Engaging Hard-to-Reach
Populations: Empowering the
Patient
May 15, 2013
Agenda
 Introduction

to SPNS Integrating HIV Innovative
Practices (IHIP) project
 Sarah

Cook-Raymond, Impact Marketing...
IHIP Resources:
Innovative Approaches to Engaging Hard-to-Reach Populations
Living with HIV/AIDS into Care


IHIP Tools o...
An Introduction to
Motivational Interviewing (MI)
Angulique Y. Outlaw, Ph.D.
Assistant Professor
Director of Prevention Se...
Outline
• What Is MI?
• How Does MI Work?
• How Are We Using MI?
Why Is Change So Hard?
• Lack of motivation from within a person
–
–
–
–

People are not motivated by nagging or fear
Most...
What Do We Do To Try To
Make Other Change?
• Given them Insight – if you can just make
people see, then they will change
•...
What Is
Motivational Interviewing (MI)?
• Evidenced based intervention to promote
health behavior change
• *MI is
– Client...
What Is MI?
• A method of communication

– Not a specific session by session
intervention
– Not a bag of tricks

• Good co...
Advantages Of MI
• Client-centered intervention
• Can be performed by a variety of
staff members
• Occurs in a natural set...
What Does The Conversation Look
Like?
Empathic and warm
Listening and understanding
Expressing optimism and hope
Reinforci...
MI Elements
MI

Spirit

MI
Methods
(OARS)

MI

MI

Principles

Change Talk
MI Principles
•
•
•
•

Express Empathy
Develop Discrepancy
Roll with Resistance
Support Self-Efficacy
The “RULE”s Of MI
• Resist the righting reflex
• Understand your client’s motivation
• Listen to your client
• Empower you...
Spirit of MI
• Collaborative (vs. Coercive)
– Working jointly together

• Evocative (vs. Educational)
– Elicit motivation,...
MI Methods
•
•
•
•

Open-Ended Questions
Affirmations
Reflective Listening
Summaries
Change Talk
• Disadvantages of doing what you are
doing
• Advantages of change
• Optimism about change
• Intention to chan...
Horizons Project
• Dedicated to providing HIV prevention
services to at-risk youth and direct
care services to youth livin...
Continuum Of Care
Other Medical Sites
Serving HIV+
Youth

HIV+

Horizons Community
Outreach

Horizons Field &
Internet Out...
How We Use MI
• Single session (30 minutes)

– As part of field outreach to encourage HIV
C&T

• Single session (30 minute...
MI Computer Applications
• *Motivational Enhancement System for
Sexual Risk & Adherence
– MISTI (Sexual Risk)(Feasibility ...
To Sum Up
• Remember MI Elements
– Spirit

• Collaboration, Evocation, & Autonomy

– Principles

• Express Empathy, Develo...
To Sum Up
• Remember MI Elements
– Change Talk

• Disadvantages of Staying the Same,
Advantages of Change, Positive Things...
MI Resources
• Motivational Interviewing (2012,
2007, 2002) Miller and Rollnick
• Motivational Interviewing with
Adolescen...
Thank You!!
Engaging & Retaining Youth in
Care
Engaging Hard To Reach Populations – HRSA Webinar

Nikki Cockern, PhD
Assistant Profess...
Issues of Adolescence
• Trust
• Often not ready to change, not motivated
• Lack of impulse control
• Rebel against prescri...
What’s Unique about
Adolescents?
 Environment-vitally important
 Separation/individuation
• Identity formation as separa...
Horizons Project
• Dedicated to providing HIV prevention services to
at-risk youth and direct care services to
adolescents...
Engagement Strategies
 “One-stop shopping” & multidisciplinary approach to HIV care, that is youth sensitive &
culturally...
Horizons Project Enhancements
• Advocates assist youth in enrolling and remaining in care
• Rapid linkage into care

• Int...
Horizons Project Modifications
• Quickly establish and maintain rapport
•
•
•

Highlight and vitally protect confidentiali...
L2FU Program Protocol
MI @ point of
contact & @
clinic appt.

