Music Lecture


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Ism Project
Mr. Read 4th hour
Sara, Ivan, and Gewoin

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Music Lecture

  1. 1. .SG.IR.GI.
  2. 2.  Bach Beethoven Schubert Same mediums, general chordprogressions, and emotions behind themusic. Excepted by everyone as cultured andtasteful art.
  3. 3.  Group of innovative composers Not interested in traditional ideas,techniques, or subject matter. Pioneered brand new music mediums. Oftenfocusing more on structure and ambientsounds and less on traditional cordprogression.
  4. 4.  Dissatisfaction and irritation with traditionalstale compositions. New technologies More organic and sophisticated motive Over glorification of the composer,. Moving away from traditional music’s harmony and rhythm.
  6. 6.  Unstructured Piano Quartets Household Objects Percussion Orchestra Prepared Piano Prepared Piano: Muted Strings Perfected strings Quartets
  7. 7.  Born: September, 5 1912 Attended Pomona College and dropped out Went to Europe, began to study music Came back and began exploration of ambientsound and silence.
  8. 8.  A professor told him that if he didn’tcompose the “right” way, using the “right”chord progressions, and the “right” melodictendencies, he would never be a successfulcomposer. “I can’t understand why people are frightenedof new ideas. I’m frightened of the old ones.”–John Cage, decided to move on to those newideas.
  9. 9.  Contributed to many art pieces from othermovements with ambient scores. Choreographers Composers Designers Painters Film Directors
  10. 10.  Music by chance “A roll of the dice” Organic sounds of the city, or of an object,arranged to capture the purest essence of theenvironment itself.
  11. 11.  4’33” WaterWalk Chess Sonatas and Interludes.
  12. 12.  Most Famous Piece At 4 minutes and 33 seconds long, 4’33” wasoriginally performed by DavidTudor, in a veryformal western concert hall setting. “Confronted with silence in a setting that wecannot control, and where we do not expectthis kind of event, we might have any numberof responses. Baffled, bored agitated,cultured, philosophical, or even smug..because we “get it” –John Cage
  13. 13. 
  14. 14.  John Cage and Marcel Duchamp wereactuallyGREAT friends Exchanged ideas and thoughts on music andsound Constructed pieces together
  15. 15.  Duchamp and Cage wired their chess boardso that each move would activate or cut off alive instrument playing elsewhere: thuscreating a classic aleatoric piece.
  16. 16. 
  17. 17. 
  18. 18.  Created Prepared Piano early in his career,but didn’t get around to actually using it untilhe left Chicago. Composed sonatas traditionally, and thenused prepared piano to transform the piece The buffered strings and muted sounds weremeant to symbolize his voice in the artcommunity
  19. 19.  - II – Full Sonata -Visualdemonstration by David Greilsammer
  20. 20.  He was born September 13, 1874 Died on July 13, 1951 Raised inVienna Austria Arnold Schoenberg was an Austrian composer associatedwith the expressionist movement. He developed the 12tone technique a widely influential compositional method He learned to play cello and violin. Dad died when he was16. Took a job as a bank clerk for extra money He studied at the Realschule inVienna Arnold lived in Austria, later moved to Berlin and thenCalifornia. Served in the Army duringWWI- later migrated to the US
  21. 21.  JS Bach inspired Schoenberg throughout hislife and his era. He was also influenced by Oskar Adler whoencouraged him to play cello. Alexander von Zemlinsky became his friendand taught him composition He was an original and contributed SO muchto music in the 20th century and it still lives ontoday.
  22. 22.  He learned to play violin as a child. At the age of 9, he was already composingpieces for two violins.
  23. 23.  His early works which were reminiscent ofJohannes Brahms and Richard Strauss aredisliked to this day because they were writtenby his infamous hand. One of his well liked pieces was Opus 31
  24. 24.  Atonality Chromatic scale Developing variation motifs
  25. 25.  TwelveTone method This method ensured that all twelve notes ofthe chromatic scale as often as one another Most well known works
  26. 26.  Arnold Schoenberg changed the game formusic composition He invented the 12 tone technique which is amethod of musical composition The technique ensures that all 12 notes of thechromatic scale are sounded as often as oneanother in a piece of music whiledeemphasizing any one note, thus all 12notes are equally important