Plastic surgery
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Plastic surgery Document Transcript

  • 1. PLASTIC SURGERY INTEGRANTES: Agip Alarcón Walter Daniel Campos Tapia Alexander Hugo Herrera Cercado Romain Ocaña Paredes Christian Salazar Salazar Eduardo Vicente Ramírez Daniel Inglés Médico 22 de Noviembre del 2011Dra. Rosa Gonzales Llontop
  • 2. PLASTIC SURGERY 1. DEFINITIONPlastic surgery is the medical specialty that isdesigned to bring to normalfunctional and anatomical bodycoverage, ie the body shape ofanimals. Seeks to reconstructsurgically correctingdeformities and functionalimpairment by transforming thehuman body. The word "plastic"comes from the Greek"plastikos" meaning to mold ortransform.The aim is that thepatient is born with a birth defector suffered an accident that he has lost the functionof normal range in both its appearance and functionof your body. It also enables to provide aestheticimprovement remodeling to make them more beautifulbodies.Plastic surgery has been divided from a practicalpoint of view in two fields.• Reconstructive surgery or repair, includingmicrosurgery, focuses on cover and reconstruct thedestructive effects of an accident or trauma, acongenital defects and cancer or tumor resection.Reconstructive or restorative surgery makes use ofdifferent techniques: osteosynthesis with tissue
  • 3. transfer flaps and autologous healthy body partsto those affected, and so on. • Cosmetic surgery or cosmetic surgery is performed in order to change those body parts that are not satisfactory for the patient. In many cases, however, there are medical reasons (for example, breast reduction when orthopedic problems in the lumbar spine or in severe cases of blepharoplasty dermatochalasis even impede theview).This division has been marked by society, and publichealth services and private (insurance companies) forhealth services will only cover the cost of plasticsurgery that are related to congenital, acquired andaccidents.Plastic surgery is based on the useof surgical Certain Techniques withthe AIM of Improving the appearanceof the animal, catalog Refers toWhen We Used to restore specificreconstructive SURGERIES TissuesOrgans or after this appearance islost, congenital defects alter either by the naturalbeauty Acquired Through trauma or damage orcompromise the normal Any Means aesthetic. The grafting technique or tissue transplantation is considered value procedures to correct birth defects
  • 4. both acquired lesions. Cosmetic procedures in somebreeds, due to the popularity and aestheticstandards lead to tail docking, ear cropping, extrafingers, removal of nails in cats, resection ofhorned cattle and goats. The correction of hernia isconsidered a reconstructive process 2. CLASSIFICATION RECONSTRUCTIVE SURGERY OR REPAIRThe reconstructive plastic surgery procedures areperformed to restore form and function of organsaffected by diseases such as congenital,developmental or acquired. Among the most commoncauses are the deformities caused by cancer orother aftermath of surgical procedures, infectionsand others.Fields of influence of reconstructive surgery: Complicated fractures of the craniofacial skeleton. Congenital malformations of the craniofacial skeleton and facial surgery (cleft lip and palate). Reconstruction of the skin and nervous structures of the face. Oncoplastic surgery or plastic surgery oncology: reconstruction after tumor removal surgery. Especially in breast and head and neck. Pressure Ulcers. Varicose ulcers. Flame burns, scald, electricity, chemical and freeze. Reconstruction of soft tissue associated with previous fractures or during orthopedic surgery.
  • 5.  Hand Surgery: Posttraumatic reconstruction, reimplants, transplants. Correction of congenital defects and degenerative diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. COSMETIC SURGERY The difference betweenthe cosmetic surgery andthe reconstructivesurgery and reparadorais sometimesimperceptible, so sincealready many proceduresof the cosmetic surgeryhave been mentioned theycome to solve apathology that concernsa function. And in additionall the procedures ofcosmetic surgery arebased on others byreconstructive ends that developed during the wars; in
  • 6. fact we might say that the cosmetic surgery is anothercase of technologies developed during the wars appliedto the civil world. The plastic surgery has a greatdevelopment in Latin-American countries as Colombia,Mexico, Brazil, Venezuela, Peru, Chile and Argentina thatthey rely on big plastic surgeons that they have doneimportant contributions to the plastic world surgery.Some procedures of cosmetic surgery: Abdominoplastia: remodeling and reaffirmation of the abdomen. Blefaroplastia: surgery of rejuvenation of eyelids, resection of skin and bags of fat. Circular Dermolipectomía or " body lifting ": remodeling of the contour of the trunk. Ginecomastia: reduction of breasts in the men. Implants of bust or mamoplastia of increase: surgery in which by means of prothesis or implants (of saline solution or gel of silicone) there increases the size and the form of the bosoms. Reconducive Mamoplastia. Peeling: Dermoabrasión, Laserterapia that looks by means of burns controlled of the skin for his rejuvenation Mastopexia: his purpose is to reaffirm the bosoms. Rinoplastia: it has the purpose of improving aesthetically the nose.
