SUBJECT: HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENTPRESENTED BY HIRA SHAHID KHAN SAHAR KHAN SAMREEN LODHI SHAHZADI NEELOFAR ZAIN TAFSEERPRESENTED TO : SIR MEHDI HASSAN
Taylor’s Scientific Approach Mayo’s Hawthorne Effect Theory Maslow’s Hierarchy Of Human Needs Herzberg’s Two-Factors Theory McClelland Motivational Need Theory.
Theory of ‘ECONOMIC MAN’. Man is motivated by MONEY alone. Chance of earning extra money is the only factor to stimulate further efforts. Offer low rate for target products; High rates to be paid IF output target exceeds.
Changing working conditions and financial rewards have LITTLE or NO effect on productivity. Employees are motivated, when;1)Allowed to give suggestions,2)Work in teams,3)Given ATTONOMY for their working hours.All will improve employees’ productivity.
Our needs determine our actions-we willalways try to satisfy them and will bemotivated to to do so.
1) JOB- SATISFACTION2) JOB-DISSATISFACTION Achievement, recognition, responsibility and advancement MOTIVATORS. Poor salary, working conditions and poor relationship HYGINE FACTORS.
1)ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION:A person with strong need for achievement will seek to reach realistic and challenging goals.2)AUTHORITY/POWER MOTIVATION:The desire to control others is also a powerful motivating force.3)AFFILIATION MOTIVATION:The person with need for affiliation as the strongest desire or motivator has a need for friendly relationship with others.
All theories given from time to time have been helpful to the managers in motivating their employees, but one theory can not be applied for a long time they need to be change or improve with the requirement of new era.