Intro poetic forms and genres


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Intro poetic forms and genres

  1. 1. Poetic Forms & Genres<br />HL1004N<br />Sarah Law Poetic Forms & Genres <br />
  2. 2. Reading<br />Reading Poetry by Furniss and Bath (2nd ed. Pearson Longman, 2007)<br />Poetry: the Basics by Jeffrey Wainwright (Routledge, 2004) <br />Read the recommended sections for each week (see weblearn)<br />Preparatory reading is your responsibility.<br />Sarah Law Poetic Forms & Genres <br />
  3. 3. Literary Period<br />Poems will carry characteristics and concerns of the time in which they were written<br />Having some knowledge of these characteristics and expectations will help you understand individual poems <br />Sarah Law Poetic Forms & Genres <br />
  4. 4. extract 1<br />Mark but this flea, and mark in this,<br />How little that which thou deny’st me is;<br />Me it sucked first, and now sucks thee,<br />And in this flea, our two bloods mingled be<br />(Donne, ‘The Flea’, c.1600) <br />Sarah Law Poetic Forms & Genres <br />
  5. 5. extract 2<br />In Words as Fashions the same Rule will hold;<br />Alike Fantastick if too New or Old;<br />Be not the first by whom the New are try’d,<br />Nor yet the last to lay the Old aside.<br />(Pope, ‘Essay on Criticism’, 1709)<br />Sarah Law Poetic Forms & Genres <br />
  6. 6. extract 3<br />My genial spirits fail;<br /> And what can these avail<br />To lift the smothering weight from off my breast?<br /> If it were a vain endeavour,<br /> Though I should gaze for ever<br />On that green light that lingers in the west:<br />I may not hope from outward forms to win<br />The passion and the life, whose fountains are within.<br />(Coleridge, ‘Dejection: An Ode’, 1802)<br />Sarah Law Poetic Forms & Genres <br />
  7. 7. extract 4<br />Nobody heard him, the dead man,<br />But still he lay moaning:<br />I was much further out than you thought<br />And not waving but drowning.<br />(Stevie Smith, ‘Not Waving But Drowning’, 1957)<br />Sarah Law Poetic Forms & Genres <br />
  8. 8. definitions...<br />By a LITERARY PERIOD we mean a span of time which is thought to display some typical features which differentiate it from the periods which precede and follow it.<br />Sarah Law Poetic Forms & Genres <br />
  9. 9. Sarah Law Poetic Forms & Genres <br />450-1066 Old English (or Anglo-Saxon) Period <br />1066-1500 Middle English Period<br />1500-1660 The Renaissance<br /> 1558-1603 Elizabethan Age <br /> 1603-1625 Jacobean Age <br /> 1625-1649 Caroline Age <br /> 1649-1660 Commonwealth Period (or Puritan Interregnum) <br />
  10. 10. Sarah Law Poetic Forms & Genres <br />1660-1785 The Neoclassical Period<br /> 1660-1700 The Restoration <br /> 1700-1745 The Augustan Age (or Age of Pope)<br /> 1745-1785 The Age of Sensibility (or Age of Johnson) <br />1785-1830 The Romantic Period<br />1832-1901 The Victorian Period <br /> 1848-1860 The Pre-Raphaelites<br /> 1880-1901 Aestheticism and Decadence (fin de siècle)<br />
  11. 11. Sarah Law Poetic Forms & Genres <br />1901-1914 The Edwardian Period <br />1910-1936 The Georgian Period <br />1914- The Modern Period <br />1945- Postmodernism <br />Not everyone will agree on these dates, or even some of the labels for the periods.<br />A period is a kind of useful fiction or myth.<br />
  12. 12. Sarah Law Poetic Forms & Genres <br />Many periods that literary historians have identified are marked by a strong sense of a common agenda amongst many but not all writers. <br />An agenda shared by many writers of a period may be dependent either positively or negatively on previous writers and generations. <br />
  13. 13. Sarah Law Poetic Forms & Genres <br />‘One must avoid confusing the grid and the artists, the interpretative schema and the works undergoing interpretation. The categories are only means of investigating these facts, the works; and one should think of them as working hypotheses, instruments of, research, scaffoldings which lose their utility once the building is finished’ <br />Jean Rossuet, quoted by Frank Kermode, History and Value (1988), <br />
  14. 14. Sarah Law Poetic Forms & Genres <br />‘You should never assume that a poem will simply or straightforwardly conform to any general description of the literary period or movement in which it participates, yet you will not be able fully to respond to a poem’s impact if you cannot see how it works within and reworks the conventions of its literary context.’ (Furniss & Bath)<br />
  15. 15. Genre<br />When we talk about the ‘genre’ of a work of literature, we mean that it is a recognisable type of work, that it has some sort of relationship to other works of its kind.<br />e.g. Elegy: a poetic genre that expresses mourning and grief.<br />More on genre in future lectures.<br />Sarah Law Poetic Forms & Genres <br />