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Verbs
 

Verbs

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    Verbs Verbs Presentation Transcript

    • VERBS
      • The verb is the king in English !
      • Why?
      • The shortest sentence contains a verb.
      • You can make a one-word sentence with
      • a verb.
      • For example:
      • Stop!
      • You cannot make a one-word sentence
      • with any other type of word.
      • Verbs are sometimes described as
      • “ action words”
      • This is partly true.
      • Why?
      • Many verbs give the idea of action of “doing”
      • something.
      • For example:
      • run , fight , do , and work
      • They convey the idea of action.
      • BUT !
      • Some verbs do not give the idea of
      • action;
      • they give the idea of existence ,
      • of state , of “being”.
      • For example:
      • be , exist , seem ,and belong.
      • They all convey the idea of state.
      • A verb always has a subject.
      • John speaks English.
      • John is the subject.
      • Speaks is the verb.
      • Verbs are words that tell us what a subject does or is .
      • They describe ACTION
      • Martin plays football
      • They describe STATE
      • Anthony seems kind.
      • There is something very special about
      • verbs in English.
      • Most other words ( adjectives, adverbs,
      • prepositions,etc) do not change in form.
      • But almost all verbs change in form .
      • For example, the verb TO WORK has
      • five forms.
      • to work
      • work
      • works
      • worked
      • working
      • VERB CLASSIFICATION.
      • 1.Helping Verbs.
      • 2. Main Verbs.
      • HELPING VERBS
      • I can
      • People must
      • The Earth will
      • They do not have meaning on their own.
      • They are necessary for the grammatical structure of the sentence.
      • They do not tell us very much alone.
      • We usually use Helping Verbs with Main Verbs.
      • They “help” the main verb.
      • In the examples
      • I can
      • People must
      • The Earth will
      • These sentence are incomplete.
      • They need at least a main verb to complete
      • them.
      • We divide Helping Verbs into two basic groups:
      • Primary Helping Verbs
      • Modal Helping Verbs.
      • 1)Primary Helping Verbs.
      • These are the verbs be , do , and have .
      • Note that we can use these three helping
      • verbs as Helping Verbs or as Main Verbs.
      • Here we will talk about be, do and have as Primary Helping Verbs.
      • We use them in the following cases:
      • * Be
      • To make continuous tenses.
      • He is watching TV.
      • To make the passive.
      • Small fish are eaten by big fish.
      • ** HAVE
      • to make perfect tenses.
      • I have finished my homework.
      • ** DO
      • to make negatives.
      • I do not like you.
      • to ask questions.
      • Do you want some coffee?
      • to show emphasis.
      • I do want you to pass your exam.
      • to stand for a main verb in some constructions .
      • He speaks faster than she does .
      • 2)Modal Helping Verbs.
      • We use modal Helping Verbs
      • * to “modify” the meaning of the main verb in some way.
      • *to express necessity or possibility and changes the main verb in that sense.
      • The following are the modal verbs :
      • can, could
      • May, might
      • Will, would
      • Shall, should
      • Must
      • Ought to
      • I can’t speak Chinese.
      • John may arrive late.
      • Would you like a cup of coffee?
      • You should see a doctor.
      • I really must go now.
      • MAIN VERBS
      • Main verbs have meaning on their own.
      • There are thousands of main verbs, and we can classify them in several ways.
      • Transitive and Intransitive.
      • Linking Verbs.
      • Dynamic and Stative.
      • Regular and Irregular.
      • Transitive and Intransitive Verbs.
      • Transitive.
      • It takes a direct object
      • Somebody killed the President.
      • Intransitive.
      • It does not have a direct object.
      • He has arrived.
      • Many verbs, like speak , can be transitive or
      • Intransitive.
      • Speak
      • Transitive:
      • She speaks English.
      • Intransitive:
      • She speaks fast.
      • LINKING VERBS.
      • *A linking verb does not have much meaning in itself.
      • *It “links” the subject to waht is said about the subject.
      • *Usually a linking verb shows equality
      • (Mary is a teacher) or
      • *A change to a different state or place .
      • ( The sky became dark)
      • *Linking verbs are always Intransitive ( but not all intransitive verbs are linking verbs)
      • Linking verbs are always Intransitive but not all intransitive verbs are linking verbs.
      • DYNAMIC AND STATIVE VERBS.
      • DYNAMIC.
      • They describe action.
      • They are called “dynamic”.
      • They can be used with continuous tenses.
      • Examples:
      • Hit
      • Explode
      • Fight
      • Run
      • Go
      • STATIVE.
      • They describe state (non- action, a situation)
      • They are called “stative” and cannot normally be used with continuous tenses (though) some of them can be used with continuous tenses with a change in meaning.
      • Examples:
      • Be, like,love,prefer,wish,impress,please,surprise,hear,see,sound,belong to, consist of, contain, include, need,appear,resemble,seem.
      • REGULAR AND IRREGULAR VERBS.
      • The main difference between them is that they have different endings for their past tense and past participle forms.
      • For Regular Verbs, the past tense ending and past participle ending is always the same – ED.
      • For Irregular Verbs, the past tense ending and the past participle ending is variable.
      • REGULAR VERBS:
      • LOOK – LOOKED – LOOKED
      • WORK- WORKED-WORKED
      • IRREGULAR VERBS:
      • BUY –BOUGHT- BOUGHT
      • CUT-CUT-CUT
      • DO-DID-DONE