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  1. 1. By: Orna Sagiv (Consul General) Consulate General of Israel, Mumbai March 2009
  2. 2. Israel Area - Approximately 21000 km Population- Around 7.2 million Independence- 14 th May 1948   Religions - Judaism, Islam, Christianity Official Languages- Hebrew, Arabic Capital- Jerusalem Government- Parliamentary Democracy
  3. 3. Major Economic Indicators GDP 2008:                             170 billion USD GDP per capita:                    28,000 USD   GDP Growth:                        4.1 % (5.3% in 2007) Inflation:                                 3.8% Unemployment: 6 % Exports           61 billion USD Imports          64 billion USD Foreign investments:           10.3 billion USD(2007)
  4. 4. Mediterranean Sea Egypt Jordan Lebanon Syria Dead Sea Jordan Valley N 470 km. 9 hrs. 135 km. 90 min. 22,000 Km² Negev Mountain Range Jerusalem Tel Aviv Israel
  5. 5. Surface: 22,000 Km 2 Length: 470 Km Width: 20-135 Km Geography
  6. 6. Israel’s Economic Developments at a Glance
  7. 7.     Source: World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Yearbook 2006-2007 Israel's Ranking in Global Competitiveness Reports     1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th Availability of scientists and engineers Israel Japan Finland India France Venture capital availability U.S.A Israel Netherlands Finland U.K Judicial independence Germany Netherlands   Israel   New Zealand Norway Technological readiness Sweden Singapore Iceland Switzerland Quality of research organizations Switzerland U.S.A U.K Israel Japan Technology absorption Iceland Japan Sweden Taiwan Utility patents U.S.A Japan Taiwan Finland Israel
  8. 8. A Brief Economic History 60 Years of Growth Total Growth over 60 Years Average annual Growth rate 60- fold 7% Product 10- fold 4% Population 6- fold 3% Product per Capita
  9. 9. GDP Growth (% per annum) Source: Central Bureau of Statistics and Ministry of Finance Projections Current Economic Performance Robust Growth, Low Inflation Inflation rate
  10. 10. Silicon Miracles from the Holy Land Highlights of Israel’s High Tech Sector <ul><li>ICT growth since 1990: ~ 15% per year </li></ul><ul><li>~ 4,000 high tech companies, most of them start-ups. </li></ul><ul><li>2nd largest VC market after the US </li></ul><ul><li>Most foreign companies listed at Nasdaq </li></ul><ul><li>World’s fourth in US patents per capita </li></ul><ul><li>Major innovations: ICQ, disk-on-key, Centrino chip (Intel), advanced firewalls, GPS software, Pill-camera, etc.; </li></ul><ul><li>R&D/GDP= 4.6% (world highest) </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Ingredients of Israel’s “Silicon Miracle” <ul><li>Entrepreneurship, Israeli style </li></ul><ul><li>High-quality human capital, technical skills </li></ul><ul><li>Government support for commercial R&D. </li></ul><ul><li>Venture Capital, local and US-based </li></ul><ul><li>Very open economy, strong ties with the global main players </li></ul>
  12. 12. India – Israel
  13. 13. <ul><li>The Indo-Israel bilateral relations </li></ul><ul><li>Official visits by Indian Leaders to Israel: </li></ul><ul><li>May 2000 - Home Minister L. K. Advani </li></ul><ul><li>May 2006 – Sharad Pawar (Minister of Agriculture) </li></ul><ul><li>Official visits by Israeli Leaders to India: </li></ul><ul><li>September 2003- Prime Minister Arial Sharon </li></ul><ul><li>December 2006 – Eliyahu Yishai (Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Industry, Trade & Labour) </li></ul><ul><li>March 2007- Shaul Mofaz (Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Transportation and Road Safety) </li></ul><ul><li>Several Economic Agreements (MFN, Avoidance of Double Taxation, Bilateral Investment Protection, R&D, Economic Cooperation Agreement, Demo Farm Pusa) </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Relations: </li></ul><ul><li>200 million $ bilateral trade in 92 to 4 billion $ in 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Several Israeli Companies have invested in India especially in the sectors like Real Estate, Pharmaceuticals, Irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Indian Companies like Tata Consultancy Services and State Bank of India opened offices in Israel </li></ul>
