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XP Enhancements Chapters 15

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  • 1. XP Enhancements Chapters 15 & 16 David Turton Conestoga College Institute of Technology & Advanced Learning www.conestogac.on.ca/~dturton Doon 1B43 x3610
  • 2. XP versions
    • XP Home
      • 2+ simultaneous users
        • separate open apps for each
      • Win Media Player
      • Messenger
        • conf'g, app share
      • CD drag-and-drop
      • firewall
    • XP Pro
      • remote desktop control
      • roaming profiles
      • connect to 2000/2003 domain
      • IIS web server
  • 3. XP versions cont'd
    • XP Media Ctr Edition
      • XP Pro base:
      • digital entertainment h/w support:
        • video recording integ'd w/ TV
      • only avail pre-installed
    • XP Tablet PC
      • XP Pro base
      • tablet stylus & touch-screen support
    • XP 64-bit
      • Itanium & Opteron
      • heavy workstations
      • free beta download
  • 4. Workgroup vs Domain
    • Workgroup
      • small network
      • < 10 computers
      • each controls own resources
        • users
        • groups
        • files/folder
        • printers
    • Domain
      • >10 computers
      • domain controller:
        • Win 2000/2003
      • needs XP Pro clients
      • central control
        • users
        • groups
        • resources
  • 5. Upgrading to XP
    • Win 98/SE/ME
      • no drivers carried fwd
      • some registry interpretations
    • Win 95
      • cannot upgrade
      • clean install req'd
  • 6. Transfer Files/Settings to New XP
    • User State Migration tool
      • files, folders, display properties, taskbar options, browser/email settings
    • on an XP machine (or from XP CD)
      • create diskette:
        • Accessories  System Tools  Files and Settings Transfer Wizard
      • run on old machine
        • retrieve files & settings
      • run on new machine
        • put info there.
  • 7. Automated System Recovery (ASR) Full-System backup
    • use once XP fully installed
      • and whenever desired afterwards
    • creates complete drive backup & ASR diskette
      • doesn't compress , unless hardware supports compression
      • back up to another drive, another computer, CD-R, tape, DVD ± R
        • complete contents of source drive
    • Accessories  System Tools  Backup
      • Advanced Mode  Automated System Recovery Wizard
    • XP Home
      • backup not installed by default
      • XP CD  VALUEADDMSFTNTBACKUP tbackup.msi
  • 8. Automated System Recovery (ASR) Full-System restore
    • Will lose all on XP volume since ASR backup
      • boot to XP CD
      • watch for message &quot;Press F2 to run the automated System Recovery Process&quot;
        • press F2
        • insert ASR diskette
        • XP setup will:
          • load itself into memory
          • repartition/reformat hard drive
          • install Windows XP from CD
          • run ASR Wizard
            • restoring system state, apps and data from backup
  • 9. Customising desktop
    • manage shortcuts
      • display  desktop  customise desktop
    • create program icons
      • right-click program
      • &quot;copy&quot;
      • &quot;paste shortcut&quot; to desktop
      • or &quot;create shortcut&quot; – drag to desktop
    • icon properties: compatibility mode
      • runs Win 95, 98, ME, NT or 2000 environment
    • taskbar – quick launch
      • single-click always-on-top icons
  • 10. Windows Messenger
    • loads by default
      • consumes resources in background
    • stop from loading at start-up
    • Better:
      • Remove from install
  • 11. Users in XP
    • Global users (domain-wide)
      • stored on server (domain controller)
      • in Active Directory database
    • Local users
      • rights only to local computer
    • built-in XP users
      • administrator
        • all rights, can create other users
      • guest
        • use of computer, very limited configuration rights
    • User profiles
      • created at first logon
      • customise desktop
        • saved in profile
      • local to each machine
    • roaming profile
      • profile saved on domain server
      • same profile used at each computer signs on to
    • mandatory profile
      • roaming profile
      • applied to user of a group
      • users cannot modify settings
      • for users doing only job-related tasks
  • 12. creating users - XP
    • right-click My Computer  Manage
      • or control panel  admin tools  computer management
      • select Local Users & Groups
      • right-click to create user
      • user has limited rights
  • 13.  
