Toxicity and Detoxification with Far Infrared
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Toxicity and Detoxification with Far Infrared

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A look at today's chemicals and heavy metals, their sources, our risk of exposure, and the harmful and even deadly health effects. Learn about your ONLY solution: Far Infrared Thermal Life Sauna by......

A look at today's chemicals and heavy metals, their sources, our risk of exposure, and the harmful and even deadly health effects. Learn about your ONLY solution: Far Infrared Thermal Life Sauna by High Tech Health. In addition to whole body detoxification, far infrared supports significant benefits throughout the entire body.

- For the Mind: improves stress management, reduces fatigue, increases energy, boosts circulation, lessens depression and anxiety, stimulates focus and clear thinking, encourages positive mindset

- For the Nerve Supply: improves neurological health, increases cell and organ health and function, prevents spinal degeneration, reduces swelling and inflammation, supports healthy nervous system, improves spinal corrections

- For Nutrition: increases absorption of quality nutrition, enables proper cell function, promotes healthy diet, influences ideal weight and cellulite control, improves digestive problems, decreases cholesterol levels, decreases symptoms of diabetes, enhances heart health, increases basal metabolic rate

- For Oxygen and Lean Muscles: improves cardiovascular conditioning, strengthens regeneration and oxygenation, relieves pain and speeds up healing process, maximizes caloric burn, improves flexibility and range of motion, relieves fibromyalgia and arthritis, decreases muscle and joint pain, prevents injury

- For Detoxification: removes chemicals and heavy metals at the cellular level, eliminates toxic symptoms



Sarah Adams
High Tech Health International
Business Development Manager
800-794-5355

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  • A male doctor and medical researcher in his mid-forties, free of toxic symptoms, captured 3cc of his own sweat produced during a single 35 minute session in his High Tech Health Thermal Life sauna and sent it to Genova Diagnostics to test for the presence of 37 elements. Measureable quantities were found for 35 of the 37 elements tested for. Results: Element Concentration in micrograms per liter (µg/L) Lithium (Li) 3.21 Sodium (Na) 4,123,500 Magnesium (Mg) 8,260 Aluminum (Al) 98.2 Phosphorus (P) 577.5 Sulfur (S) 14,885 Potassium (K) 515,500 Calcium (Ca) 25,425 Vanadium (V) 1.395 Chromium (Cr) 3.875 Iron (Fe) 32.355 Manganese (Mn) 4.815 Cobalt (Co) 0.25 Nickel (Ni) 8.72 Copper (Cu) 4,296 Zinc (Zn) 84.35 Gallium (Ga) 0 Arsenic (As) 2.825 Selenium (Se) 14.355 Rubidium (Rb) 332 Strontium (Sr) 75.75 Niobium (Nb) 0.015 Molybdenum (Mo) 0.88 Cadmium (Cd) 0.23 Tin (Sn) 1.025 Antimony (Sb) 0.46 Cesium (Cs) 1.11 Barium (Ba) 15.89 Gadolinium (Gd) 0 Tungsten (W) 0.015 Platinum (Pt) 0.045 Mercury (Hg) 0.79 Thalium (Tl) 0.025 Lead (Pb) 1.44 Bismuth (Bi) 0.08 Thorium (Th) 0.005 Uranium (U) 0.3  

Transcript

  • 1. Detoxification This presentation contains information that is privileged and confidential. Any unauthorized use, copying or further distribution is prohibited. 1
  • 2. Toxicity in the Environment 2
  • 3. Toxicity in Consumer Goods 3
  • 4. 4
  • 5. Toxicity  Toxic exposure is unavoidable and exceeds the body's natural ability to remove toxic waste.  The EPA estimates over 70,0000 chemicals are used commercially for agriculture, building materials and consumer goods.  3,000 chemicals are approved for use in our food directly.  Over 10,000 chemicals are used in food processing, preserving and storage. 5
  • 6. Toxicity  From 1999-2004 the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found 219 different chemicals in blood and urine; 75 were never seen before.  From, 2007-2008, the Environmental Working Group (EWG) research detected 287 chemicals in the umbilical cord blood of newborns.  Of that total, 180 are known to cause cancer in humans or animals, 217 are toxic to the brain and nervous system and 208 cause birth defects or abnormal development. 6
  • 7. Toxicity  In 2009 the Fourth National Report on Human Exposure to Environmental Chemicals was released.  The Fourth Report includes results for 75 chemicals measured for the first time in the U.S. population.  These chemicals are in the following groups:  Acrylamide and glycidamide adducts  Arsenic species and metabolites  Environmental phenols, including bisphenol A and triclosan  Perchlorate  Perfluorinated chemicals polybrominated diphenyl ethers  Volatile organic compounds  Some additions to chemical groups previously measured 7
  • 8. Toxicity and Disease  Environmental toxicity continues to worsen with each generation.  The bioaccumulation of toxins has caused a new era of sickness, illness, and disease.  Columbia University School of Public Health reports that 95% of cancer is caused by diet and the accumulation of toxins. 8
  • 9. 9 Health Effects
  • 10. Toxic Symptoms and Health Effects  Physical symptoms: fatigue, headache, stress, joint and muscle pain, frequent colds and flu, allergies, hormone imbalance, chemical sensitivity, cold hands and feet, psoriasis and other skin conditions, insomnia, dark circles under the eyes, depression and anxiety.  Psychological symptoms: poor concentration, memory loss, mood changes, mental confusion, brain fog and changes in behavior.  All of these toxic symptoms are directly associated with MCS, Chronic Fatigue, Lyme, Diabetes, Obesity, Osteoporosis, Cancer and autoimmune diseases.  These diseases are direct results of living in a world overrun with toxins, chemicals, heavy metals and environmental byproducts. 10
  • 11. Sources of Toxins  Air Pollutants: Air Toxics  Over 187 hazardous air pollutants  Chemicals  Pesticides, Phthalates, DDT, hydrofluoric acids, chlorine, and compounds such as methyl alcohol, medications, and poisons  Heavy metals  Mercury, Lead, Cadmium, Arsenic, Copper, Aluminum, Chromium 11
  • 12. Air Pollutants 12
  • 13. Global Air Pollution 13
  • 14. Deaths From Air Pollution 14
  • 15. Air Pollution  Air pollution is the introduction into the atmosphere of chemicals, particulates, or biological materials that:  Cause discomfort, disease, or death to humans  Damage other living organisms such as food crops  Damage the natural or built environment.  Primary Pollutants produced by human activity include: Sulphur oxides, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, particulates, persistent free radicals, toxic metals, chlorofluorocarbons, ammonia, odors, radioactive pollutants, peroxyacetyl nitrate, benzene, perchlorethlyene, methylene 15
