Overview of the Bible                                                                 http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/o...
Overview of the Bible                                                                   http://www.biblicalscholarship.net...
Overview of the Bible                                                               http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/ove...
Overview of the Bible                                                                    http://www.biblicalscholarship.ne...
Overview of the Bible                                                                 http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/o...
Overview of the Bible                                                              http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/over...
Overview of the Bible                                                                         http://www.biblicalscholarsh...
Overview of the Bible                                                                             http://www.biblicalschol...
Overview of the Bible                      http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm                 foreign languag...
Overview of the Bible                                                               http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/ove...
Overview of the Bible                                                               http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/ove...
Overview of the Bible                                                                 http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/o...
Overview of the Bible   http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm13 of 71                                           ...
Overview of the Bible                                                              http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/over...
Overview of the Bible                                                                http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/ov...
Overview of the Bible                                                                 http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/o...
Overview of the Bible                                                                http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/ov...
Overview of the Bible                                                               http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/ove...
Overview of the Bible                                                                 http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/o...
Overview of the Bible                                                              http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/over...
Overview of the Bible                                                                 http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/o...
Overview of the Bible                                                               http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/ove...
Overview of the Bible                                                               http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/ove...
Overview of the Bible                                                                 http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/o...
Overview of the Bible                                                              http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/over...
Overview of the Bible                                                                 http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/o...
Overview of the Bible                                                               http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/ove...
Overview of the Bible                                                                 http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/o...
Overview of the Bible                                                               http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/ove...
Overview of the Bible                                                                http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/ov...
Overview of the Bible                                                               http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/ove...
Overview of the Bible                                                                  http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/...
Overview Of The  Bible
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Overview Of The Bible

  1. 1. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm Overview of the Bible PREFACE In order to pursue a Biblical scholarship, one must know the Bible, specifically, the Authorized King James Version of the Bible. And in order to know and understand the Bible, one must be born again, for, ...the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned. I Corinthians 2:14 This is not to say that the Bible is not for the unbeliever. He can come to know the Lord through the reading and hearing of the scriptures-- Romans 10:17 So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God. But until a man knows God, a Biblical scholarship is not his. He cannot receive it. It is foolishness to him and he cannot know it because it is spiritually discerned. In the book of Acts, chapter 16, the Philippian jailer asked, "Sirs, what must I do to be saved?" The answer was, "Believe on the Lord Jesus Christ and thou shalt be saved." In order to be saved, we must repent of our sins and believe on the Lord Jesus Christ. We must believe that Jesus died for our sins, was buried, and rose again on the third day (I Cor 15:1-6). It is not enough to just believe. James 2:19 says that even the devils believe and tremble. We must obey the teachings of Christ. This self-evident doctrine is under attack in the false church today. Jesus Christ is become the author of eternal salvation unto all them that obey him (ref. Heb 5:9). Jesus came to save us from sin, not in sin (Matt 1:21). The Lord Jesus said, "If ye continue IN MY WORD, then are ye my disciples indeed." (John 8:31) It is only then (when one follows the scriptures) that one can call himself a Christian, a disciple of the Lord Jesus Christ. "Disciple" means "follower." It is good to confess the name of God and Jesus, but that is not enough. Psalms teaches1 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  2. 2. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm that GOD HATH MAGNIFIED HIS WORD ABOVE ALL HIS NAME (Ps 138:2). It is not enough to say, "God" and "Jesus." We must deal with Gods word faithfully. We must believe AND FOLLOW the scriptures. This seems self-evident but in these days of deception, many church people think that they can live like the world and simply say that they love Jesus. They derisively call obedience, "Lordship salvation." The Bible teaches that a disciple must hate the world, but many so-called Christians love the world. They watch tv, get divorced and remarried (thereby committing adultery), and live like the world (the only difference is that they go to "church"). Many professed Christians are greatly deceived--they believe that the Roman Catholic "church" is a Christian church, that all Bible versions say the same thing, etc. Maybe a lot of people who look at this page are in this category--worldly and deceived. This website is for true disciples. If you are not right, may you get right and get in line with the doctrine of the Lord as found in the Authorized scriptures. The website at this link may help you in your journey. At this link, you can download the Authorized (King James) Version of the Bible This overview is based on the doctrine found in the Authorized Version, not the corruptions, e.g., the NASV, NIV, NKJV, RV, et al. Please note that this overview is a work in progress and is edited and updated at different seasons. MANY CHRISTIANS DO NOT KNOW THE BIBLE, ESPECIALLY THE OLD TESTAMENT In todays false church, there is not only false teaching, but also an ignoring of the flow and substance of the Old Testament. The Old Testament is only looked upon as a place of sermon illustrations and "Bible stories". There is practically no sound teaching available showing the flow and substance of the Old Testament. Unfortunately, one cannot depend on preachers, seminaries, books, and study Bibles for this information. These are the days of apostasy. The falling away of II Thessalonians 2:3 has occurred. For more than 200 years, men of corrupt minds have been wresting with the scriptures to their own destruction under the names of "Biblical Criticism," "Biblical Scholarship," "Higher Criticism," "Bible translation," etc. They continually cast doubt on the holy scriptures whenever they can. They devote themselves to this practice. The devil has used them mightily to destroy souls across the face of the earth. These are the scorners who write the Bible commentaries, Bible dictionaries, study Bibles, Biblical archaeology magazines, etc. in the name of Biblical Scholarship. Anyone who has learned from them is infected--2 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  3. 3. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm whether they know it or not. That includes the hireling preachers that make ignorant proclamations about "the original Greek"--they look up a word in a corrupted Greek lexicon and then present themselves as experts in Greek. Worse yet, they actually think that we do not have the Bible in the English language, they say that it is only found in "the originals" which NOBODY has. When they make their proclamations about the "original Greek" (which nobody has), they make their audiences think that the word of God is not found in the English language. This is an outright lie. We do have the word of God in the Authorized Version of 1611. The name says it all, AUTHORIZED. For more information on the modern counterfeit Bibles, click here. [Note: Heathen publishers have been tampering with the Authorized King James Bible, incorporating alterations to the text and adding all kinds of abominations (e.g., "study aids," commentaries, illustrations, cartoon pictures, geneaological record sheets, etc.) . Download and bind your own Authorized King James Bible (Pure Cambridge Edition) (has two columns like a traditional Bible. Free.)] The apostasy of these last days reaches into the most conservative of groups. For our sanctified homeschool, I consulted a conservative Mennonite workbook that showed that Israel did not cross the Red Sea when God brought them out of Egypt! This blasphemy is found in their "God Chooses a Family" Book 5, page 125, Code 97-3-02, Catalogue 17521, Copyright 1997. This Mennonite group (Rod & Staff) also sold me the Bakers Bible Atlas, a book that I had to throw away. These blasphemers, called "Biblical Scholars," are the men who teach in the seminaries and write the college textbooks. These false teachers teach the "religious studies" classes in classrooms worldwide to multitudes of impressionable young people--tomorrows rulers who will grow up to become two fold more the children of hell than themselves. Fellow Christians and honest seekers, ignore these blasphemers, for they will pervert your mind with their hateful "scholarship." Years ago, I somehow received a free copy of a "Biblical" Archaeology magazine. It had to be discarded. With hatred it attacked the scriptures and seemed to grudingly report about new archaeological finds confirming the scripture record. The result of all these sustained Satanic attacks has been a general disbelief of the scriptures. We would all do well to take heed to II Timothy 2:15-- Study to shew THYSELF approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. In these days of apostasy, it is basically every man for himself. Today is the day to get into the word for yourself. My Testimony Even after going to church services for years, I knew that my Old Testament knowledge was severely lacking. So in the fulness of time I took a tape and workbook correspondence course entitled, "Surveying the Old Testament." It steered me in the right direction. The courses introductory letter said that by learning the Old Testament, one could move up from being a lieutenant in the Lords army to being a captain. This was not an overstatement. The course was put out by a group that, I believe, teaches a separation between Israel and the church which is an error (I didnt know that they taught this at the time I ordered it); but this study3 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  4. 4. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm did help me immensely. It was true to its name. Having an overview of how the Old Testament flows, I found myself systematically--through personal study and our sanctified homeschool--going through the Old Testament. As a result of these studies I have found that the entire Bible is available to me. Should not the childrens bread be available to them? or is it only for hereticks, false teachers, and blasphemers to wrest with to their own destruction? I no longer have to overlook the Old Testament because I do not understand it. At various seasons in my life, I think about what book I should read for that season. Now that I have an understanding of the Old Testament, the whole Bible is available to me to choose from. I can now find a place to read without having to overlook the Old Testament because I do not understand it. There is meat in the Old Testament. There is prophecy. There are precepts. There are explanations. There are directions for how to live. There is healing medicine. Not knowing the Old Testament can keep a Christian weak in the word and in understanding. Amazing and wonderful revelations await those disciples that embark on an exploration of the Old Testament. With this new understanding, one comes to realize that he has been previously reading the New Testament scriptures with very little understanding. The book of Hebrews will take on whole new significance. Ones life and outlook will be changed. The greatness, power, mercy, lovingkindness, tenderheartedness, and superintending hand of God will come into greater view. Strange and peculiar revelations will arise. A new, ever-fresh world will emerge. This is my testimony. [A word of warning is in order here. There are groups that have arisen that teach that Christians must keep the laws of the Old Testament and must learn and observe all the Jewish feasts. The Hebrew Roots movement is an example of this. This type of teaching is proven to be an heresy when one reads the book of Galatians. We are become dead to the law by the body of Christ that we should be married to him (ref. Rom 7:1-13).] What you are about to read is an overview of each book of the Bible and how they all flow together. It is only an overview of the Bible. It is meant to serve as a catalyst to further the understanding when it meets with the faith of the one who reads it with a ready heart. THE BIBLE CONSISTS OF TWO TESTAMENTS The Bible consists of sixty-six books and is divided into two sections-- 1. The Old Testament 2. The New Testament What is a "testament"? testament, n., A solemn authentic instrument in writing, by which a person declares his will as to the disposal of his estate and effects after his death. This is otherwise called a will. (Websters 1828 Dictionary)4 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  5. 5. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm You may have heard of a person writing his last will and testament. A will, or testament, is not in force until somebody dies (Heb. 9:17). A testament requires death. Both the Old Testament and the New Testament required blood. These are blood covenants. Old Testament: In the Old Testament, God required man to shed the blood of cattle (lambs, sheep, kids, goats, bullocks, heifers, firstlings) and fowl (turtledoves, young pigeons) in order to atone for sins. Blood was required because God will not let mans sins go unpunished. Sin must be paid for with blood. Prescribed blood is the only way that a person can receive forgiveness. No blood, no forgiveness. Moses sprinkled blood on both the book and the people after he read the book of the covenant to them (Hebrews 9:18-22; Exodus 24:6-8). Hebrews 9:22 And almost all things are by the law purged with blood; and without shedding of blood is no remission. New Testament: In the New Testament, God required the sacrifice of his Son (the Lamb of God). The blood of Jesus was shed in order to save us from our sins (ref. Matt 1:21) and to purge our conscience from dead works to serve the living God (ref. Heb. 9:14). The people under the law were sprinkled with the blood of beasts, we are sprinkled with the blood of Jesus (Heb 12:22-24; I Pet 1:9). The blood of Jesus is the blood of the everlasting covenant (Heb 13:20), that speaketh better things than that of Abel (Heb 12:24) and that purges the conscience, unlike the blood of beasts that only sanctified to the purifying of the flesh (Heb 9:13). And unlike those beasts under Moses, the sacrifice of Jesus was a one time sacrifice of everlasting value and worth. The sacrifice of beasts could never take away sins and had to be repeated over and over again, morning and evening, year in and year out, with all kinds of extra sacrifices for the transgressions of the people. THE EVENTS OF THE BIBLE OCCURRED IN SPACE AND TIME The events of the Bible occurred in a specific, identifiable region of the earth. The events of the Bible occurred at specific, known times. The events of the Bible deal with real people and substances. The events of the Bible can be traced. It is an historical record like no other in existence. Space. Having a basic knowledge of the geography of the region is essential to good understanding of the scriptures. Locating Israel is a good start. Find Egypt in the upper northeast corner of Africa. Find the triangle next to it (the Sinai peninsula) and then find Israel next to that. Draw your own homemade map to get a feel for how things are situated. Heres a homemade map. Look at the landmarks in Israel--the sea of Galilee to the north which flows into the winding Jordan River which flows into the salt sea (Dead Sea) in the south.5 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  6. 6. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm Look at that picture again. Do you see the region where Eden was located? Do you see Babel where God confounded the languages? Do you see the mighty Euphrates? Do you see where mount Ararat is? How about Gihon and mount Sinai? How about the region of the seven churches of the Revelation? How about Armaggedon and mount Carmel where Elijah faced the prophets of Baal? They are all there in that simple map. There are only a few keys to know to get your grounding in the geography of the region. Youve received one already. Here is another: do you see that Y to the east of Israel past the winding Jordan? The westward river of that Y is Euphrates. The eastward river is Hiddekel (called "Tigris" today). In between them is Mesopotamia. It is in and around this region that: the languages were confounded in Babel, Abraham received his call to leave his home in Ur of the Chaldees, God brought Israel through the Red Sea on dry land, The Hebrew kings reigned, the Assyrians of the north set forth to conquer a disobedient Israel, the Babylonians of the south, led by powerful king Nebuchadnezzar, conquered a disobedient Judah Nebuchadnezzar lived in Shusan the palace. Shushan...the palace where Daniel and Nehemiah served (Dan 8:2, Neh 1:1), where Queen Esther lived with King Ahaseurus6 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  7. 7. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm (Est 2:8), where Alexander the Great died. Maybe you already know all this, but if not, will you learn it now? Will you grab a pencil and sketch/trace a map of Egypt, triangle, Israel? Will you then add in the tiny sea of Galilee, the winding Jordan, and the salt sea? Maybe youll go further and produce the whole map, labeling Euphrates, the Tigris and Mesopotamia. This kind of information can be learned in kindergarten (thats what we did)--within days (spread it out, lay your foundation)--and it will stick through the years as you teach your child from the scriptures. Grab your globe and a few homemade worksheets and go to work. At some point, well look to share our own. Time. Why are there so many genealogies in the scriptures? Can we look back at these things to determine how long the earth has existed and approximately how many generations there have been? Might we find--by internal evidences alone--that the earth is about 6,000 years old and that there have only been perhaps 200 generations? What else might we find? The following abbreviated timeline shows the approximate times of major Old Testament events. All 39 books of the Old Testament are found in the general era in which they occurred. Within the scriptures you will find contemporaries like Haggai and Zechariah under whose prophesying the people prospered when rebuilding the temple (Ezra 6:14). I believe that this is a sound timeline based upon my researches and continued use of these dates through the years. Knowing that King David lived around 1000 BC has provided a useful reference point for me more than once. The scriptures give a lot of information to help us to understand approximately when these various events occurred, e.g., genealogies (e.g., Gen 5:3-32) and statements of the numbers of years between events (e.g. Gal 3:17). This is to say that there are internal Biblical evidences for this information. 4000 BC 2000 BC 1500 BC 1000 BC 736 BC 606 BC 5 THE ABRAHAM, MOSES, THE THE HEBREW ISRAEL--THE JUDAH--THE MOV NORTHERN SOUTHERN CYRU BEGINNING ISAAC, & LAW, & KINGS KINGDOM-- KINGDOM-- PER Israel starts out as one JACOB ENTRANCE kingdom, but because of CARRIED CARRIED AWAY BY IS INTO THE Solomons sin, it is soon split up into two kingdoms under AWAY BY THE THE BABYLONIANS REB Genesis Genesis PROMISED his son, king Rehoboam. The ASSYRIANS BECAUSE OF T two kingdoms were (1) Israel BECAUSE OF DISOBEDIENCE. (Ez Job LAND to the north and (2) Judah to DISOBEDIENCE the south (see the overview for I & II Kings). (II Kings Lamentations Exodus 17:6-23) Ezekiel Leviticus I, II Samuel Daniel Numbers I, II Kings Deuteronomy I, II Joshua Chronicles Judges Psalms Ruth Proverbs Ecclesiastes Song of Solomon Isaiah Jeremiah7 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  8. 8. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm Hosea Joel Amos Obadiah Jonah Micah Nahum Habakkuk Zephaniah click here for a timeline from Creation to the Revelation of Jesus Christ... Matter. The Bible tells us about all kinds of substances in heaven and earth. The people of the Bible were real people like us. In fact they are our relatives--we all have a common father, Adam. Many people do genealogical research on their families. In the scriptures, God recorded the first ten fathers of every single man on earth. This is ancient knowledge. Can we name them by heart? Can we teach these fathers rhythmically to our children and ourselves? Adam Seth Enos Cainan Ma-ha-la-leel and Jared E-noch was not Me-thusaleh La-mech and Noah. The black man, the white man, the comparison_clay Indian, the Asian, and the aboriginie all came from Adam, the first man. The Bible even tells us what we are made of, the dust of the ground, clay. Do we ever stop to really think about this amazing information? The Bible is the word of God and clearly reveals itself to be so by telling us things that Do we ever stop to we could not possibly otherwise know. By way of example, the Bible teaches us that think about what man was made from the dust of the ground/clay (Gen 2:7; Job 4:19, 33:6; Isa 64:8). happened at Babel? This amazing graphic came from two different sources (1) a pottery book (these are natural colored clays. Only the black clay had a pigment added--which is what we see Do we know where it in people) and (2) a childrens magazine article teaching about "evolution." is? When studying a8 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  9. 9. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm foreign language, do we ever stop to consider why we have to study to communicate with our very own brethren? Our teachers sure are not going to bring this information to light. The Bible does not only tell us about men. Throughout the scriptures, in richest narrative, we read about plants, fish, fowls, beasts, deserts, metals, stones, buildings, angels, devils, lepers, lunaticks, clothing, waterways, seas, air, engines, jail, pits, suburbs, cities, and more. We read about bodies celestial and bodies terrestrial. When we read about the conies that make their houses in the rocks (Ps 104:18; Pro 30:26), do we know what they look like? Would not a Biblical Scholar pay special attention to the exact substances in the scriptures as he comes across them in life? Might one have a better understanding of the world around him and a better understanding of the scriptures if he did9 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  10. 10. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm this? If one has read the scriptures without these basic, natural understandings of things, how good is his understanding of what he readeth? What is his reading based on? Is not his reading out of focus? How is he reading if he does not understand? Where was Eden? Did you ever ask yourself that question and then try to answer it based on the internal evidences of the scriptures? The river that went out of Eden to water the garden that was eastward in Eden came to four heads (Gen 2:8, 10-14): Pison Gihon Hiddekel Euphrates Euphrates is still called by the same name. It is in the region of modern day Iraq. Does that not put Eden somewhere in or near the middle east? Could Hiddekel that goeth toward the east of Assyria (modern day Iraq) be what we call the Tigris? Might Gihon that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia be what we call the Nile? Might Ezekiel 31:16 hold a clue? Ashfall Fossil Beds is located in the state of Nebraska. There have been rhinoceros, camel, and horse skeletons found there. How did they get half way around the world if Noah and the animals landed on mount Ararat in modern day Turkey? Might the days of Peleg (Gen 10:25) and Babel (Gen 11:9) shed light on this mystery? At one time was the earth one solid land mass? According to the scriptures, the earth was divided in the days of Peleg. Was it during the days of Peleg that the earth was divided into the continents and islands that we see today? Would that not give light on how you could find a rhinoceros in Nebraska? Wherever an animal was during the division, that is where he stayed. Can we take the scriptures, and get further revelations about other phenomena that we see around us? Why are there Indians in the mountains of South America who call themselves the elder brothers of mankind and everybody else younger brothers? And why do the Inuit eskimos call themselves, "the real people"? What about some Cherokee Indians who called themselves, "Ani-Yun-wiyd," which means, "real people"? May it be that after the confounding of the languages at Babel those that understood each other determined that the others that did not understand them were inferior in rank? Or could it be possible that they identified themselves as sons of Japheth the elder son of Noah (ref. Gen 10:21) and others as born of the younger brothers? And why are versions of the Genesis flood account found in practically every region on earth10 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  11. 11. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm where men dwell? These flood stories have been told for generations in North America, South America, Africa, Asia, Australia, and Europe by their native peoples. Chinese people told it. So did Scandinavians, Native Americans, Greeks, Aboriginies, Indians, Masai, Tanzanians, Welsh, Hawaiians, Polynesians, Russians, Iranians, Vietnamese, and many others. Old world missionaries were amazed to find remote, previously unreached tribes already possessing flood stories so similar to the Biblical account. Although the tribal versions are imperfect, elements of them often parallel the Biblical account, e.g., warning of a coming flood, construction of a boat in advance, storage of animals, the inclusion of family, and the release of birds to determine if the water level had subsided. The overwhelming consistency among flood accounts found in distant parts of the world indicates that they were indeed passed down through the generations. Given the nature of oral transmission, it is no surprise that details of the accounts would be changed... As you can see in the above maps, all of the events of the Bible occurred in one small region of the world. The Bible records extensive geographical information about this region. It gives cardinal directions, landmarks, topographical features, flora, fauna, and other detailed information so that these places can be found and noted. It gives the who, what, why, when, and where of various events. There is no other record like it on the face of the earth. Even wicked men have used it in order to figure out what happened in the past--and where it happened. Make no mistake, the stones of archaeological ruins do not tell the story. Honest historians, albeit grudgingly at times, must acknowledge that they (or their sources) have had to consult the scripture history. Men have actually taken the Bible in hand in order to go back in time. They have discovered cities that no one would have ever known existed without the scripture record. THE BIBLE IS A PECULIAR BOOK The Bible is not like other books where you get an overview and then you do not need to read it again. It is peculiar and its workings in the life of a child of God are peculiar. It effects changes, all of which tend to holiness. This page is an overview of the Bible, however, it must be noted that the Bible actually provides overviews of itself in places like Acts 7, Psalm 105, Psalm 106, Psalm 78, Psalm 136, Hebrews 11, Deuteronomy 9, Nehemiah 9, and Ezekiel 20. What you are about to read is only information to introduce you to some of the contents of the Bible. This is vanilla, smooth, easy-to-understand information. This is only the beginning of your journey in the word. It is meant to help orient you to the holy scriptures. As you keep reading, studying, and living the word, you will find MUCH BIGGER meanings to the accounts and doctrines that you read about in the Bible. This page is ONLY to get you started. The following is not the Bible, just some of my comments about what is in the Bible. As you read the Bible for yourself, be like the Bereans and see if these things be so (ref. Acts 17:10-11). OVERVIEW OF THE BOOKS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT11 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  12. 12. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm Genesis Genesis is a book of beginnings. It tells about the beginning of time, the wonderful creation of the heaven and the earth and all that in them is. It is here that we learn about the first two people who ever lived, Adam and Eve, our parents. Adam and Eve lived in a perfect world that God set before them. They could freely eat with the exception of one single tree. We learn in chapter three how the serpent (also called the devil and Satan) tempted Eve to disobey God. She listened to him and ate. She also gave to her husband who did also eat. They were driven from their home, Eden, with judgments, as a result of that rebellion against Gods word lest they eat of the tree of life and live forever in their iniquitous state. In Genesis, we see some of the disastrous results of their revolt. They had a son, Cain, who grew up to murder his brother Abel. As time went on, iniquity abounded all over the earth and God, who so lovingly crafted a beautiful earth for us, was grieved at his heart. Genesis 6:5 And GOD saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. Genesis 6:6 And it repented the LORD that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him at his heart. We still feel, see, and experience the aftermath of our first parents rebellion. We are born ready to sin in due time and must all die today because of our transgressions. But all is not lost, in the fullness of time, God sent us a Saviour to save us from our sins so that we might be reconciled to him. His name is Jesus. In Genesis, we learn about the patriarchs--the fathers of every person who walks the earth today. We learn about the worldwide flood in Noahs day, the first occupations (see Cains three sons), the tri-fold division of nations*, the division of the land mass into continents in Pelegs day, the division of one language into the many languages we have today. *all nations on the earth today come from one of Noahs three sons--Shem, Ham, or Japheth. I do not know if there is an ethnologist alive that does not know this fact. This is common knowledge amongst them. This information comes exclusively out of our Bible so I do not know why it is hidden from most Christians. Here is a basic map showing how these three families were divided after the flood. As time went on they migrated to various regions. Examine several maps and compare them to what you find in the scripture record.12 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  13. 13. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm13 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  14. 14. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm sons Genesis also accounts the beginning of the nation of Israel. It all began with a man named Abram. One day, God told Abram to leave his country, Ur of the Chaldees in Mesopotamia (in the region of modern day Iraq) to go to a place that God would show him. Abram obeyed. Abram, whose name was changed to Abraham, was a man who loved the Lord and obeyed him. Therefore, God made him two great promises in Genesis 12-- 1. that Abraham would have a son and many descendants even though his wife Sarai (later Sarah) was barren; and, 2. he would possess all the land of Canaan. Abraham believed Gods promises, and that belief was accounted to him for righteousness (Gen 15:6; Jam 2:23). Just as God promised, God gave Abraham and Sarah a son. They named him Isaac. Isaac had a son named Jacob but his name was changed to Israel after he wrestled with a man (an angel) all night (ref. Gen 32:24-30). Israel had 12 sons, each of whom was the head of a tribe of people. These are called are called the 12 tribes of Israel. This is important to know because you will read about the 12 tribes of Israel from Genesis to Revelation. Abrahamic Descent of the 12 Tribes of Israel14 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  15. 15. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm As we near the end of Genesis, we read about Joseph, who was one of the 12 sons of Israel. Joseph was a just man and his father loved him more than his brothers. His brothers hated him for this and sold him into slavery. He ended up in Egypt. After going through sore trials, God used Joseph to tell Pharaoh (King of Egypt) that there was going to be a severe famine in the land. As a result, Pharaoh made Joseph second in charge of his kingdom to prepare for the forthcoming famine. At the close of Genesis, we find the other 11 tribes of Israel going to Egypt to live with Joseph because of the famine in the land. This is how the Israelites got into Egypt. See Ps 105:16-23 for an overview of Joseph and Israel going into Egypt. Exodus After Joseph died, a new Pharaoh arose that did not know Joseph. He looked around and saw the Israelites (descendants of Jacob/Israel) prospering. Pharaoh decided to enslave them. The Israelites then became slaves for 400 years. During that time, they increased more and more and became a nation, a multitude of people just like God promised Abraham in Genesis 12. The Israelites cried out to God because of the affliction that they suffered as slaves--and God heard them. He raised up a man named Moses to deliver the people out of Egypt. God performed many wonders in Egypt by the hand of Moses. When Pharaoah would not let the people go, God sent a total of ten plagues on the Egyptians. The last plague, the 10th plague, was the slaying of all the firstborn of Egypt. In order to escape this plague, Israel was told to15 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  16. 16. