English language proficiency levels


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English language proficiency levels

  1. 1. English Language Proficiency Levels by Sandra Bartruff
  2. 2. Beginning Level <ul><li>Pre-production stage 0-6 months of English instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Student behaviors: </li></ul><ul><li>Uses gestures </li></ul><ul><li>Uses nonverbal communication: pointing, nodding </li></ul><ul><li>Able to sort, label, observe </li></ul><ul><li>Yes/no responses </li></ul><ul><li>One to two word responses </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Match objects </li></ul>
  3. 3. Instructional Supports for the Beginning ESOL Student <ul><li>Use pictures, objects, visuals to expose students to vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Do not force students to speak </li></ul><ul><li>Emphasis key words </li></ul><ul><li>Provide opportunities for repetition of new learning </li></ul><ul><li>Teach high frequency words </li></ul><ul><li>Use sentence frames for simple sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Ask simple questions: </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have the___? </li></ul><ul><li>Point to the _____. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Early Intermediate Level <ul><li>Early Production Stage 6 months-1 year of English instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Student Behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Uses routine expressions </li></ul><ul><li>Able to list, categorize, name </li></ul><ul><li>Responds using phrases and simple sentences (subject and predicate) </li></ul><ul><li>Retell personal events & events from stories </li></ul><ul><li>Reads basic vocabulary and simple sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Begins to use the past tense of verbs </li></ul><ul><li>Grammatical errors: irregular verbs, pronouns </li></ul>
  5. 5. Instructional Supports for the Early Intermediate ESOL Student <ul><li>Provide multiple opportunities for the students to practice </li></ul><ul><li>Provide instant feedback but do not call attention to grammatical errors </li></ul><ul><li>Ask either/or, yes/no questions or questions where the student answers using short phrases </li></ul><ul><li>Use sentence frames, such as: </li></ul><ul><li>What was/were ( article + noun ) doing? </li></ul><ul><li>The ( noun ) was/were (-ly adv ). </li></ul><ul><li>There is (article + noun ). There are ( article + noun ). </li></ul>
  6. 6. Intermediate Level <ul><li>Speech Emergence Stage 1-2 years of English Instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Student behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Able to maintain conversations </li></ul><ul><li>Increased comprehension (general meaning) </li></ul><ul><li>Able to retell events, identify main events, summarize, compare </li></ul><ul><li>Vocabulary knowledge increasing: synonyms, antonyms, familiar idioms </li></ul><ul><li>Respond using varied verb forms </li></ul><ul><li>Read below grade level texts </li></ul>
  7. 7. Instructional Supports for the Intermediate ESOL Student <ul><li>Provide opportunities to practice retelling, main idea, explaining, describing, compare and contrast </li></ul><ul><li>Grade level content with pre-teaching of content vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Use varied texts with graphic organizers </li></ul><ul><li>Ask open-ended questions </li></ul><ul><li>Practice using a variety of verb forms including: past tense verb agreement, conditional verb forms </li></ul><ul><li>Use sentence frames, such as: </li></ul><ul><li>Explain why______. _____ because/since/so/when _______. </li></ul><ul><li>Tell about what (article + noun) was/were doing? </li></ul><ul><li>( He/She/It/They ) ( past tense verb ) ( adv .) ( prep. phrase ) </li></ul><ul><li>What do you think? In my opinion _________. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Early Advanced Level <ul><li>Intermediate Fluency Stage 2-3 years of English instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Student Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Near grade level in academic areas </li></ul><ul><li>Good comprehension of complex material </li></ul><ul><li>Able to understand general and implied meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Uses varied sentence structures when speaking or writing </li></ul><ul><li>Able to communicate in both academic and social settings </li></ul><ul><li>Uses correct grammar with few errors </li></ul>
  9. 9. Instructional Supports for the Early Advanced ESOL Student <ul><li>Multiple opportunities to practice academic vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on comprehension of complex narrative and expository texts </li></ul><ul><li>Provide practice using figurative language including similes and metaphors </li></ul><ul><li>Students will need some scaffolding to be successful with grade level materials </li></ul><ul><li>Use sentence frames such as: </li></ul><ul><li>Explain the causal relationship between ___ and ___. </li></ul><ul><li>How would you contrast ___ and ___? </li></ul><ul><li>Can I add an idea? Maybe we should consider ___. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Advanced Level <ul><li>Advanced Intermediate Fluency Stage 3-5 years of English instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Student Behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Students read and write at grade level </li></ul><ul><li>Initiate and sustain spontaneous language interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Debates and supports point of view </li></ul><ul><li>Understands abstract figurative language </li></ul><ul><li>Uses variety of grammar and vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Uses complex sentences while writing </li></ul>
  11. 11. Instructional Supports for the Advanced ESOL Student <ul><li>Multiple opportunities to express and practice abstract concepts </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities to engage in authentic communication practice </li></ul><ul><li>Continue pre-teaching vocabulary </li></ul><ul><li>Teach thinking and study skills </li></ul><ul><li>Use sentence frames such as: </li></ul><ul><li>__ and __ resemble each other because they both are/have __ and __. </li></ul><ul><li>I have a different (view, perspective, opinion). Based on __, I think __. </li></ul><ul><li>I was hoping/had my heart set on verb phrase. </li></ul>
  12. 12. References <ul><li>Integrated Academic Language (IAL) Merging Tools Booklet (Salem-Keizer School District) </li></ul><ul><li>Oregon English Language Proficiency Standards (OR Department of Ed. June 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Overview of English Proficiency Levels (Susana Dutro 2008) </li></ul>