  14. 14. Israel’s Exports to India In 2008 2313 millions - Increased by 45% Particulars Amount in US$ (millions) % of Export Chemical Products 793 34 Precious Stones and Diamonds 982 42 Machinery 403 17
  15. 15. Israel’s Imports From India In 2008 1682 millions Particulars Amount in US$ (millions) % of Export Chemical Products 251 15 Precious Stones and Diamonds 979 58 Textiles 122 07
  16. 16. <ul><li>Areas of Cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Israel considers India as an important trade partner in Asia – “India as a Destination Market” </li></ul><ul><li>Joint R&D agreement in the following areas – Biotech, Nanotech, Space Research, Water Management, Alternative renewable energy </li></ul><ul><li>Major industry sectors for economic cooperation: Telecommunication, Agro-Technology, Medical Equipment, Environmental Technologies, Homeland Security </li></ul><ul><li>Investments in Real Estate, Shopping malls, IT, Pharma </li></ul>
  17. 17. Agriculture in Israel
  18. 18. Annual Average (mm) North: 720 Mountain: 550 South: 30 Rai n fall 1,000 800 700 500-600 200-400 100-200 <100
  19. 19. <ul><li>Israel has no Ag favorable conditions </li></ul><ul><li>Each given situation holds potential advantages </li></ul><ul><li>The concept: to be proactive in finding </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive solutions for developing the advantages </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Characteristics of Israeli Agriculture </li></ul><ul><li>Major Constraints: Soil, Water, Market </li></ul><ul><li>High Investment in R&D (Mostly by ARO) </li></ul><ul><li>Skilled & Educated Manpower </li></ul><ul><li>Close Academy-Farmer contacts </li></ul><ul><li>Intensive cultivation and production </li></ul><ul><li>Efficiency: 2.4% of Working force 4.1% of Israel’s export </li></ul><ul><li> 17.5% of products exported </li></ul>
  21. 21. R & D Grower Industry Close Cooperation in the Agriculture Sector Extension Service
  22. 22. <ul><li>These cooperative efforts have led to </li></ul><ul><li>breakthrough achievements and methods </li></ul><ul><li>in all branches of agriculture and have </li></ul><ul><li>fostered a market –oriented agribusiness </li></ul><ul><li>that exports its agrotechnology solutions </li></ul><ul><li> world wide </li></ul><ul><li>Total export of over 2 billion US$ </li></ul>
  23. 23. Israeli Agrotech Exports <ul><li>Greenhouses </li></ul><ul><li>Dairy Farming </li></ul><ul><li>Poultry Farming </li></ul><ul><li>Aquaculture </li></ul><ul><li>Water Management Irrigation </li></ul><ul><li>Seeds </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanization </li></ul><ul><li>Fertilizers and Pesticides </li></ul><ul><li>Turnkey Projects, Consulting and Know-How </li></ul>
  24. 24. Greenhouses <ul><li>Natural restrictions of soil, water and climate led to Israeli-developed greenhouse technologies for high added value crops . </li></ul><ul><li>Greenhouse systems, including specialized plastic films, and heating, ventilation and structure systems , enable Israeli farmers to achieve superior results: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Grow more than 3,000,000 roses per hectare per season, and an </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Average of 300 tons of tomatoes per hectare per season, four times the yields of open fields </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Dairy Farming <ul><li>Israeli-developed advanced technologies that have revolutionized the industry. </li></ul>3. Israel’s dairy exports include frozen semen, embryos for transplant, heifers, advanced milking and computerized feeding systems, consulting, and joint international project development. 2. Average milk production has increased two and a half times since the 1950s – from 3,900 liters annually to an average of nearly 11,000 liters per dairy cow.