1. Maintain List
Identify youth who
missed clinic
appt. & no...
Social Media Tools
General Information and linkage to Horizons Project and
Community Services
• Horizons Project Website:...
Suggestions for Programs Working
with Adolescents
Summary
One stop shopping, multi-disciplinary team approach to care
• Clinical Services, including intensive case managem...
Staff Acknowledgement
Director of Medical Service and Research : Elizabeth Secord, MD
Director of Prevention Services: Ang...
Thank you!—
Questions/Comments?

Nikki Cockern, PhD; 313.745.4892; scockern@med.wayne.edu

http://www.peds.med.wayne.edu/h...
Latino HIV Best Practices:
Improving Access, Engagement and
Retention in Care
May 15, 2013
Engaging Hard-to-Reach Populati...
Study Methods



Review of the literature
– Impact of HIV/AIDS epidemic on Latinos
– Evidence of effective practices for ...
Selected Sites
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–

CARE Resource, Miami, FL
CommWell Health, Dunn, NC
Elmhurst Hospital Center – ID Clini...
Site Locations
Site Characteristics



7 Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs),
2 hospital outpatient departments, 1 AIDS
service o...
Sites’ Quality of Latino HIV Care



9 providers prescribed HAART to Latino
clients at same or higher rate than non-Latin...
Barriers and Strategies



Barriers to Latino access, engagement, and
retention in HIV care identified at five levels
–
–...
Strategies to Address Individual-level Barriers
– Help completing applications and obtaining eligibility
documentation for...
Individual-level Strategies, Cont.
– Peer health educators, peer counselors, buddies,
who provide health education, system...
Strategies to Address Clinician-level Barriers
– Knowledge of traditional home remedies, foods,
cultural values, religious...
Strategies to Address Organization-level Barriers
– Comprehensive one-stop shop of HIV ambulatory
outpatient care and supp...
Organization-level Strategies, Cont.
– Universal screenings for mental health and/or
substance abuse to reduce treatment s...
Strategies to Address System-level Barriers
– Network of client referrals from Latino-serving
organizations; no wrong door...
Strategies to Address Community-level Barriers
– Targeted outreach to Latino subpopulations—MSM,
women, incarcerated, tran...
Preliminary Conclusions



Some strategies are linguistically or culturally
specific to Latino populations



Some strat...
For More Information



Please contact:
– Meg Hargreaves
• mhargreaves@mathematica-mpr.com

55
Q&A

To be informed when these upcoming IHIP resources are ready,
keep an eye out for HRSA announcements or sign up for th...
Engaging Hard-to-Reach Populations in HIV Care: Empowering the Patient
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Engaging Hard-to-Reach Populations in HIV Care: Empowering the Patient

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This Webinar was the last of a three-part series synthesizing some of the successful practices in engaging hard-to-reach populations from SPNS population-specific initiatives.

Speakers included:

Dr. Angulique Outlaw from Wayne State University and the SPNS Young Men who have Sex with Men Initiative, discussing motivational interviewing
Dr. Nikki Cockern from Wayne State University and the SPNS Young Men who have Sex with Men Initiative, discussing enhanced case management
Dr. Margaret Hargreaves from Mathematica and Principal Investigator for the Latino HIV Care Best Practices Study, discussing engagement and retention of Latinos in HIV care

