Labour welfare

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Labour welfare

  1. 1. Which of the below would you prefer? v/s What could be the reason for the difference between above two pictures?
  2. 2. LABOUR WELFARE Sanket Kulkarni XIMR, MMS’13 – HR
  3. 3. In this presentation... • • • • • What is Labour welfare? Importance of Labour Welfare Classification of Labour Welfare Some Examples Videos
  4. 4. 4Ms of BUSINESS.. 4M in Business Men (people) Money Machine Material
  5. 5. 4Ms of BUSINESS.. 4M in Business Men (people) Money Machine Material
  6. 6. 4Ms in BUSINESS.. 4M in Business Men (people) Money Machine Material
  7. 7. What is Labour welfare ??? Labour Welfare refers to anything that is done for the comfort and improvement of employees and is provided over and above the wages. Why is labour Welfare important in a company ??? Welfare helps in keeping the morale and motivation of the employees high so as to retain the employees for longer duration.
  8. 8. Facilitate Employee wellbeing Shows employer cares for employees Employee Retention Labour Welfare Good Employee Relation Sense of belonging Employee Motivation
  9. 9. Organization and Industry Employees Employers
  10. 10. Labour Welfare… • need not be in monetary terms only • It may be in any kind/forms also. Employee welfare includes: 1. monitoring of working conditions. 2. creation of industrial harmony through infrastructure for health. 3. insurance against disease, accident and unemployment for the workers and their families.
  11. 11. What are the OBJECTIVES of Labour Welfare ??? 1. 2. 3. 4. better life and health to the workers make the workers happy and satisfied relieve workers from industrial fatigue. improve intellectual, cultural and material conditions of living of the workers.
  12. 12. Features of labor welfare measures : 1. includes various facilities, services and amenities provided to workers for improving their health, efficiency, economic betterment and social status. 2. Welfare measures are in addition to regular wages and other economic benefits available to workers due to legal provisions and collective bargaining. 3. Labor welfare schemes are flexible and ever-changing. New welfare measures are added to the existing ones from time to time.
  13. 13. 4. Welfare measures may be introduced by the     Employers (Voluntary) Government (Statutory) Employees Social or charitable agency. 5. The purpose of providing such facilities is to make their work life better and also to raise their standard of living.
  14. 14. Important Benefits of welfare measures: To Employees: • Facilities like housing schemes, medical benefits, education and recreation facilities for workers’ families help in raising their standards of living. • Provides better physical and mental health to workers and thus promote a healthy work environment· • This makes workers to pay more attention towards work and thus increases their productivity.
  15. 15. To Employer: • Stable labor force by providing welfare facilities. • Workers take active interest in their jobs and work with a feeling of involvement and participation. • Eg: Saurashtra Cement Ltd. • • • • To Organization: Employee welfare measures increase the productivity of organization promote healthy industrial relations Helps to maintain maintaining industrial peace. The social evils prevalent among the labors such as substance abuse, etc. are reduced to a greater extent by the welfare policies. Eg. CUMI – Murguppa group
  16. 16. Classification of Labour Welfare Activities Labour Welfare Activities Statutory Non - Statutory Voluntary Mutual
  17. 17. Classification of Labour Welfare Activities Labour Welfare Activites INTRA-MURAL: EXTRA-MURAL: Within factory premises Outside factory premises
  18. 18. Statutory Schemes • The statutory schemes are those schemes that are compulsory to be provided by an organization as compliance to the laws governing from time to time. • It is the product of coercive power of government.
  19. 19. STATUTORY WELFARE SCHEMES • The statutory welfare schemes include the following provisions: 1. Drinking Water: At all the working places safe hygienic drinking water should be provided. 2. Facilities for sitting: In every organization, especially factories, suitable seating arrangements are to be provided. 3. First aid appliance: First aid appliances are to be provided and should be readily assessable so that in case of any minor accident initial medication can be provided to the needed employee.
  20. 20. 4. Latrines and Urinals: A sufficient number of latrines and urinals are to be provided in the office and factory premises and are also to be maintained in a neat and clean condition. 5. Canteen facilities: Cafeteria or canteens are to be provided by the employer so as to provide hygienic and nutritious food to the employees. 6. Spittoons: In every work place, such as ware houses, store places, in the dock area and office premises spittoons are to be provided in convenient places and same are to be maintained in a hygienic condition.
  21. 21. 7. Lighting: Proper and sufficient lights are to be provided for employees so that they can work safely during the night shifts. (eg TCS) 8. Washing places: Adequate washing places such as bathrooms, wash basins with tap and tap on the stand pipe are provided in the port area in the vicinity of the work places. 9. Changing rooms: Adequate changing rooms are to be provided for workers to change their cloth in the factory area and office premises. Adequate lockers are also provided to the workers to keep their clothes and belongings. 10. Rest rooms: Adequate numbers of restrooms are provided to the workers with provisions of water supply, wash basins, toilets, bathrooms, etc.
  22. 22. NON STATUTORY WELFARE SCHEMES These are provided ‘Voluntarily’ or by ‘Agreeing Mutually’ with the workers. The non statutory schemes differ from organization to organization and from industry to industry. Non statutory welfare schemes include the following schemes: 1. Personal Health Care (Regular medical check-ups): Some of the companies provide the facility for extensive health check-up. 2. Flexi-time: The main objective of the flextime policy is to provide opportunity to employees to work with flexible working schedules. Flexible work schedules are initiated by employees and approved by management to meet business commitments while supporting employee personal life needs. 3. Maternity & Adoption Leave – Employees can avail maternity or adoption leaves. Paternity leave policies have also been introduced by various companies.