  • 16. Chemical Air Pollutants  Chemicals include volatile organic chemicals, chemicals used as pesticides and herbicides, inorganic chemicals, and radionuclides.  Many of these chemicals are used for a variety of purposes in the United States today.  Chemicals produced by human activity include: sulphur oxides, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxide, volatile organic compounds, particulates, persistent free radicals, toxic metals, chlorofluorocarbons, ammonia, odors, radioactive pollutants, peroxyacetyl nitrate, benzene, perchlorethlyene, methylene 16
  • 17. Chemical Air Pollutants 17
  • 18. Sources of Air Toxics  Human-made sources, including mobile sources  Stationary sources  Indoor sources  "Major" sources are defined as sources that emit 10 tons per year of any of the listed toxic air pollutants, or 25 tons per year of a mixture of air toxics. These sources may release air toxics from equipment leaks, when materials are transferred from one location to another, or during discharge through emission stacks or vents  “Area” sources emit less than 10 tons per year of a single air toxic, or less than 25 tons per year of a combination of air toxics. 18
  • 19. Sources of Air Toxics 19
  • 20. Exposure to Air Toxics  Breathing contaminated air  Eating contaminated food products, such as fish from contaminated waters; meat, milk, or eggs from animals that fed on contaminated plants; and fruits and vegetables grown in contaminated soil on which air toxics have been deposited.  Drinking water contaminated by toxic air pollutants.  Ingesting contaminated soil. Young children are especially vulnerable because they often ingest soil from their hands or from objects they place in their mouths.  Touching (making skin contact with) contaminated soil, dust, or water (for example, during recreational use of contaminated water bodies). 20
  • 21. Air Pollution and Health Risk  Health risks are dependent on level of hazard and exposure  Less Serious  Skin rash, cough, headache nausea, dizziness  More Serious  Asthma, chronic bronchitis, kidney and liver damage  Most Serious  Cancer, nervous system damage, miscarriages, birth defects, and death 21
  • 22. 22
  • 23. Chemicals  Chemicals compounds are present in the air, water, food, soil, dust, and consumer products  Currently, more than 300 environmental chemicals or their metabolites are measured in human samples (e.g. urine, blood, serum, breast milk, and meconium).  Of the 70,000 chemicals being used commercially in the country, the EPA considers 65,000 of them to be hazardous to your health. 23
  • 24. 24
  • 25. Chemicals  Acetaldehyde  Sources: body metabolism of alcohol, wood stoves, incinerators, smog, diesel exhaust, fungal infections  Effects:  DNA and chromosome damage  Binds to liver and other cells causing autoimmune responses  Upper respiratory irritation  Metabolic disruption  Lung damage 25
  • 26. Chemicals  Benzenes  Sources: gasoline (auto exhaust & interiors, gas stations) diesel exhaust, building materials, plastics, polypropylene food containers, cooked foods, printers, printed & copied paper, copy machines, incinerators, tobacco smoke, wood smoke, marijuana smoke  Effects: bronchial, colon, and liver damage; leukemia; DNA damage; tumors including brain, liver, stomach, lung; cardiac abnormalities, eye irritation, drowsiness, unconsciousness, no coordination, heart attack 26
  • 27. 27
  • 28. Chemicals  BHT (butylated hydroxy-toluene)  Sources: migration from polyethylene food packaging, additive in foods (cereals, fats, meats, potatoes, cosmetics, others)  Effects: allergic reactions, possible cancer, possible kidney damage 28
  • 29. Chemicals  Carbon Disulfide  Sources: solvents, dry-cleaning, painting, spray painting, glue work, varnishes, fumigation, cereal mills, insecticide, manufacturing rayon, cellophane, carbon tetrachloride, vacuum tubes, volcanoes  Effects: peripheral nerve damage, emotional instability, insomnia, lessening of libido, affects nervous system 29
  • 30. 30
  • 31. Chemicals  Carbon Monoxide  Sources: wood smoke, tobacco smoke, auto and diesel exhaust  Effects: lung damage and irritation; carboxy-hemoglobin neutralizes blood oxygen transport 31
  • 32. 32
  • 33. Chemicals  Chlorobenzene Pesticides  DDT, lindane, heptachlor, aldrin, dieldrin, endrin, chlordane, mirex  Sources: primarily used in industrial and chemical synthetic processes, chemical intermediates in synthesis of dyes, pesticides, and other industrial products, solvents for pesticides and auto parts degreasers  Acute Exposure: EPA has found chlorobenzene to potentially cause anesthetic effects and impaired liver and kidney function from short-term exposures at levels above the MCL, paralysis  Chronic Exposure: Chlorobenzene has the potential to cause liver, kidney and central nervous system damage from long-term exposure at levels above the MCL  Cancer Exposure: There is inadequate evidence to state whether or not chlorobenzene has the potential to cause cancer from a lifetime exposure in drinking water. 33
  • 34. 34
  • 35. Chemicals  Chloroform, Carbon Tetrachloride  Chloroform is used to make other chemicals and can also be formed in small amounts when chlorine is added to water.  Sources: solvents, incinerators, groundwater  Effects: liver- lung- & enzyme damage, cancers, kidney damage, cardiac abnormalities, heart attack  Affected Organ Systems: Cardiovascular (Heart and Blood Vessels), Developmental (effects during periods when organs are developing) , Hepatic (Liver), Neurological (Nervous System), Renal (Urinary System or Kidneys), Reproductive (Producing Children)  Cancer Effects: Known as a human carcinogen 35
  • 36. Chemicals  Chlorpyrifos  Chlorpyrifos is an insecticide that is a white crystal-like solid with a strong odor.  Sources: food residues; widely used home and agricultural pesticide, herbicide; active metabolite found in urine of 5.8% of U.S population  Effects: peripheral nerve damage, autoimmune disease, antibiotic allergy, memory loss, multiple chemical sensitivity, headaches, nausea, muscle cramps; effects are accelerated by other organophosphate pesticides 36