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  • I recommend passing out the SPNS Part F fact sheet, the IHIP One-Pager, and a sign-up sheet for the IMC newsletter, along with your business cards of course, and any IHIP samples you want to provide.
  • Promote Consumer Involvement
    Community site for delivery of psychosocial services
    Transportation, health education, treatment adherence, mentoring, support groups (jam sessions) and therapeutic activities
    Access Dental Clinic
    Medical Referrals (consults)
  • Programmatically, we meet youth where they are and focus highly on building relationships that’s centered on them and done in a respectful and non-judgmental manner
  • Process includes: Phone calls, Postcards, Home visits, social media, texting & Facebook and MI integrated into calls, home visits, & clinical appointments
    Improvement Process-Missed Appointment ProcessYouth who have missed a scheduled medical clinic appointment, without contacting team and scheduling another within 30 days. List Prioritization1. Clients who missed their clinic appointment within the first month (21-30) days and have not rescheduled2. Clients who have not attended a clinic appointment in 2-6 months3. Clients who have not attended a clinic appointment in 6-12 months
  • Thank you for your time
    -My contact information and the Impact Marketing + Communications Website are at the bottom, so please feel free to reach out any time if you have questions about our firm, the IHIP work or any other HRSA deliverables we’ve created, or if there are any marketing or communications projects we can help you with.
    - At this time, I’d be happy to take any questions you have about the presentation.
  • Engaging Hard-to-Reach Populations in HIV Care: Empowering the Patient

