Tenses are of three types which can be further subdivided into four types.These are:1. PRESENT TENSEIt can be further subdivided into…• Simple present• Present continuous• Present perfect• Present perfect continuous
2. PAST TENSEIt can be further divided into:• Simple past• Past continuous• Past perfect• Past perfect continuous3. FUTURE TENSEIt can be further divided into:
TENSE USES SIGNAL WORDSa) Simple Action in the present taking place once, always, ever, never , never or several times. normally, often, usually, present facts sometimes, seldom…etc actions taking place one after another. actions set by a time table or schedule.b) Present action taking place in the moment of at the moment, just , just speaking. now, listen, look!, now, rightcontinuous action taking place only for a limited now…etc period of time. action arranged for the future.c) Present putting emphasis on the result. already, never , just, ever, action that is still going on. not yet, so far, till now, up toperfect action that stopped recently. now….etc finished action that has an influence on the present.d) Present putting emphasis on the course of all day, for 4 years, since duration ( not the result) 1993, how long?, the wholeperfect action that recently stopped or is till week….etccontinuous going on. finished action that influenced the present.
1. Simple present tense: The servant comes and opens the door.2. Present continuous tense: She is visiting the museum tomorrow.3. Present perfect tense: They have won the match.4. Present perfect continuous tense We have been living in this city for five years now.
TENSE USES SIGNAL WORDSa) Simple past action in past taking place once, never yesterday, 2 mins ago, the or several times. other day, in 1990, last actions taking place one after another. Friday….etc actions taking place in middle of another action.b) Past action going on at a certain time in ma when, while, as long past. as…..etccontinuous actions taking place at the same time. action in the past interrupted by another action.c) Past perfect action taking place before at a certain already, just, never, not yet, time in the past. Once, until that day….etc sometimes interchangeable with past perfect continuous. putting emphasis only on the fact(not duration)d) Past perfect action taking place before at a certain for, since, the whole day, all time in the past. day….etccontinuous sometimes interchangeable with past perfect simple. putting emphasis on duration/course of an action.
1. Simple past tense: She worked hard last year.2. Past continuous tense: He was laughing at the beggar when I saw him.3. Past perfect tense: We had caught the thief before the arrival of the police.4. Past perfect continuous tense: I had been wading through water for half an hour.
TENSE USES SIGNAL WORDa) Simple action in the future which cannot be in a year, next week, influenced. tomorrow, I think,future action that will finish by a certain time probably, perhaps, by in the future. Monday, in a week….etc decision made for the future. conclusion for the future.b) Future action that is going on I n a certain time in one year, for, the last in the future. couple of hours, all daycontinuous putting emphasis on the coarse of the ,long….etc action. action taking place before a certain time.c) Future denote an action that will be completed shall have, will have….etc before some particular time in the future.perfectd) Future denote an action that will be going on at shall have been, will have or before some particular time in the been…..etcperfect future.continuous
1. Simple future tense: It will rain in the month of December this year.2. Future continuous tense: They will be discussing this matter in the afternoon.3. Future perfect tense: The teacher will have taught this lesson by the end of this period.4. Future perfect continuous tense: She will have been writing a book for two days when you meet her tomorrow.
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