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    Word del quinto trabajo de ingles Word del quinto trabajo de ingles Document Transcript

    • TEAM 2Hydrotherapy,thermotherapy andkynesitherapy TEACHER: Dra. Rosa Gonzales Llontop STUDENTS: Failoc Rojas Virgilio Fuentes Muro Oscar Gonzales Yovera Jhean Mas Golac Ciro Plasencia Dueñas Esteban Sajami Puertas Jhonatan TEAM 2
    • Hydrotherapy, thermotherapy and kynesitherapy Hydrotherapy Hydrotherapy is the use of water to revitalize, maintain, and restore health. Hydrotherapy treatments include saunas, steam baths, foot baths, sitz baths, and the application of cold and hot water compresses. There is a physiologicalbasis to hydrotherapy. Cold is stimulating, and it causes superficial blood vesselsto constrict, shunting the blood to internal organs. Hot water is relaxing, causesblood vessels to dilate, and removes wastes from body tissues. Alternating hotcan cold water also improves elimination, decreases inflammation, andstimulates circulation.Common techniquesHydrotherapy treatments are often given at health spas or recommended ashome self-care treatments. These are some types of hydrotherapy: Sitz bath: There are 2 adjacent tubs of water, one hot and one cold. You sit in one tub with your feet in the other tub, and then alternate. Sitz baths are recommended for hemorrhoids, PMS and menstrual problems, cystitis, polyps. Warm water baths: Soak in warm water for up to 30 minutes, depending on the condition. Epsom salts, mineral mud, aromatherapy oils, ginger, moor mud, and dead sea salts may be added. Sauna: Dry heat Steam bath or Turkish bath Compresses: Towels are soaked in hot and/or cold water. Wraps: Cold wet flannel sheets are used to cover the a person lying down. The person is then covered with dry towels and then blankets. The 2
    • Hydrotherapy, thermotherapy and kynesitherapy body warms up in response and dries to wet sheets. This is used for colds, bronchitis, skin disorders, infection, and muscle pain. Wet sock treatment: Used for sore throat, ear infections, headaches, migraines, nasal congestion, upper respiratory infections, coughs, bronchitis, and sinus infections. Hot fomentation: For treatment of acute conditions such as chest colds and coughs. It seems to relieve symptoms but also decrease the length of the illness.IndicationsHydrotherapy and hydrothermal therapy are chiefly used to tone up the body,to stimulate digestion, the circulation, and the immune system, and to bringrelief from pain. Descriptions of indications are given under individual methodused.Water seems to have special powers in getting rid of stress and rejuvenating ourbody. It affects the skin and muscles. It calms the lungs, heart, stomach, andendocrine system by stimulating nerve reflexes on the spinal cord.Risks, Cautions, and ContraindicationsPersons with impaired temperature sensation run the risk of scalding or frostbiteat temperature extremes.When a condition is recurrent or persistent, please consult your physician todetermine whether a physical therapy of this type is suitable in your case.If you have diabetes, avoid hot application to the feet or legs. Also avoid fullbody heating treatments, such as body wraps.Avoid cold application if you are diagnosed with Raynauds disease.Hot immersion baths and long, hot saunas are not recommended for those withdiabetes or multiple sclerosis, women who are pregnant or anyone withabnormally high or low blood pressure.Dont take cold foot baths if you are prone to bladder or rectal irritation. Peoplesuffering from sciatica, pelvic inflammation or rheumatism in the toes or anklesshould avoid cold foot baths. 3
    • Hydrotherapy, thermotherapy and kynesitherapy Thermotherapy Heating modalities result in an increase in molecular vibration and cellular metabolic rate. It is divided into two categories, superficial and deep heating modalities. It is further divided into chemical, electric, or magnetic. Temperatures range from 105 to 170 degrees. Superficial modalities include infrared lamps, moist heat packs, paraffinbaths, and warm whirl pools. Deep heating modalities include microwavediathermy, shortwave diathermy, and ultrasound. The body reacts with a seriesof local and systemic effects.Indications for heat modalities: Subacute or chronic inflammatory conditions When there is pain at the subacute and chronic levels Chronic muscle spasm When there is decreased ROM Reduction of joint contractures 4
    • Hydrotherapy, thermotherapy and kynesitherapyContraindications for heat modalities: Acute injuries Circulatory problems Poor thermal circulation Areas of the body that are anestheticThe following are some of the more commonly used thermotherapy modalitiesutilized in the athletic training room: Moist Heat Packs Paraffin Bath Warm Whirlpool Ultrasound 5
    • Hydrotherapy, thermotherapy and kynesitherapy Kinesitherapy Kinesitherapy means therapy of movement (from Greek, Kinesis = moving). Kinesitherapy for the treatment of back pain it is also called “postural- antalgic exercises” and it is based on a set of postures, soft movements and strengthening of weak muscles. It aims at restoring a good neuromuscular balance and above all it is aimed at reducing painful symptoms.The kinesitheraphy protocol includes:- Respiration exercises for diaphragm re-education;- Muscles elongation exercises for lower limbs, spine, and muscles of the upperlimbs;- Exercises for the elongation of the spine by means of various postures(fundamentally important in order to reduce inter-disc pressure);- Exercises for the strengthening of abdominal and dorsolumbar muscles;- Proprioceptive exercises which are useful to “re-programme” the correctneuro-muscle balance of the spine;- Patient’s education to the correct postures to be kept during the patient’sdaily activities.Indicationsit is recommended to all the people who suffer from lumbalgia andlumbocruralgia from adolescence to elderly age. 6
    • Hydrotherapy, thermotherapy and kynesitherapyContraindicationsIt is contraindicated in processes that require immobilization as acute phaseprocesses, fractures and infections. In children should never be appliedbecause it can cause damage at the growth plate.Classification• Passive physiotherapy: The therapeutic method in which the applicationof an external force will cause a movement in a body part without the patientperform a muscle contraction. This, in turn, can be relaxed, forced or autopassive.In the relaxed, movement will be limited to physiological or pathological limit asthe patient is indicated to maintain joint tours. In the forced, the movement is to go beyond existing articular range, but not physiological, and can be maintained for a certain time. In the auto passive, the external force is going to cause the patient in those body segments that are accessible.• Active Physiotherapy: The therapeutic method in which the movement is done through the patients muscle contraction generated by the muscle fibers. This can be assisted, free or resisted. The assisted, in which there is contraction but is too weak to generate movement. In this case an external force is applied to aid or assist the contraction force The free, in which the contraction generates a movement, not necessary to apply any external force to perform the movement. The resisted, the movement generated by contraction and apply a counter force to produce a resistance to this movement. 7
    • Hydrotherapy, thermotherapy and kynesitherapy 8