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innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
innovative details in architecture
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innovative details in architecture

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innovative details in architecture

innovative details in architecture

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  • The benefit of stone powder over sand is that stone power once hammering and hardened it doesn't sink & acts as a layer of stone whereas sand does sinks
  • Transcript

    1. 1.1 INITIALLY THE SITE IS CLEARED 1.3 AFTER THAT ANY PERMANENT OBJECT WITHIN THE SITE IS CONSIDERED AS THE REFERENCE POINT. 1.3 THEN FROM THIS REFFERENCE POINT BASE LINE IS MADE. 1.4 FINALLY FROM THE BASE LINE REST ALL THE REQUIRED LINES ARE MEASURED & CREATED BY SEEING AT THE DRAWINGS. 1.5 THE MARKING IS DONE BY THIN THREAD. 1.6 THE SETTING OUT IS ALSO DONE USING THEODOLITE FOR BETTER ACCURACY. <ul><li>But setting out still continuous when the columns are to be casted just after the P.C.C. layers. </li></ul><ul><li>Here marking of the columns are made. </li></ul><ul><li>In case of right angel to be marked 3,4,5 method can be used. </li></ul>SETTING OUT
    2. 2.1 INITIALLY THE ALL THE EXCAVATION PITS ARE BEING MARKED AS PER THE DRAWINGS. 2.2 ROCKS BELOW THE PITS ARE CRACKED BY CONTROLLED EXPLOSION USING MACHINE. 2.3 THEN THE WORKERS USING CHISEL & HAMMER BREAKS THE ROCKS INTO SMALL SIZE SO THAT IT COULD BE EASILY TRANSPORTED OUT. 2.4 IF THERE IS SOIL IN THE SITE THEN EXCAVATED IS DONE USING SPADE, PICK ,AXE OR JCB . EXCAVATION
    3. 3.1 FIRSTLY, ON THE EXCAVATED AREA SAND FILLING OF ABOUT 6 INCHES THICK IS PROVIDED. 3.2 AFTER THAT A LAYER OF FLAT BRICK OR METAL SOLING IS PROVIDED, NOW THE BASE IS READY. 3.3 ONCE THE BASE IS READY NOW P.C.C LAYER IS MADE. 3.4 NOW ABOVE THE P.C.C LAYER THE REINFORCEMENT FOR THE FOUNDATION ARE PLACED 3.5 FINALLY CONCRETE IS PLACED ABOVE THIS REINFORCEMENT UPTO COLUMN SHOES. COLUMN SHOES CONCRETE BLOCK After the p.c.c. the column position is marked accurately by using the rope & the plumb bob. FOUNDATION
    4. 4.1 INITIALLY, A TEMPORARY SETUP IS MADE WITHIN THE SITE WHERE THE REINFORCEMENT STEEL IS BROUGHT TO PROPER SHAPE BEFOE BRINGING IT FOR INSTALLATION. 4.2 NOW ON THE SETUP BARS ARE BROUGHT, MEASURED & VARIOUS POINTS ARE MARKED. 4.3 THEN ACCORDING TO THE STRUCTURAL DRAWING BARS ARE BEND BY FIXING THE BAR IN THE SETUP & TWISTING THE BAR BY HOOK. 4.4 VARIOUS ANGELS ARE THUS PRODUCED IN THE BAR . NOTE : THE STEEL BARS USED FOR REINFORCEMENT MUST BE FREE FROM UNWANTED BENTS AND CURVES. BAR BENDING
    5. 5.1 INITIALLY, THE FORMWORKS ARE MADE . 5.2 FIRSTLY, OIL IS APPLIED ON THE SURFACE OF THE FORM BOARDS. 5.4 THEN SMALL BLOCKS OF WIDTH EQUAL TO CLEAR COVER ARE TIED TO THE REINFORCEMENT BARS. THESE BLOCKS ENSURES THE CLEAR COVER WIDTH. 5.3 AFTER THAT FORM BOARD ARE SET AS REQUIRED FOR THE CASTING . 5.5 FINALLY, THESE FORMS ARE TIES TO ADJACENT SIDES BY NUT & BOLT. 5.6 ALSO IT IS ANCHORED TO THE GROUND USING STEEL OR WOODEN STRUTS. FORM WORK
