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Revista Lleida Comenius 2010-2012
 

Revista Lleida Comenius 2010-2012

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Visita lliurada durant la 4a visita del Projecte Building the European House

Visita lliurada durant la 4a visita del Projecte Building the European House

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    Revista Lleida Comenius 2010-2012 Revista Lleida Comenius 2010-2012 Document Transcript

    • Generalitat de CatalunyaDepartament d’EnsenyamentInstitut Guindàvols /OHLGD  IHEUHU 
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    • 7XUNH 7ULS 285 &20(1,86 352-(&7),567 $<Three students from the IES Guindàvols HighSchool, Aida Ortega, Bi Cao and PaulinaLanyoh, accompanied of three teachers more,Anicet Cosialls, Rosa Borrell and SaraCabello, went to Turkey as a first travel fromthe project Comenius.Approximately at 1 pm we had to take theflight from Barcelona to Istanbul, so about 6am, the teachers and we took the taxi to bethere with punctuality. The first flight took about two hours. We arrived to Istanbul without any problems, and at the estimated time we were there ready to take the second plane to Adana. The trip was great, lasted 4 hours, but all we didn’t found it hard to wait because we were very excited to be there and to meet our host families. We also were very grateful because the High School let our three friends to be together andto travel together, and to be sincere, it was the first time we were leaving the countrytogether.There are no words to describe how we felt on that moment, on the moment we sawour trip partner and host families, because it was a special one.Looking all the city, having that nervous face, talking timidly to our host family, was avery good sensation.After many trips, emotions and everything, it was time to rest, because the best wasyet to come.6(&21 $<We had already spent the first night of our trip. On the second day we visited theHigh School of our Turkish friends and we met the rest of colleagues from othercountries (Romania, Italy and Germany) who also participated at the ComeniusProject.
    • At 8, we were all at school. Thisschool is called Seyhan RotaryAnadolu Lisesi.It’s bigger than ours and also withsome differences, for example allstudents there wear uniforms. Theinstitute itself is similar to ours, but some manners are just better than here, one ofthem is that when teachers arrive at classes, all the students must stand up andpolitely greet until the teacher lets them sit down.Returning to the issue, just that day was Ataturk’s day, a national holiday. All Turkeywas on celebration. The whole city was full of flags. For them, Ataturk is veryimportant because Atatürk was the first president, an important and revolutionaryleader to Turkey in the twentieth century. So,we spent the day there meeting new people and making some new friends we still have now. All the students were very happy we were there and many of them wanted to take some photos with us. It made us feel like we were famous people!!! It was really a good moment. At night, all the students from the ComeniusProject had a meeting at a coffee in orther to meet ourselves better and to start talkingbecause we all wanted to have a great relation between us. The coffee was amazingwith lots of plants and decorations.7+,5 $<The third day was fantastic. We traveled to Cappadocia. We were fascinated withthat place. Cappadocia is such a beautiful place. The views were spectacular, in thelittle markets there were a lot of beautiful gifts, etc.Capadocia s a historical region of central Anatolia, Turkey, which covers parts of theprovinces of Kayseri, Aksaray, Ni÷de and Nevúehir.is characterized by a unique geological formation in the world, and its historical andcultural heritage. In 1985, was included by UNESCO in the list of World Heritage.In the triangular center of Cappadocia are the salient points as outdoor museums,Goreme, Zelve, valleys; Avcilar, GUVERCINLIK, Kizikcukur, Pasabag, Derbent, thetowns; Uçhisar, Çavuúin, Mustafapasa, the inn Sarihan and many more.
    • The activities in the area are flying in a hot air balloon, trekking and mountain, atnight go to the folk dance halls, horse riding etc.One of the curiosities of Cappadocia is the underground cities. The ancient peoplesof the area to defend life against the attacks of the enemy built tunnels, rooms,kitchens, underground churches. The visit of an underground city is one of the mostinteresting experiences.7+( 785.,6+ (<(The Evil Eye, comes from the belief that an evil person caninfluence on another badly, This amulet, TURKISH EYE scares thatkind of people and let us far of dangers.The roots of the existence of the evil eye comes from Babylon, and ancient Egypt. Itis also observed among the Sumerians and Hittites. They say the bad feelings that are within the human being come out through his eyes. The eye is the most expressive and clear part of the body. Today modern parapsychological studies have shown that this is indeed so and that if the evil eye. The belief of "an eye Turk" exists in the countries along the Mediterranean, Arabia, Turkey to India. The name given the Turks this amulet is nazar boncuk. Some sources even say that the origin of blue eye is due to the invasion of the north. The Norse had blue eyes and the peoples of Anatolia thought they were casting the evil eye and created to counter the blue eye.We also took lots of photos with the Turkish eye’s tree.
