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body-language-1 body-language-1 Presentation Transcript

  • What is Body Language?
    • Body Language is the communication of personal feelings, emotions , attitudes, thoughts through body movements -gestures, postures , facial expressions, walking styles, positions & distance - either consciously or involuntarily i.e. its not only your tongue you communicate with but also you speak with your body movements & gestures.
  • The Main Aspects of Body Language
    • Gestures: A gesture is the verbal or non-verbal body movement used to express or emphasize an idea , an emotion or a state of mind.
    • Body Movements: This includes the head, eyes, eyebrows , lips , neck , shoulders, fingers and so on. One can distinguish four main kinds of gesticulation: Emblem, illustrators, regular and self-touching.
    • Behaviour : This refers quite simply , to everything we do which is overt or observable. It is important because it is observable to others.
    • Emotions : Refers to states such as happiness, depression & anxiety & milder moods such as feeling of pleasure & displeasure , degrees of excitement or drowsiness etc. A ‘Emotional cue’ is a facial expression, body movement or tone of voice indicative of emotion.
    • The face is the most significant and the most photographed- part of human body . The flashes of facial signals are generally spontaneous reactions which a person finds difficult to hide.
  • General Characteristics
    • Expressions: Facial expressions are highly flexible & changeable. The face can encode a variety of communicative & informative messages.
    • Raise of eyebrows express astonishment.
    • We frown in displeasure or confusion.
    • Envy or disbelief may be displayed by a raised eyebrow.
    • Emotions: The face is the most reliable indicator of a wide range of emotions : Joy & happiness , fear , annoyance, surprise, anger, sadness etc.
    • When we are shocked we open our mouth.
    • Blushing is another facial phenomenon that expresses emotion. A shy person becomes red in face when attention is focussed on him.
    • Laughter: Laughter is composed of a broad range of gesture & sounds.
    • ‘ Ha-Ha’ is a genuine laughter.
    • ‘ He-He’ is a mocking laughter.
    • ‘ Hee-Hee’ suggests a secret giggle.
    • ‘ Ho-Ho’ communicates surprise
    • Smiling: smiling & frowning are two major facial expressions.
    • A genuine smile means ‘I appreciate you’; ‘I accept your ideas’.
    • A frown means ‘I find you puzzling’.
  • Head Gestures
    • The Head Nod : A nod depicts a positive signal & a ‘head- shake’ signifies ‘no’ or a negative gesture.
    • Head nods show continuing attention , it also depicts what is happening to us emotionally. Heads tilt is a signal of interest.
    • Eyebrows:
    • People lower or knit their eyebrows when they show disagreement or displeasure.
    • Frown when in displeasure.
    • Mouth :
    • When ‘raised’ , the mouth communicates positive feelings , happiness , optimism.
    • If kept ‘straight’ to conceal emotion.
    • ‘ Turned down’ to express sadness, confusion , dissatisfaction.
    • The Lips: When one does not utter a word lips can be eloquent because silent lips express a wide range of emotions from smile to frown.
    • Throat: when the Adam’s applejump unconsciously signals anxiety, embarrassment or stress.
  • The Eyes
    • The eyes can be steely, knowing, mocking, piercing, shifty. They can level a burning glance, or a cold glance or a hurt glance or again can be wise , knowing , inviting , scary , disinterested and so on.
    • Pupils dilate when a person is interested.
    • We gaze in order to perceive the expressions of others.
    • We look straight in the eye to get attention.
    • Ways of Looking:
    • Side long glance is referred to as stolen look.
    • Blank stare depicts boredom.
    • Sparkling eyes are an attribute of those who have ‘magnetic personalities’.
    • Glasses:
    • Peering over glass depicts being judgmental or critical.
    • Dark glasses are worn by those who conceal their genuine feelings.
    • The Human hand is a restless organ
    • Limp hands show boredom.
    • Nervous or jittery person shows restless hands.
    • Clenched hands often shows frustration.
    • Clapping of hands shows applause.
    • When the arms are crossed they form a ‘barrier’ to an impending threat.
    • Arms folded with finger tucked in armpits & thumbs sticking out: this is when subordinate faces his superior whom he considers equal.
    • Arms behind the back is resorted by those who is experiencing an inner conflict.
    • Neck stroking signals suspicion.
    • Putting objects in mouth is when they are busy with something.
    • Pinching the bridges of nose indicates a person in deep thought.
    • Nose rub is a sign of rejection.
    • Chin stroking is when people are in deep reflection.
    • Slapping the head signifies self punishment.
    • Hands behind the head is used by professionals who are confident & dominant.
  • Styles Of Handshake
    • Palm down thrust : signifies dominance or aggression.
    • Palm up position shows submission by the giver.
    • Glove Handshake: ‘Politician Handshake’, this is with people one is familiar with.
    • Crossed legs signify negativity.
    • The foot lock is especially among shy & timid women.
    • The ankle lock signifies ‘holding back’ of strong feelings , attitudes & emotions.
    • Sitting on edge of chair indicates compromise, accept or agree or conclude.
    • Rocking or swinging in chair indicates a person is in full control of situation.
  • Walking Gestures
    • Arms swinging.
    • Hands in pockets.
    • Hands on hips.
    • Meditative walk.
    • Confidence walk.
    • Leadership walk.
    • Pacing.
    • Swagger.
  • When _____ people enter an elevator, they each...
    • 1.One or two
    • ...lean against the walls of the elevator.
    • 2. Three or four
    • ...occupy a corner.
    • 3.five or six
    • ...all turn to face the door. 
    • ...get taller and thinner. 
    • ...hands and purses and briefcases hang
    • down in front of the body, or "fig leaf position." 
    • ...must not touch each other in any way unless the elevator is crowded, and then only at the shoulder or lightly against the upper arm. 
    • ...have a tendency to look upward at the illuminated floor indicator. 
    Thank You!!