    1. 1. Engaging Hard-to-Reach Populations: Empowering the Patient May 15, 2013
    2. 2. Agenda  Introduction to SPNS Integrating HIV Innovative Practices (IHIP) project  Sarah Cook-Raymond, Impact Marketing + Communications  Presentations from SPNS grantees Angulique Outlaw, Horizons Project  Nikki Cockern, Horizons Project  Margaret Hargreaves, Mathematica   Brief Q post-Webinar questionnaire &A
    3. 3. IHIP Resources: Innovative Approaches to Engaging Hard-to-Reach Populations Living with HIV/AIDS into Care  IHIP Tools on Engaging Hard-to-Reach Populations  Training Manual  Curriculum  Webinar Series  Outreach – April 18; see archive recording  Inreach – May 1; archive recording to be up soon!  Empowering the Patient - May 15
    4. 4. An Introduction to Motivational Interviewing (MI) Angulique Y. Outlaw, Ph.D. Assistant Professor Director of Prevention Services Wayne State University School of Medicine Horizons Project
    5. 5. Outline • What Is MI? • How Does MI Work? • How Are We Using MI?
    6. 6. Why Is Change So Hard? • Lack of motivation from within a person – – – – People are not motivated by nagging or fear Most people don’t change for another person When pushed, people push back Ambivalence (pros and cons) • Lack of confidence (self-efficacy) • Lack of social support, role models • Life gets in the way!
    7. 7. What Do We Do To Try To Make Other Change? • Given them Insight – if you can just make people see, then they will change • Give them Knowledge – if people just know enough, then they will change • Give them Skills – if you can just teach people how to change, then they will do it • Give them Hell – if you can just make people feel bad or afraid enough, they will change
    8. 8. What Is Motivational Interviewing (MI)? • Evidenced based intervention to promote health behavior change • *MI is – Client-centered, – Goal-oriented approach – Focused on increasing intrinsic motivation for change by: • Resolving ambivalence about different potential courses of action • Increasing self-efficacy about change *Miller & Rollnick (2002, 2007)
    9. 9. What Is MI? • A method of communication – Not a specific session by session intervention – Not a bag of tricks • Good communication at a micro-level • Making every word count • Develop rapport, understand the client’s view • Elicit and reinforce any and every communication about behavior change
    10. 10. Advantages Of MI • Client-centered intervention • Can be performed by a variety of staff members • Occurs in a natural setting • Ambivalence is addressed
    11. 11. What Does The Conversation Look Like? Empathic and warm Listening and understanding Expressing optimism and hope Reinforcing specific strengths Emphasizing personal choice and responsibility • Offering menu of options • Discussing value-behavior incongruence • • • • •
    12. 12. MI Elements MI Spirit MI Methods (OARS) MI MI Principles Change Talk
    13. 13. MI Principles • • • • Express Empathy Develop Discrepancy Roll with Resistance Support Self-Efficacy
    14. 14. The “RULE”s Of MI • Resist the righting reflex • Understand your client’s motivation • Listen to your client • Empower your client
    15. 15. Spirit of MI • Collaborative (vs. Coercive) – Working jointly together • Evocative (vs. Educational) – Elicit motivation, perceptions, goals, and values • Autonomy supportive (vs. Authoritative) – Self-directing freedom (Choice)
    16. 16. MI Methods • • • • Open-Ended Questions Affirmations Reflective Listening Summaries
    17. 17. Change Talk • Disadvantages of doing what you are doing • Advantages of change • Optimism about change • Intention to change
    18. 18. Horizons Project • Dedicated to providing HIV prevention services to at-risk youth and direct care services to youth living with HIV ages 13-24 • Is the only comprehensive HIV/AIDS program in Michigan focusing on youth
    19. 19. Continuum Of Care Other Medical Sites Serving HIV+ Youth HIV+ Horizons Community Outreach Horizons Field & Internet Outreach Horizons Peer Advocacy C&T Sites HIV+ Horizons C&T Horizons Case Finding: Agency/Field Outreach Community Agencies and Resources Horizons Clinical Care Team Primary Medical Care Medical Specialty Care Nursing Services Health Education Adherence Support Social Work Services Case Management Ongoing Advocacy Mentoring Consumer Involvement Therapeutic Activities Transportation Psychological Services Psychiatric Consultation Education and Training MI for Retention Prevention Services (MI and Group)
    20. 20. How We Use MI • Single session (30 minutes) – As part of field outreach to encourage HIV C&T • Single session (30 minutes) – At initial appointment or first return to care appointment focused on engagement and retention in care – Focused on adherence to antiretroviral therapy (initiation and maintenance) – Focused on risk reduction
