Fashion History Fashion is the way to express yourself with clothing and personal appearan- ce.
Early CivilizationsClothes are used to protect, without style.The clothes were loose and flabby, it was never crowded.Linen was used exclusively as a textile with the Egyptians.Egypt Assyria Greece Rome
The middle age-Surcoats cover long narrow dresses called cotehardies.-They introduce luxurious fabrics and buttons, used strictly for decoration.- Men pad their tunics and tights to wear under armor.- A long flowing robe called the houppelande is adopted by both men and women-Clothing more colorful.Womans in the Middle Ages have a real passion for wimples and headdresses.
The Renaissance (1450-1600)Exploration, trade , jewelry,embroidery, trimmingswith gold and silver, new ideas in science and artgrow. Men and women wear ruff collar. The basic male style of padded tunic-like doublet,breeches and stockins now also features grand embellishments. A large pleated collar called a ruff is worn by both men and women.Women are wearing thefarthingale. Ruff Farthingale
1700sThe people has big hair.Men wear elaborate powdered ponytail wigs.Women skip the wigs but pile on just as muchpowder on their towering hairstyles.Hooped skirts make a comeback.Another new style is the shackdress which flows loosely tothe ground.Children are dressed asminiature adults.
1800s The new sewing machines cut down on the time it takes sew garments. The men adopt conservative practical suits. A fellow named Levis Strauss makes and sell denim work pants. A lasting American fashion trend is born. Near the endof the century women wear tailoredskirts and shirtwaist blouses.
1900-1920World war I is over and they want to be free. The corset goes. Hemlines show legs, sometimes to the knees. The straight boy silhoutte, complete with short hair, is the look. Flappers add beads and fringe to their new bare styles and head to the dance floor. The youthful population is swimming, cycling, exercising and playing tennis. This energetic lifestyle creates a demand for sportswear. For the first time in decades, men get into the fashion game with expanding options including double-breasted jackets and cuffed pants. Dress with fringe
1930Hollywood becomes the capital of glamour as the popularity of talking movies spreads across the country. The introduction of nylon and rayon and other synthetic materials change fabric options and make it possible to produce softly draped clothing and lingerie. Also in this decade, apparel manufactures begin to target speciality markets such as younger women and larger women. At the same time, the cosmetic industry takes root.
1940America enters World War II which affects every area of the nations life including fashion. The military needs fabric for troop supplies, and material shortages change the clothes people wear. Skirts become short and narrow. American designers cant travel to Europe to see and copy the high fashion styles . So, they come up with their own innovation, sportswear separates. The women discover trousers are a better option for work. Nylon is needed for the war . Effort so many women, especially teenagers, take to wearing short, white socks called "Bobby socks" Bobby Socks
1950Clothing styles reflect these changes. The war restrictions on fabric are lifted and full skirts, made fuller by crinoline petticoats, become a fashion statement. Fitted waits and tight bodies emphasize a return to a feminine silhoutte. Pencil thin skirts and twin sets are also popular styles as are tight calf length pants. Stiletto heels are the hot fasion aceessory. The men corporate suits for work and sportswear for leisure activities. Polyester is the fabric word of the day.1950s teens wear poodle skirts, sweater, saddle shoes,denim dungarees and leather jackets.
1960Soon people are wearing shockingly short mini- skirts with white go-go boots. The unsung hero of the period may be pantyhose. Nehru jackets and kaftans become part of a new ethnic style. Hippies popularize flower power and unisex clothing. Young men and women dress alike in bell bottom jeans, slogan T-shirts, headnads and peace jewelry. Futuristic clothing, likely inspired by the space race, is another 1960s look. Nehru
1970Disco dancers bring flashy dance wear and hot pants into the fashion mainstream.. While radical punk styles make an appearance, nostalgic cotton print dresses are also selling. When people discover polyester shirts are fashions for men. Every decade hemlines go up or down. They also buy the new pantsuits. Shoes come to the forefront with platforms, running shoes, gaucho boots and hiking boots.
1980In a different conservative look, romantic styles complete with lace and frills follow the fairy-tale wedding of Prince Charles and Princess Diana.On the fitness front, Lycra clothing provides a second skin and the movie "Flashdance" inspires a brief appearance of legwarmers.Individual designers gain popularity as shoppers want their brands.Women flood the workplace. Leg-Lycra and latex change fitness. warmersWomen wear tailored suits. Flash- dance
1990The pantsuit is back again. Its fashionable to mix verymismatched pieces such as leather and satin. Streetclothing including hip hops baggie pants and ethnicprints. Also trending are skimpy clothes which reveala lot of skin. The way clothing is sold changessubstantially. Buyers can select styles from catalogs,the internet and television shopping channels.Fleece, water repellent and stain resistant fabrics arenew.
2000-2012The fashion industry experiences big chances. Many fabrics, such as silk, leather and suede, are now washable. The work wardrobe changes. Stock khaki pants and sports shirts. Cropped pants, a revival of the 1950s Capri pants, are an immediate hit. Denim is still popular but now its trendy to mismatch pants, shirts and jackets. At the beginnin of a new clothing innovation.