Trends in-connecting-research-sgd-2013


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There are both challenges and opportunities in the existing scenario characterized by heavy emphasis on collaboration, digitization and onset of social media. One needs to be connected with theme, institution, industry and society. The web 2.0 technologies make it possible for a researcher to be a connected one.

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Trends in-connecting-research-sgd-2013

  1. 1. Trends & importance of research incurrent scenario :Connect research &Connected researcherS G DeshmukhABV-Indian Institute of Information Technology &Management GwaliorFDP onMultivariate Data A alysis for Ma age e t Research14 June 2013
  2. 2. AcknowledgementThis presentation is based on extensivediscussions/brain storming sessions with– Prof R P Mohanty Prof S S Yadav, Prof Ravi Shankar, Prof M KTiwari, Prof R S Deshpande, Mr N Ratnaliikar, Dr Jitesh Thakkar– Thankful to numerous research scholars and facultymembers from various institutes for making us realizethe trends and importance of research in currentscenario2
  3. 3. PreludeAs a prelude, You may look at the presentationgiven by me on 23 July 2012 at FDP on MultivariateData Analysis for Management Research at ABV-IIITM Gwalior.Available at
  4. 4. Speaking points..ImperativesAbout ResearchPart I : Connect Research– Connecting with oneself, institute, societyPart II: Connected Researcher– Trend 1 : Collaboration– Trend 2 : Emergence of social media– Trend 3 : Alternative MetricsClosing remarks..4
  5. 5. ARC view of research• Attributional• Relational• Classificational• “our e: Deshpa de ‘ “, I stitute for “o ial & E o o i Cha ge, B lore5
  6. 6. Research in pursuit of knowledge• Attributional:– Attributing a measurement (definition) to aparticular Concept.• Growth, Leadership, Managerial Efficiency• Relational:– Relating a phenomenon with its determinants• Explaining behaviour• Classificational:– Understanding by categorizing on the basis of someindicators• Taxonomy, Innovators Vs Followers, Leaders Vs Laggards6
  7. 7. Some basic feature of researchprocess• Always involves bringing together three sets of things: some content that is of interest some ideas that give meaning to that content, and some techniques or procedures by means of which those ideas and contentcan be studied.• These three sets of things more formally, as three distinct, though interrelateddomains: The Substantive domain, from which we draw contents that seem worthy ofour study and attention; The Conceptual domain, from which we draw ideas that seem likely to givemeaning to our results; and The Methodological domain, from which we draw techniques that seemuseful in conducting that research.7
  8. 8. Stepping into research• Method and Methodology– Method refers to the techniques and Methodology to the strategy• Logic as an Essence of Philosophy– Inference depends on the law of Causation– Deductive and Inductive are methods Non Exclusive– Structuralism as the holistic approach• Why Philosophy?– In Search of Knowledge, Understanding of Nature and Meaning ofUniverse.– Creation of Theories OR Universality about Basic things.– In-depth knowledge of a phenomenon8
  9. 9. Two models : AROHA and AVAROHAA - AlgorithmA – Approach V - VariablesR – Review A - ArrangementO - Objectives R - ResultsH - Hypothesis O - ObjectivityA - Analysis H – HumanisticA – Analytical Rigour9Source: Deshpande R S, Institute for Social & Economic Change, B’lore
  10. 10. How to get into a research topic?• Searching for new evidence from facts andconcluding with a new hypothesis.• It should be net addition to the existingknowledge or at least a new interpretation ofthat.• It should be crystal clear in its meaning.• It should have a hypothesis which is not astatement of existing facts.• It should be empirically analyzable.10
  11. 11. How it Should be?• It should be amenable to the resources at thecontrol of the researcher.• It must match with the time and budget of theresearcher.• It must allow critical appraisal and stand to therigourous testing.• Debate on a topic is different from research, formerposes two different points of views whereas, thelater provides test of a hypothesis.• It should be ethically correct.11
  12. 12. 1512Some aspects of boundary• Discipline Boundary• Time or Resource Boundary• Information or Data Boundary• Contextual boundary• These boundaries may affectconnectivity !