    21. 21. MI Computer Applications • *Motivational Enhancement System for Sexual Risk & Adherence – MISTI (Sexual Risk)(Feasibility study) • Single session face-to-face or computer delivered intervention – MISTI-II (Sexual Risk) • Two session computer delivered intervention (Baseline and 3 months) – MESA (Adherence) • Two session computer-delivered intervention (Baseline and 1 month) *adapted by Ondersma et. al
    22. 22. To Sum Up • Remember MI Elements – Spirit • Collaboration, Evocation, & Autonomy – Principles • Express Empathy, Develop Discrepancy, Roll with Resistance, & Support Self-Efficacy – OARS • Open-Ended Questions, Affirmations, Reflective Listening, & Summaries
    23. 23. To Sum Up • Remember MI Elements – Change Talk • Disadvantages of Staying the Same, Advantages of Change, Positive Things About Change, & Intention to Change
    24. 24. MI Resources • Motivational Interviewing (2012, 2007, 2002) Miller and Rollnick • Motivational Interviewing with Adolescents and Young Adults (2010) Naar-King & Suarez • www.motivationalinterviewing.org
    25. 25. Thank You!!
    26. 26. Engaging & Retaining Youth in Care Engaging Hard To Reach Populations – HRSA Webinar Nikki Cockern, PhD Assistant Professor Clinical Care Manager Wayne State University School of Medicine Horizons Project May 2013
    27. 27. Issues of Adolescence • Trust • Often not ready to change, not motivated • Lack of impulse control • Rebel against prescriptive approaches – educational, skills building, traditional counseling • Physical Changes (thanks to puberty) • Peak of peer involvement and peer norms • Heightened experimentation
    28. 28. What’s Unique about Adolescents?  Environment-vitally important  Separation/individuation • Identity formation as separate from authority figures • Translating personal goals into behavior within a constrained environment • Mood fluctuates • Trying to figure out who they are and try different roles  Communication skills are still developing
    29. 29. Horizons Project • Dedicated to providing HIV prevention services to at-risk youth and direct care services to adolescents and young adults living with HIV (ages 13-24) • Has continued to grow as the only comprehensive HIV/AIDS program in Michigan focusing on youth • Wayne State University School of Medicine (WSU) and the Detroit Medical Center (DMC) serve as fiduciaries. 30
    30. 30. Engagement Strategies  “One-stop shopping” & multidisciplinary approach to HIV care, that is youth sensitive & culturally competent. Meeting youth “where they are” and focusing on building relationship  Intensive Case Management Services  Identification of needs (initial & ongoing)  Development of comprehensive service plan, including strategies for implementation  Coordination of care & services  Mental Health/Psychosocial Services  Client Advocacy  Transportation  Treatment Adherence Program  Lost to Follow-Up (L2FU) Program  Use of Multi-media tools
    31. 31. Horizons Project Enhancements • Advocates assist youth in enrolling and remaining in care • Rapid linkage into care • Intake and medical appointments are provided within the first week of contact • Youth often receive resources prior to their med visit • Direct linkage & support to ancillary care services and resources • Motivational Interviewing is offered • Multi-modal contact to youth in preferred medium (i.e. phone, text, email, Facebook inboxes) • Jam Sessions (support groups) • Transportation to ‘life critical’ services (DHS) • Provide a link to advocacy services if youth do not want to enroll in medical care • Actively Promote Consumer Involvement
    32. 32. Horizons Project Modifications • Quickly establish and maintain rapport • • • Highlight and vitally protect confidentiality, while treating each with dignity and respect Contact with youth is consistent, yet at varied times and amongst several staff Staff is available outside of typical “working hours/days” and can be reached via cell and email daily • Patient advocacy is vital to keeping youth connected and meeting their needs • • Staff often accompany youth to other necessary medical and ancillary care appointments (i.e. DHS, colposcopy, Dental, GYN, etc.) Phone contacts for transportation to clinical and ancillary appointments, JAM sessions, other care related activities • Decrease barriers to access services • • • • Increase frequency of medical clinics held, so more appointment slots are available (including separate day youth can come in for treatment) Reserved new patient and sick patient slots during each clinic session Combined mom/baby or family clinic sessions to decrease the frequency of visits parents have to keep Use of laptops in medical clinic in order to complete on-line applications for insurance and/or supplemental coverage programs • Provide incentives for improved adherence • i.e. keeping appointments, reducing drug use ,decreasing incidence of STIs, etc. (works with mental health team) • Provide lost to follow-up outreach • i.e. phone calls, letters, and home visits (MI)