    • )2857+ $<On the third day we woke up very exhausted! We hadfun these two days before and we wanted more. Ourpartner told us we would go to a city, a city we hadnever been before, so it couldn’t go anything wrong.First of all we visited an area of some old houses. Allthem were very nice to see, and of course, we tooklots of photographies so that we could have a nicereminder.By the lunch time, we all went to a new restaurant fullof different kinds of kebabs. I’m sure they hadprepared it before in orther to show us new styles ofmaking kebab. This time, the kebab was EXTRANGE.It was full of grass!!! It was difficult to that just like the way there were, we had to takeoff all the grass. So, you can expect how was our dish after the dinner. However, itwas one of the most funniest times. We laugh a lot, and of course, we took a groupphoto.The city was full of people, but in the afternoon, we took again to remake our trip.Now we were heading towards to the mountains. Organizers wanted to bring usthere to show us some caves.We really had to walk down a lot and all students ended with shoelaces the dayafter. But it was worth. The cave was full of stalactites.Finally, at night, as everyday, ourtrip took its end, and we had to goback home. However, by the waywe were going to the mountains,we saw a beautiful and old castleat sea. It was on an island, but itseemed it was floating on thewater.So, teachers lent us stop the busand go down and spend someminutes on the bank so that wecould see the pretty castle at nightfull of shinny lights. It was reallyamazing.
    • ),)7+ $<On this wonderful new day, our sad feelings started going out. We all knew it was ourlast day together, and we didn’t want to separate us. Furthermore, some trip’s matescouldn’t come and other turkey students came with us. The positive point we found ofthat is that we met new people and we made lots of friends. They all were very kind.First of that day, we went again into some caves to see more. Then we entered akind of temple, it was like a traditional one with carpets. Teachers let us visit it, but ofcourse, without shoes!For lunch we had a lot of food. All them were delicious and although we were full, wetried to eat it all. I think our favorite one was the meat. In the afternoon, we went to acity to visit a museum.By the end of theday, we decided toorganize a party tohad a good farewell.So, a Turkish teacherhelped us finding outa local dance. Wedanced, singed, tookphotos, and weespecially smiled andlaughed a lot. Butwhen we saw peoplehad to go home dueto the time, oursadness startedagain. We couldn’t control each other, and our tears began coming out. I was verysad. All we were embracing each other, and we decided to take a group photo as areminder. 6,;7+ $< 7+( (1 2) 7+( 75,3That day was really difficult to wake up. We all were very sad and didn’t want toseparate our families. However, we had to go to the airport.When we embrace our host families, our tears appeared again. It was so sad, but lifegives good moments, and also bad ones. That moment was especially difficult, butwe all leaved Turkey with the reminder of all what we had lived those days, and itwas really an amazing thing full of specials moments unforgettable. We knew thatsince then, we had lots of new friends.