    6. 6.1 ONCE THE FORMWORK IS READY, THE INTERIOR DIMENSIONS OF THE FORMWORK SHOULD MATCHES THE DIMENSION OF THE COLUMN PROVIDED IN THE DRAWING. 6.2 AFTER THAT CONCRETE IS POURED, COMPACTION IS DONE USING VIBRATORS OR MS BAR (MANUALLY). CARE SHOULD BE TAKEN TO AVOID SEGREGATION AND BLEEDING. 6.3 THEN THE FORMWORKS ARE REMOVED WITHIN 2 -3 DAYS & CURING IS DONE. 6.4 FOR CURING GUNNY BAGS ARE USED WHICH ARE WRAPPED AROUND THE COLUMN. THESE GUNNY BAGS ARE KEPT WET BY SPRINKLING WATER AT REGULAR INTERVALS TO PROVIDE THE MOISTURE REQUIRED DURING THE CURING OF CONCRETE. 6.5 CURING SHOULD CARRY FOR 3 - 4 WEEKS. Stripping of form ( in site ) 1 day ( recommended) 2-3 days Curing of column (in site) 20 days (recommended) 21 days. COLUMN CASTING
    7. 7.1 STEPS INVOLVED IN BRICK WORKS 7.1.1 INITIALLY MARKING IS DONE USING STRING WHICH GENERALLY DEFINES OUTER TOP EDGE OF THE BRICK LAYER TO BE CONSTRUCTED. 7.1.2 AFTER THAT BRICKS ARE SOAKED IN WATER. 7.1.3 THEN A LAYER OF MORTAR IS LAID & ABOVE THAT BRICKS ARE LAID & IS SLIGHTLY PRESSED TO ENSURE ADHESION. 7.1.4 AT SOME EQUAL VERTICALLY INTERVALS (GENERALLY IN EVERY 4 COURSE) A THIN IRON SHEET OF WIDTH OF 1 CMS ARE ALSO INSTALLED TO PROVIDE REINFORCEMENTS. 7.1.5 VERTICAL ALIGNMENT OF WALLS IS CHECKED IN EVERY 5-6 COURSES OF BRICK BY PLUMBING BOB. 7.2 STEPS INVOLVED IN PLASTERING OF WALLS 7.2.1 INITIALLY THE WALLS ARE WATERED & MADE READY FOR PLASTERING. 7.2.2 AFTER THAT A THIN PASTE OF WATER CEMENT IS APPLIED OVER THE BRICK WORKS TO ENHANCE GRIP BETWEEN BRICK WORK & PLASTERS. 7.2.3 THEN PLASTER OF ABOUT 0.5 INCH THICK IS APPLIED OVER WALLS. 7.2.4 FINALLY THE WALLS ARE READY FOR THE COLOUR & OTHER FINISHING WORKS. Plastering of ceiling is done in the similar way but the plaster used are of higher grade . in the roof slabs chipping is done to enhance griping of plaster with the slab. NOTE : <ul><li>Plastering grades 1: 6 or 1:5 for interior </li></ul><ul><li>walls. </li></ul><ul><li>Pastering grade for exterior walls 1: 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Plastering grade for ceiling 1: 3 </li></ul>PLASTERING
    8. FLOORING CAN BE DIVIDED INTO TWO DIFFERENT TYPES 8.1 FLOORING AT GROUND LEVEL 8.2 FLOORING ON R.C.C. SLAB . 8.1 STEPS INVOLVED IN FINISH FLOORING AT GROUND LEVEL 8.1.1 THE ACTUAL GROUND LEVEL IS HAMMERED & IS MADE HARD WHICH IS THEN TREATED WITH PESTICIDE IF REQUIRED IN THE SITE. 8.1.2 AFTER THAT A LAYER OF SAND OR STONE POWDER IS APPLIED WHICH IS GENERALLY 6 INCHES THICK. 8.1.3 NOW THIS LAYER IS HARDENED & IS LEVELED BY WATERING & HAMMERING. 8.1.4 FINALLY THE R.C.C SLAB IS CASTED IF THE SITE HAS HIGH WATER TABLE OR ELSE BRICK / METAL SOLING IS DONE WITH MORTAR LAYER ABOVE IT. 8.1.5 THEN LEVELS OF FINISHED FLOORS ARE BEING MARKED WHICH ACTS AS CHECK POINTS AT VARIOUS POINTS INSIDE THE BUILDING. 