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Basic PC Maintenance
Terminology <ul><li>Hardware – Physical devices such as motherboard, keyboard, mouse, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Software – Pr...
Terminology <ul><li>Driver - a program that is written specifically to control a certain piece of hardware, such as a soun...
Terminology  <ul><li>CPU – Central Processing Unit, the brain of the PC.  New PC’s have multiple CPU meaning faster speeds...
Terminology <ul><li>Hard Disk Drive – Main storage device.  This is permanent storage </li></ul><ul><li>RAM – Random Acces...
<ul><li>Fragmentation – Caused when an OS breaks a file into pieces because there is not enough space on the hard drive *(...
Terminology <ul><li>Wi-Fi – Wireless technology which allows users to connect to a local network without the need for cabl...
Terminology <ul><li>Spyware  - Software that sends information about your Web surfing habits to its Website.  </li></ul><u...
Terminology <ul><li>Worm  - A destructive program that replicates itself throughout disk and memory, using up computer res...
Terminology <ul><li>Adware  - (ADvertisementWARE) - Any software application or program in which advertising banners are d...
Recommended Software to Download <ul><li>Avira AntiVir Personal – Free Antivirus </li></ul><ul><li>Malwarebytes’ Anti Malw...
Links <ul><li>Tech Republic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://techrepublic.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cnet </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
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  1. 1. Basic PC Maintenance
  2. 2. Terminology <ul><li>Hardware – Physical devices such as motherboard, keyboard, mouse, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Software – Programs that run on a computer such as games or office suites. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Terminology <ul><li>Driver - a program that is written specifically to control a certain piece of hardware, such as a soundcard, modem, graphics card, printer, scanner, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Bluetooth – A wireless technology which allows digital devices to easily transfer files at high speed. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Terminology <ul><li>CPU – Central Processing Unit, the brain of the PC. New PC’s have multiple CPU meaning faster speeds on the PC’s </li></ul><ul><li>Motherboard – The main circuit board, holds and connects all components of the computer </li></ul>
  5. 5. Terminology <ul><li>Hard Disk Drive – Main storage device. This is permanent storage </li></ul><ul><li>RAM – Random Access Memory – this is dynamic memory, temporary storage. RAM holds the data the computer needs when running a program. </li></ul><ul><li>Operating System – OS, main software of a computer system. ie – Windows XP, Windows Vista </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Fragmentation – Caused when an OS breaks a file into pieces because there is not enough space on the hard drive *(Show example) </li></ul><ul><li>Firewall – A Security program which protects your computer from unauthorized access through a network and/or internet (Zone Alarm) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Terminology <ul><li>Wi-Fi – Wireless technology which allows users to connect to a local network without the need for cables </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three types of Standards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>802.11a - 54Mbps on 5GHz Range of up to 35m </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>802.11b - 11Mbps on 2.4GHz Range of up to 38m </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>802.11g - 54Mbps on 2.4GHz Range of up to 100m </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>802.11n - 600 Mbps on 5GHz or 2.4 GHz Range of up to 300M </li></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Terminology <ul><li>Spyware - Software that sends information about your Web surfing habits to its Website. </li></ul><ul><li>Virus - Software used to infect a computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Spam - e-mail that is not requested. Also known as unsolicited e-mail </li></ul>
  9. 9. Terminology <ul><li>Worm - A destructive program that replicates itself throughout disk and memory, using up computer resources until it becomes unusable. </li></ul><ul><li>Cookie - A small data file created by a Web server that is stored on your computer. Cookies provide a way for the Website to identify users and keep track of their preferences. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Terminology <ul><li>Adware - (ADvertisementWARE) - Any software application or program in which advertising banners are displayed or Pop-up windows appear while the program is running. Adware is considered “spyware” </li></ul>
  11. 11. Recommended Software to Download <ul><li>Avira AntiVir Personal – Free Antivirus </li></ul><ul><li>Malwarebytes’ Anti Malware </li></ul><ul><li>Spybot – Search & Destroy </li></ul><ul><li>Ccleaner </li></ul><ul><li>ZoneAlarm Firewall </li></ul><ul><li>Ad-Aware Anniversary Edition </li></ul><ul><li>Smart Defrag </li></ul>
  12. 12. Links <ul><li>Tech Republic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://techrepublic.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cnet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.cnet.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.download.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://cnettv.cnet.com </li></ul></ul>
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