  13. 13. Observation:Researchers and research quality• The profile of researchers in the country is byand large not very promising• There is a disconnect between researcher andhis research• Disconnect between researcher in India andthe Global community• Not able to penetrate into high qualityoriginal/novel research as recognized by theinternational community
  14. 14. Current scenario..• Collaborative focus• Interdisciplinary push• Immediacy factor• Need for visibility• Suited to addressing socio-economicimperatives• Openness (process, findings, outputs)
  15. 15. Starting points.• E er thi g is o e ted to e er thi g else• Connected world view– E a led i tri si desire to e o e ted– Enabled by research– Enabled by IT
  16. 16. Two views..• Classical view– Research in isolation– Research iscompartmentalized– No sharing• Contemporary view– Research is connected– Research cannot bedone in isolation– Research has to beconnected to society?
  17. 17. Connecting with oneself• Identify your strengths• Leverage these strengths• Develop your research theme• Develop your glossary• Develop/use appropriate methodology• Internalize research (RS must absorb deeplyinto the process so that the topic becomespart of his genetic code or DNA )
  18. 18. Connecting with institution/university• Understand the research profile of yourinstitute/university• Develop friendship /affiliation with otherresearchers of the institute/university• There is an established repository ofknowledge and systemic procedureembedded in the institute: follow that• Attempt to fit yourself in the bigger picture
  19. 19. Connecting with industry• Transfer of knowhow from you to industry• Understand and appreciate needs of industry• Establish a dialogue with industry– E a ple of Vipul Gupta s Ph D ith JK T res• Invest in some confidence building exercises• Get feedback and give back your deliverables
  20. 20. Connecting with society• What is the relevance of your research tosociety• Societal view ?• Ask some embarrassing questions– Is my research really relevant to society ?– Is my research going to change quality of life?• Keep reflecting on these questions and youyourself will come out with answers, may beafter getting Ph D !
  21. 21. Part IIConnected Researcher
  22. 22. Trend 1 : Collaboration !• Sharing of information• Institutionalcollaboration• Professional networks• Social networks
  23. 23. Implications• Sharing of information/Knowledge made easy• Ope sour e paradig• You must collaborate• Your collaborator may be anywhere in theglobe!• Be comfortable with power & influence ofsocial media !• ‘esear h . ?
  24. 24. Remark..New digital technologies arepredisposing scholars to an openscholarship of content, knowledge andlear i g (Katz, 2010).24
  25. 25. Types of scholarly resources• E-journals• Reviews• Pre-prints and working papers• Encyclopedias, dictionaries, and annotated content• Data• Blogs• Discussion forums
  26. 26. Trend 2: Social media• Social media are tools for social interaction usingWeb-based and mobile technologies (Wikipedia).• These technologies, often referred to as Web 2.0 ,provide services that support users in generatingand publishing their own content.• The social interactions developed as a result ofthis activity can support engagement withcommunities of practice through networking andother co-operative and collaborative practices.
  27. 27. Connected researcher and socialmedia• Idea of o e ted resear her is ot alie -Researchers have always exchanged, shared anddisseminated information through various media:brain storming sessions, conferences, workshops,symposiums, doctoral consortia etc,-Researchers have always built a network of peers,friends, seniors• Range of social media tools to facilitate andsupport existing behaviours and practices –– easy and free to use, user friendly !
  28. 28. Social media and researchers• Use of social media becoming morewidespread amongst researchers- Social Media : a guide for Researcherspublished in February 2011 by RIN -Digital Researcher Days run by Vitae at theBritish Library
  29. 29. Why use social media? ..1..• Help to build your research profile – sho ase ourselfand your work thus facilitating visibility– Allows to build network, Help to explore and leverage research opportunitiesHelp to get early feedback– Facilitate your online visibility• Enhances research - according to CIBER (2010)– Disseminating findings, Identifying Research Opportunities– Finding collaborators• “o ial edia prese ts so e opportu ities for etter,faster resear h a d disse i atio CIBE‘CIBER. 2010. Social media and research workflow?, T. 2010. A community of scholars. et al. 2011. Social Media: a guide for researchers.
