The  Theology Of The  Trinity
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The Theology Of The Trinity Document Transcript

  • 1. The first systematic Theology of the TrinityAccording to scripture:The Father The Son The HolySpirit IS IS IS ONE GOD TRIQUETRAt he triquetra (from a Latin word meaning “three- cornered”) is an ancient symbol for the Trinity. Itcomprises three interwoven arcs, distinct yet equaland inseparable, symbolizing that the Father, Son,and Holy Spirit are three distinct yet equal Personsand indivisibly One God. The word “Trinity” was usedto explain the eternal relationship between theFather, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Many Biblepassages express the Trinity.1 More than 20 Bible passages mention the three Persons gathered in one (Echad-Deut 6:4)
  • 2. Matthew 3:16-17 “And Jesus, when he was baptized,went up staightway out of the water, and, lo, theheavens were opened unto him, and he saw theSpirit of God descending like a dove, and lightingupon him: And lo a voice from heaven, saying, Thisis my beloved son, in whom I am well pleased.”Matthew 28:19 “Go ye therefore, and teach allnations, baptizing them in the name of the Father,and the Son, and of the Holy Ghost.”2 Corinthians 13:14 “The grace to the Lord JesusChrist, and the love of God, and the communion ofthe Holy Ghost, be with you all.”Ephesians 4:4-6 “There is one body, and one Spirit,even as ye are called in one hope of your calling;one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God andFather of all, who is above all, and through all, andin you all.”Titus 3:4-6 “But after that the kindness and love ofGod our Saviour toward man appeared, not by worksof righteousness which we have done, but accordingto his mercy he saved us, by the washing ofregeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;which he shed on us abundantly through JesusChrist our Saviour...”See also John 3:34-35; John14:26; John 15:26;John 16:13-15; Romans 14:17-18; Romans
  • 3. 15:13-17; Romans 15:30; 1 Corinthians 6:11,17-19; 1 Corinthians 12:4-6; 2 Corinthians1:21-22; 2 Corinthians 3:4-6; Galatians 2:21-3:3;Galatians 4:6; 1 Thessalonians 1:1-5; 1Thessalonians 4:2, 8; 1 Thessalonians 5:18-19;2 Thessalonians 3:5; Hebrews 9:14; 1 Peter1:2; 1 John 3:23-24; 1 John 4:13-14; and Jude20-21.Misunderstanding #1: “The word ‘Trinity’ does notappear in the Bible; is a belief made up byChristians in the 4th century.”Truth: It is true that the word “Trinity” does notappear in the Bible, but the Trinity is nevertheless aBible-based belief. The word “Bible” does not appearin the Bible either, neither do the words “TheocraticKingdom” and “Initial evidence of Tongue.” Butthese phrases are major doctrines in Jehovah’switness and UPC doctrine. These are words they useto express certain truth they believe is in the Bible.The word “Trinity” was used to explain the eternalrelationship between the Father, the Son, and theHoly Spirit. Many Bible passages express the Trinity.False beliefs flourished during the early days ofChristianity, and still do. Early Christians constantlydefended their beliefs. The following early churchleaders and/or writings all defended the doctrine ofthe Trinity long before A.D. 300…Approximate Dates:
  • 4. A.D. 96 Clement, the third bishop ofRomeA.D. 90-100 The Teachings of the TwelveApostles, the “Didache”A.D. 90? Ignatius, bishop of AntiochA.D. 155 Justin Martyr, great ChristianwriterA.D. 168 Theophilus, the sixth bishopof AntiochA.D. 177 Athenagoras, theologianA.D. 180 Irenaeus, bishop of LyonsA.D. 197 Tertullian, early church leaderA.D. 264 Gregory Thaumaturgus,early church leaderIn an Article by Tertullian entitled “Against Praxeas”He goes into a 30 some odd page article describinghow if there is a duality there must be a trinity aswell.Misunderstanding #2: “The Father, the Son, andthe Spirit are just different titles for Jesus, or threedifferent ways that God has revealed himself.”Truth: The Bible clearly shows that the Father, Son,and Holy Spirit are distinct persons.Some people think that the doctrine of the Trinitycontradicts the truth that there is only one God. Theyargue that Jesus alone is the one truth God, andtherefore that Jesus is “the name of the Father andthe Son and the Holy Spirit” (Matt. 28:19), and notjust the name of the Son.
