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Physiotherapy

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  • 1. PHYSIOTHERAPYI.-DEFINITION:Physical therapy or physical therapy is the science of treatmentthrough: physical media, therapeutic exercise , massage therapyand electrotherapy. In addition, physical therapy includes theexecution of electrical tests and manuals to determine the value ofthe impairment and muscle strength, tests to determine thefunctional capabilities, the amplitude of the movement toarticulate and measures of vital capacity, as well as diagnostic aidfor the evolution control.II.-FUNCTIONSHealth care functionPhysical therapist shall establish an assessment prior and personalized to each patient and issuephysiotherapy diagnosis, which will consist of a system of functional assessment and a system ofregistration and clinical history of physiotherapy, according to which, it will be therapeutic targetsand consequently will design a therapeutic plan using own and exclusive physical agents of theirdiscipline. The main tool of the physiotherapist is the hand and consequently, manual therapy.Like this: Massage therapy: application of various forms of massage, massage therapy, manual lymph drainage therapy, deep transverse massage, Cryo- massage, sports massage, induction and myofascial release, neuro-muscular manual techniques, miotensivas, connective tissue massage, reflex massage, massage of the periosteum, etc. Kinesiotherapy, or movement therapy. Handling, spinal and peripheral joints. Manual physical therapy Orthopedic or Manual therapy Therapeutic exercises. Global postural reeducation Motor control. Joint mobilizations, neuro-meníngeas, fasciales and visceral. Stretching analytical in physical therapy: analytical therapeutic maneuvers in the treatment of muscle-skeletal diseases.
  • 2. Manual methods of re-education of postural tone, synergies and pathological neuro- motor patterns in the case of the Neurological physical therapyBut it also helps other physical medicine agents through the use of health technologies : Electrotherapy: application of electrical currents. Ultrasonoterapia: application of ultrasound. Contact hyperthermia: application of hyperthermia or contact Diathermy equipment. Hydrotherapy: water therapy. Thermotherapy: heat therapy. Mechanical: mechanical devices to therapy application. Radiation: except ionizing radiation. Magnet therapy: therapy using electromagnetic fields. Cryotherapy – Therapy through the cold. Laser- therapy. Vibro-therapy. Pressotherapy. Radial shock wave therapy. Electro bio-feedback. Other physical medicine agents applied to therapy.III. PROCESSES INVOLVING PHYSICAL THERAPYPhysiotherapy intervene in pathological all clinical specialties processes provided that theyindicated the implementation of any of the physical therapeutic modalities described above, beingphysical therapist responsible for assessing and planning objectives and therapeutic measures ofphysical therapy:  Attention for Psychiatryand Mental health care: depression, anxiety, disorders of eating behavior, addiction, schizophrenia, bipolar disorders, personality, etc.  Kinesiology
  • 3.  Obstetrics and Gynecology: Re-education pre and post delivery, urinary incontinence, etc.  Pediatrics: Childrens Cerebral paralysis, Paralysis brachii obstetric, bronchiolitis, Arthrogryposis, early care, etc.  From issues of the vascular system, care of amputees, lymphatic and venous drainage, etc.  Neurology: sciatica, herniated disc, Hemiplejías, multiple sclerosis, Parkinson, paralysis of neurological origin, TEC, spinal cord injury, etc.  Gerontology: loss of mobility and functionality of the elderly patient.  Pneumology: COPD, Cystic Fibrosis, Lobectomy, etc.  Traumatology and orthopaedics: sprains, fractures, dislocations, muscular breakage, sports injuries, deviations from the column, postoperative recovery.  Rheumatology: arthrosis, arthritis, Fibromyalgia, calcifications, Osteoporosis, Spondylarthritis, etc.  Cardiology: Re-education the effort of patients cardiópatas.  Coloproctology: Fecal Incontinence.  Oncology: Lymphedema post-mastectomy .  Hematology: hemophilia .  Rehabilitation.  The burn patient physiotherapy.  Other: Psychosomatic disorders, stress, etc.Uses of physical therapy1.-IncontinenceThey have been in practice a large number of therapies to ease symptoms of incontinence(inability to control the evacuation of urine). Among them are: neuromuscular electrostimulationof the pelvic floor combined with exercises, or just carrying out exercises to strengthen themuscles of the pelvic floor (Kegel exercises), the use of vaginal cones or Chinese balls. Amongother measures that have been studied is the volume of the bladder, vaginal palpation orperception of improvement. In general terms, the improvements in the short term have beenobserved with exercises of the pelvic floor and the use of Chinese balls. Physical therapy has
