Laurann Fowler - Period 3 THE REVOLUTIONS Revolution: the defeat or overthrow of a government, and change in order of the government’s social system.Thursday, October 13, 2011
THE MAGNA CARTA The Magna Carta was written for England. It was written in 1215. The Magna Carta made it harder for kings to tax people, for they had to go through other people to do so. The Magna Carta made it so that the kings required approval to tax. This was a form of “rule of law” because it stated laws that everyone had to follow, including kings.Thursday, October 13, 2011
THE GLORIOUS REVOLUTION The Glorious Revolution also took place in England. William III took over the throne due to this revolution. As a result of this revolution, the Bill of Rights was written. This document was a set of rights that all people were entitled to, making the kings less powerful, and making them consider the people more than they did prior to the revolution.Thursday, October 13, 2011
THE ENGLISH BILL OF RIGHTS The Bill of Rights was written on April 11, 1689. The Bill of Rights gave rights to the people of England. It changed the law so that kings no longer had complete power over everyone. It limited the kings rights and increased everyone else’s.Thursday, October 13, 2011
THE ENLIGHTENMENT The Age of Enlightenment was a period in history in which many new ideas were brought about, and many old ideas were challenged. The time period included many scientiﬁc advances, and took place in many diﬀerent countries all over the world. The Enlightenment started around 1650, and ended around 1800. This period in history is signiﬁcant because many advances in both society, and science were made during this time period. During the Enlightenment people started to think for themselves instead of just believing whatever they were told. Many people branched out with their minds and started to ﬁgure out how things in the world really work, or how they could work better.Thursday, October 13, 2011
CHARLES-LOUIS MONTESQUIEU Charles-Louis Montesquieu was from France. He was a French jurist and a political philosopher, and is signiﬁcant in history because his ideas inﬂuenced the American Revolution and the founders of the U.S. Constitution.Thursday, October 13, 2011
JOHN LOCKE John Locke was from England. He lived from 1632 to 1704. He believed in natural rights, rights that every person is naturally born with and cannot be denied of. Natural rights come from the belief of natural law, which in-tails that everyone is born as a creature of nature or God, giving them rights that cannot be violated by any person, society, or government.Thursday, October 13, 2011
JEAN JACQUES ROUSSEAU He was a philosopher from Geneva, Switzerland. He is known for his political philosophy which was a strong inﬂuence on the French Revolution. He also wrote many well- known novels.Thursday, October 13, 2011
TOMAS JEFFERSON Tomas Jeﬀerson was born in Shadwell, Virginia. He is most famous for being the author of the Declaration of Independence. While writing the Declaration of Independence, Jeﬀerson changed the natural rights from, “Life, liberty, and property,” to “Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness,” because he believed that John Locke was not right in saying that. He believed that “property” was too speciﬁc and would not be broad enough for future reference. He also thought that property was something that people had to be able to aﬀord, making it something that people are not automatically given. He thought that it was too greedy of a term for the Declaration of Independence.Thursday, October 13, 2011
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