  • 5. While it is certainly true that there is only one God,we must allow the Bible make it quite clear thatthere is only one God, we must allow the Bible todefine what this means. And the Bible makes it quiteclear that the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are distinctpersons:The Father sends the Son (Gal. 4:4; 1 John 4:14)The Father sends the Spirit (John 14:26; Gal. 4:6)The Son speaks, not on his own, but on behalf of theFather (John 8:28; 12:49)The spirit speaks, not on his own, but on behalf ofJesus (John 16:13-15)The Father loves the Son, and the Son loves theFather (John 3:35; 8:16-18)The Father and the Son count as two witnesses(John 5:31-37; 8:16-18)The Father and the Son glorify one another (John17:1, 4-5) and the Spirit glorifies Jesus the Son(John 16:14)The Son is an Advocate for us with the Father (1John 2:1; Greek, Parakletos); Jesus the Son sent theHoly Spirit, who is another Advocate (John 14:16,26)Jesus Christ is not the Father, but the Son of theFather (2 John 3)In John 6:33 Jesus is identified as the Bread thatcomes down from heaven, so He Obviouslypreexisted. Also notice in this important passagethat The Father gives to the Son, And That Jesuswill not cast out those that His Father gives the Son
  • 6. v37. Also notice that it is the Father’s will inparticular, that the Son should not lose any v39. Infact Salvation itself was the Father’s will not theSon’s read verse 40. We see the cooperation of theGod-head here, that the Father draws them in v44,and the Son resurrects them up v40.In Matthew 28:19, Jesus is not identifying himself asthe Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. He is saying thatChristian baptism identifies a person as one whobelieves in the Father, in the Son whom the Fathersent to die for our sins, and in the Holy Spirit whomthe Father and the Son sent to dwell in our hearts.Misunderstanding #3: “Jesus wasn’t really fullyGod and fully man.”Throughout history many people have balked at theidea that Jesus is both fully God and fully man. Theyhave tried to resolve this paradox bysaying that Jesus was a mere man through whomGod spoke, or that he was God and merely appearedto be human, of some other “simpler” belief.Admittedly the idea that in Jesus, God became a manis impossible for us to comprehend. But theIncarnation- the truth that God become flesh- is theultimate proof that nothing is too hard for God(Genesis 18:14; Luke 1:37). And this truth is clearlytaught in the Bible.The Bible clearly shows that Jesus was fullyhuman:
  • 7. As a child, he grew physically, intellectually, socially,and spiritually (Luke 2:40,52)He grew tired; he slept; he sweat; he was hungryand thirsty; he bled and died; his body was buried(Matthew 4:2; 8:24; Luke 22:44; John 4:6-7; 19:28-43).After he rose from the dead, he ate and drank withpeople and let them see his scars and touch his body(Luke 24:39-43; John 20:27-29; Acts 10:41)The Bible also clearly shows that Jesus wasand is God in human form:Jesus did on earth what only God can do: hecommanded the forces to nature (Matthew 8:23-27;14:22-33), forgave sins (Mark 2:1-12); claimed to besuperior to the Sabbath law (John 5:17-18); and gavelife to whomever he pleased (John 5:19-23).Paul said that God purchased the church with hisown blood (Acts 20:28).Paul also said that the rulers of this world unwittinglycrucified the Lord of glory (1 Corinthians 2:8)All the fullness of God’s nature and being resides inJesus’ risen body (Colossians 2:9).Early Christian theologians of the first two centurieswrote many works defending Christianity fromseveral threats:
