Small intestine (1)
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Small intestine (1)

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Small intestine (1) Presentation Transcript

  • 1. SMALL INTESTINE
  • 2. Problems with the small intestine can include: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Bleeding Celiac disease Crohn's disease Infections Intestinal cancer Intestinal obstruction Irritable bowel syndrome Ulcers, such as peptic ulcer
  • 3. Crohn's disease It causes inflammation of the digestive system. It is one of a group of diseases called inflammatory bowel disease. It most commonly starts between the ages of 13 and 30. LocationCrohn's can affect any area from the mouth to the anus. It often affects the ileum.
  • 4. CausesThe exact cause of Crohn’s disease is unknown. Most researchers think that it is caused by a combination of factors. 1. Genetics 2. The immune system 3. Smoking 4. Previous infection 5. Environmental factors
  • 5. The five types of Crohn's disease1. Ileocolitis: Most common type of chron’s disease. Affects the mouth and colon 2. Ileitis: affects the ileum 3. Gastroduodenal Crohn's disease: Affects the stomach and duodenum 4. Jejunoileitis: affects the jejunum 5. Crohn's colitis: Affects only the colon
  • 6. Symptoms 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Pain in the abdomen Diarrhea Bleeding from the rectum Weight loss Fever Diagnosis• Barium enema • Colonoscopy • CT scan of the abdomen • Endoscopy • MRI of the abdomen
  • 7. Complications of Crohn's disease1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Intestinal blockages Ulcers in the intestine Problems getting enough nutrients Joint pain and skin problems Growth problems (in children) Treatment-There is no cure for Crohn's. Treatment to control symptoms 1. Medicines 2. Nutrition supplements 3. Surgery
  • 8. Medicines: 1. Anti-inflammatory drugs • Sulfasalazine • Mesalamine • Corticosteroids 2. Immune system suppressors • Azathioprine • Remicade • Adalimumab 3. Antibiotics • Metronidazole • Ciprofloxacin
  • 9.  Other medications: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Anti-diarrheals Laxatives Pain relievers Iron supplements Nutrition (special diet given via a feeding tube) Vitamin B-12 shots  Surgery: Removes a damaged portion of your digestive tract Limitations of surgery1. temporary benefits 2. Recurrence of chron’s 3. Post surgery medication’s required