THE GERUND IS A KIND OF VERB (ending in –ing)which has a verbal function as well as a noun functions. It may be the subject, complement or object of a sentence or the object of a preposition.
Eg. SWIMMING IS A GOOD EXERCISE. (SUBJECT)
TEACH ME SWIMMING. (OBJECT)
SEEING IS BELIEVING. (COMPLEMENT OF A VERB)
HE IS FOND OF SWIMMING.(object of a preposition)
CONTINUATION OF GERUND ADJECTIVES AND VERBS which are always in combination with the preposition (fond of, intrested in, object to) must be followed by a gerund, not an infinitive. Eg. SHE IS FOND OF PLAYING CARDS. HE IS ADDICTED TO SMOKING. I OBJECT TO DOING IT. GERUNDS MAY ALSO BE USED ADVERBIALLY. Eg. We are going shopping ,fishing, riding, swimming, visiting friends etc. WORKSHEET 39. CONTINUE WITH THE EXERCISE
SOME CONJUNCTIONS ARE USED IN PAIRS AND ARE CALLED CORRELATIVES. Eg. both…. and: we both loved and honoured him. either …or: Either take it or leave it. neither…nor: It is neither useful nor ornamental. not only…..but also: He was not only fined but also imprisoned. TWO SIMPLE SENTENCES MAY ALSO BE JOINED TOGETHER BY THE USE OF CO-ORDINATING CONJUNCTION. WORKSHEET 41 – DO THE EXERCISES