  • 8. Persecution from Roman Empire. Until the early A.D. 300’s, Christianity was illegal and often Christians were viciously persecuted. Heresies attacking basic Christian beliefs, especially the deity of Jesus Christ and the nature of God.2The reason why most religions reject the Trinity isbecause of how various Religions view the TRINITY:See fig 12FIG 12Christians TRIUNE GOD = three in one, Trinity,Trinitarian Triad, Triquetras “The Trinity is a mystery...in the strict sense..., which could not be know without revelation, and even after revelation cannot be wholly intelligible”3 The word Mystery is the same word found in 1 Tim 3:16, “Great is the mystery of Godliness, God was manifest in the flesh.”Oneness The Trinity is irrational and besidesPentecost James says even Satan knows there isals one God.Mormons/ Three personages... God the first, theLDS Creator; God the second, the Redeemer; and God the third, the witness or Testator. It’s a plurality of Gods. 4Roman The Trinity is a three headed God.Catholic
  • 9. Jehovah’s The Trinity is a pagan belief handedWitnesses down from the occult it is too “confusing, contrary to normal reasoning”FIG 13One of the greatest TRINITY verses is the greatestattacked, many scholars say this isn’t inmanuscripts, but this is simply untrue. In the TextusReceptus, The Received Text we find this keyverse…1 John 5:7-8 (Westcott) In Greek
  • 10. 7 οτι τρεις εισιν οι μαρτυρουντες8 το πνευμα και το υδωρ και το αιμα και οι τρεις ειςτο εν εισιν57 For there are three that bear record in heaven, theFather, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and thesethree are one. 8 And there are three that bearwitness in earth, the Spirit, and the water, and theblood: and these three agree in one.6Many refuse to acknowledge the first part of theverse, by saying they are “only in agreement,they aren’t one in essence.” But the Trinitarianview is that, not only do they agree, they are one.And isn’t this what the verse says? If not, then youhave the wrong Bible.Original Greek… τρει̂ς treis andτρία tria; a prim. card. num.; three:— fifty-three*(1), thirty(1), three(66), twenty-three*(1). 7Strong’s Numbering…5140 τρει̂ς, Τρει̂ς ταβέρναι [treis, tria /trice/] n f.A primary (plural) number; TDNT 8:216; TDNTA1188; GK 5552 and together with Strong’s 4999 asGK 5553; 69 occurrences; AV translates as “three”69 times. 1 three.85552 τρει̂ς (treis) or, nom. pl. neu. τρία (tria), acc.pl. neu. τρία (tria): number; = Str 5140; TDNT 8.216—LN 60.12 three (Mt 13:33; Mk 8:2; 15:29; Lk12:52; Jn 21:11)9
  • 11. The Second person of the Trinity: Metaphors, Titles, and Names of Christ101. Adam, The Last 12. Author of Life 1 Cor. 15:45 Acts 3:152. Advocate 13. Author of 1 John 2:1 Salvation3. Almighty Heb. 2:10 Rev. 1:84. Alpha and Omega 14. Banner Rev. 1:8; Rev. Isa. 11:10, 12 22:13 15. Beginning and5. Amen End Rev. 3:14 Rev. 22:136. Angel of God’s 16. Beloved One Presence Eph. 1:6 Isa. 63:9 17. Branch7. Anointed One Isa. 4:2; Isa. Ps. 2:2; Dan. 11:1; Jer. 23:5; 9:25; Acts Zech. 3:8; 4:25–27 Zech. 6:128. Apostle 18. Bread of God Heb. 3:1 John 6:32–339. Arm of the Lord 19. Bread of Life Isa. 53:1–2 John 6:35, 48–10. Atoning Sacrifice 51 1 John 2:2 20. Bridegroom11. Author of Faith Matt. 9:15; Heb. 12:2 Matt. 25:1–13; John 3:29
  • 12. 21. Capstone Cor. 12:27; 2 Matt. 21:42 Cor. 2:17; Gal.22. Chief Shepherd 3:13; Eph. 1 Pet. 5:4 5:21, 23–25,23. Child 29, 32; Phil. Isa. 9:6; 1 John 1:21; Col. 5:1 3:15; Philem.24. Chosen One 6; Heb. 3:6; Isa. 42:1; Luke Heb. 9:15; 1 23:35 Pet. 5:10, 14;25. Chosen Servant 1 John 5:1; Matt. 12:18 Rev. 11:15 27. Christ Jesus Rom. 3:22–24;26. Christ Rom. 8:1; Matt. 1:16; Rom. 15:5; Matt. 16:20; Rom. 16:3; 1 Mark 14:61; Cor. 1:2, 30; Luke 2:11; Gal. 2:16; Phil. Luke 9:20; 1:1, 6, 8; Phil. Luke 23:2; 3:3, 8; Col. Luke 23:35, 2:6; 1 Thess. 39; John 1:41; 5:18; 1 Tim. John 12:34; 1:1; 1 Tim. 2:5; Acts 2:31, 36; 1 Acts 3:18; Acts 5:42; Rom. 5:8; Rom. 9:5; Tim. 3:13; 1 Tim. Rom. 10:4; 4:6; 1 Tim. 5:21; Rom. 14:9; 1 2 Tim. 1:9–10; 2 Cor. 1:23–24; 1 Tim. 2:10; 2 Tim. Cor. 2:16; 1 3:15 Cor. 3:23; 1