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm slay a lamb without blemish and put its blood on the side posts and upper door post of their houses and to eat the lamb roast with fire with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. And when the Lord passed through the land of Egypt that night, he smote all of the firstborn, but he passed over those houses where he saw the blood of the lamb. They were safe. But the firstborn of all the Egyptians died whether man or beast--including Pharaohs son. After the 10th plague, Pharaoh said that red_sea the people could go, and the people departed. But then he changed his mind and his army began to chase after the Israelites. The Israelites found themselves on the border of the Red Sea. It looked as if they were trapped. Then Moses said unto the people, 14:13 ...Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which he will shew to you to day: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again no more for ever. 14:14 The LORD shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace. 14:15 And the LORD said unto Moses, Wherefore criest thou unto me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward: 14:16 But lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea. 14:17 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them: and I will get me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen. 14:18 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gotten me honour upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen. 14:19 And the angel of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them: 14:20 And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night. 14:21 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. 14:22 And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. 14:23 And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea,16 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  17. 17. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm even all Pharaohs horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. 14:24 And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the LORD looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians, 14:25 And took off their chariot wheels, that they drave them heavily: so that the Egyptians said, Let us flee from the face of Israel; for the LORD fighteth for them against the Egyptians. 14:26 And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch out thine hand over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen. 14:27 And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. 14:28 And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them. God magnified the scope of his power when he overthrew Egypt for his people. This great event is recounted over and over again in the scriptures. The Israelite slavery was long and hard, but in the fullness of time, after they had become a nation, after their incubation in Egypt, their enemies were destroyed having served their purpose. In Romans 9:17, the Bible teaches that Pharaoh was raised up to shew Gods power. May we never forget what God wrought in Egypt and may we truly consider what was happening during each of the plagues. After the Israelites were delivered from Egypt, they spent time in the desert, the wilderness of Sinai. Moses went up to Mount Sinai to receive Gods law for his people. Mount Sinai is located in Arabia (Gal 4:25).17 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  18. 18. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm This recently enslaved people needed laws to govern their nation just as any other nation needs laws, rules, and regulations. In Exodus 20, God gives Moses the ten commandments while he is on mount Sinai. Every man should know the ten commandments by heart-- 1. Thou shalt have no other gods before me. 2. Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image. 3. Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain. 4. Remember the sabbath day to keep it holy. 5. Honour thy father and thy mother. 6. Thou shalt not kill. 7. Thou shalt not commit adultery. 8. Thou shalt not steal. 9. Thou shalt not bear false witness. 10. Thou shalt not covet. While Moses was on mount Sinai receiving the ten commandments, the people called on Aaron (Moses brother) to make them a golden calf to worship. This Israelite rebellion would be repeated over and over in the scriptures. The ten commandments are sometimes called the moral law. In Exodus, God shewed Moses a pattern for building a portable tabernacle. He also gave them a priesthood and told them how to make sacrifices. God gave them additional laws and statutes for criminal law (e.g., what to do if someone steals), civil law (e.g., someone borrows an animal and it dies, recompensing someone you hurt accidentally) as well as other statutes and ordinances for things like18 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  19. 19. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm sanitation, disease, and diet. Leviticus After Israel escaped Egypt, God set up a priesthood while they were still in the wilderness with Moses. He selected the sons of Aaron (who was Moses brother and from the tribe of Levi) to perform the office of the priesthood. Other Levites performed various functions in the tabernacle. That is why this book is called LEVIticus. The New Testament teaches that we are a royal priesthood. It would therefore do us well to study the law of the priest found in Leviticus. Deuteronomy 10:8 gives three reasons why God separated out the Levitical priesthood-- Deuteronomy 10:8 At that time the LORD separated the tribe of Levi, to bear the ark of the covenant of the LORD, to stand before the LORD to minister unto him, and to bless in his name, unto this day. The book of Leviticus also covers sundry ordinances and prescribes how to identify the plague of leprosy. Those infected had to dwell outside the camp, quarantined--something that we STILL need to practice, especially with plagues like AIDS--places for people with debilitating infectious diseases until they are cured. In the scriptures, God tells us why he gave Israel all these ceremonial laws, procedures and rituals. One of those reasons was-- Leviticus 11:47, To make a difference between the unclean and the clean... The priesthood has a responsibility to teach people right and wrong-- Ezekiel 44:23, And they shall teach my people the difference between the holy and profane, and cause them to discern between the unclean and the clean. Gods priests are called to teach the difference between holy and profane. We are to cause people to discern between what is unclean and what is clean. By Gods grace and anointing, we are to open peoples perception. In the Old Testament, God uses natural things in order to teach us great spiritual realities. I look for the natural first and then the spiritual (I Cor 15:46). [Aside: Perhaps this goes without saying, but with the rise of heresies such as the "Hebrew Roots of Christianity," I will say it: Christians do not perform the carnal rituals and ceremonies found in the law of Moses--the washings, slaying animals, avoiding certain animals, etc. We are under the New Testament of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, not the Old Testament of Moses which Hebrews teaches is vastly inferior to the New Testament and inadequate for salvation. Anyone who tries to keep the Old Testament law is fallen from grace (Gal 5:4).]19 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  20. 20. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm Numbers God told Moses to take several numberings, or censuses, of the children of Israel while they were out in the wilderness--men able to go forth to war, Levites, etc. It is in the book of numbers where we read about that fateful event when the 12 spies (one from each tribe of Israel) were sent out to search the land of Canaan, the land that God had promised Abraham. After looking it over, all the spies agreed that it was a good land, flowing with milk and honey--but only two of the spies believed that God would allow them to overcome their formidable enemies. Their names were Joshua and Caleb. The other spies brought forth an evil report saying that the land was good, but that their enemies were great. The people listened to the unbelieving spies. Therefore God said that Israel would wander and die in the wilderness for their unbelief. They wandered for 40 years until all that generation died out and a new generation (their children) had come into adulthood. Then another numbering was taken. Out of that generation, only Joshua and Caleb survived and were able to go into the promised land. In this book, we find more laws that God gave to govern Israel. We also find narrative of what happened when Israel was wandering in the wilderness from place to place. We read of Korah and others who wanted to take over Moses position. We also read about Moses disobedience at the waters of Meribah--that one act prevented him from going into the promised land. We read about Balaam and his ass that spake with mans voice. We read how the Israelites became idol worshippers and how God destroyed 24,000 of them with a plague. Deuteronomy Here we find Moses final instructions to Israel before they go into the promised land. Deuteronomy is a book of blessing for the obedient and a book of cursing for the disobedient. It is also a reminder of the ten commandments and other laws. In Deuteronomy, Moses blesses and lays hands on Joshua, his successor. Moses gets to see the promised land (but not enter) and dies at 120 years old. His eyes were not dim and his natural force was not abated. Deuteronomy ends the books of Moses (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy). Joshua Joshua was a mighty man of valour, a warrior, who successfully led Israels army across Jordan and into the promised land of Canaan. This book chronicles the conquests of the children of Israel and the dividing of the land once it was conquered. God fulfilled every promise that he made to Abraham (Joshua 21:43-45). He cast out seven nations greater and stronger than Israel and gave them houses that they did not build and vineyards that they did not plant. Here is a map showing the territory of the kingdom of Israel.20 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  21. 21. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm israel_territory The following is a map of how the land was divided among the twelve tribes of Israel. Notice the sea of Galilee in the north, the river of Jordan, and the salt sea. Levi had no inheritance in the land (ref. Nu 18:20-26), the LORD was his inheritance.21 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  22. 22. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm land_divided Judges After the death of Joshua, God raised up various judges to judge Israel. As one reads Judges, a cycle emerges-- Israel would listen to the Lord while the judge was alive when he died, they would go back to idol worship God would deliver his disobedient people over to their enemies to be afflicted The people would cry out for deliverance from their affliction God would give them another judge to deliver them from oppression.22 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  23. 23. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm This would happen over and over again. In Judges we read about the exploits of the strong man Samson, and other judges including Deborah, the only female judge, who dwelt under a palm tree with her husband, Lapidoth. If we take a step back and look at Gods chosen government for his people--judges--we find that the legal system of ancient Israel was based on every man understanding Gods law and simply keeping it as he dwelt under his own vine and under his own fig tree. Gods people were to be a self-governing people free from overbearing kings and rulers. If a matter arose that was too hard for them in judgment, then they would go unto the priests, the Levites, and to the judge to enquire and receive the sentence of judgment (see Deu 17:8-13). I, II Samuel Samuel was a judge. It was in his days that Israel decided that it wanted a king like the nations instead of judges. They did not want God ruling over them. God gave them what they asked for, but there would be a price to pay. Samuel details many exciting historical accounts. It is here that we meet King Saul, the first Hebrew king. We also meet David, a man after Gods own heart, who slew the giant Goliath. We read here how David develops a deep friendship with Sauls son, Jonathan, and how David lives on the run because he is hunted by King Saul. We also read about how David became king after Saul died and how David committed adultery with Uriahs wife,Bathsheba, and then had that noble man killed. As a result, the sword (troubles) never left the house of David after that. I, II Kings First and Second Kings continues the history of the Israelites. At the beginning of I Kings, David is old. It presents two contenders for the throne (both of whom are Davids sons)--Solomon (Davids choice) and Adonijah (who exalted himself to be king). Solomon became king. Solomon asked God for wisdom to rule Gods people. In response to this request, God gave Solomon much wisdom as well as riches. Solomon built a permanent temple for the Lord with those materials that his father David had laid up for that purpose. Now that Israel was settled in the land, they had a permanent, fixed structure at which to worship. During the times of Solomon all of Israel was still under one king. They were a united kingdom. This did not last too long, however. A problem arose. Solomon loved many strange women who turned his heart away from the Lord. Solomon even built a mount of corruption to other gods. God said that as a result of this, he would tear away much of the kingdom from Solomons son, Rehoboam, who became the next king of Israel. God took Solomons servant, Jeroboam, and raised him up to eventually be a king over Israel. In the end, Jeroboam had ten tribes and Rehoboam, Solomons son, only had one tribe. Jeroboam introduced idolatry into his kingdom, Israel, from which they never recovered. Israel was now a divided kingdom and would remain divided_kingdom that way throughout the times of the kings. Israel was divided into two kingdoms--one was in the north with Jeroboam. It became known as Israel. The23 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  24. 24. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm capital of Israel was Samaria. The other kingdom divided_kingdom was in the south with Rehoboam. It became known as Judah (David was of the tribe of Judah). The capital of Judah was Jerusalem. These kingdoms were so separate that they would even make war against each other at times. As in the times of Moses, the Israelites were rebellious and disobedient to the commands of the Lord. Moses told them, "Ye have been rebellious against the LORD from the day that I knew you" (Deu 9:24). During the reign of the kings, God sent them various prophets to show them their errors and to urge Israel to repent. Prophets like Isaiah, Jeremiah, Hosea, etc. When reading about the times of the kings, it is striking to see that the kings of Israel all seem wicked, some less so than others. I cannot recall reading about even one good king in Israel. In Judah, on the other hand, we do read about some good kings and their exploits--like good king Josiah and good king Hezekiah who believed in the Lord and wrought righteousness. In the end, however, both Israel and Judah fall to their enemies because the Hebrews refused to repent of their disobedience to Gods commands. Israel was destroyed by the Assyrians around 700 BC and Judah was taken captive by Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, around 600 BC Nebuchadnezzar took the vessels out of the temple and destroyed the temple. The people were taken captive to Babylon. This is called the Babylonian captivity. According to the word of the Lord through the prophet Jeremiah, the Babylonian captivity lasted 70 years. Once the kingdoms of Israel and Judah were carried away, they never arose again under the Hebrew kings. The next and final and everlasting king of Israel would be her Messiah, the Lord Jesus Christ, the Son of David, the Lion of the tribe of Judah. I, II Chronicles A chronicle is the setting forth of facts in order. I and II Chronicles, like I and II Kings, chronicles the Hebrew kings and their acts. The northern kingdom, Israel, had a series of kings (beginning with Jeroboam) and the southern kingdom, Judah, had a series of kings (beginning with Rehoboam, Solomons son). The kings of Israel came from different families and different men would fight to gain the throne. The kings of Judah came from the lineage of David. There seemed to be more stability with the kings of Judah, the tribe from which our Lord Jesus Christ would come to reign as king of Israel. The first chapters of I Chronicles include important genealogical information on the tribes of Israel. Our Lord would come through the lineage of Judah and David and so the names of the fathers are thus set in order to establish this fact. In the New Testament, in Matthew 1 and Luke 3, we also see genealogical information establishing that our Lord is of the lineage of David. The Old Testament prophesies of the son of David that would sit upon the throne of David. The Bible, at various points, traces how our Lord lineally descended from David.24 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  25. 25. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm It is said that Chronicles focuses more on the exploits of the kings of Judah while Kings focuses more on the kings of Israel. They both record the various kings and their acts. One can get different aspects of the same king in by reading both Kings and Chronicles. Both the kingdom of Israel and the kingdom of Judah did wickedly and ran after heathen gods. As a result, they both eventually fell to their enemies. Israel, the northern tribe, was carried away by Assyria (II Kings 18:11), and about one hundred years later Judah was taken captive by Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon, who destroyed the temple in Jerusalem. This is often referred to as the "Babylonian captivity" which lasted for 70 years as prophesied by the prophet Jeremiah. As we will read a little further on, Ezekiel and Daniel were both prophets during this time of the Babylonian captivity. Ezra At the end of the Babylonian captivity, God raised up workers to rebuild the temple that Nebuchadnezzar had destroyed. Ezra emerged as a teaching priest who had prepared his heart to seek the law of the LORD, and to do it, and to teach in Israel statutes and judgments (Ez 7:10). Nehemiah Nehemiah was the kings cupbearer in Shushan the palace (Interesting note: Daniel and Esther were also in Shushan the palace in Babylon. Alexander the Great of Greece died in Shushan the palace. Read the review of Daniel to learn more about the four world kingdoms--the last of which is still in power.) God raised up Nehemiah to rebuild the wall around Jerusalem. He and Ezra were contemporaries. Nehemiah was a clean up man who cleaned up many abuses that had occurred in Israel. Esther Esther, a comely, adopted Jewess, was chosen to marry a heathen king during the reign of the Medes-Persian empire. This book tells how she risked her life to save her people. Job Job was a man from the land of Uz, south of Israel. Job was an upright man who feared God and eschewed evil. But God tried Job. He permitted Satan to kill all his children, take his cattle and smite Job with boils all over his body. Job and his friends debate about why this happened to him. Job said that he was just and his friends say that he was being punished for being wicked. In the end, a young man named Elihu reproves Job for justifying himself instead of justifying God. (This is a lesson for us--no matter what happens we better give God the glory for he is right and all his works are done in truth. He allows what he wants to happen to us.) Finally, God himself powerfully enters into the conversation and reproves Job for his utter ignorance. He also reproves Jobs friends for not speaking that thing which was right concerning himself. Job sees that he spoke wrongly and acknowledges this fact. He25 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  26. 26. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm prays for his friends and God restores all he lost and gives him even more. Psalms Psalms is the sacred songbook of Israel. The Psalms contain praises and expressions that also give vent to the full range of emotions that we have--sorrow, joy, contrition, repentance, etc. They express vengeance on enemies. We cannot take vengeance, but God will. The foot of the wicked will slide in due time. The Psalms rehearse the acts of the Lord and history. They prophesy of the coming Messiah. Many Psalms were written by King David, the sweet psalmist of Israel (II Samuel 23:1). Psalm 119 is the longest chapter of the Bible. In it, the psalmist extols the many merits of Gods word. In a time of deep oppression, we found the psalms a healing balm to our souls. From that night onward, we incorporated them into our school at the top of our school day. My experience with them has shown them to be medicine for the soul and mind in times of oppression and depression. Proverbs Proverbs is a collection of wise sentences from a wise father (King Solomon) to his son. It is full of practical everyday wisdom. Looking at it from a wider view, the Father is God and the son is each of us his children who is reading his words. It shows us how to behave ourselves and live uprightly amongst men and how to be diligent and wise. As with all scripture, it is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works (ref. II Tim 3:16-17). Ecclesiastes, or The Preacher Here King Solomon discusses the vanity of life. Vanity of vanities, all is vanity. A man who had all that the world had to offer invites us to look around at the world and see the folly of it all. Wide in scope, and beautiful in presentation, Ecclesiastes directs and focuses our attention on what we are doing and what we are a part of. At the end of this discussion, Solomon draws a conclusion--fear God and keep his commandments, for this is the whole duty of man. Song of Solomon This is the song of songs, which is Solomons. It is a dialogue between a man and a woman. It reveals the rich physical love between the man and his wife and their exchanges. As we look at the Song of Solomon in wider view--the church is the wife (bride) and Christ is the husband (bridegroom). Each of us disciples has a peculiar and highly personal relationship with Christ that parallels a husband-wife relationship. Our Maker is our husband (Is 54:5). We make prayers and worship and praise God. We read his word and sing songs to him. We spend time with him and good works are conceived in us as a result of this relationship. People are not there to see those works conceived, but they do see them as they mature within26 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  27. 27. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm us and finally are born into the world. When God looks at his true people, he does so with love and desire and the closer we draw to Christ, the more we can understand the Song of Solomon. The Prophets What is a prophet? A prophet is someone who tells men what God wants them to hear. God has a message to his people and the prophets ministry includes relaying that message to men. Many of the book titles in the Old Testament are the names of the prophets who prophesied in Israel and Judah under various kings. A few of the prophetical books are directed toward the heathen--like Jonah and Obadiah. One commonality that we often see in the prophets is the call to Israel to repent of their evil works. The prophets were despised, persecuted and suffered affliction. Prophets are the watchmen of the church. We see that some prophets prophesied to the northern kingdom of Israel and some prophesied to the southern kingdom of Judah. In their books we can often see to whom a particular prophet prophesied. The Old Testament prophets foretold the coming of the Lord and of judgment. They foretell what is yet to come in the future. They also express the feelings and experiences that we have as we look around and see so much injustice and wickedness both inside the church and outside of it. The writings of prophets also give us hope that things will one day be better, just, and equal, and that all injustice will be avenged. Isaiah Isaiah prophesied during the reigns of four kings of Israel. His book is full of observations on Israels behaviour, Gods judgments against the nations and Israel, as well as prophecies regarding the end times. There are also many beautiful and comforting portions for the elect. Many call Isaiah the prince of the prophets. It is said that his book is the one most quoted and referred to in the New Testament. Isaiah foretold that Christ would be born of a virgin and that he would suffer for our transgressions. Isaiah 53 has opened the eyes of many Jewish people, showing them how Christ Jesus is the prophesied Messiah of Israel. As with the other prophets, Isaiah called Israel to repent. In the latter chapters, we find much beauty, comfort, and promises of relief. We also find is several chapters, beginning around chapter 40, a series of statements where God makes clear that there is no other God beside him (e.g. 43:10; 44:6, 8; 45:5, 6, 21, 22). Mormon males are told that they can (and have) become gods like God the Father. These scriptures make clear that they have been taught a lie. Jeremiah Jeremiah prophesied to Judah. He kept warning the people to repent, but they would not27 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  28. 28. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm listen. Jeremiah told the people that they were going to go into captivity for 70 years for their disobedience. Jeremiah was thrown in a pit, kidnapped and taken into Egypt, and had his life threatened. He prophesied until the captivity when king Nebuchadnezzar destroyed the temple and took Israel captive. Lamentations These are the lamentations of Jeremiah. He is weeping over the city because it has been taken captive by Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon. Jeremiah is often referred to as "the weeping prophet". Ezekiel Ezekiel was a prophet of the Babylonian captivity. God showed Ezekiel many visions and told Ezekiel to prophesy to Israel, "a rebellious house". Israel clave to idols and idol worship in spite of the second commandment to make unto themselves any graven images. As with many of the prophets, Ezekiel warned Israel of Gods coming judgments. He also made known to them the pattern for the new temple different in size from the tabernacle of Moses and the temple of Solomon. Hearing of this temple and form was to make Israel ashamed. And if ashamed, they were to learn the particulars of the house. These are obscure and dark sayings, however, a careful reading of Ezekiel and the temple can reveal new truths and insights to those diligently seeking the Lord. Sketching what is revealed about the temple on a verse-by-verse basis can be very helpful. Where something is not understood, draft what seems to be understood and in the end, one better understands. Daniel According to Daniel 1:1-6, Daniel was taken from his homeland when he was a child. He was taken after Jehoiakim king of Judah fell before Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon (Daniel 1:1-2, II Kings 24:1-2). About twenty years later (after the reigns of Jehoichin and Zedekiah), Judah, as a nation, would fall before Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon. At that time, the Babylonians would destroy the temple and take Judah captive into Babylon. This was the beginning of what we now call "the Babylonian captivity". Daniel would rise to become a powerful prophet of the Babylonian captivity. He lived in Shushan the palace directly under Nebuchadnezzar the king as one of his wise men. It appears that Daniels presence there under the master of the eunuchs (Dan 1:3, 7, 9-11) was a fulfillment of II Kings 20:17-19 where Isaiah told king Hezekiah that some of his seed would be made eunuchs in the palace of the king of Babylon-- 17 Behold, the days come, that all that is in thine house, and that which thy fathers have laid up in store unto this day, shall be carried into Babylon: nothing shall be left, saith the LORD. 18 And of thy sons that shall issue from thee, which thou shalt beget, shall they take away; and they shall be eunuchs in the28 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  29. 29. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm palace of the king of Babylon. 19Then said Hezekiah unto Isaiah, Good is the word of the LORD which thou hast spoken. And he said, Is it not good, if peace and truth be in my days? Daniel is an interesting book full of exciting accounts, dreams, and visions. Of especial note, Nebuchadnezzar had a dream of a great image (Dan 2). Of all the wise men of Babylon, only Daniel could make known the dream and the interpretation thereof. That great image is of the utmost importance to us today. It tells of four world kingdoms--and only four. It began with Babylon and Nebuchadnezzar as the head of gold. Here are the four kingdoms in order: Babylon Medes-Persians Grecia Rome In the book of Daniel, we read about the first image three kingdoms (Babylon, Medes-Persians, Greeks). By the time Christ was born, Rome was in power. In Luke 2, we read that the Roman Caesar Augustus sent out a decree that all the world should be taxed. As the scriptures continue, we read about other caesars as well--Tiberius (Luke 3:1) and Claudius (Acts 11:28 & 18:2). In the subscript to II Timothy it mentions Paul being brought before the Roman emperor Nero. What you are reading here is not an obscure interpretation of Nebuchadnezzars dream. These are historical facts that can also be seen in books and museums--in this exact order. What the museums and books do not know--or do not reveal--is that Rome is still in power. They say that the Roman empire died in 476 AD. Rome is still the world power, but in a new form, the ROMAN Catholic church. Through the centuries, the popes have continued to take the styles and names and forms of imperial Rome. The pope is still called pontifex maximus which means, "high priest" just like the caesars were. There are many other such styles that they have retained. They are modern emperors, they live in a palace, the Vatican, and are far richer than any other king who has ever lived. MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT is truly a mystery in many ways, but exploration of her at this time is outside the scope of this treatise.29 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  30. 30. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm All history is not equally important. With the four kingdoms of Daniel in hand, those that understand can properly focus on what is relevant--and its workings as we near the end. Modern day locations of the four kingdoms-- Babylon (in modern Iraq) Medes-Persians (in modern Iran) Grecia (Greece) Rome (Rome, Italy) In speaking of the abomination of desolation, the Lord Jesus directed us to the book of Daniel (Matt 24:15, Mark 13:14). Daniel is for us today. Daniel was curious about the revelations that he received, but was told to seal up the book for it was for the time of the end. These times in which we live are the end. It is time for the visions of Daniel to be loosed and understood. Daniel 11 teaches that in the end times, those that know their God shall be strong and do exploits and they that understand among the people shall instruct many. For additional information on this matter, see the entry for Revelation (the last book of the Bible) below. Hosea Hosea prophesied during the time of the kings. God told him to marry an unfaithful whore to demonstrate that like a whore, Israel was unfaithful to the Lord. Joel Joel calls the people to repentance and prophesies of fearsome endtimes. He warns of the day of the LORD when the LORD will gather all nations into the valley of Jehoshaphat when the harvest is ripe, the press is full, and the fats overflow. Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision: for the day of the LORD is near in the valley of decision. The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining. The LORD also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake: but the LORD will be the hope of his people, and the strength of the children of Israel. Amos Amos prophesied to Israel during the reign of the kings (ref. Amos 1:1). As with many other prophets, Amos warns Israel concerning Gods judgments against Israel and other disobedient nations. Amos said this of his calling, "I was no prophet, neither was I a prophets son; but I was an herdman, and a gatherer of sycomore fruit: And the LORD took me as I followed the flock, and the LORD said unto me, Go, prophesy unto my people Israel."30 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  31. 31. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm Obadiah Obadiah prophesied against the heathen nation of Edom. Edom is the nation of Esau, Jacobs older brother spoken of in the book of Genesis. Edom is located in the region south of Israel. map_edom Jonah Jonah is sometimes called, "the reluctant prophet". God told Jonah to go and warn the Ninevites of impending judgment for their sins. But Jonah did not want to do it. He did not want to warn his enemies, so he ran away on a ship in another direction. There was a storm at sea and the ship had trouble because of Jonah. Jonah told the mariners to throw him overboard because he was the one causing the trouble. When they threw him overboard, a great fish/whale swallowed Jonah and he was in the whales belly for three days. Jonah prayed to the Lord out of the fishs belly. God had the whale to vomit him out and Jonah did what God told him to in the first place. The Ninevites repented at the preaching of Jonah and God spared the city. Jonah was very angry, even unto death, because God did not destroy the Ninevites, but rather had mercy on them. Micah Micah prophesied during the times of the kings. As with many other prophets, he reproved Israel of its idolatry. He also prophesied that Christ would be born in Bethlehem.31 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM
  32. 32. Overview of the Bible http://www.biblicalscholarship.net/overview.htm Nahum Nahum foretells the ruin of Nineveh. Habakkuk Habakkuk complains of all the wickedness of the people. They are lawless, disobedient and doing whatever they want to--just like in the church today. He asks God, "Why dost thou shew me iniquity, and cause me to behold grievance?" God answers him in chapter two that Habakkuk is to, "write the vision and make it plain upon tables, that he may run that readeth it." God had Habakkuk to write down the prophecy so that the Lords people could run. We get our footing in the scriptures. In chapter three, Habakkuk rejoices in the Lord, "I will rejoice in the LORD, I will joy in the God of my salvation. The LORD God is my strength, and he will make my feet like hinds feet, and he will make me to walk upon mine high places." Zephaniah Zephaniah prophesied during the time of the Israelite kings. He warned of Gods judgment and the day of the Lord. That day is a day of wrath. Zephaniah also prophesies of the comforts to Gods people when they shall be free in Zion and the heathen are perished. ...wait ye upon me, saith the LORD, until the day that I rise up to the prey: for my determination is to gather the nations, that I may assemble the kingdoms, to pour upon them mine indignation, even all my fierce anger: for all the earth shall be devoured with the fire of my jealousy. Sing, O daughter of Zion; shout, O Israel; be glad and rejoice with all the heart, O daughter of Jerusalem. The LORD hath taken away thy judgments, he hath cast out thine enemy: the king of Israel, even the LORD, is in the midst of thee: thou shalt not see evil any more. Zephaniah 3:8, 14-15 Haggai Haggai was a prophet of the post-captivity after the Jews were permitted to go back to Jerusalem and rebuild the temple that Nebuchadnezzar had destroyed. The Medes-Persians were still in power at this time. Haggai prophesied during the times of Ezra and Nehemiah and is mentioned in Ezra. The people prospered under their prophesying (Ezra 6:14). Zechariah Zechariah was a contemporary of Haggai. The people prospered under their prophesying (Ezra 6:14).32 of 71 11/27/10 12:31 PM

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