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Present Perfect TenseThe autumnhas alreadyarrivedHow do youknow?
Present Perfect TenseFORM: have / has + past participleAffirmative: I have seen the film before.She has seen the film before.Interrogative: Have you seen the film before?Has she seen the film before?Negative: They haven’t seen the film before.He hasn’t seen the film before.
1- Recent events: It is used to describe recent eventswithout a definite time. The idea of time or place inthe speaker’s mind makes the event recent. A timeexpression may emphasize recentness: just,recently, latelyPresent Perfect TenseUses of the present perfectWhy are they so happy?They have just won a prize sothey are really pleased
Present Perfect Tense2- Personal experiences: It is used to expresspersonal experiences, there is not a definite timegiven. The time expressions ever and never are veryoften used with this meaningI have never been to Japan.Have you ever been there?
Present Perfect Tense3- It is used to express actions that started in the pastand continue to the present, the time period is notfinished. We use for and since with this meaning. Weuse for with periods of time and since with points oftime.I haven’t eaten since yesterdaymorning. I am really hungryI haven’t drunk anything fortwo days. I am terribly thirsty
Contrast between PresentPerfect and Past SimpleWe use definite expressions with the Past simpletense: yesterday, last week, … ago etc, while wedon’t use definite time expressions with the Presentperfect tense.I have been to France three timesWhen did you go there last?I went there last Summer
Gerald has bought a new car. He bought it lastweek. Have you met Ray? – Yes, I met him when wewere students. My parents have been to India. In fact, theywent there twice last year. Has anybody phoned me? – Yes, Joycephoned an hour ago. I’ve seen that man before. – Really? When didyou see him?Contrast between PresentPerfect and Past Simple
Present Perfect TenseHave you ever listened toclassical music before?Where did you hear it?
Present Perfect TenseHave you walked along ariverside similar to the one onthe photograph?When did you do it?
Note the difference• He has been to London. Now he is here. He cantell you wonderful storiesabout London.• He has been in Londonfor two weeks. He is stillin London.• Where’s Peter? He hasgone to London. He is inItaly or on his way toLondon.