  • 7.  Otoplastia: correction of the faults of the ears. Itidectomía facelift): his goal is to rejuvenate the face in its entirety. Lipoescultura or Liposuction: the goal is to mold the fat of the body of the patient. Malar implant: surgery that the malar hipoplasia claims coregir. Angle implant gonial: surgery that tries to give him definition and / or volume. Mentoplastia: surgery of increase or reduction of mentón. Injection of materials of landfill like the acid hialurónico. Vaginoplastia or vaginal rejuvenation 3. RELATED DISCIPLINES  Maxillofacial Surgery: It is the surgical specialty that takes care of
  • 8. craniofacial and oral pathology. Some areas covered by this specialty are: correction of congenic defects (cleft lip and cleft palate), trauma in the face, cosmetic surgery of the face and neck cysts and tumors of the facial region, otherlist and cervical joint related problems cranio-mandibular, tongue, salivary glands and neck surgery third molar implant, and many other procedures. In some countries (mainly in the Americas) is often referred to specialist oral and maxillofacial surgery, and is a dental specialty. The field of action it is usually more limited than in the countries where it is a medical specialty. Pediatric surgery: In some countries like Spain, Germany or France, the treatment of children with burns or congenital malformations (cleft palate, protruding ears) is performed by surgeons in this age group. Neurosurgery
  • 9. The correction of complex deformities of the skull (craniosynostosis) is a shared property with maxillofacial surgeons and neurosurgeons, which include operations such training. Otorhinolaryngology(ORL): The alterations of the ear and nose are covered by the activity of otolaryngologists in certain centers.4. WHAT ARE THE MOST COMMON COSMETIC SURGERIES?
  • 10. Plastic surgery can offer a variety of cosmeticsurgery to increase, decrease, firm body someway, accommodating almost any query.The most common procedures are:  Rejuvenation of the face (wrinkles, eyelids, forehead, cheeks, neck).  Nose (cosmetic rhinoplasty).  Highlight and skeletal changes of the face (chin, cheeks, jaw, abnormal bite correction, changing the profile and proportions of the face).  Highlight and change the size of the breast (with implants increase, decrease, and reaffirmation).  Changes in body shape (abdomen, back, buttocks, hips, thighs).The most requested aestheticoperations vary widely according to agegroups. the difference is made between: THE YOUNGER: demand rhinoplasty, liposuction and improving the appearance of the ears, in general become more beautiful. AVERAGE AGE WOMEN: more concerned about remodeling your body after a pregnancy or to recover the lost figure of sagging, age, etc.
  • 11.  OLDER PEOPLE: logically fight against the signs of aging through lifts, sagging eyelids and neck. 5. Recommendations and care when performing a faceliftCosmetic procedures or plastic surgery as we knowusually require a complex care before and aftersubmitting to this operation. Many people opt forcosmetic surgery because they feel uncomfortablewith any part of your body, other people do it forpromoting their health, but in most cases it isimportant to know where were going to do thesurgery, if the institution or clinic has all thetechnology and quality requirements for suchoperations, since otherwise we could faceunpleasant situations and, in worst cases,irreversible damage.It is no secret that today we live in a world where thevanity of people is above many other things, whereeveryone wants to look good and feel the same waywith yourself. It is thanks to this that cosmeticsurgery has gone from being something exclusive tocelebrities or wealthy people to something withinreach of the average person, everything is to meethuman needs (in some people look good is a primaryneed, especially in women).So to perform cosmetic surgery is necessaryto follow the following recommendations:1. go to an institution or clinic certified and reliablethat meets all health requirements and expect
  • 12. credibility and technology to perform theseoperations, there are now many clinics "pirates" whooffer this service at a low cost, but does not meetall requirements and care they require this type ofoperation.2. Check the infrastructure of the clinic, eye witnessto the clinic itself has the appropriate equipment andhospital conditions, which physicians are certifiedand legitimate force to perform these procedures.3. Note that it is important to have the endorsementof the physician, that our history is examined in detailand we are able to perform the surgery. This isimportant because before surgery should beexamined and control some diseases triggered highblood pressure, diabetes, allergies, lung problems,alcohol, smoking, drugs and heart problems.4. It is important to know that people are going tomanipulate the surgical tools at the time shouldonly be supervised by medical doctors orassistants, as incorrect use of the same can causeserious consequences and leave long-termirreversible damage.5. Avoid taking aspirin or medications containingsalicylates 2 weeks before and 2 semes aftercosmetic procedure.6. Use germicidal soap type Lactacyd days beforesurgery, it is convenient for the whole body.7. Consider carefully all the instructions yourdoctor gives you and follow them exactly, isrigorous with the times to ingest drugs before andafter surgery.8. To save the rest for 24 hours postoperatively, andthen walk 15 minutes 2 times a day, but it is importantthat after every walk of 15 minutes to rest. Do theexercise 2 times a day with no less than 5 hours
  • 13. between exercise and exercise. It is important to tryto do this exercise together.9. If you go out always remember to use sunscreenUV glasses if possible and avoid heavy solarradiation.10. Try not to perform physically demanding activitiessuch as jumps, runs very fast, aerobics, sit / standao long. Remember that the most important is your health rather than physical appearance. Think very well and think about wanting to havesurgery, if warranted or worthwhile. Remember that the best way to be good and feel good is by doing regular physical activity.