    33. 33. L2FU Program Protocol MI @ point of contact & @ clinic appt. 1. Maintain List Identify youth who missed clinic appt. & not able to reschedule 5. Contact made w/ Client & clinic visit scheduled Or Repeat MI via phone MI @ HV if contact made 2. 1st month after missed clinic visit. Advocate attempts Contact via phone/text 4. 3 month Home Visit rd 3. 2 month Mail post Card sent nd
    34. 34. Social Media Tools General Information and linkage to Horizons Project and Community Services • Horizons Project Website: http://peds.med.wayne.edu/horizons Horizons specific information and events/activities • FaceBook • Twitter Adherence to Appointments & ARV regimen Text Messages (regular, timed texts for youth starting meds & those w/sig adherence problems) (appointment reminders & check ins) Email invites on the spot for upcoming med visits w/alarm Private inbox message through Facebook
    35. 35. Suggestions for Programs Working with Adolescents
    36. 36. Summary One stop shopping, multi-disciplinary team approach to care • Clinical Services, including intensive case management • Psychosocial Services Engagement & Retention Strategies include: • Rapid Linkage to Care • Multiple clinic sessions options • Practical and Concrete Support for accessing resources • Peer Advocacy, access to support outside conventional time • Transportation • Treatment Adherence Program • L2FU Program • Use of social media tools
    37. 37. Staff Acknowledgement Director of Medical Service and Research : Elizabeth Secord, MD Director of Prevention Services: Angulique Outlaw, PhD Consultant for Psychological Services and Research: Sylvie Naar-King, PhD ATN Behavioral Research Coordinator: Monique Green Jones, MPH ATN Clinical Research Coordinator: Charnell Cromer, MSN Clinical Care Manager: Nikki Cockern, PhD Clinical Nurse Practitioner: Debbie Richmond, NP Clinical Social Worker: Tiffani Hollowell, CMSW Care Coordinator/Case Manager: Keshaum Houston, BS Adolescent Consultant : Jessica Daniel, MPH MSM Prevention Coordinator: Jeremy Toney MSM Outreach Workers: Bre’ Campbell, David Perrett ATN C2P Coordinator: Emily Halden Brown, MPP ATN Research Assistant: Cindy Chidi, BS ATN Linkage to Care Specialist: Valentina Djelaj, LLMSW ATN 110/117 Outreach Coordinator: Bryan Victor, MSW Fisher HRH Prevention Coordinator : Te’Neice Dobbins, BS
    38. 38. Thank you!— Questions/Comments? Nikki Cockern, PhD; 313.745.4892; scockern@med.wayne.edu http://www.peds.med.wayne.edu/horizons
    39. 39. Latino HIV Best Practices: Improving Access, Engagement and Retention in Care May 15, 2013 Engaging Hard-to-Reach Populations – HRSA Webinar Margaret Hargreaves, Ph.D., M.P.P.
    40. 40. Study Methods  Review of the literature – Impact of HIV/AIDS epidemic on Latinos – Evidence of effective practices for engaging and retaining HIV-positive Latinos in HIV care  Site visits to 10 exemplary sites – 6 States selected for study – 10 sites selected across 6 states – 1 to 1.5 day site visits by bilingual teams  Analysis of sites’ 2009 RDR and 2010 RSR data – Racial/ethnic analysis of client characteristics, service use, and clinical outcomes 41
    41. 41. Selected Sites – – – – – – – – – – CARE Resource, Miami, FL CommWell Health, Dunn, NC Elmhurst Hospital Center – ID Clinic, Brooklyn, NY Centro de Salud Familiar La Fe, El Paso, TX Miami Beach Community Health Center – Immune Support Program, Miami, FL Mission Neighborhood Health Center – Clinica Esperanza, San Francisco, CA Montefiore AIDS Center, Bronx, NY San Ysidro Health Center – CASA, San Ysidro, CA Valley AIDS Council, Harlingen, TX West Side Community Health Center – Clinic 7, St. Paul, MN 42
    42. 42. Site Locations
    43. 43. Site Characteristics  7 Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHCs), 2 hospital outpatient departments, 1 AIDS service organization  RWHAP Funding: Parts A, B, C, D, F, MAI, SPNS  Populations served: Mexico, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Migrant farm workers  HIV clients served: 160 clients - 2665 clients  Percentage Latino clients: 20 – 80 percent 44
    44. 44. Sites’ Quality of Latino HIV Care  9 providers prescribed HAART to Latino clients at same or higher rate than non-Latinos  4 providers conducted CD4 counts for over 90% of Latino clients in the last year; another 3 providers conducted CD4 counts for over 80% of Latinos in the last year  3 providers conducted viral load tests for over 90% of Latino clients in the last year; another 4 providers conducted viral load tests for over 80% of Latinos in the last year 45
    45. 45. Barriers and Strategies  Barriers to Latino access, engagement, and retention in HIV care identified at five levels – – – – –  Individual Clinician Organization System Community Total of 43 strategies were used by HIV providers to address identified barriers to Latino access, engagement, and retention in HIV care 46