  23. 23. 4. Employee Assistance Programs: Various assistant programs are arranged like external counseling service so that employees or members of their immediate family can get counseling on various matters. (Eg. SCL-Talk to ME) 5. Harassment Policy: To protect an employee from harassments of any kind, guidelines are provided for proper action and also for protecting the aggrieved employee. (E.g.: SCL- awareness posters) 6. Medi-claim Insurance Scheme: This insurance scheme provides adequate insurance coverage of employees for expenses related to hospitalization due to illness, disease or injury or pregnancy. 7. Employee Referral Scheme: In several companies employee referral scheme is implemented to encourage employees to refer friends and relatives for employment in the organization.
  24. 24. WELFARE PROGRAMMES FOR ORGANIZED SECTORS Sanitary and Hygiene: • Includes toilets and water for drinking and washing. • The factories Act requires that every factory must be kept clean and free from dirt. • Separate latrine and urinals for male and female workers must be provided • Spittoons must be kept in convenient places in clean and hygienic conditions Rest Facilities: • The factories Act provides that, for the purpose of rest, suitable sitting arrangements have to be made and maintained for all workers who are obliged to work standing and rest rooms and lunch rooms in a factory with more than 150 workers.
  25. 25. Canteen: • The construction of canteens is compulsory as per the Factories Act (1948), the Mines Act (1952), Motor Transport Workers Act (1961) and the Plantation Labour Act (1951). • Mess rooms are an elementary feeding facility with a sufficient chairs tables where workers can sit and eat in comfort. Health Care: • This includes health and medical facilities inside and outside the workers place of work, intra-mural health and medical amenities cover first aid, ambulance rooms, industrial hygiene, occupational health, and emergency medical care in case of accidents or sudden illness inside factory premises. Occupation and Health Services: • These services include carrying out of periodical medical checks of certain categories of workers to detect early signs of ill-health and prevent the outbreak of serious health complaints. • The Factories Act lays down that in any factory with more than 30 women workers, a crèche should be provided.
  26. 26. Housing: • Housing is an integral part of worker’s welfare. • Recommendation of the ILO states that housing should be a national policy. Both the Industrial Commission (1918) and the Royal Commission (1i913) realized the importance and necessity of improving housing conditions of industrial workers and made recommendations for the purpose. (Eg- Reliance , Bharuch; SCL – Porbandar) Transport: • Transport facilities to and from the place of work are given to workers as one of the desirable welfare amenities. (Eg – SCL :Bus service is provided) • This facility is gaining in popularity because of growing urbanization, location of industries, transport loads and traffic congestion. • The main purpose of this amenity is to enable workers reach their place of work without undue delay or fatigue, reduces absenteeism. Recreation: • Recreation is a leisure time activity which is a healthy diversion and a spare-time occupation. • It refreshes an individual mentally. (eg – TCS: den rooms with coffee machine, newspapers, computer)
  27. 27. Education: • • Education improves the quality of the labour force, provides opportunities for a proper training for the acquisition of skills and techniques which are essential for workers in an industry and enable them to adjust themselves to their particular way of life, Yet, there is no statutory obligation with regard to education for worker’s children in any industry except in plantations. (Eg – SCL – school for girls in Porbandar) Co-operative and Saving: • The co-operative credit societies help the worker to save for unforeseen domestic crises. By means of this service, workers are able to receive advice and counsel on some of the personnel and sometimes also on the personal problems inside and outside their place of work. A trained social worker is usually appointed for this purpose. • There are many non statutory welfare amenities available to industrial workers. For eg. Ex-gratia payment, cash benefits paid in case of death, injury, sickness, marriage or as a felicitation grant.
  28. 28. SOCIAL SECURITY IN INDIA • • • • • • • • Workmen’s Compensation Act 1923 Employee State Insurance Act, 1948 Employee Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952 Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 Industrial Disputes Act, 1947 Maternity Benefit Act, 1961 The Seaman’s Provident Fund Act, 1966 : Under this, worker’s contribution of 12 percent with an equal contribution from the employers are entitled to a full refund on retirement or after 15 years of membership. The Plantation Labour Act, 1951: The benefits statutorily provided under this Act include the provision of drinking water and its conservancy, medical facilities, canteen in the case of 150 or more workers, crèches in case of 50 or more women workers, recreational facilities, umbrellas, blanket and rain coats. Cash benefits in the case of sickness and maternity.
  29. 29. CONCLUSION • Labour welfare services is an important personnel function in a business. • Effective utilization of other factors of production depends on the efficiency of human factor. • The worker spends more than a quarter of his life in his working place. Therefore, the worker has every right to demand that the condition under which he works should be reasonable and provides proper safeguards for life and health. • The amount of dedication, quality of work, commitment to the organization, morale etc. are all determined by the type and amount of welfare a worker receives.
  30. 30. THANK YOU..

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