Introduction:- <ul><li>Machu Picchu is one of the most visited tourist attraction in the Peru. </li></ul><ul><li>Machu Picchu is a Pre-columbian 15th century Inca site located about 2430 meters (7,970 ft) above the sea Level. </li></ul>
Location:- <ul><li>Machu Picchu is situated on a mountain ridge above the Urabumba Valley in Peru which is 80 Kilometers north west of Cusco and through which the Urabumba river flows. </li></ul>
History:- <ul><li>Machu Picchu was built as an estate for the Inca Emperor “Pachacuti”. </li></ul><ul><li>Machu Picchu was constructed in AD 1450 at the height of Inca Empire. </li></ul><ul><li>Machu Picchu is often referred as “The lost city of the Incas”. </li></ul><ul><li>The archeologist believe that most of the inhabitants died due to Smallpox. </li></ul>
The rediscovery of Machu Picchu:- <ul><li>The ruins of Machu Picchu has got international attention in 1911 by American Historian Hiram Bingham. </li></ul><ul><li>In April 1913 Machu Picchu received significant publicity after the National Geographic society devoted their entire issue. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1983 Machu Picchu was declared as World Heritage site by UNESCO. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2007 Machu Picchu was voted one of the New Seven wonders of the World. </li></ul>
The space is composed of 140 construction including temple, sanctuaries, parks and residence homes with thatched roofs.
The Architecture of Machu Picchu:- All the construction in the Machu Picchu uses the classic Inca architectural style of polished dry-stone walls of regular shape. The Inca were the master of this technique, called ashlars , in which the block of stones are cut to fit together tightly without mortar. How they moved and placed enormous block of stone is a mystery, although the general belief is that they used hundreds of men to push the stones up the Inclined planes
Religious beliefs & Gods:- <ul><li>The sun was a very important part of the Inca belief . </li></ul><ul><li>“ Inti ” the Sun God was often prayed to for water, a good crop, and a good weather. </li></ul><ul><li>The Archeologist has termed Machu Picchu as the birth place of the Incans “Virgins of the Sun”. </li></ul><ul><li>In Machu Picchu the three sacred district are </li></ul><ul><li>The Intihuatanta </li></ul><ul><li>The temple of the Suns. </li></ul><ul><li>The Room of Three windows . </li></ul>
The Intihuatana Stone:- <ul><li>The Intihuatana stone is one of the ritual stones in South America. </li></ul><ul><li>It is designed as an Astronomic clock or a Calendar by the Incas. </li></ul><ul><li>It is often expressed as “The Hitching Post of the Sun” because it was supposed to hold the Sun in its place. </li></ul>
Machu Picchu is located about 2,430 meters above sea level. All visits to Machu Picchu at some point leave from Cusco, which can be reached via a domestic flight from Lima, or international flight from La Paz, in Bolivia. Many tourists take morning train from Cusco (3.5 hours journey) explore the ruins for a few hours and return to Cusco in the afternoon. From Puente Ruinas station buses take tourists up the mountain to Machu Picchu.
Thousands of tourists hike the Inca Trail – each year, a two to four day journey on foot from the Urubamba valley up through the Andes mountain range. They require travelers to be reasonably fit. The trip involves sleeping in tents.