AccessibilityFor teachers and content developers We want it now!
Define accessibility in web design contextWhat is accessibility?
Accessible Web Design“… philosophy and practiceof designing web content sothat it can be navigated andread by everyone, regardlessof location, experience, orthe type of computertechnology used.” World Wide Web Access: Disability Discrimination Act Advisory Notes, 2012 http://www.hreoc.gov.au/disability_rights/standards/www_3/www_3.html#whatis
1st of 8 VET E-Standards“Accessible e-learning content means that itcan be used by the widest possiblecombination of users and computerhardware and software configurations,including people with disabilities.” Download 2012 VET E-standards (MS Word 728kB) (Opens in new window)
TAFE Qld Learning Resource Design PrinciplesThe LRDP comprise five overarchingprinciples:1. Presentation2. Learning design3. Intellectual property4. Discovery for reuse5. Accessibility Staff Support Site, my.TAFE
Universal DesignAccessibility is linked Universal Design isto “Universal Design” about “designing resources that are as accessible as possible to most people, more of the time, regardless of disability, language and literacy skills” Accessibility Information, Staff Support Site, my.TAFE, 2012
Find out about W3C Web Content AccessibilityGuidelines 2.0 (WCAG 2.0)What do I have to do?
WCAG 2.0All government web content mustmeet the W3C Web Content AccessibilityGuidelines 2.0 (WCAG 2.0) to aminimum of Level AA compliance:• Level A (Single A) by 31 December 2012• Level AA (Double A) by 31 December 2014• To claim conformance websites must meet all five WCAG 2.0 conformance requirements Accessibility Web Guide, Australian Government, 2012 http://webguide.gov.au/accessibility-usability/accessibility/
W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines• A customizable quick reference to Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 2.0 requirements (success criteria) and techniques: W3C - How to Meet WCAG 2.0 (Opens in new window)• Understanding Conformance and Accessibility Supported Technologies: W3C - Understanding WCAG 2.0 (Opens in new window)• The Australian Government Information Office (AGIMO): Australian Government Accessibility Web Guide (Opens in new window) E-standards for Training: Accessibility, National VET E-Learning Strategy, 2012 http://e-standards.flexiblelearning.net.au/technical_standards/accessibility.php
Tips and Key Points for AccessibilityHow do I do it?
Tips1. Alternative Text Images, Tables, Videos, Links2. Navigation Headings, Menus, Home, Next, Back, Top3. Alternative Modes Text Only, Audio, Printable, Full-Page4. Colour and Contrast Branding vs Aesthetics vs Usability Digital Content Advancing Practice Workshop, Francis Kneebone, 2012 bit.ly/content2012
Key Points• Text alternatives for images, graphs, video and multimedia should be planned and implemented during the production process• Content with high bandwidth requirements (such as video) should also be provided in a low bandwidth alternative (e.g. still images and text) VET E-learning content development guidelines, Commonwealth of Australia, 2011, p4
Validation ToolsValidate learning content before publishing:• Colour Contrast http://www.accesskeys.org/tools/color-contrast.html• Screen Readability http://webanywhere.cs.washington.edu/beta/• Layout Errors http://wave.webaim.org/ Digital Content Advancing Practice Workshop, Francis Kneebone, 2012 bit.ly/content2012
“The power of the Web is in its universality. Access by everyone regardless of disability is anessential aspect” Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web and Director of W3C http://www.hreoc.gov.au/disability_rights/standards/www_3/www_3.html#whatis
Inclusivity Digital Equity or Digital InclusionFrom: The framework of the ETIPS Digital Equity CasesAnd http://www.archive.dbcde.gov.au/2008/01/social_impacts_of_ict/digital_inclusion
What is digital inclusion?The barriers to digital inclusioncover social, economic,technical and cultural issuesthat may be experienced bymany groups in society.Some groups may experiencea number of these factorswhich need to be addressedholistically.
Access • infrastructure (adequate bandwidth capacity and affordable and reliable Internet connections); computer hardware and software; publicly provided access. • Access to trained educators • Educators need access to funding for PD. • Academic content - Deep Web vs Surface Web.
Techno-Literacy• basic ICT information and training• increase user confidence in using the technology (i.e. PC) and online• increase user confidence in using the content / applications / services (i.e. how to extract value from their use).• Support for educators to learn – from fear to doing.
Integration Integrate ICT into the social fabric of everyday life, (i.e. in the functioning of communities and institutions) and embed technology in peoples lifestyles and into the lives of local communities.
Support• provide technical and training support• implement a supportive regulatory regime to engender user confidence and trust• address issues of privacy, security, and consumer rights• Trained facilitators and mentors• Leadership support
Applications and Content• Develop and produce compelling online content and applications to motivate use and enable users• Culturally appropriate• Student created and owned
ResourcesAustralian Development Gateway - ICT forDevelopmenthttp://www.developmentgateway.com.au/cmsprovides access to digital divide resources and links tonational and international digital divide initiatives.Connecting Communities http://www.mmv.vic.gov.au/A Victorian Government framework for using technologytocreate and strengthen communities provides thecontextfor existing and new Internet access and trainingprograms.Digital Bridge http://www.dfeest.sa.gov.au/As an aspect of Social Inclusion and CommunityBuilding strategies, the SA Governments Digital BridgeUnit is focusing on working with key community sectorsto reduce inequity in access to and use of ICT, and soincrease the social and economic capital of thesesectors and the community as a whole.
More resourcesNOTHING BEATS THE REAL THING!http://www.nothingbeatstherealthing.info/Creative Commons info and tools: great because theypromote resources which people CAN use and are free.When considering the CC licences remember that TAFE isregarded as non-commercial ( we are educational), whichbroadens the number of licences we can use.http://creativecommons.org.au/videos
…and more resources…Simple CC Flickr Searchhttp://johnjohnston.info/flickrCC/30+ Places To Find Creative Commons Mediahttp://www.sitepoint.com/30-creative-commons-sources/26 Places to Find Free Multimedia for Your Bloghttp://mashable.com/2009/08/04/free-blog-media/How To Use Content From Other Blogs Without ViolatingCopyrighthttp://socialfresh.com/how-to-use-content-from-other-blogs-without-infringing-on-their-copyright/