  • 37. Chemicals  DEHP (diethylhexyl phthalate)  Sources:  plasticizer for polyvinylchloride (PVC) and other polymers including rubber, cellulose and styrene,  vinyl blood bags: leaches into blood during storage  packaging materials and tubings used in the production of foods and beverages are polyvinyl chloride contaminated with phthalic acid esters, primarily DEHP.  insect repellant formulations, cosmetics, rubbing alcohol, liquid soap, detergents, decorative inks, lacquers, munitions, industrial and lubricating oils, and as pesticide carriers  Production of DEHP increased during the 1980s, from 251 million lbs in 1982 to over 286 million lbs. in 1986, with imports of 6 million lbs. In 1986, it was estimated that industries consumed DEHP as follows: plasticizer for polyvinyl chloride, 95%; other uses, 5%.  Acute Effects: mild gastrointestinal disturbances, nausea, vertigo., lung irritation  Chronic Effects: damage to lungs, liver and testes; reproductive effects.  Cancer: There is evidence that DEHP causes cancer from lifetime exposure 37
  • 38. Chemicals  Dioxins  Sources: environmental pollutants; contaminant in pesticides, herbicides; now worldwide in air, water, meat, fish, human body (especially fat, liver); formed in incineration, electrical fires, wood smoke, chemical reactions (possibly sewage sludge)  More than 90% of human exposure is through food, mainly meat and dairy products, fish and shellfish. Many national authorities have programs in place to monitor the food supply.  Effects: can cause reproductive problems and genetic damage, vitamin A dysregulation, liver toxicity, altered fat metabolism, chloracne (skin cysts, scarring) thymus atrophy, impaired resistance to infection, breast cancer, nerve transmission damage, and cancer 38
  • 39. 39
  • 40. Chemicals  Ethanol  Sources: glue, alcoholic beverages, alcohol, cologne spirit, ethanol, EtOH, grain alcohol  Exposure routes: inhalation, ingestion, skin and/or eye contact  Target organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory system, central nervous system, liver, blood, reproductive system  Effects: fetal damage, developmental delay, neurologic damage, cirrhosis of liver, zinc and selenium deficiencies; accelerates liver damage of chloroform, carbon tetrachloride, and nitrosamines; interferes with body processing of styrene, xylene, toluene, methyl ethyl ketone, trichloroethylene, benzene 40
  • 41. 41
  • 42. 2010: A Year of Rapidly Changing Ethanol Trade Patterns In the United States, ethanol is primarily made from corn. In Brazil, the world’s second-largest ethanol producer, sugarcane is the primary feedstock. Together, the United States and Brazil account for approximately 88 percent of global ethanol production and trade. 42
  • 43. Chemicals  Formaldehyde  Sources: solvents, printing, fabrics, mattresses, tobacco smoke, wood smoke, foam insulation, particle board, press wood products, car and diesel exhaust, smog, groundwater, urea-formaldehyde foam insulation (UFFI), durable press drapes, other textiles, foam insulation, and glues.  Classified as a known human carcinogen (cancer-causing substance) by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.  Effects: lung damage, impaired memory & dexterity, immediate and delayed hypersensitivity reactions; asthma, rhinitis; irritation of eyes and respiration, wheezing and coughing, fatigue, skin rash, and nausea  Cancer: association between formaldehyde exposure and several cancers, including nasopharyngeal cancer and leukemia. 43
  • 44. Formaldehyde Sources 44
  • 45. Indoor Concentration of Formaldehyde 45 Measured and calculated indoor concentrations of formaldehyde and the air exchange rates in 8 houses. House 1 and 2 are wooden houses, House 3, 4 and 5 are light-gauge steel houses, while Houses 6, 7 and 8 are reinforced concrete buildings. High emission rates of formaldehyde were observed from the cloth furniture and fixtures, such as curtains, sheets and carpets, while low emission rates were observed from building materials. The effect of the intake of formaldehyde from inside closets, inside walls, and under roofs on the indoor formaldehyde levels cannot be ignored.
  • 46. Chemicals  Glycol Ethers  Sources: solvents for resins, lacquers, varnishes, gum, perfume, dyes, inks, as a constituent of paints and pastes, cleaning compounds, liquid soaps, cosmetics, hydraulic fluids, glue, sealants, caulking compounds, printed circuit boards, antifreeze  Health Effects: reproductive poisons, red blood cell damage, liver damage  Acute exposure to lower levels: conjunctivitis, upper respiratory tract irritation, headache, nausea, and temporary corneal clouding  Acute exposure to high levels: narcosis, pulmonary edema, severe liver and kidney damage.  Chronic exposure: fatigue, lethargy, nausea, anorexia, tremor, and anemia 46
  • 47. 47
  • 48. Chemicals  Carbon Hexachlorobenzene  Source: cleaners, fungicide; when heated to decomposition, emits toxic fumes of chlorides.  Effects: hepatic, reproductive, and developmental toxicity and carcinogenesis, immune suppression, reduced T&B cell responses  The most common hepatic exposure related effect is porphyria.  Exposure-related developmental effects include impaired neurological development, cleft palate, renal agenesis and minor skeletal abnormalities.  DHHS, IARC, and EPA consider hexachlorobenzene to be a probable human carcinogen. 48
  • 49. 49
  • 50. Chemicals  Hydrazine  Source: food additives, photographic supplies, herbicides, pesticides, textiles, drugs, plastics  Effects:  Acute Effects: coughing and irritation of the throat and lungs, convulsions, tremors, or seizures.  Chronic Effects: liver and kidney damage, autoimmune disease, as well as serious effects on reproductive organs.  Eating or drinking small amounts of hydrazines may cause nausea, vomiting, uncontrolled shaking, inflammation of the nerves, drowsiness, or coma. 50
  • 51. Chemicals  Methanol  Source: glue, antifreeze, paint, cement, ink, windshield-wiper solvent; industrial uses  Effects: neurologic damage, blindness, lung and gastro-intestinal problems; irritation eyes, skin, upper respiratory system; nausea, vomiting, dermatitis, dizziness, headache 51
  • 52. Chemicals  Nitrogen dioxide  Sources: incinerators, wood smoke, smog, auto and diesel emissions; coal, oil & gas stoves  Effects: lung& respiratory damage, pulmonary fluid, fatty acid oxidation, bronchitis, childhood bronchitis; forms methemoglobin in blood 52
  • 53. 53
  • 54. Chemicals  Nitrosamines  Sources: consumer rubbers (tires, baby nipples and pacifiers), soaps, cosmetics, tobacco smoke, food & food containers and packaging, marihuana smoke, pesticides, herbicides, industrial uses  Effects: DNA damage, cancers, cell death 54
  • 55. Chemicals  Ozone  Sources: incinerators, photochemical smog, diesel and auto exhaust, laser printers  Effects: lung immune system damage (B-cells), bronchial constriction, fatty acid oxidation, enzyme de- activation 55
  • 56. 56