  • 13. 28. Commander of 39. Faithful and True the Lord’s Rev. 19:11 Army 40. Faithful and True Josh. 5:14–15 Witness29. Commander of Rev. 3:14 the Peoples 41. Faithful Witness Isa. 55:4 Rev. 1:530. Consolation of 42. First and Last Israel Rev. 1:17; Rev. Luke 2:25 2:8; Rev.31. Cornerstone 22:13 Eph. 2:20; 1 43. Firstborn Pet. 2:6 Ps. 89:2; Rom.32. David 8:29; Col. Jer. 30:9; Ezek. 1:15, 18; Heb. 37:24–25; Hos. 1:6; Rev. 1:5 3:5 44. First fruits33. Deliverer 1 Cor. 15:20, Rom. 11:26 2334. Desired of All 45. Foolishness Nations 1 Cor. 1:23 Hag. 2:7 46. Forerunner35. Doctor Heb. 6:19–20 Matt. 9:12 47. Foundation36. Eternal Life 1 Cor. 3:11 1 John 5:20 48. Fountain37. Everlasting Zech. 13:1 Father 49. Friend of Sinners Isa. 9:6 Matt. 11:1938. Exact 50. Gate Representation John 10:7–9 of God’s Being Heb. 1:3
  • 14. 51. Gift of God Heb. 4:14; John 4:10; 2 Heb. 6:20 Cor. 9:15 62. Holiness52. Glory of Israel 1 Cor. 1:30 Luke 2:32 63. Holy One (of God) Ps. 16:10; Mark 1:24;53. Glory of the Lord Luke 1:35; Isa. 40:5 John 6:69; Acts54. God 2:27 Mark 2:1–12l 64. Holy Servant Rom. 9:5; Titus Acts 4:27–30 2:13; 2 Pet. 1:1; 1 John 5:20 65. Hope55. Good Shepherd 1 Tim. 1:1 John 10:11, 14 66. Hope of Glory56. Great Shepherd Col. 1:27 Heb. 13:20 67. Hope of Israel57. Guarantee Acts 28:20; Heb. 7:22 68. Horn of Salvation58. Head Luke 1:69 1 Cor. 11:3; 69. I Am Eph. 5:23; Col. Exod. 3:14; 1:18; Col. 2:10 John 8:5859. Heir of All Things 70. Image of God Heb. 1:2 2 Cor. 4:4; Col.60. Hen 1:15 Matt. 23:37 71. Immanuel61. High Priest Isa. 7:14; Matt. Ps. 110:4; Heb. 1:23 2:17; Heb. 3:1;
  • 15. 72. Jehovah 2 Pet. 1:2; 1 John (Yahweh) 1:7; 1 John 2:6; 1 Exod. 6:3; Isa. John 5:1; Rev. 40:3 12:1773. Jehovah 75. Jesus Christ (Yahweh) Our Mark 1:1; John Righteousness 1:17; John Jer. 23:6 17:3; Acts74. Jesus 4:10; Acts Matt. 1:16; 16:18; 1 Cor. Matt. 1:21; 1:2, 30; 1 Cor. Matt. 26:71; 2:2; Gal. 2:16; Matt. 27:37; Phil. 2:11; Luke 2:21; Titus 2:13; Luke 23:42; Titus 3:6; Heb. John 1:45; John 13:8; Heb. 9:22; John 13:21; 2 Pet. 20:31; Acts 1:1; 2 Pet. 1:11; Acts 4:2; 1:11; 2 Pet. Acts 9:20; Acts 2:20; 2 Pet. 10:38; Acts 3:18 13:23; Acts 76. Judge 26:15; Rom. Acts 10:42; 10:9; 1 Cor. Rev. 19:11 12:3; 2 77. King Jer. 23:5; Matt. Cor. 4:10; Gal. 25:34; John 6:17; Eph. 4:21; 18:36–37 Phil. 2:10; 1 78. King of Israel Thess. 1:10; 1 John 1:49 Thess. 4:14; 79. King of Kings Heb. 2:9; Heb. 1 Tim. 6:15; 7:22; Heb. 7:24;
  • 16. Rev. 17:14; 86. Launderer’s Rev. 19:16 Soap Mal. 3:280. King of the Ages 87. Leader Rev. 15:3 Isa. 55:481. King of the Jews 88. Life Matt. 2:1–2; John 11:25; Matt. 27:37 John 14:6; Col.82. King of Zion 3:4 Ps. 2:6; Matt. 21:583. King over the 89. Life-giving Spirit Whole Earth 1 Cor. 15:45 Zech. 14:9 90. Light (of the84. Lamb (of God) World) John 1:29; John John 1:1–2, 4– 1:36; 1 Pet. 9; John 8:12; 1:19; Rev. 5:6, John 9:5 8, 12–13; Rev. 91. Light for the 6:1; Rev. 6:16; Gentiles Rev. 7:9–10, Isa. 49:6; Luke 14; Rev. 2:32 12:11; Rev. 92. Lion of the Tribe 13:8; Rev. of Judah 14:1, 4; Rev. Rev. 5:5 15:3; Rev. 93. Living One 17:14; Rev. Rev. 1:18 19:7, 9; Rev. 94. Living Stone 21:22–23; Rev. 1 Pet. 2:4 22:1, 3 95. Lord85. Lamp Ps. 110:1; Mal. Rev. 21:23 3:1; Matt. 7:21; Matt.
  • 17. 24:42; Mark 5:4–5; 2 Cor. 2:28; Luke 11:31; Col. 6:46; John 3:17; 1 Thess. 6:68; John 4:1–2; 2 Thess. 13:13; Acts 1:7–8; Heb. 2:36; Acts 13:20; 2 Pet. 3:19; Rom. 1:2; Rev. 10:13; 1 Cor. 22:20–21 3:5; 1 Cor. 4:4; 98. Lord Jesus Christ 1 Cor. 11:23, Acts 11:17; 26; 2 Cor. 5:6– Rom. 5:1, 11; 8; Eph. 6:7–8; Rom. 6:23; Col. 3:23–24; 1 Rom. 7:25; Thess. 4:16– Rom. 8:39; 17; 2 Tim. Rom. 13:14; 2:22; 2 Tim. Rom. 15:30; 1 4:8; Heb. 2:3; Cor. 1:2–3, 10; 1 Pet. 2:3; 2 1 Cor. 6:11; Pet. 1:11 Phil. 3:20; 1 Tim. 1:12; Philem. 25; James 2:1; 196. Lord God Pet. 1:3; Jude Almighty 21 Rev. 4:8; Rev. 99. Lord of All 15:3 Acts 10:36;97. Lord Jesus Rom. 10:12 Acts 7:59; Acts 100. Lord of Glory 8:16; Acts 1 Cor. 2:8 11:20; Acts 101. tab 101. Lord 15:11; Acts of Lords 16:31; Acts 1 Tim. 6:15; 20:21; 1 Cor.
