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  1. 1. Teens Agaisnt Drunk Driving 2/21/2014 Dylan Perkins, Cynthia Auterson, Sarah Meers
  2. 2. What Is Drunk Driving Drunk driving can be better understood by examining the blood alcohol content of a driver, also called a BAC. BAC is measured based on grams of alcohol per 100 mL of blood. If a driver has a BAC of .01, it means that there is .01 g of alcohol per 100 mL of blood in the body. Note : Although “drunk driving” is a catchphrase thrown around by law enforcement and public service ads on TV, it’s a sobering thought to consider that drunk driving is actually a crime. Operating a vehicle with an excess amount of alcohol in your blood is a violation of both state and federal law
  3. 3. United States • • It is illegal to operate a vehicle with a BAC over 0.08. Of course, this takes for granted the fact that a driver is of legal drinking age. For drivers under the age of 21, it is a zero-tolerance policy.
  4. 4. Other countries • • • • • • Other countries around the world have conservative BAC limits for drivers: 0.02 China, Sweden, Poland 0.03 chile, japan, belarus 0.05 austria, denmark, belgium 0.00 Bangladesh, brazil 0.00 Hungary, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia
  5. 5. Blood alcohol level depends on how many drinks and body weight
  6. 6. The Statistics • • One in three people will be involved in an alcoholrelated accident in their lifetime. The average drunk driver will drive impaired 80 times before an arrest.
  7. 7. Facts • • • 1 person died every 53 minutes in a drunk driving crash. In 2012 10,322 people were killed. Approximately 345,000 were injured.
  8. 8. Before you even think about taking the risk of driving impaired after a night of fun, consider the penalties that could await you after a DUI arrest • A suspected DUI driver will be pulled over for a traffic stop and given a field sobriety test. If the test is failed, a driver may be given a breathalyzer; if their blood alcohol content exceeds the legal limit, they will be placed under arrest for DUI.
  9. 9. • • Once arrested, the driver will be taken to a local jail or police station for booking. Details of the crime will be recorded, and a mug shot and fingerprints will be documented. All personal property will be confiscated at this time. Depending upon the state and severity of the offense, bail may be posted or a driver may be released to a sober party once they have been given a court date. In some situations, a driver may have to wait in jail for a hearing from a judge to determine their bail amount.
  10. 10. Next step • In court, if a driver is convicted of a DUI offense, they will have to pay court costs and a fine and face the suspension of their driver’s license. Many states now require mandatory jail time, even for first-time DUI arrests. A driver charged with a DUI is also likely to be placed on probation and will have to perform community service
  11. 11. • • Most convicted drivers will have to go through some type of driver’s education in order to earn their license back. Finally, a convicted DUI offender will have to take alcohol awareness and treatment classes and attend a support group or counseling before they are deemed rehabilitated.
  12. 12. penalties that a driver can expect after an arrest. FIRST TIME • • • • • • Mandatory driver’s license suspension Fines Drunk driver’s education classes Attendance of Alcoholics Anonymous meetings or counseling Community service Probation
  13. 13. Third time • • • • • • • • Once a first-time offender has a subsequent DUI arrest, penalties become even stricter for second, third, and fourthtime offenders. Penalties for a repeat offender may include: Impounded car Breathalyzer required at home House arrest Random breathalyzer and urine tests from probation officers Hefty fines Driver’s license revocation Incarceration
  14. 14. How Long Will It Take for a DUI to Go Off Your Record? • • Most state DUI laws will require that a DUI offense stays on your driving record for a set amount of time. you can expect a DUI to stay on your driving record for a minimum of 10 years. In states like Tennessee, a DUI offense will remain on your driving record for life
  15. 15. Drunk Driving Fatalities Are No Joke • • • The Mothers Against Drunk Driving organization provides countless stories of lives that were cut short or damaged irreparably because of a drunk driver. Take the story of Brian Wood who was driving with his wife; she was seven months pregnant with their first child. As Brian saw a car driven by a drunk driver veer toward them in their lane, he turned his vehicle right so that the driver’s side would shield the crash from his wife and unborn child. As a result, Brian was killed in the crash, and his wife and unborn baby lived. In a similar story, 21-year-old Elaina Luquis-Ortiz was on the side of the road helping a friend with a flat tire. As they were waiting for a tow truck to arrive, a drunk driver with a BAC over three times the legal limit hit them. Elaina was six months pregnant with her first child at the time; both died at the scene of the accident
  16. 16. Thoughts • • After hearing these tragic stories, you may be asking yourself a familiar question. Why on earth would anyone get behind the wheel impaired when it could cost someone else their life? Unfortunately, very few drivers realize how drastically alcohol can affect them behind the wheel. Alcohol is a depressant that slows down central nervous system activity, including brain response.
  17. 17. BAC & DRIVING IMPAIRMENT • t Tracking and steering Coordination Concentrated attention, speed control Divided attention, choice reaction time, visual Information processsing, judgement function Eye movement control, standing steadiness, emergency responses
  18. 18. How to Prevent Drunk Driving Perhaps one of the most familiar organizations that crusades against drunk driving is MADD - Mothers Against Drunk Driving since 1980. MADD is a nationally recognized nonprofit organization that was started by a mother of a 13-year-old girl who was killed by a drunk driver. MADD began as a grassroots organization and has since transformed into a widespread campaign to eliminate drunk driving by: Supporting law enforcement heroes that catch drunk drivers. Requiring in-car breathalyzers for all drunk drivers to prove sobriety before getting on the road. Supporting the development of new technology to improve roadside sobriety tests.
  19. 19. How likely are teenagers to drink and drive? • • • • A: Since there is a zero-tolerance policy for drivers under the age of 21, teenagers are not permitted by law to drive with alcohol in their system. Nonetheless, 2010 statistics confirm that: of 16 and 17-year-old drivers drove under the influence. of 18 to 20-year-old drivers drove under the influence. Among male drivers ages 15 to 20 who were involved in fatal crashes in 2010, 25% of drivers were under the influence of alcohol