  • 57. Chemicals  PBBs (polybrominated biphenyls)  Sources: flame retardants in rugs, plastics, and clothing; furniture, upholstery, electrical equipment, electronic devices, textiles, and other household products  Effects: immune depression, endocrine system disruptor, neuro-developmental toxicity, toxicity to the kidney, thyroid, and liver, dermal disorders  PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls)  Sources: leakage from transformers; disposal of copy papers, paints/plasticizers pesticide extenders, flame retardants, adhesives, coolants, inks, hydraulic fluids; human, fish, and animal fat; groundwater  Effects: genetic damage causing developmental & cognitive retardation, vitamin A dysregulation, chloracne, immune depression, peripheral nerve damage, liver damage, respiratory problems, thyroid hormone dysregulation, decreases in reaction time, spatial learning, short-term memory; excess pigmentation 57
  • 58. Chemicals  Phenols  Sources: used as a general disinfectant and antiseptic in various products, including toilet and floor disinfectants; used in medical preparations such as mouthwashes and throat lozenges; used in insecticides, fungicides (especially citrus fruit), food additives, tobacco, marihuana, natural food occurrences, incinerators, used in the production of phenolic resins and in the manufacture of nylon and other synthetic fibers  Effects: irritant and corrosive substance by all routes of exposure (inhalation, oral, dermal), can produce internal burns and necrosis, nausea, vomiting, paralysis, seizures, coma 58
  • 59. Chemicals  Styrene  Sources: photocopiers, copy paper, laser printers; a high production chemical primarily used in the production of polystyrene plastics and resins, copolymers such as styrene-acrylonitrile and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene, and styrene-butadiene rubber, or formulated with unsaturated polyester resins for use as fiberglass reinforcement materials; consumer products containing styrene include packaging materials, insulation, fiberglass, plastic pipes, automobile parts, shoes, drinking cups and other food-use items, and carpet backing.  Effects: genetic mutations, chromosome aberrations; interference with liver enzymes, dermatitis; skin, nasal & respiratory irritations, fatigue, irritability; decreases in manual dexterity, concentration, and reaction times 59
  • 60. Chemicals  Trichloroethylene  Sources: dry-cleaning, painting, spray painting, glue work, de-waxing and degreasing agents, insecticides, drain cleaners, printing inks, solvents, varnishes; incinerators  Effects: disruptions in memory and understanding; heart problems, cardiac arrhythmias, cardiac abnormalities, heart attack, nausea and vomiting, serious liver injury, dizziness, headache, neurological problems; eyes, nose and throat irritation; probable carcinogen 60
  • 61. Chemicals  Vinyl Chloride  Sources: plastic wraps (‘Saran Wrap’), PVC plastics, pipes and connectors; packing materials, wire and cable coatings, footwear, spray-propellant gas, hard flooring, vinyl records, groundwater  Effects: Headache, dizziness, drowsiness, loss of consciousness; altered blood flow in the hands; long- term exposure resulted in alterations in the liver ranging from hypertrophy and hyperplasia to hepatocellular degeneration; breathing vinyl chloride over many years have shown an increased incidence of liver cancer; immune system damage, fatty acid oxidation, enzyme de-activation  The EPA considers vinyl chloride to be a known human carcinogen. 61
  • 62. 62
  • 63. Chemicals  Xylene  Sources: industrial solvents, synthetic intermediates, and solvents in commercial products such as paints, coatings, adhesive removers, and paint thinners; polystyrene cups, cleaners, paper, smog, groundwater; they are also a component of gasoline; occurs naturally in petroleum and coal tar and is formed during forest fires  Effects: primary effects of xylene exposure involve the nervous system by all routes of exposure, the respiratory tract by inhalation exposure, and, at higher oral exposure levels, hepatic, renal, and body weight effects; dermal exposure of humans to xylene causes skin irritation, dryness and scaling of the skin, and vasodilation.  The nervous system effects include subjective symptoms of intoxication at higher concentrations and impaired performance on tests of short-term memory, reaction time, and equilibrium at lower concentrations. 63
  • 64. 64
  • 65. Heavy Metals  “Heavy Metals": antimony, arsenic, bismuth, cadmium, cerium, chromium, cobalt, copper, gallium, gold, iron, lead, manganese, mercury, nickel, platinum, silver, tellurium, thallium, tin, uranium, vanadium, and zinc  Small amounts of these elements are common in our environment and diet and are actually necessary for good health; large amounts of any of them may cause acute or chronic toxicity (poisoning).  Heavy metal toxicity can result in damaged or reduced mental and central nervous function, lower energy levels, and damage to blood composition, lungs, kidneys, liver, and other vital organs. Long- term exposure may result in slowly progressing physical, muscular, and neurological degenerative processes that mimic Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, muscular dystrophy, and multiple sclerosis. Allergies are not uncommon, and repeated long-term contact with some metals (or their compounds) may cause cancer 65
  • 66. Heavy Metals  Mercury  Lead  Cadmium  Arsenic  Copper  Aluminum  Chromium 66
  • 67. Heavy Metal: Mercury  Mercury is a powerful metal, more toxic than lead, cadmium, and arsenic.  Mercury is a naturally occurring element that is found in air, water and soil.  When mercury is released from industries into the air, it can travel long distances and be deposited on soil and in lakes where small organisms change the mercury to a form of organic mercury (methylmercury) that builds up in the bodies of fish.  Metallic mercury has been found at 714 hazardous waste sites nationwide.  Exposure Routes: inhalation, drinking and eating, touching 67
  • 68. 68 Mercury in the Environment
  • 69. Heavy Metal: Mercury  3 Forms of Mercury  Methylmercury:  Organic form of mercury and the form of mercury that is most easily bioaccumulated in organisms; leads to high concentrations in predatory fish, which, when consumed by humans, can result in an increased risk of adverse effects in highly exposed or sensitive populations  Elemental or Metallic Mercury  A major source of exposure for elemental mercury is through inhalation in occupational settings.  Another source of exposure to low levels of elemental mercury in the general population is elemental mercury released in the mouth from dental amalgam fillings  Exposures can occur when elemental mercury is spilled or products that contain elemental mercury break and expose mercury to the air, particularly in warm or poorly-ventilated indoor spaces.  Inorganic or Organic Mercury Compounds  Limited exposure could occur through the use of old cans of latex paint, which until 1990, could contain mercury compounds to prevent bacterial and fungal growth 69