  • 18. Rev. 17:14; 112. Morning Star Rev. 19:16 2 Pet. 1:19; Rev. 22:16102. Lord of the Dead 113. Most Exalted of and the Living the Kings of Rom. 14:9 the Earth103. Lord of the Ps. 89:27 Sabbath 114. Nazarene Matt. 12:8 Matt. 2:23;104. Man Mark 14:67; John 19:5; Acts Mark 16:6 17:31; Rom. 115. Offspring of 5:15; 1 Tim. David 2:5 Rev. 22:16105. Man of Sorrows 116. One Greater Isa. 53:3 Than Jonah106. Master Luke 11:29– Matt. 23:8 30, 32107. Mediator 117. One Greater 1 Tim. 2:5; Than Solomon Heb. 8:6; Heb. Luke 11:31 9:15; Heb. 118. One Who Is, 12:24 Was, and Is to108. Melchizedek Come Heb. 7:1–3 Rev. 1:4; Rev.109. Messenger of the 1:8 Covenant 119. One Who Will Mal. 3:1 Baptize with110. Messiah the Holy Spirit John 1:41; John Mark 1:7–8 4:25 120. Only Begotten111. Mighty God John 1:14; John Isa. 9:6
  • 19. 3:16; 1 John 132. Rabboni 4:9 John 20:16121. Overseer 133. Radiance of 1 Pet. 2:25 God’s Glory122. Passover Lamb Heb. 1:3 1 Cor. 5:7 134. Ransom123. Peace 1 Tim. 2:5–6 Eph. 2:14–15 135. Redeemer124. Perfecter of Faith Job 19:25; Isa. Heb. 12:2 59:20125. Physician 136. Redemption Luke 4:23 1 Cor. 1:30126. Power 137. Refiner 1 Cor. 1:24 Mal. 3:3 138. Refiner’s Fire127. Prince Mal. 3:2 Acts 5:31 139. Resurrection128. Prince of Peace John 11:25 Isa. 9:6129. Prophet 140. Righteous Judge Luke 24:19; Acts 10:42; 2 John 7:40; Acts Tim. 4:8 3:22 141. Righteousness130. Purifier 1 Cor. 1:30 Mal. 3:3; Matt. 142. Righteous One 3:12 Acts 3:14; Acts131. Rabbi 7:52; Acts Mark 14:45; 22:14; 1 John John 1:38; John 2:1 1:49; John 3:2; 143. Righteous John 6:25; John Servant 9:2 Isa. 53:11
  • 20. 144. Rising Sun 2:13; Titus 3:6; Luke 1:76–79 2 Pet. 1:11; 2145. Rock Pet. 3:18; 1 1 Cor. 10:4; 1 John 4:14 Pet. 2:8 154. Second Man146. Root of David 1 Cor. 15:47 Rev. 5:5; Rev. 155. Seed (of the 22:16 Woman)147. Root of Jesse Gen. 3:15; Gal. Isa. 11:10 3:16148. Ruler 156. Servant Mic. 5:1; Matt. Isa. 42:1; Isa. 2:6; 1 Tim. 49:3–7; Isa. 6:15 52:13; Isa.149. Ruler of God’s 53:11; Zech. Creation 3:8; Matt. Rev. 3:14 12:18; Luke150. Ruler of the 22:27; Acts Kings of the 3:13; Acts Earth 3:25–26 Rev. 1:5 157. Shepherd151. Ruler over Israel Matt. 2:6; 1 Mic. 5:2 Pet. 2:25152. Salvation 158. Shiloh Luke 2:29–32 Gen. 49:10 159. Son153. Savior Ps. 2:7, 12; Luke 2:11; Isa. 9:6; Matt. John 4:42; Acts 3:17; Matt. 5:31; Acts 11:27; John 13:23; Eph. 3:35; John 5:23; 2 Tim. 5:22–23; Rom. 1:10; Titus 1:3; Col. 1:13;
  • 21. Heb. 1:2–3; 1 Matt. 8:20; John 2:23 Matt. 10:23;160. Son of David Matt. 11:19; Matt. 15:22 Matt. 13:37, 41; Matt. 16:13; Matt.161. Son of God 17:9; Matt. Isa. 9:6; Matt. 17:22; Matt. 4:3; Matt. 24:27, 30; 8:29; Luke Matt. 25:31; 1:35; John Matt. 26:2; 1:34; John Matt. 26:24; 1:49; John Matt. 26:45; 5:18; John Mark 2:28; 10:36; John Mark 8:38; 15:10; John Mark 9:12; 19:7; John Luke 5:24; 20:17, 30–31; Luke 6:22; Acts 9:20; Luke 11:30; Rom. 1:4; Luke 12:8; Rom. 8:3, 32; 2 Cor. 11:31; 164. Luke 17:22; Luke Gal. 4:4; Eph. 19:10; Luke 1:3; 1 John 21:36; John 4:14; 1 John 1:51; John 5:5, 20; Rev. 3:13; John 2:18 5:27; John162. Son of Joseph 6:53; John Luke 3:23; 6:62; John John 1:45; John 8:28; John 6:42 9:35; John163. Son of Man 12:23; John Dan. 7:13; 13:31; Acts
  • 22. 7:56; Rev. 175. Tested Stone 1:13. Isa. 28:16165. Son of Mary 176. True God Matt. 1:16, 18; 1 John 5:20 Mark 6:3 177. True Light166. Son of the John 1:9 Blessed One 178. (True) Witness Mark 14:61 Isa. 55:4; John167. Son of the Living 18:37; Rev. God 3:14 Matt. 16:16 179. Truth168. Son of the Most John 14:6 High 180. Vine Luke 1:32 John 15:1169. Source of Eternal 181. Way Salvation John 14:6 Heb. 5:9 182. Wisdom170. Sovereign Prov. 8:12; 1 Jude 4 Cor. 1:23–24,171. Stone 30 Matt. 21:42; 1 183. Wonderful Pet. 2:4–8 Counselor172. Stumbling Block Isa. 9:6 1 Cor. 1:23; 1 184. Word (of God) Pet. 2:4–8 John 1:1, 14;173. Sun of Rev. 19:13 Righteousness 185. Word of Life Mal. 4:2 1 John 1:1174. Teacher 186. The Name of Matt. 19:16; Christ Matt. 23:10; 187. Believers Are John 11:28; Anointed in His John 13:13
