Project Management methodology


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  • INCUBATION Searching around for ideas. Academic & Practitioner Calls for Papers (SEWorld & ITWorld) Build on what you know (Undergraduate or work project) PROPOSAL Structure & Format Academic/Practitioner input ‘ Know it already’ pitfall RESEARCH Address title topics Depth & Breath Seminal sources Contact world experts DISSERTATION Understand your audience CONTRIBUTION Synthesis New model, Framework, CSFs, Guidelines Proof of concept by prototype implementation VALIDATION Return to Academic/Practitioner/World expert Incorporate any feedback PRESENTATION DISSEMENATION Conferences Journals Course website APPLICATION Academic use: Chapters, papers, deliverable model Practitioner use: Deliverable, CSFs CONTINUATION You Future work, collaboration, Students Continue, implementations
  • Project Management methodology

    1. 1. Ronan Fitzpatrick April 2007 Methodology
    2. 2. <ul><li>B ody of methods used in a particular field of study or activity </li></ul><ul><li>Oxford English Dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>A body of practices, procedures, and rules used by those who work in a discipline or engage in an inquiry. </li></ul><ul><li>The Free Dictioinary by Farlex (Online) </li></ul>Definition
    3. 3. Definition <ul><li>The body of methods and rules employed by a science or discipline. </li></ul><ul><li>New Penguin English Dictionary </li></ul><ul><li>Concerned with scientific method </li></ul><ul><li>Includes theories, concepts and ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Can be from academia or from practice. </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>The word methodology is often incorrectly used where method is intended. </li></ul><ul><li>It is NOT an ‘educated’ alternative word for method. </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>Philosophy </li></ul><ul><li>Model </li></ul><ul><li>Techniques (methods) </li></ul><ul><li>Scope </li></ul><ul><li>Outputs </li></ul><ul><li>Practice </li></ul><ul><li>Product </li></ul>Elements of a methodology Avison & Fitzgerald, 1988 Even these terms can be confusing
    6. 6. Philosophy
    7. 7. Method <ul><li>Life cycle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems Development Life Cycle (SDLC), Structured Systems Analysis and Design Method (SSADM), Information Engineering (IE), Yourdon Systems Method (YSM) </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Model <ul><li>Conceptual models </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Life cycle (Waterfall, spiral, V, Star) </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Technique <ul><li>Examples for requirements include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interviews/questionnaires </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Workshops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use cases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Prototypes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Other techniques apply to the remaining phases of the life cycle. </li></ul>
    10. 10. Scope
    11. 11. Outputs <ul><li>Each phase of a life cycle produces expected deliverables or outputs. Typically, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>SDLC produces a Requirements Specification </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Practice <ul><li>Typical examples include: </li></ul><ul><li>Entity relationship and data flow diagrams </li></ul><ul><li>Entity life histories </li></ul><ul><li>Use case scenarios </li></ul><ul><li>Activity-on-Arrow/Activity-on-Node </li></ul><ul><li>Usability measurement ‘methods’ </li></ul>
    13. 13. Product
    14. 14. <ul><li>In software engineering and project management , 'methodology' is often used to refer to a codified set of recommended practices, sometimes accompanied by training materials, formal educational programmes, worksheets, and diagramming tools. </li></ul><ul><li>Wikipedia </li></ul>
    15. 15. PRINCE <ul><li>PRINCE (Projects in Controlled Environments) was first developed by the UK government in 1989 as the standard approach to IT project management for central government.  </li></ul><ul><li>Later Adopted and adapted by public and private sectors and incorporates experiences of users. </li></ul>
    16. 16. PRINCE2 <ul><li>PRINCE2 is a structured project management method. </li></ul><ul><li>PRINCE2 is a process-based approach for project management providing an easily tailored and scaleable method for the management of all types of projects. </li></ul><ul><li>The method is the de-facto standard for project management in the UK and is practiced worldwide. </li></ul>
    17. 17. Recommended practices <ul><li>An organised and controlled start, i.e., organise and plan things properly before leaping in. </li></ul><ul><li>An organised and controlled middle, i.e., when the project has started, make sure it continues to be organised and controlled. </li></ul><ul><li>An organised and controlled end, i.e., when you’ve got what you want and the project has finished, tidy up the loose ends. </li></ul>
    18. 18. Training material/Educational programmes <ul><li>Training courses in all aspects of project management and in the use of Prince 2 are available and supported by the sponsors. </li></ul><ul><li>Industry recognised examinations and qualifications are available. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Worksheets <ul><li>Comprehensive set of 29 templates to be used for customising a project to best in-house practice. </li></ul><ul><li>Five typical examples are: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Project Brief, Project Plan, Project Quality Plan, Configuration Management Plan, Risk Log </li></ul></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Diagramming tools <ul><li>Typical project management tools like MSProject </li></ul><ul><li>Project in a box free from </li></ul><ul><li>Mind maps </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Best of breed’ </li></ul>
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