• Sometimes called brass wind instruments.• Consists of long metal tube with a mouthpiece and a bell-shaped opening• Player blows into a mouthpiece to create the tone• To produce sound player buzzes his lips into the mouthpiece and causes the air inside to vibrate• Bell helps to make tone louder and create quality of tone
TRUMPET • BRASS FAMILY • Highest sounding instrument of the brass family • “cup” shape mouthpiece • “Buzz” lips to play • 3 “keys” or “valves”
• Shapes are similar but sizes vary from small to large• pitch low if string is long and heavy• pitch high if string is shorter and lighter• Tone produced by vibrations or motion of the strings pulling the bow across or plucking the strings.
GUITARGuitar’s strings are plucked orstrummed and thus sound iscreatedThe modern form of the guitarwas developed in Spain in late1800sGuitar typically has six strings (E,A, D, G, B, E), but four, seven,eight, ten, eleven, twelve,thirteen and eighteen stringguitars also exist.
BASS • STRING FAMILY • 4th largest • Very low sound • Stand to play • Four strings • Use a stick called a “bow” or “Pizzicato” (pluck to play)
VIOLIN • STRING FAMILY • Smallest string instrument in the orchestra • High sound • Four strings • Use a stick called a “bow” or “Pizzicato” (pluck to play) • Place under chin to play
• Played by either striking, shaking or scraping.• Involves the use of sticks• Three types of percussion are there
SNARE DRUM • PERCUSSION FAMILY • Played with 2 sticks • “Snares” or coiled wires are stretched across bottom • Plays various “rhythmic patterns” • A drum it is
TYMPANI OR KETTLEDRUM • A type of the drum • Large copper or fiberglass bowl with “head” of calf skin or plastic • Pedals at bottom loosen or tighten the “head” to change pitches
CYMBALS • Auxiliary • 2 circular brass plates of equal size • Can have many size pairs of cymbals • May be struck together or “hit” or “brushed” with a stick
XYLOPHONE •Mallet •Was invented in Indonesia •Sound is created by hitting the bars