    • ! %8,/,1* 7+( (8523($1 +286( ,LQVWLWXW *XLQGjYROV 6SDLQ +HOOHQVWHLQ*PQDVLXP *HUPDQ ,VWLWXWR ,VWU6HF6XS /RUHQ]R )D]]LQL,WDO 6HKDQ 5RWDU $QDGROX /LVHVL 7XUNH &ROHJLXO 1DWLRQDO %LOLQJY *HRUJH &RVEXF 5RPDQLD What has been done? 2XU ILUVW YLVLW VWDUWHG LQ $GDQD7XUNH :H YLVLWHG WKH VFKRRO 6HKDQ 5RWDU $QDGROX /LVHVL 7KHUH ZH GLVFRYHUHG D QHZ FXOWXUH QHZ WUDGLWLRQ D FRXQWU IXOO RI KRVSLWDOLW 3HRSOH ZHUH IULHQGO DQG FRQVLGHUDWH ,W ZDV D JUHDW H[SHULHQFH DQG DQ RSSRUWXQLW WR HQMR D ELW RI WUDYHO ZRUN DQG IXQ 7HDFKHUV DQG VWXGHQWV RI WKH ILYH FRXQWULHV DW $GDQD7XUNH 7KH SURMHFW KDV FRQWULEXWHG D ORW WR PDNLQJ H[FKDQJHV DPRQJ FXOWXUHV SRSXODU ,W LV DQ HDV ZD WR ILQG LQIRUPDWLRQ DERXW QHZ ZDV RI OLIH WR PDNH FRQWDFW ZLWK SHRSOH DQG PRVW LPSRUWDQW WR NHHS LQ WRXFK ZLWK IULHQGV  6PERO RI WKH (XURSHDQ +RXVH 6WXGHQWV YLVLWLQJ $QWLRTXLD What has been learnt? $SDUW IURP KDYLQJ OHDUQW D JUHDW GHDO RI 0XVOLP KLVWRU DQG WUDGLWLRQV ZH WUDYHOOHG WKURXJK KLVWRU WR WKH KHDUW RI DQFLHQW FLYLOL]DWLRQV LQ &DSDGRFFLD E PHDQV RI WUDGLWLRQDO PXVLF GDQFHV DQG JDVWURQRP$V D ZKROH D QHZ ZD RI XQGHUVWDQGLQJ KRVSLWDOLW DQG ZDUPWK 7KH ZRQGHUV RI &DSDGRFFLD What has been improved? $ GHHSHU LQVLJKW RI RWKHU·V SHRSOHV FXOWXUHV DV ZHOO DV LQWHUDFWLRQ DPRQJ DOO RI XV UHVSHFWLQJ HDFK RWKHUV· YLHZV DQG LGHDV 6LQFH «:KHQ LQ 5RPH GR DV 5RPDQV GR $UFKDHRORJLFDO PXVHXP RI $QWLRTXLD
    • ,WDO 7ULS 285 &20(1,86 352-(&7),567 $< The last 2nd of May we began our trip to Vieste andPeschici (Italy), two beautiful cities of the south of Italy. Our trip was an Odisea, firstwe went by car to Barcelona airport. We caught the plane and we flew to Napoli.When we arrived in Napoli Pino the Italian teacher met us. Finally, after a long travelwe arrived at Peschici and Vieste. Some people were in Peschici and others were inVieste. That night we met our Italian partners and their family. We were very tiredand we went to bed early.6(&21 $< The secondday in the morning we went toLorenzo Fazzini High School inVieste. There we met theheadmaster of the high schooland also the other students.Moreover we went to theauditorium because theheadmaster wanted to welcomethe foreign people. In theafternoon the people of Viestewalked around the town inorder to buy some food for the dinner which was at Matteo’s Villa with all the Comenius partners. The dinner was great, there were very good ambient. After dinner we went to a bar to watch the semi finals Champions league match, R. Madrid versus F.C. Barcelona. The score was Barcelona 1 Madrid 1 but the Catalan team passed through the final because in the first match they had won 0-2 Santiago Bernabeu stadium.
    • 7+,5 $< On Wednesday morning we went to Vieste to work with the project.We were at the computer classroom. In the afternoon we did our first excursion, wewent to Gargano’s park, a verygood place where the guideshowed us some very famouscaves. There was a perfect placeto take a lot of photos! Theexcursion was good fun andduring the trip by bus we sang alot. One hour later we arrived inPeschichi and Vieste again. Weate the dinner with our familiesand next we went to bed. Wewent to bed early because thenext day we had to get up at halfpast six.)2857+ $< On Thursdaywe got up very early to spend the day. In the morning we visited Monte San Angelo,where we visited beautiful churches of different styles and after we went to adegustation of a cookers school. All the food was great! We caught the bus and wewent to Sant Giovanni Rotondo again to have lunch in a prestigious restaurant andthen we visited the city. We walked around the town and we visited more churches.7KH ODVW GD The last day in the morning we went to Vieste to saygoodbye to the teachers and the other students from Italy and the other countries. Inthe auditorium each country presented his work to everybody else. There were verygood works. Our school for example showed a lip dub of one song by Black EyedPeas: “Time of my life”. In the afternoon we had free time to connect to internet, have a shower, have an afternoon nap, etc. We also got ready to go out at night. In Vieste we had a very friendly dinner with all the students of the Comenius. Next we went to a pub to celebrate the end of the week with music. We finished the night saying goodbye to everybody.
