Narrative is basically the way in which stories are told, how meaning is constructed to achieve the understanding of the audience. When looking at narrative it is important toremember that the voice of the narrative can change, it can vary on whose story is being told and from whose perspective.
Story What has happened in life The chronicle order of events The report of an event Plot How the author presents the story Everything the text presents How everything is put together and presented to the audience
There are many different narratives that have been presented by theorists. Aristotle’s approach to studying narratives was that all narratives have a beginning, middle and end. Todorov’s approach to studying narratives was that every storyline has to have an equilibrium disruption and resolution/new equilibrium. Propp concluded that there is amaximum of 31 actions in folktales and 7 characters.The types are the Villain, the Donor, the Helper, theprincess, the dispatcher, the hero and the false hero.Characters can fulfil more than one sphere of action which can be made up of more than one character for example a princess could also be a helper and a text could have a lot of villains.
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