8.1.6 FINALLY A LAYER OF MIXTURE OF CEMENT & SAND (RATIO OF 1: 6) IS CONSTRUCTED. 8.1.7 ONCE THE ABOVE LAYER IS MADE & THE REQUIRED LEVELING IS ACHIEVED CEMENT-WATER PASTE IS APPLIED. 8.1.8 FINALLY THE TILES ARE CUT TO REQUIRED DIMENSION & ARE FITTED OVER THE CEMENT LAYER (WHERE CEMENT WATER PASTE ACTS AS ADHESION PASTE . 8.1.9 ATLAS THE TILES ARE HAMMERED IN ORDER TO ENHANCE ADHESION & TO BRING TILES IN ACCURATE POSITION. 8.2 FLOORING ON R.C.C. SLAB. THE PROCEDURE ARE SIMILAR FROM POINT 8.1.5 The mix of plaster (masala) used for the plastering is 1: 8) FLOORING
    9. 9.1 INITIALLY THE FORMWORKS ARE ARRANGED WHICH ARE RECTANGULAR G.I. SHEETS WITH AT SECTION AT THE ENDS. THIS IS SUPPORTED BY TELESCOPIC PROPS . 9.2 BUT FORMWORK FOR THE BEAM ALSO HAS VERTICAL BOARDS. 9.3 AFTER THAT THE REINFORCEMENTS ARE ARRANGED AS SPECIFIED IN THE DRAWINGS 9.4 THE REINFORCEMENTS ARE RAISED TO CERTAIN HEIGHT AS SPECIFIED IN THE DRAWINGS WHICH IS CLEAR COVER & RAISING IS DONE BY PLACING CONCRETE BLOCK IN BETWEEN REINFORCEMENT &FORMWORKS. 9.5 FOR SLABS THE ELECTRICAL P.V.C. PIPES ARE LAID & FINALLY CONCRETE IS POURED. AFTER 3 DAYS SLAB SOFFIT IS TAKEN OFF WHERE AS PROPS ARE TAKEN OFF AFTER 7 DAYS. FINALLY CURING IS DONE BY PONDING. SLAB CASTING
    10. 10.1 THE ELECTRICAL MARKING IS DONE BASED ON THE ELECTRICAL MARKING DRAWING ISSUED BY THE ARCHITECT. 10.2 ONCE THE MARKING IS DONE GROVES ARE CREATED IN WALLS BY CHIPPING WALLS. THE GROVES ARE ABOUT ¾INCH DEEP WHICH ACCOMMODATES P.V.C PIPES FOR REQUIRED FOR WIRING. 10.3 WHERE AS IN R.C.C. ROOFS WHILE CASTING ;ELECTRICAL CONDUITS ARE PLACED. 10.4 THE PIPES ARE ANCHORED IN THE WALL BY STEEL HOOKS & THE PLASTERING IS DONE ABOVE THESE PIPE ABOVE CHICKEN MESH WHICH ENSURES BETTER GRIP FOR PLASTERING. 10.5 FINALLY ONCE PAINTING ARE DONE THEN SWITCH BOARD ARE FIXED. ELECRTIFICATION
    11. 11.1 INITIALLY ALL THE IMPORTANT PLUMBING POINTS ARE MARKED AS PER THE DRAWING ISSUED BY THE ARCHITECT. 11.2 AFTER THAT WALLS ARE CHIPPED TO CREATE A GROVE SO THAT P.V.C PIPES OF GIVEN THICKNESS COULD BE ACCOMMODATED INSIDE THE GROVE MADE. 11.3 THEN PIPES ARE LAID & IS ANCHORED BY THICK STEEL U SHAPE HOOKS. 11.4 IN TOILETS SPECIALLY FOR WATER CLOSET THE SLAB ARE SUNKEN. THIS IS THE PLACE WHERE THE TRAPS ARE INSTALLED. 11.5 AT LAST THE SUNKEN SLAB IS THEN FILLED WITH COARSE AGGREGATE AND SOIL AND RAMMED PROPERLY, TO FORM THE BASE FOR THE FLOORING. 11.6 FINALLY, ALL GROVES ARE SEALED BY PLASTERS ONLY CERTAIN PARTS ARE LEFT OUT WHERE FURTHER PIPE FITTINGS LIKE SHOWER, TAP ETC ARE FIXED. 11.7 EXPOSE PIPE FITTINGS ARE FITTED TO WALL BY “U” SHAPED HOOKS WHICH ARE FIXED TO WALLS USING NAILS. PLUMBING