    • %8,/,1* 7+( (8523($1 +286( ,LQVWLWXW *XLQGjYROV 6SDLQ +HOOHQVWHLQ*PQDVLXP *HUPDQ ,VWLWXWR ,VWU6HF6XS /RUHQ]R )D]]LQL,WDO 6HKDQ 5RWDU $QDGROX /LVHVL 7XUNH &ROHJLXO 1DWLRQDO %LOLQJY *HRUJH &RVEXF 5RPDQLDWhat has been done?The idea of collecting together allexisting knowledge about the world inone work is thousand of years old.TheGreek philosopher Aristotle (384-322BC) wrote about many areas of humanknowledge.Today, most encyclopaediascontain general information about allsubjects, and entries are written by agroup of experts in different fields. In ourproject” Building the European House”the entries are pieces of work written byour students for the general public whose 7HDFKHUV RI WKH ILYH FRXQWULV DW ,WDOLDQ VFKRROaim is to collect together all that isconsidered useful to show the rest of themembers about daily life, food,customs, philosophers, musicians,painters, sportmen and women in everycountry. Leaders of the five countries 9LVLWLQJ D YRFDWLRQDO VFKRROWhat has been learnt?Students can practise their English whilelearning about the world around them.They find out about other people’sinterests and travel to other countries bothphysically and mentally and discover howHistory can sometimes be modified orchanged. They also reflect on their ownlanguage-learning experiences.What has been improved? Vieste, ItalyA two-years project is a uniqueexperience! Twenty-four months that canchange your life! The purpose of thisproject is to take a break from every-daywork and hopefully see some of the worldand learn from it. It’s an opportunity toenjoy a bit of travel, gain some experienceon human relationsl and other people’sknowledges. Teachers and students of the all countries
    • 5RPDQLD 7ULS285 &20(1,86 352-(&7 2FWREHU WK  UG 
    • , FDQ UHPHPEHU almost perfectly the day that five students of Guindàvols HighSchool (Genís Anaya, Marc Borrás, Víctor Gil, Anastasya Mendela and Pau Navarro)left Spain to join a Comenius project in Romania. Imagine leaving your countrywithout you parents (with teachers instead Rosa Borrell, Sara Cabello and AnicetCosialls) and with four friends for a week… no words. And all to contribute andparticipate in an international project, a Comenius. The project consists in building anEuropean House with rooms related with each country. Instructions and work wasgiven to us before taking the plane. We had to write about ten different topicsbecause once there, we would compare the compositions with the ones of the othercountries.It was a fantastic experience. I had a couple of partners that hadn’t flown before sothe flight wasn’t boring, on the contrary it was exciting and funny. I can remember ourjitters when we landed. First we had to change our currency because Romaniadoesn’t have the euro yet. If I’m right, I think that 4 lei equal to 1 euro. Anyways, itwas a headache because you were constantly changing currency and counting torealize how much money you were spending. Then, once we got the baggage, wewent to meet our hosts. It was a pretty interesting scene, imagine: the Romanianpeople holding posters with our names and us reading all of them trying to find wherewe had to go.After leaving the baggage at home and meeting the families we went to a “tea house”where we had some tea. I didn’t know what that was until then. Perhaps there weretwo hundred different kinds of teas; all you can imagine was in that place. However,fortunately, I didn’t try out any weird tea just in case…
    • During the week we did lots of things, from visiting the legendary castle of Dracula togo shopping in a commercial centre. On Thursday we did an oral exposition givingour ideas about ecological and sustainable houses for building the European House.Now we have to gather here in Lleida and continue the work and try to come to aconclusion.As the week went on and we started to know all of them all went so much more fluentand less tense. We could talk with anyone and all was so great…On Friday there was a party. They rented a place and we stayed there until late atnight. We were able to dance, laugh and talk all we wanted to. On Sunday we hadthe day free and we did what we wanted. In the morning we went to play football withsome friends and in the afternoon we met in the commercial centre and we boughtsome presents for the family. The last night we went to a bowling.In conclusion, I have learned so many things, not only about culture or food but alsoabout people. They have taught and I have learnt some important values just likefriendship, confidence and so on. That’s why I wish them nothing but the best and Ihope to see all of them again.This project is about building an European house, which has to include a bit of all thefive countries taking part. It also has to be sustainable and according to a generalagreement.At night, after meeting the family, we met some other people. They gave us a verywarm welcome and we had a really good time. At twelve oclock we had to go backand we spent two hours or so talking. My first day was perfect.The third day we went to an official building and to visit some other places. Bucharestis really big and you always find places where you havent already been. We alsowent to some museums and in the afternoon all the students met in a café.On Thursday we had to get up very early and we went to Sinaia and Bran by bus. Wehad to spend a lot of hours in this bus, but it was really worth because we saw toamazing castles. I liked Draculas castle the most, the guide tour was really funnyand he told us a joke about vampires.The next day we went to school again to arrange the last questions about theEuropean House and to say goodbye to the teachers. German students had to livevery early so we said goodbye to them and at night we went to a party.I think that everyone of my age should have this kind of experience because it reallychanges your mind and you learn a lot, like in intensive classes. If I had a list of thebest weeks of my life, It surely would be the first of the ranking.
