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Salem witch trials


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  • 1. Salem Witch Trials
  • 2. The Salem Witch Trials
    • The Salem Witch Trials began in what is now known as Danvers Massachusetts.
    • In the 17 th century Danvers was known as Salem Massachusetts.
    • The Salem Witch Trials lasted from June of 1692 to September of 1692.
    • By the end of the trials 150 people had spent time in jail and 24 innocent people were killed.
  • 3. The Salem Witch Trials
    • The trials began with 11 year old Abigail Williams and 9 year old Elizabeth Parris.
    • These girls acted in a manner that was strange to the Puritans of the time.
  • 4. The Salem Witch Trials
    • Abigail Williams was Elizabeth’s cousin. Elizabeth Parris was the daughter of the town minister.
    • Abigail and Elizabeth were not allowed to have toys or play like most children of the time would, this was seen as idleness and sinful.
    • Instead the girls were encouraged to concentrate on chores and studying bible verses.
  • 5. The Salem Witch Trials
    • At night Abigail and Elizabeth would spend their nights by the fire with Reverend Parris’s slave Tituba (from Barbados).
    • Tituba entertained the girls with magic, fortune telling and story telling from her homeland.
    • This was forbidden by Puritan law.
  • 6. The Salem Witch Trials
    • Abigail and Elizabeth began acting strangely: speaking in tongues and having wild convulsions.
    • The village doctor was called in, he was sure the girls were victims of witch craft.
    • One Sunday in January as the Reverend began his sermon the girls in town fell into a fit.
  • 7. The Salem Witch Trials
    • The town concerned for the girls asked who had cast a spell on them.
    • Tituba, Sarah Good and Sarah Osborne were named.
    • Tituba, a slave. Sarah Good, a homeless woman. Sarah Osborne a woman who had married her servant.
  • 8. The Salem Witch Trials
    • When placed on trial both Sarah’s maintained their innocence, Tituba however claimed there were other witches in Salem.
    • This admission started the wave of hysteria that engulfed Salem.
    • Behind this paranoia were Elizabeth and Abigail. The hysteria was being controlled by two young girls.
  • 9. The Salem Witch Trials
    • Many of those accused were prominent members of the Salem community.
    • Many of these characters are seen in the play The Crucible.
  • 10. Traits of a witch…
    • Singing
    • Reading
    • Not conforming to Puritan law
    • Not getting along with your neighbor
    • Spending time alone
    • Writing
  • 11. The Accusation Process
    • The afflicted person makes a complaint to the Magistrate about a suspected witch.  The complaint is sometimes made through a third person.
  • 12. The Accusation Process
    • The Magistrate issues a warrant for the arrest of the accused person.
  • 13. The Accusation Process
    • The accused person is taken into custody and examined by two or more Magistrates.  If, after listening to testimony, the Magistrate believes that the accused person is probably guilty, the accused is sent to jail for possible reexamination and to await trial.
  • 14. The Accusation Process
    • The case is presented to the Grand Jury. Depositions relating to the guilt or innocence of the accused are entered into evidence.
  • 15. The Accusation Process
    • If the accused is indicted by the Grand Jury, he or she is tried before the Court of Oyer and Terminer.  A jury, instructed by the Court, decides the defendant's guilt.
  • 16. The Accusation Process
    • The convicted defendant receives his or her sentence from the Court.  In each case at Salem, the convicted defendant was sentenced to be hanged on a specified date.
  • 17. The Accusation Process
    • The Sheriff and his deputies carry out the sentence of death on the specified date.
  • 18. The Tests
    • Various tests were given to women accused of being a witch.
    • No, not graded tests, silly!
  • 19. Pressing
    • This method of torture involved placing boards on the victim, then placing heavy stones on the boards, one at a time, until the accused confessed or died.
  • 20. TheSink Test
    • The sink test involved tying rocks to the accused and placing them in water.
    • If they sank, they were proclaimed innocent.
    • If they floated, they were pronounced a witch, and were then hanged.
  • 21. The Scales Test
    • The scales test involved weighing the accused against a metal bound Bible.
    • If they were lighter than the Bible, they were found guilty of witchcraft.
    • If they outweighed the Bible on the scales, they were innocent.
  • 22. Satan's Mark Test
    • The Satan's mark test involved a body search for a black mark of Satan.
    • If found, the black mark was often poked with needles to see if the person felt pain or bled.
    • If they did not, they were pronounced a witch.
  • 23. The Prayer Test
    • In the prayer test, the accused was asked to recite the Lord's Prayer.
    • If they recited it flawlessly without problem, they were proclaimed innocent.
    • If the accused stumbled over words, made a mistake or shrieked during their recitation, they were considered guilty of witchcraft.
  • 24. The Dunk Test
    • In the dunk test, the accused would be tied to a chair an cast into a body of water.
    • If the accused sank, she was not a witch.
    • If she floated, then she was determined to be a witch.
  • 25. If you were accused…
    • RUN!
    • Flee Salem as fast as you can!
  • 26. If you were accused…
    • Accuse someone else
  • 27. If you were accused…
    • Get pregnant
  • 28. If you were accused…
    • Confess, even though you’re innocent
  • 29. If you were accused…
    • Plead innocence and await trial
  • 30. If you were accused…
    • Refuse to stand trial and await the consequences
  • 31. Traits of modern witches…
    • Listening to tiny people in tiny boxes play music
    • Watching people move about in a magic box
  • 32. Traits of modern witches…
    • Having vast amounts of information available instantly
    • Moving great distances in short periods of time
  • 33. “ Old School” Witch Traits
    • Owning a cat
    • Wearing open toed shoes
    • Standing on water
  • 34. A modern witch…
    • Can’t sit still
    • Likes to sing
    • Makes animal noises
    • Imitates other witches
  • 36. Thanks for not falling asleep! – Mrs. Jones (Just a little shout-out to all my Buffy fans out there….)