  • 23. Name Acts 9:15; 1 James 5:14 Pet. 4:16 194. Believers Believe188. Believers Are in His Name Baptized into John 1:12; John His Name 3:18; Acts Acts 2:38; Acts 3:16; 1 John 8:16; Acts 3:23; 1 John 10:48; Acts 5:13 19:5 195. Believers Call on189. Believers Are His Name Forgiven in His Acts 9:14; Acts Name 9:21; Acts Luke 24:46– 22:16; Rom. 47; Acts 10:43; 10:13; 1 Cor. Acts 22:16; 1 1:2 John 2:12 196. Believers Call on190. Believers Are His Name for Justified in His Salvation Name Acts 2:21; Acts 1 Cor. 6:11 4:12191. Believers Are 197. Believers Protected by Command and His Name Make Appeals John 17:11–12 in His Name192. Believers 1 Cor. 1:10; 2 Assemble in Thess. 3:6 His Name 198. Believers Do Matt. 18:20; 1 Everything in Cor. 5:4 His Name193. Believers Bear Col. 3:17 His Name 199. Believers Do Miracles and
  • 24. Heal in His Acts 4:18; Acts Name 5:28; Acts Mark 9:39; 5:40; Acts Acts 3:6; Acts 8:12; Acts 3:16; Acts 9:27–28 4:10; Acts 4:30 206. Believers Suffer200. Believers Drive for His Name Out Demons in Luke 21:12; His Name John 15:20–21; Mark 9:38; Acts 5:41; Acts Luke 10:17; 9:15–16; Acts Acts 16:18 15:26; Acts201. Believers Give 21:13; 1 Pet. Thanks in His 4:14; Rev. 2:3 Name Jesus’ Name Is Eph. 5:20 Supreme over202. Believers Glorify All His Name Acts 4:12; Phil. 2 Thess. 1:12 2:9–11; Heb. 1:4203. Believers Have The Holy Spirit Life in His Was Sent in Name Jesus’ Name John 20:31 John 14:26204. Believers Make 207. Believers Requests in Experience His Name Much in Jesus’ John 14:13–14; Name John 16:23–24, 26205. Believers Speak, Preach, and Teach in His Name
  • 25. The Third Person of the Trinity- The Holy Spirit The Personality of the Holy Spirit The Spirit Has Characteristics of Personhood1. The Spirit Has Intelligence Isa. 11:2; John 14:26; Rom. 8:27; 1 Cor. 2:10–13; 1 Cor. 12:8; Eph. 1:172. The Spirit Shows Emotion Isa. 63:10; Rom. 15:30; Eph. 4:303. The Spirit Has a Will 1 Cor. 12:11The Spirit Is Distinguished among the Persons of the Godhead4. The Spirit Is Distinguished from Jesus John 14:16, 26; John 15:26; John 16:7, 145. The Spirit Is Distinguished within the Trinity Matt. 3:16–17; Matt. 28:19; Rom. 15:16; 2 Cor. 1:21–22; 2 Cor. 13:14; Eph. 3:14, 17; 2 Thess. 2:13–14; 1 Pet. 1:2; Jude 206. The Spirit Is Referred to with Personal Pronouns John 14:16–17; John 15:26; John 16:7–14; Eph. 1:13–14The Spirit Is Affected as a Person7. The Spirit Can Be Blasphemed Matt. 12:31–32; Mark 3:28–298. The Spirit Can Be Grieved Isa. 63:10; Eph. 4:309. The Spirit Can Be Insulted Heb. 10:2910. The Spirit Can Be Lied To Acts 5:3–411. The Spirit Can Be Obeyed Acts 10:19–2112. The Spirit Can Be Quenched 1 Thess. 5:1913. The Spirit Can Be Resisted Acts 6:9–10; Acts 7:5114. The Spirit Can Be Tested Acts 5:9The Spirit Has Moral Capacities15. The Spirit Convicts the World of Guilt John 16:8–1116. The Spirit Glorifies Christ John 16:1417. The Spirit Guides into Truth John 16:1318. The Spirit Intercedes Rom. 8:26–2719. The Spirit Regenerates John 3:3–5
