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Sentence form
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Sentence form
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Sentence form
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Sentence form

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Writing lecture

Writing lecture

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  • 1. GROUP J : Putri Ayu 201012501130 Novita Jumianingsih 201012500538 Nurotun Solihah 201012500606 Nursanti Setiorini 201012500913
  • 2. SimPle SentenceS cOmPOUnd SentenceS cOmPlex SentenceS
  • 3. Simple sentences •Also called an INDEPENDENT CLAUSE • It expresses a complete thought. SUBJECT + VERB
  • 4. Simple sentences Can have a compound subject Ex. Mary and John rode the bus. Don’t use a comma!
  • 5. Simple sentences can have a compound verb Ex. Mary skipped and ran in P.E. Don’t use a comma!
  • 6. Compound sentences Contains two independent clauses (simple sentences) joined by a coordinating conjunction. Except for very short sentences, these conjunctions are always preceded by a comma. Subject verb + subject verb
  • 7. Compound sentences The conjunctions are as follows: For And Nor But Or Yet So
  • 8. Compound sentences Example : Andi loves monkeys, but he also likes lemurs. s v c cc s v I tried to speak Spanish, and my friend tried to speak English.
  • 9. Complex sentences - A complex sentence is one independent clause plus one dependent clause. Dependent clauses do not express a complete thought and can’t stand alone as sentences. A dependent clause begins with a subordinating conjunction. - The two clauses are joined by a subordinating conjunction
  • 10. Complex sentences Follow these formats when writing complex sentences: o DEPENDENT CLAUSE, INDEPENDENT CLAUSE Since I have no milk, I’ll go to the store. o INDEPENDENT CLAUSE DEPENDENT CLAUSE I’ll go to the store since I have no milk.
  • 11. Subordinating Conjunctions AAAWWUBBIS! As Although After When While Until Because Before If Since
  • 12. Complex sentences Subordinating conjunction comes at the front of the dependent clause. The part of the sentence w/ the sub. conjunction is called the dependent clause. *It is dependent because it can’t stand alone.*
  • 13. Complex sentences The part of the sentence w/ NO sub. conjunction is called the INDEPENDENT CLAUSE (because it can stand alone-independently - as a complete sentence.)
  • 14. Complex sentences Before the game started, she fell. Dep. Cla Ind.Cla Sub. Conj. “before” Why does this sentence have a comma?
  • 15. Complex sentences She fell before the game started. This sentence is like the one before EXCEPT that the dependent clause is at the end. (It’s underlined.) Does this sentence need a comma?
  • 16. Complex sentences If a dependent clause comes at the beginning, put a comma after it. If a dependent clause comes at the end, DON’T use a comma.
  • 17. Complex sentences Ex. She told me to study so that I would make good grades. (dep. clause underlined; no comma) Ex. So that I would make good grades, she told me to study. (dep. clause underlined; has a comma)
  • 18.  FUN QUIZ  Identify the sentences below, which one a simple sentence, a compound sentences, or complex sentences. a . After they finished studying , Jack and Maria went to the movies. (cx snt) b.The surprise party was organized by Wendy’s two best friends. (sm snt) c . Alex played football, so Maria went shopping. (cd snt) d.Bill walked into the crowded room, but I can’t find him. (cd snt) e.George played football because Jean went shopping. (cx snt)
  • 19. Simple, Compound, or Complex? The teacher walked into the classroom, greeted the students, and took attendance. SIMPLE
  • 20. Simple, Compound, or Complex? Juan played football, yet Juanita went shopping. COMPOUND
  • 21. Simple, Compound, or Complex? The island was filled with many trails winding through the thick underbrush, a small lake, and dangerous wild pigs. SIMPLE
  • 22. Simple, Compound, or Complex? Reggie passed the test because he studied hard and understood the material. COMPLEX

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