  • 70. Heavy Metal: Mercury  Methylmercury Health Effects  For fetuses, infants, and children, the primary health effect of methylmercury is impaired neurological development.  Impacts on cognitive thinking, memory, attention, language, and fine motor and visual spatial skills have been seen in children exposed to methylmercury in the womb.  Exposure to high levels of mercury (Hg) can cause neurologic and kidney disorders 70
  • 71. Mercury Health Effects on the Fetus 71
  • 72. Heavy Metal: Mercury  Elemental Mercury Health Effects  causes health effects when it is breathed as a vapor where it can be absorbed through the lungs  Symptoms include these: tremors; emotional changes (e.g., mood swings, irritability, nervousness, excessive shyness); insomnia; neuromuscular changes (such as weakness, muscle atrophy, twitching); headaches; disturbances in sensations; changes in nerve responses; performance deficits on tests of cognitive function.  At higher exposures there may be kidney effects, respiratory failure and death. 72
  • 73. Heavy Metal: Mercury  Elemental Mercury Vapor, “Smoking Teeth”  Elemental mercury is a heavy, shiny, silver-white, odorless liquid. It is nonflammable, but releases toxic vapor, especially when heated. Odor does not provide any warning of hazardous concentrations.  Inhalation is the primary route of exposure to elemental mercury vapor or aerosols, which are readily absorbed. Virtually no elemental mercury is absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract or by the skin. Mercury crosses the placenta and can be transferred to infants via breast milk.  Inhalation of mercury vapor is the primary route of exposure to elemental mercury. Inhaled vapor is almost completely absorbed by the lungs (75-80%). Neither liquid mercury nor mercury vapor has an odor  Mercury vapor is heavier than air and may therefore accumulate in poorly ventilated or low-lying areas 73
  • 74. Heavy Metal: Mercury  Inorganic and Organic Compound Mercury Health Effects  High exposures to inorganic mercury may result in damage to the gastrointestinal tract, the nervous system, and the kidneys.  Both inorganic and organic mercury compounds are absorbed through the gastrointestinal tract and affect other systems via this route.  Symptoms of high exposures to inorganic mercury include: skin rashes and dermatitis; mood swings; memory loss; mental disturbances; and muscle weakness. People concerned about their exposure to inorganic mercury should consult their physician. 74
  • 75. Heavy Metal: Mercury  Additional Health Effects  The major route of exposure to elemental mercury is inhalation of mercury vapor. Symptoms of acute toxicity following high-level exposure to mercury vapor occur within hours of the exposure.  Respiratory symptoms include corrosive bronchitis with fever chills and dyspnea, which can progress to pulmonary edema or fibrosis. Abdominal cramps, diarrhea, renal dysfunction, visual disturbances, and central nervous system damage leading to neuropsychiatric disturbances and intention tremors may also occur.  Mercury can cross the blood-brain and placental barriers. It is also excreted in breast milk. Children may be at increased risk for pulmonary toxicity and are more likely to develop respiratory failure. 75
  • 76. 76 Mercury Health Effects
  • 77. Heavy Metal: Lead  Lead occurs naturally, but much of its presence in the environment stems from its historic use in paint and gasoline and from ongoing or historic mining and commercial operations.  The past use of lead in gasoline and paint can result in high lead levels in soil.  Lead is still used widely in commercial products and accumulates in the environment.  The body absorbs organic lead (as was used in leaded gasoline and is used in occupational settings) faster than inorganic lead and reacts easily with acids, alkalis, and other chemicals. 77
  • 78. Heavy Metal: Lead  Sources  Inorganic Lead  Old paint, soil, pipes, packages or storage containers, production sources, mining, smelting, workplaces  Leaded gasoline exhaust contributed to ambient inorganic lead contamination.  Organic Lead.  Leaded gasoline contained organic lead before it was burned; however, since the elimination of lead from gasoline in the U.S. starting in 1976, exposure to organic lead is generally limited to an occupational context.  Organic lead can be more toxic than inorganic lead because the body more readily absorbs it.  Potential exposures to organic lead should be taken very seriously. 78
  • 79. Heavy Metal: Lead  Sources  Homes and Buildings: paint, pipes  Water: pipes, faucets, solder, plumbing  Food and Beverages: production, processing, packaging, storage, uptake from soil, atmospheric lead deposition into leafy vegetables, grinding or cutting equipment during processing, some pottery and ceramics, certain ‘natural’ calcium supplements, certain imported candies  Commercial Products: automotive batteries, bridge paint, computers, jewelry, pewter, ceramic glaze  Natural Environment: mines, smelters, waste sites, small garages, dust and soils  Workplaces: battery manufacturing plants, construction in housing renovation and rehabilitation, rubber products and plastics, soldering, steel welding and cutting, bridge maintenance and repairs, municipal waste incinerator workers, radiator repair mechanics, pottery and ceramics industry employees 79
  • 80. Heavy Metal: Lead  Lead Exposure  Most human exposure to lead occurs through ingestion or inhalation.  Lead exposure is a global issue. Lead mining and lead smelting are common in many countries, where children and adults can receive substantial lead exposure  Lead paint is a primary source of environmental exposure to lead. Lead may be released from old paint in home environments if the paint is disturbed (e.g., renovation), deteriorated (peeling, chipping, and chalking), or subject to friction or impact (doors, windows, porches, etc…).  Workers in many industries (and secondary exposure to their families) may have occupational exposure to lead.  Contaminated drinking water, food, alcohol, and home remedies are sources of environmental exposure to lead. 80