  • 4. proven to be more effective than relaxation techniques based on a test. However, we need tomake more elaborate tests and comparisons with placebos to confirm these results.2.-Osteoarthritis of the kneeThe results revealed that the combined use of manual physical therapy exercise under supervisionwas beneficial for patients with osteoarthritis of the knee.3.-PainPhysical therapy has been used for the treatment of pain of very diverse nature, including thetagline-femoral pain, wrist pain, postoperative and chronic pain. Hot packs to moderatetemperature therapy can help alleviate pain and wrist problems.4.-Cervical traumaStudies have shown that physical therapy and active exercises are more effective thanconventional care. According to a study in particular, the manipulative treatment would reducethe recovery period of more quickly than the physiotherapeutic treatments. .5.-Acute lymphoblastic leukemiaStretching or aerobic and strengthening exercises might improve the dorsiflexion of the ankle, theability of movement and the resistance to extend the knee. It is necessary to carry out furtherstudies in this regard.6.-AsthmaChest physiotherapy and respiratory physical therapy applied to children and adults to improvetheir quality of life and his lung capacity in cases of serious and acute asthma.7.-Nervous disorders8.- Bone densityTo improve bone density, applied physiotherapy techniques under supervision or throughexercises at home, combined with resistance exercises in physically weak older women takingsubstitute hormonal. In patients with arthritis exercise programs have been applied to long-termhigh-intensity with weights, producing positive results. While the data are encouraging, it isnecessary to carry out further studies in this regard.9.-Brain damagePatients with chronic brain injury of traumatic type often have problems walking (movement).10.-Cardiovascular disorders11.-Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • 5. 12.-Cerebral palsy13.-Fractures14.-Rheumatoid arthritis15.-Problems in spinal cord16.-Strain and sprain17.-Strength Enhancer18.-StrokeIV.-SPECIALTIESPrecisely for this reason, arise the specialties of the physiotherapy is enrolled as a postgraduatestudies: Physiotherapy veterinary Dental physiotherapy Traumatologic physiotherapy Oncological physiotherapy Orthopedic physical therapy Obstetric physiotherapy Gynecologic physiotherapy Cardiovascular physiotherapy Physiotherapy in critical care Respiratory physiotherapy Physical therapy in mental health and Psychiatry Chest physiotherapy Rheumatologic physiotherapy Neurological physiotherapy Child neurological physiotherapy
  • 6. Geriatric physical therapy Pediatric physiotherapy Physiotherapy uroginecológica Physical therapy Manual or manual therapy in orthopedics (English manual therapy )) Sport physiotherapy Physiotherapy in occupational health and work Physiotherapy ergonomics Physiotherapy in alternative treatments Plastic and aesthetic physiotherapy Physiotherapy specialist in balneotherapy and hydrotherapy Manipulation of the muscle fascia, Stecco LV-PHYSIOTHERAPY AND REHABILITATIONThere is a common mistake and it is considered that physiotherapy and rehabilitation are thesame.The truth is that rehabilitation is the result of applying, among other things reflected to recoverphysical, mental, social and labour. Physiotherapy is mainly concerned the physical recovery whilerehabilitation, is a multidisciplinary and comprehensive work in which it acts as well as physicaltherapy, other disciplines such as speech therapy, occupational therapy, psychology, etc.On the other hand, as explained above physical therapy has its welfare functions in addition to therecovery, prevention.