  26. 26. <ul><li>Breeding - Breeds developed in Israel highly disease-resistant, adaptable to extremes of climate and heat, and characterized by rapid growth rate, high egg production and low-fat meat. </li></ul><ul><li>Equipment - automatic egg collector, poultry drinking systems and durable plastic slat flooring that contribute to hygienic conditions in the henhouse. </li></ul><ul><li>Control Systems - Sophisticated control systems maintain desired levels of humidity, heat, lighting, feed, ventilation and cooling 24 hours a day. </li></ul>Poultry Farming Israeli-developed innovations improve production and make poultry farmers’ work more efficient
  27. 27. <ul><li>Fish farming is carried out in the open sea in floating cages , and in man-made reservoirs and ponds . </li></ul><ul><li>Due to the lack of fresh water, fish farmers use closed water systems for intensive farming . Some projects also use reservoir water for irrigation . </li></ul><ul><li>Wide range of ornamental fish and marine plants are bred , including coldwater fish, tropical fish and water lilies. Exported overseas, especially to Europe. </li></ul>Aquaculture Israel employs an intensive form of aquaculture:
  28. 28. Water and Irrigation <ul><li>World’s most advanced user of agricultural irrigation – half of all agricultural land under irrigation. </li></ul><ul><li>Pioneer in developing innovative technologies and accessories : drip irrigation, automatic valves and controllers, media and automatic filtration, low discharge sprayers and mini- sprinklers, compensated drippers and sprinklers. </li></ul><ul><li>Computer-controlled drip irrigation = huge water savings and enables fertigation. </li></ul><ul><li>Global Reputation – more than 80% of production exported. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Seeds <ul><li>Worldwide demand for Israeli seeds and seedlings: </li></ul><ul><li>Disease resistant seed varieties developed </li></ul><ul><li>– durable in storage and suited to a variety </li></ul><ul><li> of climatic conditions. </li></ul><ul><li>40% of European tomato greenhouses </li></ul><ul><li>use seeds of Israeli-developed and </li></ul><ul><li>produced tomato hybrid with long shelf life. </li></ul><ul><li>Other Israeli successes : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Seedless Watermelon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resistant Squash </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>High-Yield Cucumbers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Saucer-Shaped Yellow Zucchini </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hybrid Cotton variety with longer and stronger fibers and high-yield crop requiring less water, naturally colored cotton and more. </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. Mechanization <ul><li>Israel manufactures and exports a </li></ul><ul><li>variety of specialized agricultural </li></ul><ul><li>equipment, including: </li></ul><ul><li>Mobile Celery Packing House </li></ul><ul><li>Machinery for Digging Silage and mixing the feed uniformly </li></ul><ul><li>Poultry Equipment – drinkers, automatic egg collectors, climate control systems and scales for weighing </li></ul><ul><li>Air-Blast Sprayer for use in citrus growing and vineyards which provides an efficient cover of the tree. </li></ul><ul><li>Flower Bulb Transplanters . </li></ul><ul><li>Machinery for Packing Houses . </li></ul>
  31. 31. Fertilizers <ul><li>Direct raw material exports </li></ul><ul><li>Local processing and compounding to enhance utility, </li></ul><ul><li>effectiveness and environmental safety. </li></ul><ul><li>Remarkable developments include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Application of fertilizers through drip irrigation buried in the ground to ensure that less mobile components, such as phosphorous, will reach the roots directly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Controlled-Release Fertilizers – coated in polymers to ensure slow, prolonged release and delivery via diffusion. Slow release fertilizers allow better exploitation of the fertilizer and less groundwater pollution. </li></ul></ul>Israel’s southern region, particularly Dead Sea area, rich in mines providing potassium, phosphorus and magnesium for the agricultural sector:
  32. 32. Turnkey Projects, Consulting and Know-How <ul><li>Multiple skills, talents and experiences are </li></ul><ul><li>enlisted to provide integrated solutions that </li></ul><ul><li>embrace: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Soil </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Water Additives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Livestock Varieties, Equipment and Structures </li></ul></ul>Increasingly, Israeli agrotechnology companies join forces and supply turnkey projects for both crop and livestock development programs: <ul><ul><li>The Results: Improved Yields at Lower Cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A win-win situation in a resource-stressed world </li></ul></ul>
  33. 33. If it’s agrotechnology – it’s AGRITECH ‘09 <ul><li>Advanced Equipment and Technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Agroindustry Startups </li></ul><ul><li>Cost Saving Production </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological and Environmental Agrotechnologies </li></ul><ul><li>Extension Services </li></ul><ul><li>High-Tech Agricultural Biotechnologies </li></ul><ul><li>Intensive Growing Methods </li></ul><ul><li>International Training and Cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Research & Development </li></ul>The place to meet and do business with leading agricultural experts from around the world. Come discover the latest innovations in:
  34. 34. <ul><li>Agritech 2006 Facts & Figures </li></ul><ul><li>Total net exhibiting space 20,000 m² </li></ul><ul><li>Indoor space 7,000 m² </li></ul><ul><li>Outdoor space 13,000 m² </li></ul><ul><li>Total occupied Exhibiting space 30,000 m² </li></ul><ul><li>Indoor space 13,000 m² </li></ul><ul><li>Outdoor space 17,000 m² </li></ul><ul><li>Total No. of Visitors 25,500 </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign visitors 5,500 </li></ul><ul><li>Israeli visitors 20,000 </li></ul>
  35. 38. See you at Agritech 2009 Opening Hours Tuesday – Thursday, May 5-7 10:00am -18:00pm