  30. 30. Why use social media? ..2..• The connection with:– Other researchers and Ph D students, bothinternal and external– Research community– Experts– Industry– Society• Growing need to communicate researchfindings to public – these tools make it easier
  31. 31. Why use social media? ..3..• May save time – use it to har est the isdo ofro ds a d fi d resour es through our et ork• It a help o er o e the s dro e of isolatio ofdoi g resear h• Engages you with a community that cares aboutwhat you care about and in turn share with themWe do t ha e a hoi e o hether e do socialmedia, the question is how well we do it”. –Erik Qualman
  32. 32. How to do it:Your digital identity Ha e a o li e prese e or digital footpri t Institutional – e.g. information oninstitute/university webpages ( Professional – e.g. LinkedIn profile, Academia , ReserarchGate Social media - e.g. Facebook, Twitter Slideshare , Authorstream
  33. 33. Digital Identity• A hypothetical example• Dr TechnoWatch• Joined xxx in 1995;, a huge multinational.• Technowatch Community (Leader since 2000 focusing on emerging trends, technologies, andbusiness issues.• Current Title: Principal Resesrch Consultant - Social Insights, Corporate Market Insights• My Identity Profile = LinkedIn Community =TechnoWatch Blogs : Typepad = hhh ; Tumblr = pppp Twitter ID = Technowatch Facebook = pppzzz Scopus Author Code : 17181009
  34. 34. Online presence considerations• Use social media for your online identity• Lots of tips available (e.g. Online Researchidentity blog post)• Google scholar citation profiles
  35. 35. Example: BlogsBlogs are a great way to share information–Test your ideas out with a wide audience–Learn from others–Form new relationships–Build / manage your online personal brand35
  36. 36. Mendeley : Useful tool• Mendeley is a free referenceManager and academic social network that canhelp organize research, collaborate with othersonline, and discover the latest research.– Automatically generate bibliographies– Collaborate easily with other researchers online– Easily import papers from other research software– Find relevant papers ased o hat ou re readi g– Access your papers from anywhere 36
  37. 37. Characteristics of CR• Connected researcher is IT savvy• Connected researcher spend more time onlinecompared to an average researcher• Connected researcher responds positively tocriticism• Connected researcher is positively engagedwith the topic• Connected researcher is also a Contendedresearcher37
  38. 38. Connected research communityAmar Amik GargBakshiKVS RaoSharadTriptaAnandan Prof. SastryVenkieProf Ajit VermaProf. BrahmaPrrof BiswasProf. G KaushikDr. A D GargRaviR S DaluAvneetVipulProf. VargheeseRamamoorthyMuraliProf. NirmalProf. PrateekJyotiShankar Prof. SubramanyamProf. VeniResearch Schola
  39. 39. How Emerald measures impact*?• Citations• Usage• Inclusion of research in courseware/Training material• Media comment• Implementation in Practice• Transformation of Research for new audience• Awards*Source
  40. 40. Impact zones of researchSource: Emerald Insight
  41. 41. Trend 3: Altmetricsaltmetrics is the creation and study of new metricsbased on the Social Web for analyzing, andinforming scholarship.• Supplement to traditional peer-reviewed metrics• Looks at downloads• Crowdsource peer-re ie• Many tools currently available:– Google Scholar Profile/citations– Mendeley– Total-Impact– ReaderMeter
  42. 42. Mobile apps for researchers• Research will go mobile• ZappyLab is pioneer in creating an ecos-system which is useful, practical and foolproof• Currently for medicines..•
  43. 43. Closing remarks..• To be effective researcher, one must be ableconnect research with• Oneself• Institute• Industry• Society• In contemporary world, researcher must alsobe connected . For this Social media offers aninteresting scope43
  44. 44. ReferencesBozalek V, N’gambi D & Gachago D (in press) Emerging Technologies in SouthAfrican HEIs: Institutional enables and constraintsEysenbach G (2011) Can Tweets Predict Citations? Metrics of Social Impact Basedon Twitter and Correlation with Traditional Metrics of Scientific Impact. Journal ofMedical Internet Research 13(4). Available at: SE (2003) Global changes in scholarly communication. In SC Hsianghoo, PWTPoon and C McNaught (eds) eLearning and Digital Publishing. Dordrecht: Springer.Available at M (2008) Science 2.0: Great new tool, or great risk? Scientific American.Available at:
  45. 45. References• Digital Researcher• Cann, A., Dimitriou, K., Hooley, T., "Social Media : A guide for researchers",(February), 2011• Pegrum, M., "I link therefore I am: network literacy as a core digital literacy", E-learning and Digital Media 7(4), 346-354 2010 doi:10.2304/elea.2010.7.4.346• Research Information Network, "If you build it, will they come? How researchersperceive and use web 2.0", 2010• iGoogle• Google Reader• Fellowship Down 45
  46. 46. Thank