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XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
XP Enhancements Chapters 15
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XP Enhancements Chapters 15

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  • 1. XP Enhancements Chapters 15 & 16 David Turton Conestoga College Institute of Technology & Advanced Learning www.conestogac.on.ca/~dturton Doon 1B43 x3610
  • 2. XP versions
    • XP Home
      • 2+ simultaneous users
        • separate open apps for each
      • Win Media Player
      • Messenger
        • conf'g, app share
      • CD drag-and-drop
      • firewall
    • XP Pro
      • remote desktop control
      • roaming profiles
      • connect to 2000/2003 domain
      • IIS web server
  • 3. XP versions cont'd
    • XP Media Ctr Edition
      • XP Pro base:
      • digital entertainment h/w support:
        • video recording integ'd w/ TV
      • only avail pre-installed
    • XP Tablet PC
      • XP Pro base
      • tablet stylus & touch-screen support
    • XP 64-bit
      • Itanium & Opteron
      • heavy workstations
      • free beta download
  • 4. Workgroup vs Domain
    • Workgroup
      • small network
      • < 10 computers
      • each controls own resources
        • users
        • groups
        • files/folder
        • printers
    • Domain
      • >10 computers
      • domain controller:
        • Win 2000/2003
      • needs XP Pro clients
      • central control
        • users
        • groups
        • resources
  • 5. Upgrading to XP
    • Win 98/SE/ME
      • no drivers carried fwd
      • some registry interpretations
    • Win 95
      • cannot upgrade
      • clean install req'd
  • 6. Transfer Files/Settings to New XP
    • User State Migration tool
      • files, folders, display properties, taskbar options, browser/email settings
    • on an XP machine (or from XP CD)
      • create diskette:
        • Accessories  System Tools  Files and Settings Transfer Wizard
      • run on old machine
        • retrieve files & settings
      • run on new machine
        • put info there.
  • 7. Automated System Recovery (ASR) Full-System backup
    • use once XP fully installed
      • and whenever desired afterwards
    • creates complete drive backup & ASR diskette
      • doesn't compress , unless hardware supports compression
      • back up to another drive, another computer, CD-R, tape, DVD ± R
        • complete contents of source drive
    • Accessories  System Tools  Backup
      • Advanced Mode  Automated System Recovery Wizard
    • XP Home
      • backup not installed by default
      • XP CD  VALUEADDMSFTNTBACKUP tbackup.msi
  • 8. Automated System Recovery (ASR) Full-System restore
    • Will lose all on XP volume since ASR backup
      • boot to XP CD
      • watch for message &quot;Press F2 to run the automated System Recovery Process&quot;
        • press F2
        • insert ASR diskette
        • XP setup will:
          • load itself into memory
          • repartition/reformat hard drive
          • install Windows XP from CD
          • run ASR Wizard
            • restoring system state, apps and data from backup
  • 9. Customising desktop
    • manage shortcuts
      • display  desktop  customise desktop
    • create program icons
      • right-click program
      • &quot;copy&quot;
      • &quot;paste shortcut&quot; to desktop
      • or &quot;create shortcut&quot; – drag to desktop
    • icon properties: compatibility mode
      • runs Win 95, 98, ME, NT or 2000 environment
    • taskbar – quick launch
      • single-click always-on-top icons
  • 10. Windows Messenger
    • loads by default
      • consumes resources in background
    • stop from loading at start-up
    • Better:
      • Remove from install
  • 11. Users in XP
    • Global users (domain-wide)
      • stored on server (domain controller)
      • in Active Directory database
    • Local users
      • rights only to local computer
    • built-in XP users
      • administrator
        • all rights, can create other users
      • guest
        • use of computer, very limited configuration rights
    • User profiles
      • created at first logon
      • customise desktop
        • saved in profile
      • local to each machine
    • roaming profile
      • profile saved on domain server
      • same profile used at each computer signs on to
    • mandatory profile
      • roaming profile
      • applied to user of a group
      • users cannot modify settings
      • for users doing only job-related tasks
  • 12. creating users - XP
    • right-click My Computer  Manage
      • or control panel  admin tools  computer management
      • select Local Users & Groups
      • right-click to create user
      • user has limited rights
  • 13.  