    • 7KH &RPHQLXV VWXGHQWV chosen for the trip thought this time was different. Thistime It was more serious than the Germany trip one, because there, it was like aschool trip, but the Romania one was like for business !!!We were staying at other student’s houses. Our hosts were Matei, Niki, Dragos,Radu Maioru and we had such a great time with them.At school, we had some kind of presentation after finding the place where we shouldbe, and then, we could taste all the typical specialities that our Romanian hostsbrought in a strange type of buffet. After that strange and particularly early lunch,because it was at over 12 pm, we went to a fast tour over Bucharest, our “host” city,we could see a lot of famous monuments and we visited a cathedral and we stoppedin a park. There we could taste some kind of small donuts called like that which wereeaten with a strange chocolate sauce and they were awesome. After it, we went tosleep. On the third day, we went to school at the same as the previous day time andwe started the presentations of our cities and countries, and we had some typicalfood too. During the afternoon, we visited the museum and after it, we went to somekind of a Moroccan café and we had some beers. After the café we all got homeThe fourth day was really exciting, but it started so fast, I mean, we woke up reallyearly That day We went to Sinaia and Bran Castles Dracula’s one and the other wasproperty of a really rich woman. We enjoyed a lot the visit, but it became really long.It was more than 12 hours, finally at night, we went to sleep really fast, because thenext day would be really plenty and we were really tired.We divided ourselves into 5 different groups with some members of each country andwe did some exercises about the project. That was the last day for the Germans. Weenjoyed a lot our last day in Romania. The next day, we just flew home, it was suchan emotive day, but I found it funny, and we all knew what we had to do the nextweek. …The final day arrived, so we woke up very early in the morning .We said goodbye anda lot of thanks to Drago’s mum, and all the others and we went to the airport. Therewe said goodbye to the other students, the girls cried and I don’t know why I didn’tbecause I was very sad. The travel on the plane was short too because we slept.Now we’re in Lleida, waiting for the 13th February, when we will see them again .Ican’t describe what i lived there because i can’t find any words!! I hope that I’ll doanother exchange because it’s a great think to meet people around the world.