  • 26. 20. The Spirit Restrains Evil Gen. 6:3, 521. The Spirit Sanctifies Rom. 15:16; 1 Cor. 6:1122. The Spirit Is a Distinct Personality with Power Judg. 14:6; Judg. 14:19; Judg. 15:14; 1 Sam. 10:10; 1 Sam. 16:13; Luke 1:35; Luke 4:14; Acts 10:38; Acts 15:28; Rom. 15:13; 1 Cor. 2:4The Spirit Does What People Do23. The Spirit Commissions Acts 11:12; Acts 13:2, 4; Acts 20:2824. The Spirit Communicates 2 Cor. 3:3; Eph. 3:525. The Spirit Encourages Acts 9:3126. The Spirit Gives Gifts 1 Cor. 12:7–1127. The Spirit Leads Matt. 4:1; Acts 8:29; Acts 16:6–7; Rom. 8:1428. The Spirit Speaks Matt. 10:20; Acts 1:16; Acts 8:29; Acts 10:19; Acts 21:11; 1 Tim. 4:1; Heb. 3:7; 1 Pet. 1:11–12; Rev. 2:7; Rev. 22:1729. The Spirit Strengthens Acts 9:31; Rom. 8:26; Eph. 3:1630. The Spirit Teaches Luke 12:12; John 14:26; 1 Cor. 2:13; Heb. 9:831. The Spirit Testifies John 15:26; Acts 5:32; Rom. 8:16; Heb. 10:15; 1 John 4:2; 1 John 5:6–832. The Spirit Gives Life Ps. 104:30; Isa. 32:15; Isa. 44:3–4; Ezek. 37:14; John 6:63; Rom. 8:2; 1 Pet. 3:18 The Deity of the Holy SpiritThe Spirit Is Considered Divine1. The Spirit’s Deity in His Own Being… a. The Spirit Is Called God Acts 5:3–4 b. The Spirit Is Called Lord 2 Cor. 3:17–18 c. The Spirit Is Called the Spirit Num. 11:17, 25; 1 Chron. 12:18; Isa. 32:15; Ezek. 2:2; Ezek. 8:3; Mark 1:12; John 7:39; Acts 11:28; Acts 20:22; Acts 21:4; Rom. 7:6; Rom. 8:16; 2 Cor. 3:6; Gal. 5:16–18; Eph. 6:18; 1 Tim. 3:16; 1 Pet. 3:18; 1 John 3:24; 1 John 4:6; Jude 19 d. The Spirit Is Identified with Yahweh Num. 24:2–4, 12–13; Acts 7:51; Acts 28:25–27; 1 Cor. 2:12; Heb. 3:7–9; Heb. 10:15–17 2 Pet. 1:21
  • 27. e. The Spirit Is Spoken of as Divine Matt. 12:32; Mark 3:29; 1 Cor. 3:16; 1 Cor. 6:19; Eph. 2:22The Spirit’s Relationship to the Other Divine Persons a. The Spirit and the Father i. His Spirit Num. 11:29; Isa. 34:16; Isa. 48:16; Zech. 7:12; 1 Cor. 2:10; Gal. 3:5; Eph. 2:22; Eph. 3:16; 1 Thess. 4:8; 1 John 4:12–13 ii. My Spirit Gen. 6:3; Isa. 30:1; Isa. 42:1; Isa. 44:3; Isa. 59:21; Ezek. 36:27; Joel 2:28–29; Hag. 2:5; Zech. 4:6; Matt. 12:18 iii. Spirit of God Gen. 1:2; Exod. 31:3; Num. 24:2; 1 Sam. 10:10; 1 Sam. 11:6; 1 Sam. 19:20; 1 Sam. 19:23; 2 Chron. 15:1; 2 Chron. 24:20; Job 33:4; Ezek. 11:24; Rom. 8:9; Rom. 8:14; 1 Cor. 2:11, 14; 1 Cor. 3:16; 1 Cor. 6:11; 1 Cor. 7:40; 1 Pet. 4:14; 1 John 4:2 iv. Spirit of Him Who Raised Jesus from the Dead Rom. 8:11 v. Spirit of Yahweh Judg. 3:10; Judg. 6:34; Judg. 11:29; Judg. 13:25; Judg. 14:6; Judg. 14:19; Judg. 15:14; 1 Sam. 10:6; 1 Sam. 16:13–14; 2 Sam. 23:2; 1 Kings 18:12; 2 Kings 18:12; 2 Kings 2:16; 2 Chron. 20:14; Isa. 11:2; Isa. 40:13; Isa. 63:14; Ezek. 11:5; Ezek. 37:1; Mic. 3:8 vi. Spirit of the Living God 2 Cor. 3:3 vii. Spirit of the Lord Isa. 11:2; Luke 4:18; Acts 5:9; Acts 8:39 viii. Spirit of the Sovereign Lord Isa. 61:1 ix. Spirit of Your Father Matt. 10:20 x. Your Spirit Neh. 9:20, 30; Ps. 104:30; Ps. 139:7; Ps. 143:10 b. The Spirit and the Son… i. Spirit of Christ Rom. 8:9; 1 Pet. 1:11 ii. Spirit of His Son Gal. 4:6 iii. Spirit of Jesus Acts 16:7 iv. Spirit of Jesus Christ Phil. 1:19The Spirit’s Work Is Divine
  • 28. 1. The Spirit Anoints Acts 10:38; 1 John 2:20, 272. The Spirit Calls 2 Thess. 2:13–143. The Spirit Contends Gen. 6:34. The Spirit Convicts John 16:7–115. The Spirit Counsels John 14:16–17; John 14:26; John 15:26; John 16:76. The Spirit Creates Gen. 1:2–3; Job 33:4; Ps. 104:30; Isa. 40:12–147. The Spirit Empowers Judg. 3:10; Judg. 6:34; Matt. 12:28; Acts 1:8; Rom. 15:19; Eph. 3:168. The Spirit Fills Exod. 31:3; Acts 2:1–4; Acts 4:31; Acts 9:17; Acts 13:9; Acts 13:52; Eph. 5:189. The Spirit Generates Christ Luke 1:3510. The Spirit Gives Gifts11. See Gifts of the Spirit12. The Spirit Gives Life John 6:63; Rom. 1:4; 1 Pet. 3:1813. The Spirit Illumines John 14:2614. The Spirit Indwells Gen. 41:38; Num. 27:18; Dan. 4:8; John 14:17; Rom. 8:9, 11; 1 Cor. 3:16; 1 Cor. 6:19; Gal. 4:6; 1 John 3:2415. The Spirit Inspires 2 Tim. 3:16; 2 Pet. 1:2116. The Spirit Intercedes Rom. 8:26–2717. The Spirit Regenerates John 3:3–6; Titus 3:518. The Spirit Reveals Luke 2:26; John 14:26; John 16:12–15; Acts 21:11; 1 Cor. 2:9–1319. The Spirit Sanctifies Rom. 15:16; 1 Cor. 6:11; 2 Thess. 