  • 81. 81 Lead Entering the Cell
  • 82. Heavy Metal: Lead  Lead Health Effects  Absorbed lead that is not excreted is exchanged primarily among three compartments:  Blood  Mineralizing tissues (bones and teeth), which typically contain the vast majority of the lead body burden  Soft tissue (liver, kidneys, lungs, brain, spleen, muscles, and heart)  Lead toxicity affects every organ system 82
  • 83. Heavy Metal: Lead  Lead in the Blood  Although the blood generally carries only a small fraction of total lead body burden, it does serve as the initial receptacle of absorbed lead and distributes lead throughout the body, making it available to other tissues (or for excretion).  The half-life of lead in adult human blood has been estimated to be from 28 days to 36 days.  Approximately 99% of the lead in blood is associated with red blood cells; the remaining 1% resides in blood plasma.  In addition, the higher the lead concentration in the blood, the higher the percentage partitioned to plasma. This relationship is curvilinear –as blood lead levels (BLLs) increase as the high-end plasma level increases more. 83
  • 84. 84 Lead in the Blood
  • 85. Heavy Metal: Lead  Lead Mineralizing Tissues (Bones and Teeth)  Mineralizing tissues (bones and teeth), which typically contain the vast majority of the lead body burden  The bones and teeth of adults contain about 94% of their total lead body burden; in children, the figure is approximately 73%.  Lead in mineralizing tissues is not uniformly distributed. It tends to accumulate in bone regions undergoing the most active calcification at the time of exposure 85
  • 86. Heavy Metal: Lead  Lead Neurological Effects  The nervous system is the most sensitive target of lead exposure.  There can be a difference in neurological effects between an adult exposed to lead as an adult, and an adult exposed as a child when the brain was developing.  Childhood neurological effects, including ADHD, may persist into adulthood. Lead-exposed adults may also experience many of the neurological symptoms experienced by children, although the thresholds for adults tend to be higher.  Effects Include: decreased libido, depression/mood changes, headache, diminished cognitive performance, diminished hand dexterity, diminished reaction time, diminished visual motor performance, dizziness, impotence, increased nervousness, irritability, lethargy, malaise, paresthesia, weakness, fatigue, forgetfulness 86
  • 87. Heavy Metal: Lead Poisoning Symptoms Lowest Exposure: Decreased learning and memory Lowered IQ Decreased verbal ability Impaired speech and hearing functions Early signs of hyperactivity or ADHD Low Exposure: Myalgia or paresthesia Mild fatigue Irritability Lethargy Occasional abdominal discomfort 87 Moderate Exposure: Arthralgia General fatigue Difficulty concentrating/Muscular exhaustibility Tremor Headache Diffuse abdominal pain Vomiting Weight loss Constipation High Exposure: Paresis or paralysis Encephalopathy Leadline on gingival tissue
  • 88. 88
  • 89. Heavy Metal: Cadmium  Cadmium, a heavy metal, is produced by refining zinc ores.  Cadmium metal is practically insoluble in water but some cadmium salts are water soluble.  Powdered cadmium will burn and can release corrosive fumes  Cadmium, a rare but widely dispersed element, is found naturally in the environment. Most cadmium ore (greenockite):  exists as cadmium sulfide,  is refined during zinc production, and  occurs in association with zinc  It is released into the environment through mining and smelting, its use in various industrial processes, and enters the food chain from uptake by plants from contaminated soil or water. 89
  • 90. Heavy Metal: Cadmium  Cadmium Sources  Cadmium has been widely dispersed into the environment through the air by its mining and smelting as well as by other manmade routes:  Usage of phosphate fertilizers  Presence in sewage sludge  Various industrial uses such as NiCd batteries, plating, pigments and plastics  Industrial Processes  The most important sources of airborne cadmium are smelters. Other sources of airborne cadmium include burning fossil fuels such as coal or oil and incineration of municipal waste such as plastics and nickel-cadmium batteries. Cadmium also escapes into the air from iron and steel production facilities.  Cadmium is used mainly in metal plating, in producing pigments, in NiCad batteries, as stabilizers in plastics, and as a neutron absorbent in nuclear reactors. 90
  • 91. Cadmium Sources 91
  • 92. Heavy Metal: Cadmium  Cadmium Health Effects  The most sensitive targets of cadmium toxicity are the kidney and bone following oral exposure and kidney and lung following inhalation exposure.  The effects observed in humans include renal tubular damage, glomerular damage, decreases in bone mineralization, increased risk of bone fractures, decreased lung function, and emphysema. These effects typically occur after long term exposure to cadmium.  Some studies have cadmium workers have found increases in the risk of lung cancer.  DHHS and IARC consider cadmium to be a human carcinogen. EPA considers cadmium to be a probable human carcinogen by the inhalation route. 92
  • 93. Cadmium Toxicity 93
  • 94. Cadmium Toxicity in the Lungs 94
  • 95. Heavy Metal: Arsenic  Arsenic is a naturally occurring element widely distributed in the earth's crust.  In the environment, arsenic is combined with oxygen, chlorine, and sulfur to form inorganic arsenic compounds.  Arsenic in animals and plants combines with carbon and hydrogen to form organic arsenic compounds.  Inorganic arsenic compounds are mainly used to preserve wood. 95
  • 96. Arsenic Contamination 96
  • 97. Heavy Metal: Arsenic  Sources:  Ground water, mineral ore, geothermal processes  Arsenic cannot be destroyed in the environment; it can only change its form or become attached to or separated from particles.  Arsenic attached to very small particles may stay in the air for many days and travel long distances.  Arsenic in soil may be transported by wind or in runoff or may leach into the subsurface soil. Arsenic is largely immobile in agricultural soils, therefore, it tends to concentrate and remain in upper soil layers indefinitely.  Transport and partitioning of arsenic in water depends upon the chemical form. Soluble forms move with the water and may be carried long distances. Arsenic may be adsorbed from water onto sediments or soils. 97
  • 98. 98