    12. 12.2 THEN VARIOUS POINTS ARE MARKED ON THE WALLS & DRILLING IS DONE. SOMETIMES FRAME IS FIXED TO WALL BY ANGEL PLATE IN THE EMPTY AREA LEFT FOR THE OPENING 12.3 THEN ALUMINIUM WINDOW FRAMES ARE SCREWED INTO THESE HOLES. 12.4 AFTER THAT WINDOW PANELS ARE CONSTRUCTED BY CONNECTING DIFFERENT ALUMINUM SECTION BY SCREWS. 12.5 AT LAST GLASS ARE FIXED TO THE PANELS; P.V.C. PUTTY ARE USED TO KEEP GLASS HOLD TIGHT TO THE WINDOW PANELS. 12.6 WHEN THE WINDOW PANELS ARE CREATED VARIOUS HOLES , GROVES ARE CREATED WHICH HELPS IN FIXING OF ALUMINUM CHANNELS TO OTHER CHANNELS & RAILS. 12.7 FINALLY THE WINDOW PANELS ARE FIXED INTO THE FRAMES. WINDOW FIXING
    13. 13.1 AFTER PLASTERING OF WALL INTERIOR FINISH IS DONE: HERE IT IS DONE BY P.O.P 13.2 THE PLASTERED WALLS IS IDEAL FOR P.O.P AS IT IS ROUGH. 13.3 INITIALLY MIXTURE OF P.O.P IS MADE WITH WATER & SPECIAL CARE IS TAKEN AS P.O.P TENDS TO LOSE WATER QUICKLY & HARDENS QUICKLY. 13.4 THEN BY USE OF TWO THIN RECTANGULAR G.I. SHEET P.O.P. IS APPLIED ( GENERALLY CALLED BLADES). 13.5 NOW THE WALL IS READY FOR PAINTING BUT BEFORE THAT COAT OF PRIMER & WEATHER COAT (PUTTY )IS APPLIED. INTERIOR FINISH
    14. 14.1 INITIALLY ANGEL CLAMPS ARE FIXED TO THE EXTERIOR WALL WHICH IS DONE BY DRILLING HOLES IN WALLS & THEN SCREWING. 14.2 AFTER THAT CLAMPS ARE SCREWED TO THE VERTICAL METAL SECTION & THEN HORIZONTAL METAL CHANNELS ARE SCREWED TO VERTICAL CHANNELS BY DRILLING HOLES IN METAL CHANNELS & THEN SCREWING IT. 14.3 NOW THE ALUMINIUM PANELS ARE SCREWED TO THESE HORIZONTAL & VERTICAL METAL CHANNELS BY DRILLING HOLES IN METAL CHANNELS & THEN SCREWING IT. 14.4 FINALLY THE PLASTIC COVER ON THE ALUMINIUM PANELS ARE TAKEN OFF. EXTERIOR FINISH
    15. <ul><li>INITIALLY THE METAL CHANNELS ARE FIXED ON TO THE CEILING BY MEANS OF SCREW; THESE SUSPENDERS SUPPORT THE WHOLE SKELETON OF THE FALSE CEILING. </li></ul><ul><li>NOW HORIZONTAL MEMBERS OF THE METAL CHANNELS ARE ATTACHED TO THE VERTICAL BY SCREWS. </li></ul><ul><li>ONCE THE SKELETON IS READY THEN GYPSUM BOARDS OR ACOUSTICS PANELS ARE ATTACHED TO THE SKELETON WITH THE HELP OF SCREWS . </li></ul><ul><li>FINALLY THE SPACE BETWEEN THE TWO GYPSUM BOARD IS SEALED BY PLASTER OF PARIS. </li></ul><ul><li>THE SPACE FOR ELECTRICAL FITTINGS ARE LEFT VACANT SO THAT ELECTRICAL FITTINGS LIKE LIGHTS COULD BE FIXED. </li></ul><ul><li>THE SPACE BETWEEN THE ROOF SLAB & FALSE CEILING CARRIES ALL AIR CONDITIONING DUCTS & ELECTRICAL WIRINGS. </li></ul>FALSE ROOF
    16. INNOVATIVE DETAILS
    17. <ul><li>THE COLOUM IS PRESENT IN THE ENTRANCE OF STAPATI, CALICUT </li></ul><ul><li>IT IS APPROX 300 CMS TALL. </li></ul><ul><li>THE STEEL COLUMN IS PUT INSIDE THE BRANCH OF A COCONUT TREE. </li></ul><ul><li>THIS IS DONE BY MAKING HOLE IN THE COCONUT BRANCH MANUALLY BY THE CARPENTERS OF STAPATI. </li></ul><ul><li>FINALLY THE COCONUT BRANCH IS BOLTED TO THE STEEL COLUMN IN BOTH THE END . </li></ul><ul><li>EACH END HAS TWO BOLTS. </li></ul>M.S ROD (as column) COCONUT TREE BRANCH Cross section of the column L.S. of the colomn bolt nut Fixing details