  • 14. Modifying User Accounts
    • control panel  user accounts
    • need admin authority
      • create users
      • change user type
        • admin vs limited
      • how users sign on/off
      • change user name
      • change password
      • change image
  • 15. User groups
    • manage groups, not individuals
      • can grant rights to groups (Local Security policy)
      • can apply limitations to groups (Group Policies)
      • members of group inherit rights/limitations of group
    • default XP groups:
      • administrators
      • backup operators
      • power users
      • limited users
      • guests
    • can add groups
      • some s/w adds groups they need (Visual Studio)
  • 16.  
  • 17. Local Security Policies granting rights to groups (& their members)
    • Control Panel  Admin Tools  Local Security Policy
    properties
  • 18. Group Policies: gpedit.msc Applying limitations to groups (& their members)
  • 19. Encrypted File System
    • file/folder properties  advanced attributes
    • can encrypt a file or folder
      • files put in folder are encrypted
        • To userid of person moving them in
      • Files remain encrypted if moved to another NTFS location
      • Files decrypted if moved to non-NTFS file system like diskette, CD
    • only user that encrypted data can open/move/copy it
      • &quot;Access Denied&quot; otherwise
      • If user's password changed by administrator
        • Administrator could then &quot;impersonate&quot; user
        • Userid loses access to encrypted files
    • System administrator can decrypt files/folders, not open directly
      • Disgruntled employees, forgotten passwords
      • Administrator leaves audit trail:
        • cannot re-encrypt to another's userid
  • 20. cipher [/E, /D] [/S:dir] folderList encrypting/decrypting at command-prompt or in scripts
    • options:
      • /E
        • encrypts specified file or folders
      • /D
        • decrypts specified files or folders
      • /S:xxx
        • apply to subfolders of folder xxx
    • Doesn't encrypt files already inside folder
    • See cipher /? for more options
  • 21. Internet Connection Firewall
    • a Stateful Packet Inspection (SPI) Firewall
      • if local PC initiates a communication
        • Other PC's can reply to it
      • if remote PC initiates a communication
        • blocked
    • protect yourself from your roommates
      • Control Panel  Network Connections  properties
      • advanced tab
      • modify settings to log blocked connections
    • enhanced with SP2
  • 22. Troubleshooting
    • Driver rollback
    • Last Known Good Configuration
    • Safe Mode
    • System Restore
    • XP boot disk
    • Recovery Console
    • ASR – Automated System Recovery
    • Reinstall XP
  • 23. System Restore
    • Needs Windows to run
    • Accessories  System Tools  System Restore
      • Create a restore point before installing s/w or h/w
      • Can return to restore point if install fails
        • Try driver rollback for h/w changes first:
          • Control Panel  System  Hardware  Device Manager
        • Install & configuration changes since restore-point lost
        • Can also restore to before a virus
    • Note: if s/w install hangs:
      • Disable System Restore & retry
        • Lose all restore points, however
  • 24.  
  • 25. Ms-DOS Startup Diskette
    • Right-click A: drive
      • Select format, check &quot;create startup disk&quot;
      • Files similar to Win 98
    • Useful for real-mode programs
      • Memory analysers
      • Re-flash BIOS
  • 26.  
  • 27. XP Boot Diskette
    • Bypasses hard drive damage:
      • Boot sector
      • MBR
      • Partition table
      • Ntldr, Ntdetect.com, Ntbootdd.sys (SCSI), boot.ini
      • Virus
    • Not for device driver problems
    • Format diskette on XP
    • Copy from i386 on XP CD
      • Ntldr
      • Ntdetect.com
      • Create boot.ini
    • Write-protect diskette
  • 28. XP Boot Diskette cont'd
    • If XP loads, but with errors:
      • Load Recovery Console
        • i386 on CD:
          • winnt32 /cmdcons
        • Restart PC
        • Use Fixmbr & Fixboot
      • Run antivirus
      • Verify partitions OK
      • Defrag hard drive
      • Copy from diskette: Ntldr, Ntdetect.com, Boot.ini
  • 29.  
  • 30.
    • Black screen, no messages
      • Corrupted MBR, partition table, boot sector, Ntldr
      • Use XP boot diskette – Recovery Console
        • run fixmbr, fixboot

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