• Reproductive tract infection are the infection that
affects the reproductive tract which is a part of reproductive
• For females infection can be in upper reproductive tract
which includes(fallopian tubes, uterus) and lower
reproductive tract which includes
(vagina, cervix and vulva).
• For male these infections are at penis, testicles and urethra.
Prostate cancer is the most common cancer in men in the
UK, with over 40,000 new cases diagnosed every year.
Prostate cancer usually develops slowly, so there may be no
signs you have it for many years.
• Ethnic group
• Family history
• Urinate more frequently, often during
• Needing to rush to the toilet
• Difficulty in starting to urinate
• Straining long time while urinating
• Feeling that your bladder has not
• bone and back pain,
• a loss of appetite,
• pain in the testicles,
• unexplained weight loss.
• Ask for a urine sample to check for
• Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
• Digital rectal examination (DRA)
Transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy
• Gleason score
– CT scan
• Good prostate cancer care
-Multidisciplinary team (MDT)
•Limiting high-fat foods
•Cutting back on red meats,
•Healthy food choices
bread, cereals, rice, pasta,
•Antioxidants in foods (Lycopene)
Tomatoes -- both raw and cooked
Berries -- especially blueberries
Pink grapefruit and oranges
• Chlamydia trachomatis is a bacteria, which is found
in the semen and vaginal fluids of men and women
who have the infection.
• Chlamydia is easily passed from one person to another
through sexual contact.
• Anyone who is sexually active can get it
and pass it on.
Symptoms (for women)
• Abnormal vaginal discharge that may have an odor
• Bleeding between periods
• Painful periods
• Abdominal pain with fever
• Pain when having sex
• Itching or burning in or around the vagina
• Pain when urinating
• Small amounts of clear or cloudy discharge from
the tip of the penis
• Painful urination
• Burning and itching around the opening of the penis
• Pain and swelling around the testicles
• He or she will probably use a swab to take a sample
from the urethra in men or from the cervix in women and
then will send the specimen to a laboratory to be
• There are also other tests which check a urine sample for
the presence of the bacteria.
Antibiotics are very effective for
The two most commonly prescribed
antibiotics to treat Chlamydia are:
1. azithromycin (single dose)
2. doxycycline (a longer course,
usually 2 capsules a day for a week)