    18. SELF <ul><li>The self is for the Fred Stuart showroom in Chennai. </li></ul><ul><li>This is designed by contour dakshin , Calicut. </li></ul><ul><li>The client wanted the interior to have very informal & innovative look for his showroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Here the top & bottom wooden board are fixed to wall & floor respectively. </li></ul><ul><li>the middle boards are held in position by the knots tied rope passing through the boards. </li></ul><ul><li>These knots makes the wooden board free to move in certain direction. </li></ul><ul><li>These movement are created when the consumer tries to take clothes kept at the selfs. Hence making it a different feeling for the consumers. </li></ul>
    19. Opaque coloured sheet 8 mm glass L.E.D strip L.E.D spot light Metal case Wooden beading (3cm x 2 cm) <ul><li>THE LIGHTING ELEMENT IS FOR THE BAR TABLE OF ANANTA APARTMENTS IN MUMBAI BY CONTOUR DAKSHIN. </li></ul><ul><li>THE SIZE OF THE ELEMENT IS 150 X 90 CMS 2. </li></ul><ul><li>THERE ARE TWO SET OF LIGHTS LED SPOT LIGHT & LED STRIP. </li></ul><ul><li>THE SPOT LIGHT IS USED WHILE MAKING THE DRINK & THE LED STRIPS COMES TO USE WHILE DRINKING TO GIVE A GOOD ENVIRONMENT. </li></ul>LIGHTING ELEMENT
    20. MECHANISM
    21. <ul><li>THE LIGHTING ELEMENT IS PRESENT IN HOTEL ASMAN TOWER, CALICUT </li></ul><ul><li>THIS ELEMENT IS PLACED AT THE ENTRY WITH THE HOTEL NAME BOARD </li></ul><ul><li>THE LIGHTING IS DONE BY L.E.D STRIPS. </li></ul><ul><li>THE LIGHT AFTER PASSING THROUGH TRANSPERENT GLASS FALLS TO THE STONE HENCE CREATING A GOOD LIGHTING EFFECT. </li></ul>FRONT ELEVATION IVORY P.V.C. BOARD TRANSPERANT GLASS SQUARE IRON BAR PLYWOOD BOX STONE ABOVE GLASS L.E.D STRIP IVORY P.V.C. BOARD PLAN @ A-A’ SQUARE IRON BAR PLYWOOD BOX STONE ABOVE GLASS L.E.D STRIP IVORY P.V.C. BOARD TRANSPERANT GLASS SECTION A-A’ METAL GLASS HOLDER TRANSPARENT GLASS PLYWOOD BOX PLAN @ B-B’ LIGHTING FIXTURE AT ASMA TOWER
    22. <ul><li>THE ROOF TRUSS IS DESIGNED BY CONTOUR DAKSHIN , CALICUT </li></ul><ul><li>THE ROOF WAS DESIGNED TO CAPTURE MAXIMUM VIEW OF THE MOUNTAINS OF OONTY. </li></ul><ul><li>ALSO THE ROOF BEING TIMBER GIVES AN TRADITION LOOK.ALSO THE TRUSS ACT AS DESIGN ELEMENT DURING NIGHT WHEN THE LIGHTS ARE ON. </li></ul>TRUSS ROOF CONCEPT BEHIND THE ROOF
    23. CONCRETE BLOCKS <ul><li>THE CONCRETE BLOCKS ARE USED IN THE HOTEL BURJ-AL – ARAB. </li></ul><ul><li>THIS IS USED BY THE ARCHITECT TONY WRIGHT TO MAKE THE BUILDING SAFE FROM THE TIDAL FORCE. </li></ul><ul><li>THE BLOCKS ARE VERY WELL TESTED IN THE LAB FOR AROUND 1 WEEK USING SIMILAR SCALE MODEL & PRODUCING </li></ul><ul><li>A TIDAL WAVE WHICH IS HAS STRENGTH EQUAL TO HIGHEST TIDAL WAVE OCCURRED IN 100 YEARS. </li></ul><ul><li>THE BLOCKS ARE DESIGNED IN SUCH A WAY THAT THE BLOCKS ACTS LIKE A SPONGE & ABSORBS ALL THE TIDAL FORCES. </li></ul><ul><li>THE WATER TRIES TO REVOLVE INSIDE THE BLOCK WHICH DECREASES MOST OF ITS STRENGTH. HENCE MAKING THE BASE SAFE FOR THE HOTEL. </li></ul>
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