  • 14. Modifying User Accounts
    • control panel  user accounts
    • need admin authority
      • create users
      • change user type
        • admin vs limited
      • how users sign on/off
      • change user name
      • change password
      • change image
  • 15. User groups
    • manage groups, not individuals
      • can grant rights to groups (Local Security policy)
      • can apply limitations to groups (Group Policies)
      • members of group inherit rights/limitations of group
    • default XP groups:
      • administrators
      • backup operators
      • power users
      • limited users
      • guests
    • can add groups
      • some s/w adds groups they need (Visual Studio)
  • 16.  
  • 17. Local Security Policies granting rights to groups (& their members)
    • Control Panel  Admin Tools  Local Security Policy
    properties
  • 18. Group Policies: gpedit.msc Applying limitations to groups (& their members)
  • 19. Encrypted File System
    • file/folder properties  advanced attributes
    • can encrypt a file or folder
      • files put in folder are encrypted
        • To userid of person moving them in
      • Files remain encrypted if moved to another NTFS location
      • Files decrypted if moved to non-NTFS file system like diskette, CD
    • only user that encrypted data can open/move/copy it
      • &quot;Access Denied&quot; otherwise
      • If user's password changed by administrator
        • Administrator could then &quot;impersonate&quot; user
        • Userid loses access to encrypted files
    • System administrator can decrypt files/folders, not open directly
      • Disgruntled employees, forgotten passwords
      • Administrator leaves audit trail:
        • cannot re-encrypt to another's userid
  • 20. cipher [/E, /D] [/S:dir] folderList encrypting/decrypting at command-prompt or in scripts
    • options:
      • /E
        • encrypts specified file or folders
      • /D
        • decrypts specified files or folders
      • /S:xxx
        • apply to subfolders of folder xxx
    • Doesn't encrypt files already inside folder
    • See cipher /? for more options
  • 21. Internet Connection Firewall
    • a Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI) Firewall
      • if local PC initiates a communication
        • Other PC's can reply to it
      • if remote PC initiates a communication
        • blocked
    • protect yourself from your roommates
      • Control Panel  Network Connections  properties
      • advanced tab
      • modify settings to log blocked connections
    • enhanced with SP2
  • 22. Troubleshooting
    • Driver rollback
    • Last Known Good Configuration
    • Safe Mode
    • System Restore
    • XP boot disk
    • Recovery Console
    • ASR – Automated System Recovery
    • Reinstall XP
  • 23. System Restore
    • Needs Windows to run
    • Accessories  System Tools  System Restore
      • Create a restore point before installing s/w or h/w
      • Can return to restore point if install fails
        • Try driver rollback for h/w changes first:
          • Control Panel  System  Hardware  Device Manager
        • Install & configuration changes since restore-point lost
        • Can also restore to before a virus
    • Note: if s/w install hangs:
      • Disable System Restore & retry
        • Lose all restore points, however
  • 24.  
  • 25. Ms-DOS Startup Diskette
    • Right-click A: drive
      • Select format, check &quot;create startup disk&quot;
      • Files similar to Win 98
    • Useful for real-mode programs
      • Memory analysers
      • Re-flash BIOS
  • 26.  
  • 27. XP Boot Diskette
    • Bypasses hard drive damage:
      • Boot sector
      • MBR
      • Partition table
      • Ntldr, Ntdetect.com, Ntbootdd.sys (SCSI), boot.ini
      • Virus
    • Not for device driver problems
    • Format diskette on XP
    • Copy from i386 on XP CD
      • Ntldr
      • Ntdetect.com
      • Create boot.ini
    • Write-protect diskette
  • 28. XP Boot Diskette cont'd
    • If XP loads, but with errors:
      • Load Recovery Console
        • i386 on CD:
          • winnt32 /cmdcons
        • Restart PC
        • Use Fixmbr & Fixboot
      • Run antivirus
      • Verify partitions OK
      • Defrag hard drive
      • Copy from diskette: Ntldr, Ntdetect.com, Boot.ini
  • 29.  
  • 30.
    • Black screen, no messages
      • Corrupted MBR, partition table, boot sector, Ntldr
      • Use XP boot diskette – Recovery Console
        • run fixmbr, fixboot

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