    • %8,/,1* 7+( (8523($1 +286( ,LQVWLWXW *XLQGjYROV 6SDLQ +HOOHQVWHLQ*PQDVLXP *HUPDQ ,VWLWXWR ,VWU6HF6XS /RUHQ]R )D]]LQL,WDO 6HKDQ 5RWDU $QDGROX /LVHVL 7XUNH &ROHJLXO 1DWLRQDO %LOLQJY *HRUJH &RVEXF 5RPDQLD What has been done? Our third visit has been to Bucharest. There we visited the school Colegiul National Bilingv George Cosbuc. On our first day we shared our common work. All the participants explained their projects. Our team talked about the Roman remains in the city of Lleida, and about the conditions required to build a sustainable house.What has been learnt? The experience has allowed us to discover a citywhich has been described as a welcoming place. &RRUGLQDWRUV RI WKH ILYH FRXQWULHV DW WKH 7RZQ &RXQFLO %XFKDUHVWLocated in Southern Romania, Bucharest with 2.2million inhabitants is known for its wide, tree-linedboulevards glorious“Belle Époque” buildings andbustling metropolis atmosphere .What is now Romania has been inhabited since thePaleolithic Age as evidenced by carved stone toolsunearthed there 10.000 BC, approximate date of the Students playing the piano after lunchfirst known art in present Romania ,in northern 7KH 6SDQLVK WHDPTransylvania. In 101-196-AD the Romans conquered andcolonized Dacia. It became a Roman province and inthe 4th century Christianity was adopted by theDacian-Roman Latin-speaking people. And in the11th century the Romanians were the only people inthe Eastern part of the former Roman Empire and theonly Latin people to belong to the Orthodox faith.What has been improved?An insightful synthesis addressed to all those who Bucharest, Romaniawant to learn about other nationalities and cultureshas been provided with this trip. We have also tracedback the Roman remains in all the countries as wellas the historical links occurred all through History.Our knowledge about Europe has been enlarged, afact that allows us to have a deeper insight on ourmutual relationships and connections. What results onan improvement of social cohesion among all thecountries. Teachers and students of all the countries
    • 4 basic pillards 1.-Ecosystem and situation3rd Meeting ʊ 17th -21st October 2011 ʊ Bucharest 2.-Energetic systems taking renewable energies and into account. The Construction of the European House Concerning Ecological Needs and Sustainability 3.-Construction materials 4.-Recycling and reusing materials Edifici SostenibleStudents: Marc Borràs Camarasa - Victor Gil Navarro - Anastasia Mendela –PauNavarro – Genís AnayaTeachers: Rosa Borrell Feliu - Sara Cabello Ochoa - Anicet CosiallsManonellesSpanish Team – Institut Guindàvols – LleidaCHARACTERISTICS OF A SUSTAINABLE BUILDING Production of renewable energies for self use. The building orientation is very important although - Solar energy captation by most of the times it is not taken into account. A house means of photovoltaic cannot always be built where the owners would like to do cells. it. There are not too many options as far as placement is - Installation of small size concerned. aerogenerators. - Systems of solar heating RESIDUES AND REUSE IMPLIES: - Treatment of grey waters - Biologic stabilization - Compostage production from organic garbage - Recycling Image of a sustained building with all the mentioned measures of improvement.
    • In this visit we’ll see four of the most important places in our city: 1. La Seu Vella 2. Indíbil and Mandoni 3. The Roman walls  4. Julius Caesar’s monument 3  Genís Anaya - Marc Borràs -Victor Gil Navarro -Anastasia Mendela – Pau Navarro Rosa Borrell Feliu -Sara Cabello Ochoa-Anicet Cosialls Manonelles Spanish Team – Institut Guindàvols – Lleida 4A landslide occurred in 1997 There was a revolt and Mandoni and Indíbilin the walls of the Seu Vella, Ilergets warriors, fought against Roman on the left of the Lion Gate, domination in the third century BC. In 212 led to the discovery of a BC, during the Second Punic War, section of the wall of the the brothers Publius, Gnaeus Cornelius Roman era, between the I Scipio went on the attack, and II century BCE being defeated and killed by the At that time, there was the Carthaginians. area of the district Suda, who was surrounded by walls. Until now, these remains were a mystery for archaeologists, who had recently begun digging at this point under the second phase of the works of the settlement around the Old Cathedral. The puzzle-sculpture of Julius Caesar, situated on the banksThe defense of the cities of the river Segre, Carrer has been one of the Jaume II, was placed in 1999.main worries of our past Given to the city by the writtergenerations, since them Joseph Vallverdú and Isabel all the only thing that wants to remember the famous they wanted it was to secure a good future, battle of Ilerda. In 49 bC, Julius and not only of their Caesar defeated Pompey’s inhabitants and their troops. Julius Caesar defeated Pompey’s belongings, but also of troops. The monument describes thetheir culture and living.The Romans were those In Spain we have multiple examples of the first years city of two hills and the suburban, with that perfected the of domination (first and second century b.Ch.) and a flood of Segre who take the two different methods of many of them restored or remodeled, which are wooden bridges that were built since defense through the witnesses of the importance of these constructions in the followers of Caesar “el pont Vell” the roman world. With the "Pax Augusta", as it is walls. (The Old bridge) was in pompeian’s logical, the construction of walls were reduced, but it was reactivating again in the III century a.Ch. due of hands. The battle continuedin the the pressure of the barbarous people villages. unknown town of Otobesa in the confluence of Segre with Ebro.
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