Problems with the small intestine can
Irritable bowel syndrome
Ulcers, such as peptic ulcer
It causes inflammation of the digestive system. It is
one of a group of diseases called inflammatory bowel
disease. It most commonly starts between the ages of
13 and 30.
LocationCrohn's can affect any area
from the mouth to the anus.
It often affects the ileum.
CausesThe exact cause of Crohn’s disease is unknown.
Most researchers think that it is caused by a
combination of factors.
2. The immune system
4. Previous infection
5. Environmental factors
The five types of Crohn's disease1. Ileocolitis: Most common type of chron’s disease. Affects the mouth
2. Ileitis: affects the ileum
3. Gastroduodenal Crohn's disease: Affects the stomach and
4. Jejunoileitis: affects the jejunum
5. Crohn's colitis: Affects only the colon
Pain in the abdomen
Bleeding from the rectum
Diagnosis• Barium enema
• CT scan of the abdomen
• MRI of the abdomen
Complications of Crohn's disease1.
Ulcers in the intestine
Problems getting enough nutrients
Joint pain and skin problems
Growth problems (in children)
Treatment-There is no cure for Crohn's.
Treatment to control symptoms
2. Nutrition supplements
Nutrition (special diet given via a feeding tube)
Vitamin B-12 shots
Surgery: Removes a damaged portion of your digestive
Limitations of surgery1. temporary benefits
2. Recurrence of chron’s
3. Post surgery medication’s required