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Respiratory tract infection
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Respiratory tract infection

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  • 1. Presented by: sunil Prasad ruchit Parmar swaPnil rathore
  • 2.  what ?  common cause/Pathogens involvement  widesPread rti is?  PoPulation tendency  how sPread?  caring for symPtoms at home  when should consult Physician?
  • 3.  nose, sinuses, pharynx or larynx.  This commonly includes: tonsillitis, pharyngitis , laryngitis, sinusitis, otitis media, and the common cold.
  • 4. inflammation of the nares and Paranasal sinuses, including frontal, ethmoid, maxillary, and sPhenoid  symPtoms: cough, sore throat, runny nose, nasal congestion, headache
  • 5.  ManageMent Physical examination X-ray CT scan MRI scan  treatMent NSAID Decongestant B-lactamase antibiotics
  • 6.  ManageMent Patient history Physical assessments Ear examination  treatMent NSAID Aspirin (Above 16 years) Penicillin & Erythromycin
  • 7.  Most colds are caused by viruses. Rhinoviruses Corona viruses, Para influenza viruses, respiratory syncytial virus, adenoviruses
  • 8.  ManageMent Based on symptoms, Isolation of viruses for definitive studies  treatMent Antipyretics Decongestants fluids Bed rest
  • 9.  There are a number of acute and chronic infections that can affect the lower respiratory tract. The two most common infections are bronchitis and pneumonia.  while often used as a synonym for pneumonia, can also be applied to other types of infection including lung abscess and acute bronchitis. Symptoms include shortness of breath, weakness, high fever, coughing and fatigue.
  • 10.  ManageMent Physical examination Pulmonary function test Chest X-Ray Blood test Sputum test  treatMent NSAID Antibiotics Sulphonamides
  • 11.  ManageMent patient history CT scan Chest X-Ray Antigen test PCR Bronchoscopy
  • 12.  TreaTmenT Once a diagnosis is made, therapy is directed at the specific organism responsible.  An enteric-coated vaccine prepared from certain serotypes of adenoviruses is available, but is only used in military recruits.  In AIDS patients, trimethoprim sulfamethoxazole, or other antimicrobials can be given for prophylaxis of Pneumocystis carinii infections.