Disease mgm


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Disease mgm

  1. 1. Esophageal cancer Esophageal cancer usually develops in the inner layer cells and grows outward. 2 major types The first occurs in the cells found in the lining of the esophagus (squamous cells), and the cancer is called squamous cell carcinoma. It can develop anywhere along the entire length of the esophagus and represents approximately half of all reported esophageal cancers. The second type of cancer adenocarcinoma, which is cancer of the glandular cells that line the inside of organs. Adenocarcinoma occurs near the stomach entrance.
  2. 2. • Treatment • endoscopic treatments such as photodynamic therapy • Radiofrequency ablation • Endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR). Sign & Symptoms chronic irritation and inflammation resulting from a backwash of acidic stomach. Painful or difficult swallowing. Weight loss. Pain behind the breastbone. Hoarseness and cough. Indigestion and heartburn.
  3. 3. Liver cancer Starts somewhere else and spreads to the liver. Reason viral hepatitis 4 main types Angiosarcoma, a rare type of cancer that starts in the blood vessels of the liver. Hepatoblastoma, another rare type of liver cancer occurring chiefly in young children. Cholangiocarcinoma, which starts in the bile ducts Hepatocellular carcinoma, also known as Hepatoma. The most common liver cancer is hepatocellular carcinoma which accounts for approximately 84% of liver cancers. As is the case with stomach cancer, liver cancer is hard to diagnose. Treatment Chemotherapy Radiofrequency Ablation Gene Therapy Magnetic-Chemotherapy
  4. 4. Gallbladder cancer The cancer cells develop in the tissues of the gall-bladder. Types adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, carcinosarcoma and small cell (oat cell) carcinoma, all of it are uncommon. Sign & Symptoms Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes). Pain above the stomach. Fever. Nausea and vomiting. Bloating. Lumps in the abdomen. Treatment Surgery Radiation therapy Chemotherapy Palliative therapy
  5. 5. Pancreatic cancer the cancer can develop either in the cells that secrete the pancreatic juice (exocrine pancreatic cancer) or in the cells that release the hormones (endocrine pancreatic cancer). Exocrine pancreatic cancer is much more common than endocrine. Because the pancreas is located deep inside the body, it cannot be felt during a routine physical exam, and no tests are presently available to allow early detection. Sign & Symptoms •Jaundice (yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes). •Light-colored stools. •Dark urine. •Pain in the upper or middle abdomen and back. •Weight loss for no known reason. •Loss of appetite. •Feeling very tired. Treatment Surgery Ablative techniques Radiation therapy Chemotherapy and other drugs
  6. 6. Colorectal cancers Colorectal cancers are common, and occur more frequently in people over the age of 50. Colorectal cancers are highly treatable when detected early, but the symptoms are often not obvious in early stages. Sign & Symptoms Blood (either bright red or very dark) in the stool. Diarrhea & constipation. Stools that are narrower than usual. Frequent gas pains, bloating, fullness, or cramps. Weight loss for no known reason. Feeling very tired. Vomiting. Treatment Surgery (most often a colectomy) to remove cancer cells Chemotherapy to kill cancer cells Radiation therapy to destroy cancerous tissue
  7. 7. Anal cancer The anus has several types of tissues. Each type of tissue also contains several types of cells and cancer can develop in each of these kinds of tissues. Approximately half are squamous cell carcinomas. This type of cancer is found in the surface cells that line the anus and most of the anal canal. Anal cancer is usually diagnosed in people over 50. People who have the human papillomavirus (HPV) also have a greater chance of developing anal cancer. Sign & Symptoms Bleeding from the anus or rectum. Pain or pressure in the area around the anus. Itching or discharge from the anus. A lump near the anus. Treatment Surgery Radiation therapy Chemotherapy
  8. 8. CAUSES OF GI TRACT CANCER Drink alcohol in moderation Avoid smoking Eat plenty of green vegetables Avoid preserved or burnt meats Keep to a normal weight Take regular exercise
  9. 9. Management of Cancer Calcium Supplements Reduce Cancer Add Garlic to everything you Eat Eat plenty of Fruits and Vegetables Limit Fats and oily food Avoid unnecessary Scans