  • 99. Heavy Metal: Arsenic Health Effects  Inhalation of inorganic arsenic may cause respiratory irritation, nausea, skin effects, and increased risk of lung cancer.  Acute high dose oral exposure to inorganic arsenic may cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cardiovascular effects and encephalopathy.  Long term oral exposure to low levels of inorganic arsenic may cause dermal effects (such as hyperpigmentation and hyperkeratosis, corns and warts) and peripheral neuropathy characterized by a numbness in the hands and feet that may progress to a painful “pins and needles” sensation. There may also be an increased risk of skin cancer, bladder cancer, and lung cancer.  Oral exposure to MMA may result in gastrointestinal damage. Kidney effects may be observed following chronic exposure.  Chronic oral exposure to DMA may result in urinary bladder and kidney effects. 99
  • 100. Arsenic Poisoning 100
  • 101. Heavy Metal: Copper  Copper is an essential element in plants and animals (including humans), which means it is necessary for us to live.  Plants and animals must absorb some copper from eating, drinking, and breathing.  Copper compounds are commonly used in agriculture to treat plant diseases like mildew, for water treatment and, as preservatives for wood, leather, and fabrics. 101
  • 102. Heavy Metal: Copper  Source  Copper is a metal that occurs naturally throughout the environment, in rocks, soil, water, and air.  Copper is used to make many different kinds of products like wire, plumbing pipes, and sheet metal.  Copper is also combined with other metals to make brass and bronze pipes and faucets. 102
  • 103. Heavy Metal: Copper  Health Effects  Everyone must absorb small amounts of copper every day because copper is essential for good health.  High levels of copper can be harmful.  Breathing high levels of copper can cause irritation of your nose and throat.  Copper toxic symptoms: nausea, vomiting, fever, diarrhea, low blood pressure, anemia, and heart problems  Very-high doses of copper can cause damage to your liver and kidneys, and can even cause death. 103
  • 104. Heavy Metal: Aluminum  Aluminum is a silvery-white metal. In nature it is found in soil, rocks (particularly igneous rocks), and clays as aluminosilicate minerals.  Aluminum is the most abundant metal in the earth’s crust.  Due to high reactivity, aluminum does not exist as the metal in the environment; it exists in a combined state with other elements.  Aluminum cannot be destroyed in the environment. It can only change its form or become attached to or separated from particles. 104
  • 105. Heavy Metal: Aluminum  Sources:  Aluminum metal is used to make a variety of products including beverage cans, pots and pans, automotive components, siding and roofing, and foil.  Aluminum compounds are used in diverse industrial applications including water treatment, abrasives, and furnace linings. Powdered aluminum metal is used in explosives and fireworks.  Aluminum compounds are also used in consumer products such as foil and antiperspirants, over the counter and prescription drugs such as antacids, buffered aspirin and in food additives. 105
  • 106. Heavy Metal: Aluminum  Exposure  Consumption of food (mainly processed foods), water, and aluminum containing medicinals, such as antacids, buffered analgesics, anti-diarrheal agents, or anti-ulcerative medication.  Refining of the primary metal and in secondary industries that fabricate aluminum products (such as aircraft, automotive, and metal products) and aluminum welding.  Routes of Exposure  Oral – primary route of exposure for the general population. Aluminum is found in food, drinking water, and medicinal products such as antacids and buffered aspirin.  Dermal (skin) contact – minor route of exposure; aluminum is found in some topically applied consumer products such as antiperspirants, first aid antibiotics, and sunscreen and suntan products.  Inhalation – generally limited to occupational exposure 106
  • 107. Heavy Metal: Aluminum  Health Effects  The most sensitive target of aluminum toxicity is the nervous system. Impaired performance on neurobehavioral tests of motor function, sensory function, and cognitive function have been observed in animals. Neurobehavioral alterations have been observed following exposure of adult or weanling animals and in animals exposed during gestation and/or lactation.  Respiratory effects, such as impaired lung function and fibrosis have been observed in aluminum workers.  Aluminum-containing over the counter medications such as antacids and buffered aspirin are assumed to be safe in healthy people at recommended doses based on historical use. There is some indication that skeletal effects (e.g., osteomalacia) can result from long-term use in some individuals. 107
  • 108. 108
  • 109. Heavy Metal: Chromium  Chromium exists in three common stable valence states: chromium (0), (III), and (VI).  Cr(III) is an essential dietary nutrient. Its deficiency in the body has been associated with diabetes, infertility, and cardiovascular disease.  Hexavalent Chromium - Cr(VI) is carcinogenic.  Chromium is one of the most widely used industrial metals.  The metallurgical, chemical, and refractory industries are the fundamental users of chromium.  It is one of the major contaminants in various hazardous waste sites worldwide, including the Superfund sites in the United States 109
  • 110. Heavy Metal: Chromium Sources:  Naturally occurring chromium is usually present as trivalent Cr(III).  Hexavalent Cr(VI) in the environment is almost totally derived from human activities  AIR: According to the Toxics Release Inventory, in 1997, the estimated releases of chromium were 706,204 pounds to the air from 3,391 large processing facilities which accounted for about 2.2% of total environmental releases.  WATER: According to the Toxics Release Inventory, in 1997, the estimated releases of chromium was 111,384 pounds to water from 3,391 large processing facilities which accounted for about 0.3% of total environmental releases.  SOIL: According to the Toxics Release Inventory, in 1997 the estimated releases of chromium was 30,862,235 pounds to soil from 3,391 large processing facilities accounted for about 94.1% of total environmental releases  Total chromium has been identified in 939 soil and 472 sediment samples collected from 1,036 National Priority Lists. 110
  • 111. 111 Hexavalent Chromium Found in 31 U.S. Cities In 2010, the Environmental Working Group did a study of U.S. tap water and found hexavalent chromium in 31 of 35 cities tested. The levels in all 31 cities exceeded the public health goal for hexavalent chromium. California EPA has determined that hexavalent chromium is a likely carcinogen in drinking water. This graph represents the amounts of chromium in each city by surface area.