    46. 46. Strategies to Address Individual-level Barriers – Help completing applications and obtaining eligibility documentation for Medicaid, Medicare, ADAP, SSA, Ryan White, SNAP (n=10) – Referrals for social services, including food and housing assistance, domestic violence services, legal aid, immigration services (n=10) – Transportation assistance, including vans and metro/bus cards (n=9) – Targeted Latino support groups for MSM, women, transgender, Spanish speakers, hepatitis C, treatment adherence, substance abuse, domestic violence, HIV education (n=8) 47
    47. 47. Individual-level Strategies, Cont. – Peer health educators, peer counselors, buddies, who provide health education, system navigation, social support, and client advocacy (n=7) – Reinforcement of treatment adherence messages geared to client literacy levels, using reminder calendars, pictures, symbols, color codes, pill boxes, key chains, directly observed therapy, literacy lessons (n=7) – Home or clinic delivery of HIV medications by pharmacy or clinic staff (n=3) – Client social groups, knitting, arts, crafts (n=3) 48
    48. 48. Strategies to Address Clinician-level Barriers – Knowledge of traditional home remedies, foods, cultural values, religious beliefs, differences among Latino subpopulations (n=10) – Showing warmth, respect, friendship to clients and their families; having a passion for the work (n=10) – Fluent Spanish speakers, interpreter lines, translation support from bilingual staff, certified interpreters (n=10) – Staff “willing to go the extra mile” for clients (n=7) – Home visits, hospital visits, long-term follow-up (n=7) – Mostly Latino/Hispanic staff (n=5) – Avoidance of culturally loaded terms such as gay, mental health, and psychiatry (n=5) – Training in cultural competency (n=3) 49
    49. 49. Strategies to Address Organization-level Barriers – Comprehensive one-stop shop of HIV ambulatory outpatient care and supportive services (n=10) – Flexible scheduling, double-booking, walk-ins, open slots for emergencies (n=10) – Clinic materials in Spanish (signs, notices, videos, website, brochures, medication labels, posters) (n=10) – Frequent appointment reminder calls, missed appointment follow-up calls, free cell phones to receive reminders (n=9) – Close tracking of visits, labs, medications, and contact information for treatment adherence and retention purposes (n=9) – Client confidentiality policies and practices (n=8) 50
    50. 50. Organization-level Strategies, Cont. – Universal screenings for mental health and/or substance abuse to reduce treatment stigma (n=7) – Discreet name and location of clinic (n=6) – Long appointment times for visits with clinicians, case managers, and counselors (n=6) – Multidisciplinary teams, team meetings, patient briefings, case conferences (n=6) – Expanded clinic hours, evening hours (n=5) – Comfortable, home-like environment (n=3) – Offices arranged to facilitate staff/client interaction and communication (n=3) – HIV clinician team includes specialists (i.e., dermatology, OB-GYN) (n=3) 51
    51. 51. Strategies to Address System-level Barriers – Network of client referrals from Latino-serving organizations; no wrong door entry into system (n=10) – Partnerships, consortia, and collaborations of Latino-serving organizations (n=8) – HIV care tracking and coordination across inpatient/outpatient settings, agencies, states, U.S./Mexican border (n=7) – Latino representation on HIV prevention and treatment planning councils (n=6) – Health policy or funding advocacy for Latino HIV services (n=5) – Expedited, client hand-offs among testing, linkage, bridge, and retention services staff (n=4) 52
    52. 52. Strategies to Address Community-level Barriers – Targeted outreach to Latino subpopulations—MSM, women, incarcerated, transgender, migrants, undisclosed MSM (n=9) – Discrete identity of outreach and linkage staff to protect client privacy (n=7) – Pride events and Latino celebrations to reduce stigma (n=6) – Regional HIV conferences and retreats to improve HIV care (n=4) – HIV talks to community groups, in churches, on radio, TV (n=3) – Latino theatre troops to increase awareness of HIV (n=2) 53
    53. 53. Preliminary Conclusions  Some strategies are linguistically or culturally specific to Latino populations  Some strategies address barriers common to underserved populations  Some strategies cost little or nothing to start  By addressing barriers, providers can reduce or eliminate disparities in Latino access, use, and retention in HIV care 54
    54. 54. For More Information  Please contact: – Meg Hargreaves • mhargreaves@mathematica-mpr.com 55
    55. 55. Q&A To be informed when these upcoming IHIP resources are ready, keep an eye out for HRSA announcements or sign up for the IMC newsletter email scook@impactmc.net. Connect with Us Sarah Cook-Raymond, Managing Director |Impact Marketing + Communications | Twitter: @impactmc1| Facebook: ImpactMarCom |www.impactmc.net | 202-588-0300

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