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Project Management methodology

Project Management methodology






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  • INCUBATION Searching around for ideas. Academic & Practitioner Calls for Papers (SEWorld & ITWorld) Build on what you know (Undergraduate or work project) PROPOSAL Structure & Format Academic/Practitioner input ‘ Know it already’ pitfall RESEARCH Address title topics Depth & Breath Seminal sources Contact world experts DISSERTATION Understand your audience CONTRIBUTION Synthesis New model, Framework, CSFs, Guidelines Proof of concept by prototype implementation VALIDATION Return to Academic/Practitioner/World expert Incorporate any feedback PRESENTATION DISSEMENATION Conferences Journals Course website APPLICATION Academic use: Chapters, papers, deliverable model Practitioner use: Deliverable, CSFs CONTINUATION You Future work, collaboration, Students Continue, implementations

Project Management methodology Project Management methodology Presentation Transcript

  • Ronan Fitzpatrick April 2007 Methodology
    • B ody of methods used in a particular field of study or activity
    • Oxford English Dictionary
    • A body of practices, procedures, and rules used by those who work in a discipline or engage in an inquiry.
    • The Free Dictioinary by Farlex (Online)
  • Definition
    • The body of methods and rules employed by a science or discipline.
    • New Penguin English Dictionary
    • Concerned with scientific method
    • Includes theories, concepts and ideas
    • Can be from academia or from practice.
    • The word methodology is often incorrectly used where method is intended.
    • It is NOT an ‘educated’ alternative word for method.
    • Philosophy
    • Model
    • Techniques (methods)
    • Scope
    • Outputs
    • Practice
    • Product
    Elements of a methodology Avison & Fitzgerald, 1988 Even these terms can be confusing
  • Philosophy
  • Method
    • Life cycle
      • Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC), Structured Systems Analysis and Design Method (SSADM), Information Engineering (IE), Yourdon Systems Method (YSM)
  • Model
    • Conceptual models
      • Life cycle (Waterfall, spiral, V, Star)
  • Technique
    • Examples for requirements include:
      • Interviews/questionnaires
      • Workshops
      • Use cases
      • Prototypes
    • Other techniques apply to the remaining phases of the life cycle.
  • Scope
  • Outputs
    • Each phase of a life cycle produces expected deliverables or outputs. Typically,
      • SDLC produces a Requirements Specification
  • Practice
    • Typical examples include:
    • Entity relationship and data flow diagrams
    • Entity life histories
    • Use case scenarios
    • Activity-on-Arrow/Activity-on-Node
    • Usability measurement ‘methods’
  • Product
    • In software engineering and project management , 'methodology' is often used to refer to a codified set of recommended practices, sometimes accompanied by training materials, formal educational programmes, worksheets, and diagramming tools.
    • Wikipedia
    • PRINCE (Projects in Controlled Environments) was first developed by the UK government in 1989 as the standard approach to IT project management for central government. 
    • Later Adopted and adapted by public and private sectors and incorporates experiences of users.
    • PRINCE2 is a structured project management method.
    • PRINCE2 is a process-based approach for project management providing an easily tailored and scaleable method for the management of all types of projects.
    • The method is the de-facto standard for project management in the UK and is practiced worldwide.
  • Recommended practices
    • An organised and controlled start, i.e., organise and plan things properly before leaping in.
    • An organised and controlled middle, i.e., when the project has started, make sure it continues to be organised and controlled.
    • An organised and controlled end, i.e., when you’ve got what you want and the project has finished, tidy up the loose ends.
  • Training material/Educational programmes
    • Training courses in all aspects of project management and in the use of Prince 2 are available and supported by the sponsors.
    • Industry recognised examinations and qualifications are available.
  • Worksheets
    • Comprehensive set of 29 templates to be used for customising a project to best in-house practice.
    • Five typical examples are:
        • Project Brief, Project Plan, Project Quality Plan, Configuration Management Plan, Risk Log
  • Diagramming tools
    • Typical project management tools like MSProject
    • Project in a box free from http://www.projectinabox.org.uk/community.asp
    • Mind maps
    • ‘ Best of breed’