  • 112. Heavy Metal: Chromium  Exposure  Chromium is one of the most widely used industrial metals. Several million workers worldwide are estimated to be exposed to chromium compounds in an array of industries such as pigment production, chrome plating, stainless steel welding, and leather tanning. Additionally, it is one of the major contaminants in various hazardous waste sites worldwide, including the Superfund sites in the United States.  The general population is exposed to chromium by inhaling ambient air, ingesting food, and drinking water containing chromium.  The presence of chromium compounds at hazardous waste sites can contribute to the exposure of populations residing or working nearby such sites. These populations may be exposed through to air containing particulates or mists of Cr(VI) compounds, through drinking water if soluble forms of Cr(VI) leach into groundwater, or through skin contact with soil at hazardous waste sites. 112
  • 113. Hexavalent Chromium found in tap water; carcinogenic to humans - EPA 113
  • 114. Heavy Metal: Chromium  Health Effects:  In general, chromium(VI) compounds are more toxic than chromium(III) compounds.  The most sensitive targets of chromium(VI) are the respiratory (nasal and lung irritation and altered pulmonary function following inhalation exposure), gastrointestinal (irritation, ulceration, and stomach and small intestine lesions following oral exposure), hematological (microcytic, hypochromic anemia), and reproductive (decreased sperm count and epididymal damage) systems.  The primary targets of chromium(III) compounds are the respiratory (following inhalation exposure) and immunological systems. Chromium allergic dermatitis is typically elicited by dermal contact in sensitized individuals.  DHHS, IARC, and EPA have classified hexavalent chromium(VI) as a human carcinogen.  IARC has classified chromium(III) and metallic chromium as not classifiable as to their carcinogenicity to humans. 114
  • 115. 115 Far Infrared Detoxification
  • 116. Far Infrared  Inside the electro-magnetic spectrum, Far Infrared heat is manufactured by the sun.  It is a portion of the sun’s invisible band. Even though the band of light is not detectable to the human eye, the heat sensation is felt. In addition, infrared energy is also produced as body heat.  Far Infrared energy heats things by direct, molecular excitation, without heating the air between the spaces. Far Infrared rays infiltrate the body’s tissue much deeper than near infrared rays do.  The body absorbs Far Infrared heat waves that encourage the transfer of water across cellular membranes.  Once this happens, and the cellular membranes are hydrated, the blood flow is enhanced and ultimately assists with an assortment of biologically beneficial healing functions. 116
  • 117. Far Infrared 117
  • 118. Far Infrared  The most notable characteristic of Far Infrared heat is its exceptional ability to penetrate far below superficial skin layers.  When this occurs, it constructs a natural resonance, which has numerous advantageous properties.  Infrared energy is measured in wavelengths as microns, and the human body can best absorb infrared energy in the 3- to 50-micron range—with the best absorption occurring at 9.4 microns (the same as the human body).  These rays penetrate deep into the body where they gently elevate the body’s surface temperature and assist in expanding capillaries which stimulates blood circulation.  By elevating the sub-surface tissue temperature, a series of continual changes constructive to human health will be instigated. 118
  • 119. FIR Resonant Absorption "These rays are selectively absorbed by the tissues. The internal production of infrared energy that normally occurs within our tissues is associated with a variety of healing responses and may require a boost to a maximal level to insure the fullest healing response possible in a tissue under repair. After boosting a tissue's level to maximum, the remaining rays pass onward harmlessly. This phenomenon is called Resonant Absorption." 119
  • 120. 120
  • 121. Far Infrared Detoxification  FIR mobilizes toxins from lipid cells and excrete via perspiration  Invisible waves of energy absorbed by the tissues, muscles, tendons, bones  Detoxification at the cellular level  Significant benefits throughout entire body  FIR therapy used with the ‘Brimhall Six Steps to Wellness Program’ will lead to healthier patients, and better patient results. 121
  • 122. Thermal Life Far Infrared Sauna 122
  • 123. Far Infrared Detoxification  Removes Toxins at the Cellular Level  Improves Cellular Health and Function  Supports a Healthy Nervous System  Increases Circulation  Improves Digestive Problems  Normalizes Blood Pressure  Enhances Immune System  Influences Ideal Weight and Cellulite Control  Reduces Swelling and Inflammation  Speeds Up Healing Process  Relieves Spinal Degeneration  Improves Spinal Corrections  Improves Stress Management  Increases Energy  Reduces Fatigue  Increases Focus and Clear Thinking  Encourages Positive Mindset 123
  • 124. Detoxification: (List of Toxins) • Pesticide & Insecticide Residues • Prescription & Recreational Drugs • Dioxins • Alcohol • Nicotine • Formaldehydes • Hair Dyes, Cosmetics, Deodorants • Petrochemicals: Xenobiotics & Xenoestrogens • Heavy Metals: Iron, Copper, Mercury, Lead, Aluminum, Cadmium • Nitrites • Radon • Gasoline • Chlorinated Water • Perchlorate • Industrial Chemicals • Phthalates Musculoskeletal Improvements: • Muscle Spasms are reduced or eliminated • Traumatic Arthritis • Adhesions • Tight Shoulders • Bursitis • Joint Stiffness • Low Back Pain • Compression Fractures • Shoulder Pain • Muscle Tension • Arthritis, Gout, Rheumatoid Arthritis, DJD • Post Exercise Muscle Pain • Sciatica • Facial Paralysis Collagen Tissue: • Increased pliability • Ligaments, joint capsules, tendons, fasciae, and synovium that have become scarred or thickened • Increased Blood Flow 124 Ear, Nose & Throat: • Nettle Rash • Chronic middle-ear inflammation of infection • Sore Throats • Tinnitus (ringing of the ears) • Nose Bleeds Skin Conditions: • Improved Skin Conditions • Infrared Therapy is utilized routinely in burn units throughout Asia • Nettle Rash Improved • Clogged Pores and Blackheads • Poor Skin Tone • Scars and pain from wounds and burns • Lacerations healed quicker • Acne improved • Body Odor improved • Eczema and Psoriasis respond well • Sunburn Antidote • Frostbite with inflammation • Neurodermatitis • Ketoids May Be Softened • Dandruff • Cellulite Removal Other Ailments: • Menopause • Cold Hands and Feet • High Blood Pressure • Radiation Sickness • Cancer Pain (greatly relieved) • Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy (reduced) • Duocenal Ulcers (eliminated) • Hemorrhoids (reduced) • Cystitis (eliminated) • Cirrhosis of the Liver • Gastritis (relieved) • Asthma (cleared up) • Crohn’s Disease / Ulcerative Colitis • Leg Ulcers (healed when previously static and resistant to other care) • Weight Loss
  • 125. Sweat Analysis: 35 minute Thermal Life Sauna Session 125
  • 126. High Tech Health International Thermal Life FIR Sauna www.hightechhealth.com 800.794.5355 info@hightechhealth.com 126