2:13; 1 Pet. 1:220. The Spirit Seals 2 Cor. 1:22; 2 Cor. 5:5; Eph. 1:13–14; Eph. 4:3021. The Spirit Testifies John 15:26; Acts 5:30–32; Rom. 8:16; Heb. 10:15–17 a. The Holy Spirit in the OT v. The Spirit Is Active in the World at Large22. The Spirit as Giver of Life Job 33:4; Ps. 104:30; Ezek. 37:1423. The Spirit as Sustainer of Life Gen. 6:3; Job 32:8; Job 34:14–15
  • 29. The Spirits activity with Israel in the OLD TESTAMENT1. The Spirit’s Presence with Israel a. The Spirit Accomplished God’s Will in the World Isa. 32:15; Isa. 34:16; Zech. 4:6 b. The Spirit Aroused and Energized the Judges Judg. 3:10; Judg. 6:34; Judg. 11:29; Judg. 13:24–25 c. The Spirit Brought a Spirit of Repentance Ps. 51:1, 11; Isa. 63:10–11 d. The Spirit Brought Messages from God Num. 24:2–3; 2 Sam. 23:2; 2 Chron. 20:14–15; 2 Chron. 24:20; Ezek. 11:5; Zech. 7:12 e. The Spirit Brought the Abiding Presence of God Num. 27:18; 1 Sam. 10:6–7; 1 Sam. 16:13; Isa. 59:21; f. The Spirit Brought the Power of God Judg. 14:6; Judg. 14:19; Judg. 15:14–15; 1 Sam. 10:6, 10; 1 Sam. 11:6– 7; 1 Sam. 16:13; Mic. 3:8 g. The Spirit Gave Guidance 1 Kings 18:12; Ps. 143:10; Isa. 48:16; Isa. 63:14 h. The Spirit Imparted Knowledge Exod. 35:31; 1 Chron. 28:12; Isa. 11:2 i. The Spirit Imparted Wisdom and Skill Gen. 41:38–39; Exod. 31:3–5; Exod. 35:31; Deut. 34:9; Dan. 5:11–14 j. The Spirit Inspired People to Prophesy Num. 24:2–3; 2 Sam. 23:2; 1 Chron. 12:18; 2 Chron. 15:1–2; 2 Chron. 20:14–15; 2 Chron. 24:20 k. The Spirit Moved People to Action 1 Sam. 11:6–7; Ezek. 2:2; Ezek. 3:14 l. The Spirit Produced Ecstatic Experiences m. Num. 11:25–29; 1 Sam. 19:19–24; Ezek. 8:3; Ezek. 11:24; Joel 2:28–29 n. The Spirit Produced Miraculous Events 2 Kings 2:13–16; Ezek. 8:3; Ezek. 11:1; Ezek. 43:52. The Spirit’s Message to Israel a. A Message of Judgment 2 Chron. 24:20; Ezek. 11:5–12; Mic. 3:8 b. A Message of Deliverance and Blessing Num. 24:2–9; 2 Sam. 23:2–5; 1 Chron. 12:18; 2 Chron. 15:1–7; 2 Chron. 20:14–15, 17; Hag. 2:53. The Spirit’s Presence Withdrawn Num. 11:25, 29; Judg. 16:20; 1 Sam. 16:14; 1 Kings 22:24;The Spirit Is Present in OT Prophecy1. Prophecies Related to Israel Isa. 32:14–15; Isa. 44:3–5; Isa. 59:21; Ezek. 36:26–29; Ezek. 37:14; Ezek. 39:25– 292. Prophecies Related to the Messiah Isa. 11:1–2; Isa. 42:1–3; Isa. 61:1–33. Prophecies Related to Mankind Joel 2:28–29
  • 30. 1 The New King James Version. 1996, c1982. Nashville: Thomas Nelson.2 Rose Publishing, Inc. 1999. THE TRINITY PAMPHLET stock #410X to order in mass contact mailto:www.rose-publishing.com.3 Rahner Karl, Theological Dictionary.4 McCkonkie, Bruce R. Mormon Doctrine, Salt Lake City: Book Craft, Inc. ©1966. Pg. 3195 Westcott, B. F. 1996. 1881 Westcott-Hort Greek New Testament. Logos Research Systems, Inc.: Oak Harbor WA6 The Holy Bible : King James Version. 1995 (1 Jn 5:7-8). Logos Research Systems, Inc.: Oak Harbor, WA7 Thomas, R. L. 1998, 1981. New American Standard Hebrew-Aramaic and Greek dictionaries : Updated edition. Foundation Publications, Inc.: Anaheim8 Strong, J. 1996. Enhanced Strongs Lexicon. Woodside Bible Fellowship: Ontario9 Swanson, J. 1997. Dictionary of Biblical Languages with Semantic Domains : Greek (New Testament). Logos Research Systems, Inc.: Oak Harbor10 Elwell, W. A. (1996, c1991). Vol. 5]: Topical analysis of the Bible : With the New International Version. Includes indexes. Baker reference library. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Baker Book House