Draw Conclusions </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. What Does Research Tell Us? <ul><li>Descriptive: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Paint an accurate picture of what is happening in the world. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describes one factor or describes relationships </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Causation: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Answers the “what if” question </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How does one thing affect another? </li></ul></ul>Remler, D., & Van Ryczin, G. (2011). Research methods in practice: Strategies for description and causation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.
  6. 6. What are the types/methods of Research? <ul><li>Qualitative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Exploring of a concept of phenomenon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Quantitative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding what factors or variables influence a phenomenon </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mixed Methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Employing a combination of the above techniques </li></ul></ul>Creswell, J. (2009). Research design : Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed method approaches (3rd Ed.) . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications
  7. 7. Things to Consider: Worldview <ul><li>Worldview </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General orientation about the world- how you view things, and why… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is a worldview important to acknowledge? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What must we understand about our worldview for shaping your beliefs, and your research? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is it possible to research without a worldview? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Things to Consider: Worldview <ul><li>Postpositivism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We may never be “positive” about our claims when studying human behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Based on careful observation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Laws and theories govern the world and must be tested and verified </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Constructivism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We want to understand the world in which we live and work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Look for the complexity in life not a narrow view </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Focus on interactions with individuals and cultural and historical settings </li></ul></ul>Creswell, J. (2009). Research design : Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed method approaches (3rd Ed.) . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications
  9. 9. Things to Consider: Worldview <ul><li>Advocacy/Participatory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research should be intertwined with politics and the social issues of today </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assumes that researchees are collaborators- participatory action- with rather than to </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pragmatism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Concerned with what works </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using pluralistic approaches to find the one that works the best </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Truth is what works at the time- not absolute </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Which are you? </li></ul>Creswell, J. (2009). Research design : Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed method approaches (3rd Ed.) . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications
  10. 10. Things to Consider: Worldview <ul><li>Linking worldview to research methods </li></ul><ul><li>Quantitative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Postpositivist </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Qualitative </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Constructivist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocacy/Participatory </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mixed Methods </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pragmatic </li></ul></ul>Creswell, J. (2009). Research design : Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed method approaches (3rd Ed.) . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications

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